Eschborn


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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Eschborn
Eschborn
Map of Germany, position of the city of Eschborn highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 9 ′  N , 8 ° 34 ′  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
County : Main-Taunus-Kreis
Height : 124 m above sea level NHN
Area : 12.13 km 2
Residents: 21,609 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1781 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 65760
Primaries : 06196, 06173
License plate : MTK
Community key : 06 4 36 003
City structure: 2 districts

City administration address :
Rathausplatz 36
65760 Eschborn
Website : www.eschborn.de
Mayor : Adnan Shaikh ( CDU )
Location of the city of Eschborn in the Main-Taunus district
Eppstein Kelkheim (Taunus) Bad Soden am Taunus Liederbach am Taunus Schwalbach am Taunus Eschborn Sulzbach (Taunus) Hofheim am Taunus Kriftel Hattersheim am Main Flörsheim am Main Hochheim am Main Wiesbaden Landkreis Offenbach Frankfurt am Main Hochtaunuskreis Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Wiesbaden Kreis Groß-Geraumap
About this picture

Eschborn is a city in the Main-Taunus district in southern Hesse . It belongs to the Frankfurt metropolitan area and borders the city of Frankfurt am Main to the northwest .

geography

Westerbach in Eschborn

location

Eschborn is located in the Rhine-Main area on the eastern edge of the Main-Taunus district . It is adjacent to the Frankfurt districts of Sossenheim and Rödelheim and belongs to the Frankfurt metropolitan area . The Frankfurt city center is 7 km, the international Frankfurt am Main Airport 15 km away. The Niederhöchstadt district , which borders on Eschborn in the north, belongs to Eschborn.

Neighboring communities

Eschborn borders in the north on the cities of Kronberg im Taunus and Steinbach (Taunus) (both Hochtaunuskreis ), in the east and south on the independent city of Frankfurt am Main and in the west on the city of Schwalbach am Taunus ( Main-Taunus-Kreis ).

history

The central village fountain is a reminder of the first mention of Eschborn over 1200 years ago
Half-timbered house on the main street

In 770, Eschborn was first mentioned in a document as a cinder well in a deed of donation to the Lorsch Abbey:

770 June 12th.
In God's name I, Risolf, and my brother Hadalmar, give to the holy martyr Nazarius , at the time when the venerable Abbot Gunduland presides over the monastery, under the assurance that it is valid for all time, supported by contract, in Aschenbrunne im Niddagau a Hufe Landes and 44 serfs and a vineyard .
Done in the Lorsch Monastery on June 12th, the second year of King Karl.

The name ash well means something like " fountain on the ash ". On July 3, 875, a flood destroyed the place, killing 88 people and almost all of the livestock. The Eschborn tower castle was built in the 11th century, it is with the end of the 12th / beginning of the 13th century. Emerging gentlemen from Eschborn in connection, who moved their headquarters shortly afterwards to Kronberg . Eschborn belonged as an imperial fief to the Lords of Kronberg until they died out in 1704 and their rule fell to Kurmainz.

In 1389 the battle of Eschborn took place. As part of the war between the Rhenish League of Cities and the Count Palatine, the city of Frankfurt fought against the Knights of Kronberg . The Kronbergers and their allies who came to the rescue (the Count Palatine and the Hanauers) triumphed and took numerous prisoners, including the mayor of Frankfurt, who they only released against payment of 73,000 gold gulden ransom. In a battle at Höchst in 1622 between General Tilly and Christian von Braunschweig during the Thirty Years' War , the old castle complex and almost the entire place were destroyed (see more under Battle of Höchst ).

Through the Peace of Lunéville in 1801, the Prince of Nassau-Usingen came into the possession of the Kronberg rule. In 1806 Kronberg and Niederhöchstadt went together as part of the Principality of Nassau-Usingen in the newly formed Duchy of Nassau under the leadership of the House of Nassau-Weilburg . After the duchy was annexed by Prussia in 1866 after the Austro-Prussian war , Eschborn and Niederhöchstadt fell to the Kingdom of Prussia. With the establishment of the German Empire , Eschborn belonged to the German Empire from 1871. With the opening of the Rödelheim- Kronberg railway of the Kronberger Bahn on August 19, 1874, Eschborn received its first railway connection. At the beginning of the war in 1914, 1549 people lived in Eschborn; 205 men were drafted for military service . Up to 50 prisoners of war from France and Russia lived in Eschborn.

