|Canton :||Geneva (GE)|
|District :||No district division|
|BFS no. :||6621|
|Postal code :||1201–1209 Genève
1215 Genève ( Aéroport )
1227 Les Acacias
|UN / LOCODE :||CH GVA|
|Height range :||368–458 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||15.93 km²|
|Resident:||203,951 (December 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||12,803 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
Swiss citizenship )
|47.9% (December 31, 2019)|
|Mayor :||Frédérique Perler ( Greens ), 2021/2022|
View of Geneva from Mont Salève
|Location of the municipality|
Geneva ( Swiss German Gämf, Gänf, Geneva; French Genève [ ʒənɛv, ʒnɛv ]; Franco-Provencal Geneva [ ðəˈnɛva, ˈzɛnəva ]; Italian Ginevra ; Romansh ) is a city and political municipality and the capital of the canton of Geneva in Switzerland .
The city is located on the southwestern tip of French-speaking Switzerland (Romandie) in the Lake Geneva region at the outflow of the Rhone from Lake Geneva . With its 203,951 inhabitants (December 31, 2019), Geneva is the second largest city in Switzerland after Zurich . 47.9 percent of the population do not have Swiss citizenship , making Geneva, along with Basel and Lausanne, one of the Swiss cities with a very high proportion of foreigners. The statistical population density of 12,835 inhabitants per square kilometer is extremely high by Swiss standards. The Geneva-Lausanne metropolitan region , with a population of 1.2 million, is an enlarged metropolitan area and the most important in French-speaking Switzerland.
In addition to New York City, the city of Geneva is home to most of the world's international organizations , including the UN , CERN , ICRC , WHO , ILO , IOM , ISO , IEC , ITU , WIPO , WMO , WOSM and WTO . Together with Basel ( Bank for International Settlements ), New York City ( UN Headquarters ) and Strasbourg ( Council of Europe ), Geneva is one of the few cities in the world that functions as the seat of one of the most important international organizations, without the capital of a state to be. In addition, 175 states are diplomatically represented here, some of them maintain diplomatic representation in Switzerland not in the federal city of Bern , but in Geneva.
For years, Geneva has been listed alongside Zurich and Basel as part of the ten cities with the world's best quality of life and at the same time with the world's highest cost of living . In 2018, 18.6 percent of the population were millionaires (calculated in US dollars ). This makes Geneva, behind Monaco , the city with the second highest density of millionaires in the world.
Location and special features
Geneva lies between the foothills of the Alps and the Jura . The Mont Salève in the south of the city is considered to be their local mountain , but it is already on French territory. The city area is 15.89 square kilometers.
The urban area consists of the four districts ( French sections ) Cité, Plainpalais, Eaux-Vives and Petit-Saconnex . The last three correspond to the municipalities incorporated in 1930. The city districts are further subdivided into so-called city quarters :
(end of 2015)
|Cité||Cité - Center||1||6621001||106||6,720|
|St-Gervais - Chantepoulet||2||6621002||47||4,474|
|Délices - Grottes - Montbrillant||3||6621003||68||13,806|
|Bâtie - Acacias||14th||6621014||139||4,835|
|Eaux-Vives||Eaux-Vives - Lac||21||6621021||136||20,578|
|Florissant - Malagnou||22nd||6621022||118||15,018|
|Grand-Pré - Vermont||33||6621033||62||10,617|
|Bouchet - Moillebeau||34||6621034||161||15,303|
|Charmilles - Châtelaine||35||6621035||115||23,537|
|St-Jean - Aire||36||6621036||94||9,529|
The annual mean temperature is 10.5 ° C, with the coldest mean temperatures in January at 1.5 ° C and the warmest mean monthly temperatures measured at 20.2 ° C in July. On average, around 77 days of frost and nine days of ice are to be expected here. There are around 60 summer days on an annual average, while there are normally 15.0 hot days . The MeteoSwiss weather station is located at an altitude of at Geneva Airport, approx. 6 km from the city center (as the crow flies ).
The highest temperature ever recorded in Geneva was 39.7 degrees Celsius (7 July 2015). The maximum value for the average duration of sunshine in January was reached in 2020 with 114.4 hours. This broke the previous record of 2008 (104.3 hours).
