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A landmark is a typical feature or identification symbol that characterizes geographical objects, especially inhabited places and cities . This primarily includes striking buildings , but also natural features such as landmarks . Another distinguishing mark for cities are city ​​originals . “Landmark” is not an official title.

The town's landmarks played a major role in the history of handicrafts , as the wandering journeymen had to prove their stay in other cities by knowing the landmarks (back then often: curiosities of a town).

Until the 17th century, the emblem (from ahd.  Wortzeihhan  , word mark in the sense of “slogan”, “identification mark”) was a sign that was supposed to attract attention. With the addition of word / true it was reinterpreted in today's understanding.

Landmarks of cities, landscapes and countries

Fictional characters

Certain characters, for example from fairy tales or legends , such as the Bremen Town Musicians for Bremen and the Little Mermaid for Copenhagen , or the Lindwurm in Klagenfurt , the Pied Piper from Hameln and the weever from Schwerin have become characteristic landmarks.

Natural space

Special elements of the natural space of a city or region (mountains, hills, beaches, lakes and others) can also become a landmark for them. These are sometimes combined with cultural landmarks, such as statues, pavilions, castles, towers or other structures.

A well-known example is Rio de Janeiro , which has several landmarks from the natural area with the Sugar Loaf , Corcovado and the beach in the Copacabana district .

Other landmarks:


Plants such as the rose bush of Hildesheim can be landmark.

Other landmarks:


In general, outstanding buildings of all kinds quickly become landmarks of places, especially if they are of characteristic construction, for example the Eiffel Tower , the Berlin TV tower , the Golden Gate Bridge , St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna , the Stari most in Mostar , the opera of Sydney or St. Basil's Cathedral .

Many buildings are not only local, but also national symbols, see the article National symbol .

In Germany

place Landmark
Aachen Imperial Cathedral , Town Hall , Elisenbrunnen , Theater
augsburg Augsburg town hall , hotel tower , Augsburg cathedral , basilica Ortisei and Afra
Bayreuth Festival hall
Berlin Brandenburg Gate , TV tower , Reichstag building , Victory Column , (under construction City Palace ), Memorial Church
Bielefeld Sparrenberg Castle
Bonn Beethoven statue , Electoral Palace , Old Town Hall , Bonn Minster
Braunschweig Braunschweiger Löwe , Braunschweiger Dom , Braunschweiger Castle
Bremen Bremer Roland , Bremen Town Hall
Chemnitz Karl Marx Monument
Darmstadt Wedding tower , forest spiral
Detmold Hermannsdenkmal
Dortmund Dortmunder U , Reinoldikirche , Florian Tower , Westfalenstadion
Dresden Frauenkirche , Semperoper , Zwinger
Dusseldorf Rheinturm , Düsseldorf bridge family , Medienhafen , castle tower , Dreischeibenhaus
Erfurt Domplatz , Krämerbrücke
eat Zeche Zollverein , high-rise skyline
Flensburg Nordertor , steamer Alexandra , Wasserturm Flensburg-Mürwik , Marine Mürwik
Frankfurt am Main Römer -Rathaus and Römerberg , high-rise skyline with Messeturm and Commerzbank Tower , Kaiserdom
Goerlitz Peterskirche
Greifswald Nikolaidom , town hall , Wiecker bridge
Halle (Saale) Red tower and market church
Hamburg Elbphilharmonie , Hamburger Michel , City Hall , Landungsbrücken
Hanover New town hall , Kröpcke clock , market church
Heidelberg the romantic castle ruins
Heiligendamm Grand Hotel
Hiddensee (island) Dornbusch lighthouse
Hildesheim Mariendom , Michaeliskirche , Andreaskirche , bone carving office building
Ingolstadt Kreutzor , Reduit Tilly , Liebfrauenmünster , Asamkirche
Jena Jentower
Karlsruhe Pyramid , castle with a fan-shaped park and city area
kassel Hercules
Kiel Town hall tower , HDW - portal cranes , Nikolaikirche
Koblenz Deutsches Eck , Schängelbrunnen
Cologne Cathedral , Hohenzollern Bridge
Kulmbach Plassenburg
Landshut Trausnitz Castle , Martinskirche
Leipzig Völkerschlachtdenkmal , Uniriese , New Town Hall , Imperial Court
Ludwigshafen Kurt Schumacher Bridge (Mannheim)
Lübeck Holsten Gate , Marienkirche
Magdeburg Magdeburg Cathedral
Mainz Mainz Cathedral
Mannheim Water tower
Marburg Elisabeth Church , castle
Marl Town hall towers
Memmingen City parish church Sankt Martin , historically: Seven Memmingen landmarks
Minden Minden Cathedral
Mönchengladbach Munster , water tower
Munich Frauenkirche , New Town Hall , Hofbräuhaus , Olympic Stadium and Olympic Tower , Allianz Arena , English Garden , Wiesn and Bavaria
Muenster St. Paulus Cathedral , Prinzipalmarkt
Naumburg Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul , Wenceslas Church and market square
Neubrandenburg Four gates , concert church
Nuremberg Castle , Lorenz Church , Beautiful Fountain
Oberhausen gasometer
Oldenburg Oldenburg Castle , Lappan
Osnabrück Town hall , St. Peter's Cathedral
Paderborn Paderborn Cathedral , Paderborn Town Hall
Porta Westfalica Kaiser Wilhelm Monument
Potsdam Sanssouci , old market
Ravensburg Flour sack
regensburg Stone Bridge , Regensburg Cathedral
Rostock-Warnemünde Lighthouse and tea pot
Rudesheim am Rhein Germania statue
Rügen (island) Sellin pier , Kap Arkona lighthouse , Kurhaus Binz , Granitz hunting lodge
Saarbrücken Ludwigskirche , castle
Schweinfurt Old Town Hall , Georg Schäfer Museum
Schwerin Schwerin Castle
Speyer Speyer Cathedral , Old Gate , Memorial Church of the Protestation, Joseph's Church
Stralsund Town hall and Nikolaikirche , Rügen Bridge
Straubing City tower , town hall
Stuttgart TV tower , Schlossplatz
trier Porta Nigra , Trier Cathedral , Imperial Baths
Uerdingen Uerdinger Rhine Bridge
Ulm Muenster
Usedom (island) Ahlbeck pier , Karniner bridge
Goods (Müritz) Marienkirche (Niege Kerk) , Müritzeum
Wiesbaden Kurhaus , Schlossplatz
Wilhelmshaven City Hall , Kaiser Wilhelm Bridge
Wismar Wasserkunst , Marienkirche
Wuppertal Suspension railway
Wurzburg Würzburg Residence , Marienberg Fortress