View of the "office city Eschborn"

Construction of the Frankfurt-Sossenheim military airfield (later name: Fliegerhorst Eschborn ) began on January 1, 1939 and was never completed. The military airfield, which the Germans built at the end of the 1930s under the cover name "Schafweide", initially consisted of only a large meadow and a few barracks . Several large stone hangars were built , one of which is still standing today. The headquarters and most of the other buildings were only built as barracks. The airfield was in use under the name Eschborn during the entire Second World War . In particular, pilots were trained there on gliders . From April 1945 until the end of the war (May 1945), fighters of the US Air Force were stationed on the field, which had no paved runway under German administration, and flew missions against the German Reich from there. After the end of the war, the Eschborn airfield was of great importance as an alternate airfield for the not yet restored Frankfurt am Main airport . With the restart of Frankfurt Airport, flight operations in Eschborn were suspended. The US barracks Camp Eschborn , where American armed forces (pioneer unit with heavy equipment) were stationed , remained on the site, which is partly within the district of Schwalbach . After the withdrawal, the site was bought by the city and converted into the Camp-Phönix-Park industrial park . The Eschborn receiving radio station , which was operated from 1948 to 1972, was used primarily by US soldiers for overseas telephony at home.

The Second German Television (ZDF) began operations in Eschborn on April 1, 1963 under its first director Karl Holzamer , but moved to Wiesbaden in 1964 and to Mainz in 1974 .

On the occasion of the 1200th anniversary celebration, the municipality of Eschborn was granted the right to use the designation city on April 14, 1970 by the Hessian state government .

In the course of the regional reform in Hesse , the neighboring municipality of Niederhöchstadt was voluntarily incorporated into the city of Eschborn on December 31, 1971 by the incorporation agreement of September 15, 1971.

Historical forms of names

In historical documents, the place is documented under changing place names over the centuries :

  • Ash Well (770)
  • Ash Fountain (782)
  • Ash Fountain (782)
  • Ash Well (782)
  • Ash fountain (789)
  • Asks Fountain (800)
  • Ash Well (1008)
  • Esscheborn (1274)

Territorial history and administration

The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Eschborn was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:

Population development

Population development from Eschborn from 1870 to 2017 according to the table below
  • 1870:  0.0856
  • 1890:  01.037
  • 1910:  01,454
  • 1928:  01,700
  • 1940:  01,679
  • 1945:  01.912
  • 1950:  02,582
  • 1960:  04,259
  • 1970: 12.198
  • 1972: 17.621
  • 1980: 17,763
  • 1990: 18,235
  • 1998: 19,256
  • 1999: 19,388
  • 2000: 19,630
  • 2001: 20.015
  • 2002: 20.153
  • 2003: 20.266
  • 2004: 20,580
  • 2005: 20,753
  • 2006: 20,771
  • 2008: 20,732
  • 2011: 20,789
  • 2016: 21,228
  • 2017: 21,419

(as of December 31st)

The reason for the high increase in the number of inhabitants in 1972 was the incorporation of the Niederhöchstadt district .

politics

City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
        
A total of 37 seats
  • Left : 2
  • SPD : 8
  • Greens : 4
  • FDP : 6
  • CDU : 10
  • FWE : 5
  • Bourgeois : 1
  • plain text : 1
Parties and constituencies %
2016
Seats
2016
%
2011
Seats
2011
%
2006
Seats
2006
%
2001
Seats
2001
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 27.2 10 38.4 14th 41.6 15th 40.6 15th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 20.4 8th 20.5 7th 23.2 9 32.6 12
FDP Free Democratic Party 15.7 6th 7.2 3 13.5 5 8.4 3
FWE Free voters Eschborn-Niederhöchstadt 12.5 5 10.2 4th - - - -
Green Alliance 90 / The Greens 10.5 4th 15.2 6th 10.3 4th 10.1 4th
The left The left . Eschborn 6.3 2 4.5 2 4.3 2 - -
Commoners The commoners 4.1 1 3.9 1 4.1 1 3.9 1
plain text plain text 3.3 1 - - - - - -
UBI Citizens' Community Eschborn - - - - 1.7 1 1.8 1
FWG Free voter community Eschborn / Ts. e. V. - - - - 1.3 0 2.6 1
total 37 37 37 37
Voter turnout in% 54.5 54.9 49.1 56.7

mayor

The acting mayor has been Adnan Shaikh (CDU) since February 16, 2020 .