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Geneva
Source: Federal Office for Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss)
Origin and initial documentation
In the Celtic times, Geneva was a fortified border town between the Allobrogians and the Helvetii . The place name first attested to in Caesar's De bello Gallico (58 BC Genava ) is traditionally traced back to Celtic * exactlya ‹mouth› (cf. Welsh precisely , mouth ' ), like Genoa and Arguenon . Since Geneva is not located on an estuary, but on a drain, it was proposed as an alternative to derive the name from Indo-European * genu-, * gneu- ‹knee, corner, angle›.
Changing rulers until the 15th century
Geneva arrived around 120 BC. Under the rule of the Romans. At the time of the Roman Empire it served as a bridgehead , from 400 to 1536 it was a bishopric . In the fifth and ninth centuries it also served as the seat of the Burgundian kings. In 563 , many residents were killed in the Tauredunum event , a tsunami in Lake Geneva.
The Bishop of Geneva has had his own silver coins minted since the 10th century. From 1026 Geneva belonged to the Burgundian part of the Holy Roman Empire , within which it became an episcopal territory. On August 1, 1034, the acquisition of Burgundy by Conrad II (HRR) was celebrated in Geneva Cathedral. The legal district of the bishop was circumscribed against the claims of the Count of Geneva in the document Placitum de Seyssel of 1124. In 1162 Frederick I granted the diocese independence and imperial immediacy. In the 13th century, Geneva became an important trade fair city, which brought more influence to the urban bourgeoisie. In 1387, the Geneva bishop granted the city of Geneva various freedoms such as citizenship. In 1467, the Savoy granted the Geneva residents freedom of trade on their territory. Bishop Antoine Champion gathered around 500 priests in the church of St. Pierre in 1493 and denounced the vicious lifestyle of the clergy:
«People dedicated to the service of God must be distinguished by a pure life; but now our priests have surrendered to all vices and lead a more wicked life than the rest of the flock. Some wear open dresses, others put warrior helmets, pull red Cossacks or cuirasses to visit the markets, frequent the taverns and brothels, is behaving like comedians or itinerant actors, making false oaths, lend on pledges and sell shamefully perjurers and murderers Indulgences . "
Geneva between the 16th and 18th centuries
In 1526 Geneva joined a league of cities together with Bern and Friborg . After convincing sermons by Guillaume Farel , the Reformation was introduced in 1536 and the independent Republic of Geneva was proclaimed. Freiburg therefore dissolved its alliance with Geneva, whereupon the city tried several times in vain to be accepted as a location in the Swiss Confederation. Only the Protestant cities of Bern and Zurich concluded castle rights with Geneva in 1584 . The French reformer Johannes Calvin founded the Geneva Academy, now the University of Geneva , in 1559 . After the unsuccessful attempt to raid the city on a December night in 1602 ( Escalade de Genève ), Savoy recognized the independence of Geneva (Treaty of Saint Julien 1603). From 1540 to 1700, Geneva became an important refuge and new home for Italian and French evangelical refugees. The immigrant families were not only a burden for the city, but also a social and economic enrichment through their education and knowledge in silk production and trade and in the art of watchmaking, which they brought with them and settled in Geneva and the surrounding area.
In 1781, the bourgeoisie and workers gained supremacy, whereupon a representative democratic constitution was adopted, before the patriciate again seized power the following year with the help of Bernese-Savoyard troops and many industrialists emigrated as exponents of the bourgeoisie .
From city-state to Swiss canton 1798–1815
On April 15, 1798, Geneva was annexed by France . The Unification Treaty of April 26, 1798 regulated the transfer of the Republic of Geneva to the French state. In August 1798, the city became the capital of the newly created Léman department . During the French period, the civil code was introduced and the city became the administrative center of the whole region, which also brought it economic advantages. However, since 1802, troops for the Napoleonic wars have also been raised in Geneva .
