Federal motorway 66
|Bundesautobahn 66 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
Autobahn triangle Fulda
|Overall length:||129.3 km|
|of which in operation:||125.1 km|
|of which under construction:||2 km|
|of which in planning:||2.2 km|
|Development condition:||2 × 2, 2 × 3 and 2 × 4 lanes|
|Bundesautobahn 66 near Diedenbergen|
The Federal Highway 66 (abbreviation: BAB 66 ) - Short form: Highway 66 (abbreviation: A 66 ), colloquially Route 66 called - the name until 1974: Federal Highway 80 - is a highway in Hesse and leads from Wiesbaden via Frankfurt and Hanau to to the Fulda motorway triangle .
Wiesbaden to Frankfurt
The first section of the motorway begins at the Wiesbaden-Frauenstein junction as a continuation of the B 42 to Rüdesheim am Rhein . It bypasses the Hessian capital Wiesbaden to the south and also forms part of the Mainzer Ring on a short section . After the Wiesbaden junction , where the A 3 is crossed, it performs the Main-Taunus-Kreis past the towns of Hofheim am Taunus , Hattersheim , Frankfurt-Höchst and Eschborn , on the north-west cross Frankfurt , the junction Frankfurt- Miquelallee where they in the Frankfurter Alleenring , the B 8 opens.
As the main artery of the Main-Taunus-Kreis , it is heavily frequented by commuters during rush hour . The six-lane expansion of the last 8.5 kilometers between Frankfurt and Wiesbaden-Erbenheim began in July 2004. As part of the renovation work and the resulting lowering, which was necessary for noise protection reasons, some bridges were replaced by new buildings, two smaller rest areas were demolished and a new Hattersheim-West junction was set up near Hattersheim . At the same time, the Wiesbadener Kreuz was equipped with a newly developed traffic control system , the so-called dWiSta , which shows drivers the fastest route to Frankfurt as well as the expected delay on an LED display . The expansion work came to an end on December 22nd, 2008 with the completion of the renovation of the Krifteler Dreieck . Up to 120,000 vehicles are counted here on working days.
The section of the A 66 from Frankfurt-Höchst to the Eschborn Dreieck, which is heavily used with almost 140,000 vehicles every day, has eight lanes and is one of the busiest sections of the motorway in all of Germany. In the Eschborn triangle, the four-lane A 648 splits into the trade fair, so that only two normal and one interlaced lanes are available in each direction of travel up to the north-west junction in Frankfurt . From the Nordwestkreuz to the end of the autobahn in Frankfurt, the route has six lanes again.
Frankfurt to Fulda
The motorway will only continue in the east of the city, at the Frankfurt-Bergen-Enkheim junction directly in front of the Hessen-Center in Enkheim . The connection between the Frankfurt-Bergen-Enkheim junction and the A 661 at the Frankfurt-Erlenbruch motorway triangle below the Bornheimer slope has been included in the anti-congestion program for 2003-2007 . The 1,100 m long Riederwald tunnel runs on the northern edge of the Riederwald district below the Am Erlenbruch street and the U7 route located there . At the level of the cross street Borsigallee , the motorway then leads over a ramp to the surface. The Borsigallee junction was built a little further south of today's Bergen-Enkheim junction . For the Riederwald tunnel, the Hessian Ministry of Transport created the necessary building rights in February 2007, but lawsuits have been received against the planning approval decision. A decision by the Hessian Administrative Court was announced for mid-2008. The closure of the gap as such was generally not called into question by the lawsuits. The complaints primarily aimed at further noise protection. A symbolic groundbreaking ceremony took place on September 23, 2009.
The rest of the route to the Hanauer Kreuz is six lanes apart, except for the section between the Hanau- West and Erlensee junctions. Hanau is bypassed to the north. The A 45 lane is also used between the Hanauer Kreuz and the Langenselbolder Dreieck . This section has eight lanes, the inner lanes of the A 45 and the outer ones of the A 66. Both are separated by a delay strip. The four-lane section to Fulda , known as the Kinzigtal motorway, begins near Langenselbold , past Gründau , Gelnhausen , Bad Soden-Salmünster and Schlüchtern . Through the entire valley, over the Kinzig valley bridge and over the thistle lawn , a ridge behind Schlüchtern, the A 66 then leads in the Neuhof tunnel , south of Fulda, where it joins the A 7 at the motorway triangle of the same name . The construction costs for the section from Neuhof-Süd to Neuhof-Nord amounted to around 118 million euros , of which around 80 million euros went to the tunnel construction. The gap was closed in September 2014.