Mayoral election 2007

The mayoral election on September 2, 2007 had the following result:

candidate Political party be right %
Wilhelm Speckhardt CDU 4,505 59.0
Reinhard Birkert SPD 2,523 33.0
Thomas Matthes The left 630 8.0

The turnout was 51.3 percent (2001: 50.1). Official municipality number: 436003

Mayoral election 2013

The mayoral election on September 22, 2013, which was held at the same time as the Bundestag and Hessian state elections , had the following result in the first ballot:

candidate Political party be right %
Wilhelm Speckhardt CDU 4,068 35.5
Mathias Geiger Independently 3,551 31.0
Adi Kannengießer SPD 2,338 20.8
Michael Bauer Independently 836 7.3
Bernd Kuhn FWE 433 3.8
Susann Möller Pirates 195 1.7

The turnout was 75.6 percent. Official municipality number: 436003

Runoff election 2013

The runoff election between Wilhelm Speckhart (CDU) and Mathias Geiger (independent) on October 6, 2013 had the following result:

candidate Political party be right %
Mathias Geiger Independently 4,896 61.1
Wilhelm Speckhardt CDU 3.123 38.9

The turnout was 58.2 percent. Official municipality number: 436003

Mayoral election 2019

The election, which took place on October 21, 2019, had the following results:

candidate Political party %
Adnan Shaikh CDU 50.2
Mathias Geiger Independently 45.7
Fritz-Walter Hornung The left 4.1

The turnout was 59.3 percent.

predecessor

The predecessors were u. a. Edwin Mämpel ( SPD ) in 1945/46, Heinrich Graf (SPD) from 1946 to 1961, then Hans Georg Wehrheim (SPD) from 1962 to 1979, Jochen Riebel ( CDU ) from 1979 to 1984, Manfred Tomala (CDU) from 1984 until 1990 and Martin Herkströter (CDU) from 1990 to 2001. At the time of incorporation, the mayor of Niederhöchstadt was Heinz Henrich, who succeeded Helmut Neumann in 1966. The first post-war mayor was Wilhelm Bauer (1945 to 1964).

coat of arms

Blazon : " A silver open flight growing out of a golden crown in the base of the shield , top right and top left covered with four blue iron hats, 2: 2 set."

The current coat of arms was given to the community in this form on February 8, 1937 by the President of the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau , Prince Philip of Hesse . A previous coat of arms was in effect until this date at the latest.

Town twinning

Eschborn has had a partnership with the French town of Montgeron , which is approx. 17 km from Paris, since 1985 . In 2001 the four cities of Eschborn (D), Montgeron (F), Póvoa de Varzim (PT) and Żabbar (MLT) signed a friendship treaty. In May 2010, Eschborn signed an official city partnership with Póvoa de Varzim and Żabbar.

Recreation

Main-Taunus
Arboretum

Amusement parks Kirchwiesen, Oberwiesen and Unterwiesen

The so-called amusement parks are located along the Westerbach , the only flowing body of water in Eschborn. These are predominantly agricultural areas, i. H. Arable farming, pastures, a few orchards here and there . Frequently used paths for pedestrians and cyclists lead through these areas as a connection between the two Eschborn districts and the neighboring towns. Through the Kirchwiesen (starting behind the primary school in Niederhöchstadt) you can walk to Kronberg in about an hour, and through the Unterwiesen (starting behind the former building yard in Eschborn) to Frankfurt-Rödelheim. The Oberwiesen lie between Niederhöchstadt and Eschborn, and the popular tractor playground is also here , which is named after its main attraction. Together these form the green lung of the city, where no buildings or seals are allowed.

Main-Taunus Arboretum

The Arboretum Main-Taunus is a 76  hectare tree and bush park. About 600 species of trees and bushes from all parts of the world are planted here. The arboretum is on the outskirts of the towns of Schwalbach am Taunus , Sulzbach (Taunus) and Eschborn. Several cycling and hiking trails lead through the arboretum; it is open to the public all year round.

Eschborn as a factor in the Main-Taunus

Due to its direct proximity to Frankfurt, Eschborn is a financially prosperous city in the so-called Frankfurt " bacon belt ", which is reflected not least in many construction projects. Furthermore, the city of Eschborn finances almost half of the district levy for the Main-Taunus district .