In Austria

place Landmark
Bregenz Martinsturm
Eisenstadt Esterházy Palace
Fischamend City tower
Graz Graz clock tower
innsbruck Goldenes Dachl , Hungerburgbahn
Klagenfurt Lindworm Fountain
Linz Trinity Column
Salzburg Hohensalzburg Fortress , Salzburg Cathedral
St. Polten town hall
Vienna St. Stephen's Cathedral , Ferris Wheel , Schönbrunn Palace , City Hall , State Opera , Danube Tower

In Switzerland

place Landmark
Basel Munster , Roothuus
Bern Bundeshaus , Zytglogge
Geneva Jet d'eau , St. Peter's Cathedral
Lucerne Chapel Bridge
Schaffhausen Munot
Zurich Great Minster


place Landmark
Amsterdam Canal system , De Wallen , De Gooyer windmill
Antwerp Cathedral , train station , Grote Markt
Avignon Pont Saint-Bénézet , Papal Palace
Auckland Sky tower
Bangkok Wat Phra Kaeo , Wat Arun
Barcelona Sagrada Família
Wroclaw Cathedral , Town Hall , Centennial Hall , Water Tower
Brussels Grote Markt , Atomium , Palace of Justice
Budapest Parliament , Chain Bridge
Danzig Crane gate , Marienkirche
Dubai Burj Khalifa , Burj al Arab
Guangzhou Guangzhou International Finance Center , Canton Tower
Hong Kong Victoria Harbor ( Bank of China Tower , Two IFC ), Tian Tan Buddha
Istanbul Hagia Sophia , Bridge of the Martyrs of July 15th , Maiden's Tower , Sultan Ahmed Mosque
Kuala Lumpur Petronas Towers
Kuwait City Liberation Tower
London Big Ben with Houses of Parliament , Tower Bridge , Tower of London , London Eye
los Angeles Hollywood Sign , US Bank Tower , City Hall , Griffith Observatory , Mann's Chinese Theater , Theme Building LAX , Disney Concert Hall
Milan Milan Cathedral
Moscow St. Basil's Cathedral , Kremlin
New York City Statue of Liberty , Empire State Building , Chrysler Building , Brooklyn Bridge , One World Trade Center
Oslo town hall
Paris Eiffel Tower , Arc de Triomphe , Sacré-Cœur , Louvre , Notre-Dame
Beijing Temple of Heaven , Forbidden City , CCTV HQ , Bird's Nest
Pisa leaning Tower of Pisa
Prague Prague Castle , Charles Bridge
Riad Kingdom Center
Rio de Janeiro Sugar Loaf , Cristo Redentor
Rome St. Peter's Basilica , Colosseum
San Francisco Golden Gate Bridge
St. Petersburg Hermitage , Peter and Paul Fortress
Seoul Lotte World Tower
Shanghai Oriental Pearl Tower , Bund , SWFC
St. Louis Gateway Arch
Szczecin Hook terrace , Jakobikirche
Swinoujscie Mühlenbake (Stawa Młyny)
Sydney Harbor Bridge , Opera House , Sydney Tower
Taipei Taipei 101 , Chiang Kai-shek National Memorial Hall
Tokyo Tokyo Tower
Vaduz Castle Vaduz
Warsaw Palace of Culture
Washington, DC White House , Capitol , Washington Monument , Lincoln Memorial

Works of art and other landmarks

In terms of size, works of art such as sculptures, fountains or paintings, which are mostly inconspicuous, sometimes have the character of landmarks.

Examples are:

Steamship Alexandra, maritime landmark of Flensburg in front of the Red Castle , another landmark of Flensburg
Neon sign of the Swedish ball bearing factories with the abbreviation SKF, a landmark of Schweinfurt

Furthermore, objects of daily use, certain types of vehicles, ships, large neon signs or even local street furniture such as telephone boxes or lanterns can become landmarks, e.g. B .:

See also

Web links

Commons : Visitor attractions  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Landmarks  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Brandenburg pfennig from 1811