Rhein-Main-Schnellweg (Wiesbaden – Frankfurt am Main)
In 1954, after a war-related standstill, the three-lane road with a parallel cycle path and a path for agricultural traffic from Wiesbaden to the confluence with Bundesstraße 40 near Weilbach was expanded like a motorway. Later on, the new street replaced Elisabethenstraße, among other things . At the intersection with Sodener Chaussee (today Königsteiner Straße), expanded as a roundabout since 1932, Auto-Engel was one of the first petrol stations from 1925 to 1959, and in the later years it was even the largest in West Germany. The so-called Rhein-Main-Schnellweg was to lead north of the two rivers from Rüdesheim am Rhein to Hanau , with Wiesbaden to the south and Frankfurt to the north being bypassed.
The road of the expressway followed Wiesbaden to B 40 of in 1813 by Duke Friedrich August of Nassau commissioned Chaussee , who built on their completion in 1818, now twice (last 1982) offset Wandersmann - Obelisk in Hofheim-Wallau recalls . The location and name of the monument are based on a construction hut located nearby during the construction phase, in the place of which an inn was opened as a rest stop for travelers in 1818, which was named Zum Wandersmann in 1850 . The building was demolished in 1958.
In 1965, the first section of the motorway was created by reclassification of federal highway 54 from junction Wiesbaden-roundabout (later Wiesbaden Heritage Home ) until it joins the national highway 40 in Weilbach and reallocation of federal highway 40 from there to the junction Frankfurt-Nord (later Westkreuz Frankfurt ). This highway was internally named Bundesautobahn 80 . At first it only led to Eschborn . The connection to downtown Frankfurt and to the A 5 at today's Westkreuz Frankfurt was taken over by the Wiesbadener Strasse motorway feeder (today's A 648 ). Initially, it was planned, based on the historic old street train , to continue the motorway on Heerstraße , the continuation of Elisabethenstraße , to the east and thus also to connect the north-west town. In the end, however, a different solution was chosen. The route that exists today lies between Heerstrasse and Wiesbadener Strasse and was built in sections from west to east in the 1970s. The section from Eschborn to Ludwig-Landmann-Straße was created in 1972, the remainder to the Miquel curve followed in 1976.
With the introduction of the new motorway numbering system in 1974, the route was designated as Bundesautobahn 66 .
Gap in Frankfurt am Main
The Autobahn 66 is interrupted in Frankfurt am Main. The western section of the route ends at the Miquelallee junction (Miquelknoten) in Frankfurter Alleenring , at the level of the Deutsche Bundesbank headquarters . A tunnel through the city had been in the planning stage since the 1950s, but its realization was repeatedly postponed. As early as 1966 a short piece was this tunnel as constructed provisions with the construction of the subway at the station Miquel- / Adickesallee . This piece includes a six lane road and a bus bay on either side. It is currently in operation as a pedestrian tunnel.
According to the planning established in 1980 , the 2800-meter-long avenue tunnel was to run from the Miquelallee junction under Adickesallee via the new Nibelungenallee junction to be built and further under Rat-Beil-Strasse to the new Friedberger Landstrasse / Rat-Beil-Strasse junction . From there, the above-ground Alleenspange leads through allotment gardens north of Bornheim to the Seckbacher Dreieck , the connection with the A 661 . The city of Frankfurt already abandoned the plans in 2005, the state of Hesse announced on November 19, 2013 that it would no longer pursue the plans either and would no longer report the tunnel for inclusion in the federal transport infrastructure plan . Since the previous construction ban on the planned route will no longer apply, the realization of the tunnel and thus the closure of the gap can no longer be viewed as being feasible in its originally planned form.
Kinzigtal motorway (Hanau – Fulda)
The construction of the motorway through the Kinzig valley began in the 1970s. In 1994 it led continuously to Schlüchtern-Nord (49), which was the end of the expansion for many years. In 2005, the former Fulda-Süd junction (93) of the A 7 was converted into a motorway triangle and the first 2 kilometers of the A 66 south of Fulda opened with two junctions. At the end of 2007 the autobahn ran from the southwest to Neuhof- Süd (51), and in 2012 from the northeast to Neuhof-Nord (52). The gap between the two junctions was completed on September 13, 2014 after a construction period of almost nine years. The costs for this 3.5 kilometer long construction section amounted to 154 million euros. Another 60 million euros went into laying the Frankfurt am Main – Fulda railway line .
The heart of the final section is the 1.61 kilometer long tunnel through Neuhof, the Neuhof tunnel . This is an enclosure that was not dug by mining, but built in an open construction method in an aisle and then completely covered with earth. The railway line remained above ground, but was built close to the motorway tunnel.
Until the construction work was completed, traffic was routed over the remaining section of the former federal highway 40 between Neuhof-Süd (51) and Neuhof-Nord (52). This section of the B 40 was dismantled and renatured by 2017. On the route between the former B-40 junctions Neuhof-Nord and Fulda-Süd, which leads on an artificial dam through the flooded area of the Fliede , a cycle and footpath leads along according to a resolution by the Neuhof municipal council.