Culture and sights

Attractions

  • Stadtmuseum am Eschenplatz (since 1989) with the following departments: The Battle of Eschborn (1389), The Alemannic Finds (a burial ground from the 4th / 5th century with numerous valuable additions) and the collection of the painter Hanny Franke (1890– 1973). There is also a section in which changing artists from Eschborn are allowed to exhibit; In 2012, for example, there was a presentation of Eschborn photographs with photos by Adolf Haxel .
  • Protestant church on Eschenplatz
  • Catholic Church of St. Nicholas , consecrated in 1951; The building plans came from the Frankfurt architects Heinrich Horvatin and Carl Rummel .
  • With a height of 25 m, the Eschborn chair is the largest in Germany. Since November 2005 it has served as a landmark for a furniture store . (At 27 m, the world's largest chair is in Lucena, Spain .)
  • Lookout tower of the Taunusblick service station on the A 5 . The 25 m high tower was built in 2008 in the style of a Limes tower and offers a very good view of the Taunus and the skyline of Frankfurt . The viewing platform can be reached with a glass elevator or over 100 steps.

Eschborn sculpture axis

The Eschborn sculpture axis is a collection of eight sculptures in public space in Eschborn. The following images show the seven individual sculptures Travel a Head , Hua , Phönix , Fulcrum , Three Columns , Set Piece , Stones for Eschborn and the double sculpture Adam and Eve .

Regular festive events

  • Eschenfest , in early summer, in May or June, on parts of Oberortstrasse, Eschenplatz, Unterortstrasse and Rathausplatz, organized annually by local associations.
  • Niederhöchstädter Markt , in summer along the main street in the Niederhöchstadt district ; designed by the local associations (every two years in even years).
  • Summertime , summer festivals with live music and a beer garden atmosphere. Various dates and locations (e.g. VR-Leasing, Heinrich-von-Kleist-Schule, Süd-West-Park, Eschenplatz)
  • Christmas market on Eschenplatz

Sports

One of the most successful clubs in Eschborn is the soccer club 1. FC Eschborn 1930 , which has been in bankruptcy since January 2016 .

Another very successful Eschborn club is the tennis club tennis 65 eschborn , which has a German champion in addition to many teams in the regional, national, district and regional leagues. The men 55+ team became German team champions in 2010 and 2011.

The largest clubs in the city include u. a. the TuRa Niederhöchstadt and the gymnastics club Eschborn 1888 . Numerous other clubs complement a broad, especially sporting offer.

There has been an indoor and outdoor swimming pool between the districts since the early 1970s. The so-called meadow pool was reopened on September 1, 2001 after a year-long refurbishment and renovation and offers a sauna area and indoor pool as well as an outdoor pool each with a 25-meter lane.

In addition, an internationally known bike race is started in Eschborn every May 1st (in 2011 for the 50th time), which was known as Rund um den Henninger Turm until 2008 . Since then, the name has changed depending on the sponsors, but includes Eschborn's name via Eschborn-Frankfurt City Loop to Rund um den Finanzplatz Eschborn-Frankfurt ; In addition to professional cyclists, amateurs and non-organized riders also start in separate ratings, most recently not from Eschborn.

Economy and Infrastructure

Vodafone (formerly Arcor headquarters) with 23 floors

Local businesses and government agencies

Eschborn offers u. a. Due to its proximity to Frankfurt am Main and its easy accessibility, around 30,000 jobs (as of 2011). They are mainly concentrated in the south industrial area and in the wholesale and retail companies in the east and west of the city. Almost 90 percent are located in the service sector , u. a. at the companies Vodafone (formerly Arcor ), Deutsche Bank , Deutsche Börse , VR Leasing , Siemens , Deutsche Telekom , Ernst & Young , IBM , Techem , SAP and Randstad Germany ,

as well as with the following authorities and associations:

and numerous other consulting, marketing and software companies. The furniture company Mann Mobilia also has a large branch in Eschborn. Eurest is a company restaurant operator founded in 1974.

The announced move of the majority of the employees of Deutsche Börse from Frankfurt am Main to a temporary building in Eschborn's southern industrial area caused a stir in the regional press in 2008. Most of Deutsche Börse's employees moved into a newly constructed building in Eschborn as early as 2010. The reason for the change of location was the financial advantages, above all the significantly lower trade tax multiplier with only 280 percent (since 2016: 330 percent) compared to the neighboring Frankfurt am Main with 460 percent. However, the official headquarters of Deutsche Börse will remain in Frankfurt am Main.