On December 31, 1813, Geneva was occupied by Austrian troops. After the independence of the city republic had first been proclaimed, Geneva asked to join the Swiss Confederation. On June 1, 1814, in accordance with the resolutions of the Congress of Vienna, Swiss troops landed in Geneva, and on September 12, the Federal Diet officially confirmed the admission of Geneva as the 22nd canton into the Confederation. The Unification Treaty was signed on May 19, 1815. The city of Geneva thus became the capital of the newly formed canton of Geneva of the same name . This was extended to French and Sardinian territories in the Second Peace of Paris and in the Treaty of Turin , so that the Geneva area received a land connection to the rest of Switzerland. In order not to cut off Geneva economically from its environs, several duty-free zones were gradually created around Geneva, which by 1860 covered almost the entire former area of the Léman department.
The city republic of Geneva minted its own coins until 1850. As was customary in France for a long time, these were divided into sols for a certain time , after which francs were minted.
In 1864 Geneva became the seat of the International Committee of the Red Cross . The University of Geneva was founded in 1873.
At the end of the 19th century, the development of the watch industry was promoted by the construction of a pressurized water network to supply the city with energy and drinking water. With the Usine des Forces Motrices , which went into operation in 1886 , the regulation of the water level for Lake Geneva was also introduced. The increasing energy demand of the industry made the construction of the Usine de Chèvres , the largest power station in Europe at the time, necessary.
20th century and territorial expansion
In 1931, the former communes of Eaux-Vives , Le Petit-Saconnex and Plainpalais were merged with the city of Geneva. On November 9, 1932, there was a massacre (“ Blood Night of Geneva ”) when soldiers shot 13 anti-fascist demonstrators and seriously injured 60.
coat of arms
|Blazon : « Split , in front in gold a red crowned, tongued and armored black half eagle at the split; behind in red a golden key with a quatrefoil and with a straight dew-cross incision in the left-turned beard. »|
|Reasons for the coat of arms: The Geneva coat of arms represents the connection between the bishop (key of Saint Peter ) and the free imperial city ( imperial eagle ). It appeared for the first time in the 15th century.|
Geneva was the most populous city in Switzerland until 1870. The city of Zurich then took over this place , although between 1910 and 1995 the city of Basel was also larger in terms of population. As of December 31, 2019, the city of Geneva had 203,951 inhabitants. The Geneva agglomeration is redefined every ten years on the occasion of the census and in 2007 had 471,314 inhabitants or 780,000 inhabitants across the country including France. The proportion of foreigners (registered residents without Swiss citizenship ) was 47.9 percent on December 31, 2019 (97,949 residents). This can be explained in particular by the number of international organizations in the city and the proximity to the border with France (the canton of Geneva is almost completely enclosed by France). Geneva's city area is 15.89 square kilometers. This results in a statistical population density of 12,835 inhabitants per square kilometer (December 31, 2019). The enlarged metropolitan area, the Geneva-Lausanne metropolitan region , has 1.2 million inhabitants.
At 49.2 percent, almost half of the population over the age of 15 professes the Christian faith . 34.2 percent are members of the Roman Catholic Church , 8.8 percent belong to the Evangelical Reformed Church and thus the Église Protestante de Genève , and 6.2 percent belong to other Christian denominations. 38.0 percent are non-denominational , 6.1 percent belong to Islamic denominations and 1.6 percent belong to Jewish communities .
Legislative - Local Council
The legislative power is exercised by the municipal council ( conseil municipal ) . It has 80 seats and is elected directly by the people every five years using proportional representation with a seven percent hurdle . The municipal council determines the city budget and votes on submissions from the city government ( conseil administratif ) . He can also launch initiatives himself. The graphic on the right shows the distribution of seats after the last municipal elections in March 2020. Earlier election results since 1914 can be found in the article Results of the municipal elections in Geneva .