Planned extension from Fulda to Meiningen
In the past, it was planned to start a motorway from the A-7 junction Fulda-Mitte through the Rhön via Hofbieber , Schwarzbach , Tann , Kaltennordheim , Oberkatz , Herpf and Walldorf with Werra crossing and a northern bypass from Meiningen to the Meiningen Nord junction of the A 71 to build. In this corridor, the two-lane B 87n was later planned instead ("Rhöntrasse"). As far as possible, the road was to be reached by expanding the existing state roads L 3174 (Hesse) and L 1124 (Thuringia) with no through-traffic. The planning caused long-term disputes in the affected region, especially because of the complicated crossing of the Rhön biosphere reserve in terms of nature conservation law . With express reference to the resistance in the region, the Hessian Ministry of Transport declared at the end of November 2013 that the plans for the B87n would not be pursued any further. This means that the project has also been completed on the Thuringian side.
For the 5.8 km long section from the Wiesbaden-Schierstein motorway junction to the Wiesbadener junction, the new Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 provides for an expansion in urgent need . The section west of AS Erbenheim is to be expanded with six lanes, the section east of Erbenheim with eight lanes.
An eight-lane expansion between Wiesbadener Kreuz and Nordwestkreuz Frankfurt has been classified as additional requirements with planning rights , and between Nordwestkreuz Frankfurt and Frankfurt-Miquelallee as additional requirements .
Since the A 66 is one of the most important commuter highways in the Rhine-Main area, some sections of the A 66 are among the most heavily traveled roads in Germany.
Sections with DTV greater than 110,000 per day
|Wiesbaden-Erbenheim - Wiesbaden-Nordenstadt||114,300|
|Wiesbaden-Nordenstadt - Wallau||111,000|
|Wallau - Wiesbaden Cross||117,300|
|Hattersheim - Krifteler Dreieck||119,200|
|Krifteler Dreieck - Frankfurt-Zeilsheim||112,700|
|Frankfurt-Zeilsheim - Kelkheim||114,100|
|Kelkheim - Frankfurt-Höchst||135,200|
|Frankfurt-Höchst - Eschborn triangle||138,200|
In 2013, statistically speaking, with 19.8 emergency calls per kilometer, there were the most reports on a German autobahn. On the other hand, only 0.2 emergency calls were recorded on the A 542 .
- IHKs want to accelerate the continuous expansion of the A 66 motorway . In: Allgemeine Zeitung , June 17, 2009
- Rhein-Main expressway . In: Die Zeit , No. 44/1954; Construction work has started
- Detailed route description of the federal highway 66
- The A66 at OpenStreetMap
- youthTV: Show Auaweia - the city magazine from October 25, 2007, 8:38 pm: Topic opening A 66 (section Schlüchtern – Neuhof)
- A 66 / A 661 motorway junction Frankfurt Ost: Action Alliance Inhuman Motorway: www.molochautobahn.de
- Exemplary newspaper article with the name Route 66 . ( osthessen-news.de [accessed on April 8, 2017]).
- Motorway 66 between Wiesbaden and Frankfurt since today three lanes . In: Wiesbadener Kurier , December 22, 2008
- Manual road traffic census 2010 of the BVM ( Memento from April 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Hessian road and traffic administration New building to close the gap with the bypass (A 661) (PDF; 2.4 MB), planning project ( Memento from December 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Building rights for the Riederwald tunnel
- Background to the A66: An almost never-ending story of the Fuldaer Zeitung from September 11, 2014
- Holger Vonhof: The angel of the petrol coachman. In: fnp.de . August 8, 2015, archived from the original on November 12, 2017 ; accessed on June 11, 2019 : "'Auto-Engel' was an institution: The petrol station was considered the largest motorway service station in West Germany."
- Adolf Metzler: From the history of the village Wallau, Taunus . Self-published, Hofheim-Wallau 1982, DNB 948341572 .
- 50 years of the Frankfurter Kreuz on YouTube
- German general map 1: 200,000, sheet 13, as of 1965
- hessenschau.de, Frankfurt, Germany: hessenschau.de | News from Hessen. (No longer available online.) Formerly in the original ; accessed on May 8, 2017 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Hessen Mobil - road and traffic management. Retrieved May 8, 2017 .
- Print for the new Gersfeld / Döllbach junction. May 20, 2016, accessed February 24, 2019 .
- Report of the Federal Research Institute .
- Emergency call box despite smartphone - the most frequently used is at the A7 - always strange inquiries; Allgemeine Zeitung Mainz from April 23, 2014; P. 32