Well-known companies with their former headquarters in Eschborn are u. a. the Georg von Opel , Arthur Andersen and Linotype AG group of companies, today Monotype GmbH.

media

There are two newspapers in Eschborn that appear exclusively or predominantly in Eschborn. The Eschborner Nachrichten is published every two weeks and the Eschborner Stadtspiegel every week . Independent of these publishers, there are three local online media, the Eschborner Zeitung, the Eschborner OnlineMagazin and the Eschborner Stadtmagazin. The four media are supplemented by the regional press Höchster Kreisblatt , Frankfurter Rundschau and Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung .

schools

There are four schools in Eschborn:

traffic

The next motorway access to the A66 and A5 are about 1.5 km away and the S-Bahn - lines S3 and S4 drive through Eschborn (breakpoints Eschborn Süd , Eschborn and Niederhöchstadt ) and provide a direct connection to the Frankfurt city center.

Since the beginning of 2013, the Frankfurt traffic department has been examining a possible extension of the U6 underground line to Eschborn and has commissioned a corresponding specific investigation of the project. This involves the extension of the U6 subway line, which currently ends at Heerstrasse in Frankfurt-Praunheim . A stop in the Helfmann-Park industrial park may also be possible. According to the mayor of Eschborn, this would “further enhance the Eschborn location”. There is not yet an exact schedule for the project. A meeting with representatives from Eschborn, Frankfurt and Oberursel on the subway topic is to take place. Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen in Hochtaunuskreis have spoken out in favor of expanding the U6 beyond Eschborn, with stops in Steinbach and Kronberg . The city of Oberursel in the Hochtaunus district has been connected to the Frankfurt underground network via the U3 underground line since the 1970s.

Personalities

literature

  • Hansjörg Ziegler: 10 volumes, Eschborn: Historische Gesellschaft e. V., 1992, Vol. I-X.
  • Festschrift: 1200 Years of Niederhöchstadt , Eschborn: City Council 1982.
  • Adolf Paul: From the day before yesterday to today. A village and its history , Gerhard Stalling AG, Oldenburg 1962.
  • Reinhard A. Bölts: Eschborn - Pictures of a Dynamic City , Verlag 76 GmbH, 1976.
  • Uta Christmann: Eschborn - The city between Main and Taunus , ET-Verlag, Eschborn 1991, ISBN 3-928315-00-5 .
  • Eschborn dialog , Eschborn: Magistrat der Stadt, 2007, ISBN 978-3-00-020336-7 .
  • Gerd S. Bethke: The field names of the city of Eschborn 1. Niederhöchstadt , Eschborner Museumsschriften 4, Eschborn: Magistrat der Stadt 2009.
  • Gerd S. Bethke: The field names of the city of Eschborn 2. Eschborn , Eschborner Museumsschriften 5, Eschborn: Magistrat der Stadt 2009.
  • Theodor Niederquell: The population of Eschborn 1650-1775. On the social history and demography of a village in the eastern Voraunus. Historical commission for Nassau  : Wiesbaden 1985. ISBN 978-3-922244-62-2 .
  • Literature about Eschborn in the Hessian Bibliography
  • Literature on Eschborn in the catalog of the German National Library

Web links

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Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Adolf Paul: From the day before yesterday to today. Eschborn and its history . Ed .: Eschborn municipality. Second expanded edition. 1969, p. 29 .
  3. FAZ.net August 8, 2015: "The Russian was a very busy guy"
  4. ^ ZDF company history
  5. Granting the right to use the designation "city" to the municipality of Eschborn, Main-Taunus-Kreis on April 23, 1970 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1970 No. 19 , p. 926 , point 775 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.8 MB ]).
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 370 .
  7. a b Eschborn, Main-Taunus-Kreis. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of April 7, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on July 10, 2014 .
  8. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  9. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  10. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  11. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  12. ^ Inauguration of Adnan Shaikh as mayor , February 6, 2020, www.eschborn.de
  13. a b c direct elections in Eschborn, city. In: Statistics-Hessen.de. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in February 2019 .
  14. ^ Photographic memory of a village. In: FAZ of April 4, 2012, p. 46.
  15. State Office for Monument Preservation Hesse (ed.): Kirchgasse 4: Catholic Church St. Nikolaus In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
  16. Tip 58: Take a break with a view on the Taunusblick service station website.
  17. ^ Numbers and facts of the city of Eschborn
  18. Trade tax city ​​of Frankfurt am Main
  19. Eschborn News
  20. Eschborn city mirror
  21. Hartmut School
  22. ^ Primary school south-west
  23. Westerbach School
  24. HvK School
  25. ^ "Public Transport - U-Bahn to Eschborn" , Frankfurter Rundschau of January 24, 2013
  26. The Russian Munich. Publishing house Mir e. V., Munich 2010. ISBN 978-3-9805300-9-5
  27. The Russian Munich. Publishing house Mir e. V., Munich 2010. ISBN 978-3-9805300-9-5