Executive - city government
The city government ( conseil administratif, CA ) consists of five equal members who are elected individually every four years by the people in a majority vote. The office of city president ( maire ) changes annually between the members of the government. For the period June 1, 2021 to May 31, 2022, the city government is composed as follows:
|Government member||Political party||in office since||department|
|Frédérique Perler , President (2021/2022)||Green||2020||Département de l'aménagement, des constructions et de la mobilité|
|Marie Barbey-Chappuis , Vice President (2021/2022)||CVP||2020||Department of Security and Sports|
|Sami Canaan||SP||2007||Département de la culture et de la transition numérique|
|Alfonso Gomez||Green||2020||Département des finances, de l'environnement et du logement|
|Christina Kitsos||SP||2020||Département de la cohésion sociale et de la solidarité|
National Council elections
|Green||SP||FDP||SVP||POP / Sol||CVP||glp||MCG||EPP|
The right to vote have all Swiss citizens residing in the City of Geneva as well as foreign citizens (residents without Swiss nationality ) who are resident for at least eight years in Switzerland. This regulation has been in effect since 2005, when a corresponding cantonal popular initiative was adopted. The passive right to vote is still reserved for Swiss citizens.
With the signatures of five percent of the electorate , a referendum on a resolution of the municipal council ( referendum ) can be forced or a separate proposal can be submitted (popular initiative).
As the home of luxury watch manufacturers such as Rolex (headquarters), Omega , Patek Philippe , Vacheron Constantin or Baume & Mercier , Geneva is one of the most important watch cities in the world. The quality features introduced by local handicrafts such as the Geneva seal (Poinçon de Genève) and Geneva stripes (Côtes de Genève, fillets) are well known. In addition, numerous multinational companies such as Procter & Gamble and Ralph Lauren have their (European) headquarters in Geneva. Over 28,000 people work directly for the Geneva-based 30 international organizations and 172 accredited missions; the contribution to the canton's economic output is 9.2 percent.
With the Genève-Cornavin train station , Geneva is well integrated into the European rail network. There was also a rail connection to Annemasse from the Gare des Eaux-Vives terminus . The new railway line Genève – Annemasse (CEVA), under construction from 1995, has been connecting the Swiss and French networks since December 15, 2019. Geneva had a loading point for motorail trains until 2012 ;
Local public transport in the city is handled by Transports publics genevois (TPG), which also operate the Geneva tram with four lines and the Geneva trolleybus with six lines. In addition, Geneva is connected to numerous shores of Lake Geneva by passenger shipping on Lake Geneva.
Because of the limited space and the steady growth of the city, the traffic routes are heavily congested. In addition to the housing shortage, mobility is one of the most pressing issues in the city and canton of Geneva. Attempts to remedy the impending traffic collapse, for example through a bridge or a tunnel to cross the lake, have so far failed, in particular due to the political disputes between the city and cantonal government.
The Hans-Wilsdorf-Brücke crosses the Arve.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art set up a new office in the center of Geneva in 2006 to serve as a contact point for collectors and artists. In the city of the Rhone there are 120 galleries and a duty-free warehouse , which is considered the largest “museum” in the world because of the works of art stored there , but which is not open to the public.
Education, art, culture and sport
Like every Swiss canton, the canton of Geneva has its own school system. There are primary schools, lower secondary schools ( Cycle d'Orientation, orientation school), eleven four-year high schools (eight of them in the urban area: Collège Calvin , Collège de Candolle, Collège Rousseau, Collège Sismondi, Collège Voltaire, Collège Nicolas-Bouvier, Collège Emilie-Gourd and Collège André-Chavannes) and other upper secondary schools .
The University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland (Haute école spécialisée de Suisse occidentale) is represented here as a central university with the universities of art and design; Landscape planning, engineering and architecture; Business administration; Bless you; Social work and music .
The University of Geneva was founded in 1559. The University Institute for International Studies and Development was formed from autonomous university institutes in 2008 . There are also a number of smaller private universities such as the International University in Geneva and the Webster University Geneva.
- Musée d'art et d'histoire , art and history museum
- Musée d'art moderne et contemporain
- Musée Ariana , ceramics and glass museum
- Muséum d'ethnographie de Genève , ethnographic museum
- Muséum d'histoire naturelle de la Ville de Genève , natural history museum
- Musée Rath , art museum with special exhibitions
- International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum
- International Museum of the Reformation
- Collège Calvin
- Jardin Anglais ( English landscape garden )
- Jet d'eau (fountain)
- Parc La Grange
- Jardin botanique de Genève (botanical garden)
- St. Peter's Cathedral (completed around 1232)
- Notre-Dame de Genève basilica (1852 to 1857)
- Temple de la Fusterie (1713-1715)
- Geneva Mosque (Petit-Saconnex Mosque; 1978)
- Palais des Nations (League of Nations), Avenue de la Paix , seat of the UN, until 1939 of the League of Nations
- Town Hall (late 15th century)
- International Reformation Monument (1917)
- Servetus memorial stone (1903)
- Birthplace of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
In 2000, Geneva received the Wakker Prize from the Swiss Homeland Security for special services to the protection of the local image .
The city of Geneva gained national and international fame in sport, among other things, through the football club Servette FC Genève , which has won the Swiss championship 17 times, and through the Genève-Servette HC ice hockey team . A major local event is the annual Geneva Marathon .
Regular events and trade fairs
In the complex exhibition Palexpo numerous public exhibitions and trade fairs are organized. The most important international trade fairs are:
- EBACE , Air Show
- International Motor Show
- International book and press fair
- International fair for inventions
- ITU Telecom World, telecommunications fair
- Salon International de la Haute Horlogerie , luxury watch fair
International music festivals take place regularly every year:
- Fête de la musique, since 2010
- Plein-les-Watts Festival, since 2006
- Fête de l'Olivier, festival of Arabic music organized by ICAM since 1980
- The Genevan Brass Festival, founder Christophe Sturzenegger, 2010
Every four years since 1947, the city of Geneva has awarded prizes to people who have contributed to the city's reputation in culture and science (Prix de la Ville de Genève) .
The city of Geneva has been awarding two prizes for comics every year since 1997, see: City of Geneva Prize for Comics .
Geneva specialties are the Longeole (Geneva Saucisson ) and the Cardon épineux de Plainpalais , both of which have been certified by the Federal Office for Agriculture as AOC or Protected Designation of Origin ; also the Entrecôte Café de Paris .
International organizations and represented states
Geneva is home to 34 international organizations (including 5 of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations), countless United Nations programs and funds, and other organizations.
In addition, 175 countries are represented in Geneva. There are a total of 256 permanent representations , representations and delegations in the city.
The city of Geneva does not have any explicit city partnerships , but declares itself to be connected to the whole world. Independent of this, Geneva is the seat of various international organizations.
sons and daughters of the town
The following is an incomplete list of women and men in public life with reference to the city of Geneva:
- Vitale Albera (1799 – around 1850), doctor of law, revolutionary, refugee, supporter of Giuseppe Mazzini
- Kofi Annan (1938–2018), former UN Secretary General
- Ernest Ansermet (1883–1969), Swiss conductor
- Louis Appia (1818–1898), Swiss surgeon
- Théodore Agrippa d'Aubigné (1552–1630), French nobleman and Protestant military
- Claude Baduel (1491–1561), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Wilhelm Steiger (1809–1836), Reformed theologian and university professor
- Caroline Barbey-Boissier (1847–1918), botanist and writer
- Antoine Jean Baumgartner (1859–1938), Protestant theologian and university professor
- Marguerite de Beaumont (1895–1986), sister of the reformed women's community Communauté de Grandchamp
- Giovanni Benci (1394–1455), General Manager of the Bank Medici
- Georges Berguer (1873–1945), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Henri Berguer (1854–1937), Protestant clergyman
- Johann I Bernoulli (1667–1748), Swiss mathematician and doctor
- Bonaventure Corneille Bertram (1531–1594), French Protestant theologian and university professor
- Théodore de Bèze (1519–1605), Geneva reformer of French origin
- Marc Birkigt (1878–1953), Swiss designer
- Louis Blondel (1885–1967), archaeologist and co-founder of the scout movement
- Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986), Argentine writer and librarian
- Jules Breitenstein (1873–1936), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Félix Bungener (1814–1874), French-Swiss Protestant clergyman
- Micheline Calmy-Rey (* 1945), Swiss politician (former Federal Councilor), Federal President 2011
- Johannes Calvin (1509–1564), reformer of French descent and founder of Calvinism
- Sebastian Castellio (1515–1563), French humanist scholar, philosopher and Protestant theologian
- Charles Cellérier (1890–1966), Protestant clergyman
- Jacob-Elisée Cellérier (1785–1862), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Jean-Isaac-Samuel Cellérier (1753–1844), Protestant clergyman
- Michel de Certeau (1925–1986), French Jesuit, sociologist, historian and cultural philosopher
- Antoine de Chandieu (1534–1591), reformer
- Samuel Chappuzeau (1625–1701), Reformed traveler, doctor, writer and teacher from France
- Giuseppe Chiostergi (1889–1961), Freemason, Republican and anti-fascist
- Albert Cohen (1895–1981), Swiss writer
- Mathurin Cordier (1479–1564), French educator
- Georges Marie Martin Cardinal Cottier (1922–2016), Swiss religious, theologian and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- John Cougnard (1821-1896), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- François de Curtine (15th – 16th centuries), Savoy builder
- Jean-Philippe Dardier (1831–1923), Franco-Swiss evangelist
- Marie Dentière (1495–1561), Reformed theologian, writer and Reformation historian
- Nicolas Des Gallars (1520–1581), French-Geneva Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Rudiger Dornbusch (1942–2002), German-American economist
- Ruth Dreifuss (* 1940), Swiss politician, Federal President 1999
- Guillaume-Henri Dufour (1787–1875), Swiss humanist, general, politician, cartographer and engineer
- Ubbo Emmius (1547–1625), Protestant Reformed theologian, historian, educator and founding rector of the University of Groningen (Netherlands)
- Guillaume Farel (1489–1565), Geneva's first reformer 1532–1538
- Gaston Frommel (1862–1906), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Jean Gaberel (1810–1889), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Agénor Étienne de Gasparin (1810–1871), Reformed publicist and campaigner for religious freedom in France
- Alberto Giacometti (1901–1966), Swiss sculptor, painter and graphic artist of the modern age
- Alberto Ginastera (1916–1983), Argentine composer
- Carlotta Grisi (1819–1899), Italian dancer
- Emile Guers (1794–1882), Franco-Swiss clergyman and founder of the Geneva Free Church
- Alexandre Guillot (1849–1930), Protestant clergyman and writer
- Robert Haldane (1764–1842), Scottish officer and lay preacher, who had a significant influence on the revival movement in Geneva
- Ludwig Hohl (1904–1980), Swiss writer
- Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) (1870-1924), Russian communist politician and revolutionary as well as Marxist theorist
- Werner Helwig (1905–1985), German writer and member of the Nerother Wandervogel
- Ferdinand Hodler (1853–1918), Swiss painter of Symbolism and Art Nouveau
- Marcel Junod (1904–1961), Swiss doctor
- Jan Krugier (1928–2008), Polish-Swiss gallery owner and art collector
- Paul Lachenal (1884–1955), politician, jointly responsible for securing and exhibiting the works of the Prados in Geneva in 1939
- François Lachenal , diplomat and publisher
- Antoine de La Faye (1540–1615), French-Geneva Protestant clergyman and rector of the university
- Franz Jehan Leenhardt (1902–1990), French Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Antoine Léger the Elder (1594–1661), French-Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Auguste Lemaître (1887–1970), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Bernard Martin (1905–1995), Protestant clergyman
- Jacques Martin (1794–1874), soldier, Protestant clergyman and writer
- Raynald Martin (1906–1998), Protestant clergyman
- Antoine Maurice the Elder (1677–1756), French-Geneva Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Edouard Montet (1856–1934), French-Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Bernard Morel (1921–1996), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Gianni Motti (* 1958), Swiss artist of Italian origin
- Robert Musil (1880–1942), Austrian writer and theater critic
- Vladimír Neff (1909–1983), Czech writer, translator, screenwriter and father of the writer Ondřej Neff
- Alexander Iwanowitsch Ostermann-Tolstoy (1770 / 72–1857), officer in the Russian army during the Napoleonic Wars
- Jean Piaget (1896–1980), Swiss biologist and pioneer of cognitive developmental psychology and founder of genetic epistemology
- Robert Pinget (1919–1997), Swiss writer
- Ludwig Quidde (1858–1941), German historian, publicist, pacifist and left-wing liberal politician
- Grisélidis Réal (1929–2005), Swiss prostitute, artist and author
- Urs Richle (* 1965), Swiss writer
- Johann Jakob Romang (1831–1884), writer
- Wilhelm Röpke (1899–1966), German economist and social philosopher
- Pellegrino Rossi (1787–1848), lawyer, economist, diplomat and politician.
- Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913), founder of structuralism and modern linguistics
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778), French-speaking Geneva writer, philosopher, educator, naturalist and composer of the Enlightenment
- Agostino Giorgio Soldati (born November 17, 1910 in Buenos Aires , † February 11, 1966 in Geneva), Swiss observer at the UN in New York , Switzerland's ambassador to France
- Eduard H. Steenken (1910–1989), German-Swiss journalist, translator, editor and author
- Anne-Lou Steininger (* 1963), writer
- Frank Thomas (1862–1928), Protestant clergyman and university professor
- Abraham Trembley (1710–1784), Geneva zoologist
- Bénédict Turrettini (1588–1631), Reformed theologian from Geneva
- Voltaire (1694–1778), French philosopher and writer
- Ludwig von Mises (1881–1973), Austro-American economist and theoretician of classical liberalism and libertarianism
- Jean-François Vuarin (1769–1843) built up the Catholic community in Geneva
- Alfred Werner (pastor) (1914–2005) Swiss pastor, journalist, writer and musicologist
- Jean Ziegler (* 1934), Swiss sociologist, politician, non-fiction and novelist
Fixed terms associated with Geneva
- Geneva Conventions
- Geneva Nomenclature of the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry
- Geneva scheme of job evaluation
- Geneva Cross, less common name of the Red Cross
- The Swiss author Friedrich Glauser had his crime novel The Tea of the Three Old Ladies (1934) set in Geneva.
- In the year 563, a giant wave triggered by a rock fall devastated large parts of Geneva ( Tauredunum event )
- Martine Piguet: Geneva (municipality). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . February 7, 2018 .
- Jacques Barrelet: Eaux-Vives, Les. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . February 7, 2018 .
- Collective of authors: Histoire de Genève. 3 volumes. Editions Alphil, Neuchâtel 2014.
- Charles Bonnet: Les premiers monuments chrétiens de Genève (= Swiss art guides. No. 547). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1994.
- Philippe Broillet, Isabelle Brunier and others: Les monuments d'art et d'histoire du Canton de Genève. La Genève sur l'eau (= The art monuments of Switzerland. Volume 89). Volume I. Ed. By the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Wiese Verlag, Basel 1997, ISBN 3-909164-61-7 .
- Philippe Broillet, Isabelle Brunier and others: Les monuments d'art et d'histoire du Canton de Genève. Genève, Saint Gervais: du Bourg au Quartier (= The art monuments of Switzerland. Volume 97). Volume II. Ed. By the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Chêne – Bourg 2001, ISBN 3-906131-01-7 .
- Matthieu de La Corbière, Isabelle Brunier and others: Les monuments d'art et d'histoire du Canton de Genève. Geneva, Ville forte. Volume III (= The Art Monuments of Switzerland. Volume 117). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Marti Media AG, Hinterkappelen 2010, ISBN 978-3-906131-92-4 .
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|Commons||- Media content (category)|
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- Official website of the city of Geneva
- Geneva on the ETHorama platform
- Rolf Strasser: Notes on the history of Geneva. (No longer available online.) In: calvin.efb.ch. 2007, archived from the original on October 31, 2016 (also on Calvin).
- FSO Generalized Boundaries 2020 . For later parish mergers, heights are summarized based on January 1, 2020. Accessed May 17, 2021
- Generalized limits 2020 . In the case of later community mergers, areas will be combined based on January 1, 2020. Accessed May 17, 2021
- Regional portraits 2021: key figures for all municipalities . In the case of later municipal mergers, population figures are summarized based on 2019. Accessed May 17, 2021
- Regional portraits 2021: key figures for all municipalities . In the case of later municipal mergers, the percentage of foreigners summarized based on the 2019 status. Accessed May 17, 2021
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