The municipality number (also called code no. , GEOSTAT no. Or BFS no. ) Is a number that was first assigned by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (BFS) with the official register of municipalities in 1960, which clearly identifies territorial units in the catchment area serves Switzerland. The counterpart in Germany and Austria is called the community key .
As a rule, these are the political municipalities , but they can also be areas under purely cantonal sovereignty (especially lakes) or so-called municipalities (common sovereign rights of several municipalities) (see below).
For purely statistical purposes, numbers were also assigned to the municipalities of the Principality of Liechtenstein and some places in Germany (Constance south of the Seerhein and the enclave of Büsingen on the Upper Rhine ) and Italy (enclave Campione ). The assignment of such numbers does not justify any sovereignty.
Numbers are assigned according to the list of cantons in Article 1 of the Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation , within the cantons by district and, furthermore, alphabetically by municipality name . Communes of cantons without districts were numbered consecutively. The community number consists of one to four digits.
Exceptions to the rule indicate later changes (after 1986).
The municipality number is not only used as a key for all statistical evaluations, but also for many other applications, e.g. B. in road construction by some cantons for the bridge designations.
Canton numbers were assigned according to two systems:
- Cantons with a divided professional vote as a number with decimals (No. 1 to 23)
- Cantons with a divided professional vote with their own number (No. 1 to 26)
- In the fourth column, the associated community numbers
|Canton||Number (23)||Number (26)||Parish numbers|
- Affoltern district : FSO No. 0001-0014
- District Andelfingen : FSO No. 0021-0044
- Former district of Aarberg : Code no. 0301-0312 (valid until December 31, 2009)
- Seeland administrative district : code no. 0243 (valid from January 1, 2010)
Free areas have been left between districts and cantons that allow a certain flexibility for changes.
According to the Federal Statistical Office, the specialist areas listed below are part of the BFS numbering system, although these areas are not municipalities. The numbers of these areas, together with the cantonal lake shares, serve to provide the complete, i.e. H. to collect or present the complete area of Switzerland in statistics, geographic information systems and the like.
Communances , d. H. Areas that are subject to the sovereignty of several municipalities or (mostly uninhabited) communal areas that cannot be clearly assigned to a single municipality:
- Municipality of Cadenazzo / Monteceneri (FSO No .: 5391; until December 31, 2003: 5020) (until March 2005: Municipality of Medeglia-Robasacco in the Distretto di Bellinzona, Canton Ticino)
- Kommunanz Capriasca / Lugano (FSO-No .: 5394; until December 31, 2003: 5238) in the Distretto di Lugano, Canton Ticino
- Kommunanz Reckingen-Gluringen / Grafschaft (BFS-No .: 6391) in the district of Goms, Canton Wallis (until December 31, 2003: Kommunanz Gluringen-Ritzingen (BFS-No .: 6072))
- Areas outside the political communities in Switzerland. It refers to
- a single land area in the lake district of the canton of Friborg, the Galm state forest (FSO no .: 2391; until December 31, 2003: 2285), and around
- Sea areas, d. H. public waters that are directly under the sovereignty of one or more cantons. The 22 lakes that are not assigned to any district, canton or municipality have pseudo-municipality numbers between 9040 and 9757:
- Greifensee (FSO no .: 9040)
- Lake Zurich (BFS no .: 9050; subdivided into: 9051: area ZH, 9052: area SZ and 9053: area SG)
- Lake Thun (FSO-No .: 9073)
- Lake Brienz (FSO No .: 9089)
- Bielersee / Lac de Bienne (FSO no .: 9148; subdivided into: 9149: area BE and 9150: area NE)
- Lake Neuchâtel / Lac de Neuchâtel (FSO No .: 9151; subdivided into: 9152: Area BE, 9153: Area FR, 9154: Area VD and 9155: Area NE)
- Baldeggersee (FSO-No .: 9157)
- Sempachersee (FSO No .: 9163)
- Hallwilersee (BFS no .: 9172; divided into: 9173: LU area and 9174: AG area)
- Lake Zug (BFS no .: 9175; subdivided into: 9176: area LU, 9177: area SZ and 9178: area ZG)
- Vierwaldstättersee (BFS-No .: 9179; divided into: 9180: area LU, 9181: area UR, 9182: area SZ, 9183: area OW and 9184: area NW)
- Sihlsee (BFS no .: 9216)
- Sarnersee (FSO-No .: 9239)
- Walensee (BFS no .: 9267; subdivided into: 9268: area GL and 9269: area SG)
- Aegerisee (FSO-No .: 9270)
- Lake Gruyère / Lac de la Gruyère (FSO No .: 9276)
- Murtensee (BFS no .: 9294; subdivided into: 9295: area FR and 9296: area VD)
- Lake Constance (Swiss part: BFS no .: 9326; subdivided into 9327: area SH, 9328: area SG, 9329: area TG)
- Lake Lugano / Lago di Lugano (FSO No .: 9710, excluding Lake Campione d'Italia , see below)
- Lake Maggiore (FSO no .: 9711)
- Lac de Joux (FSO No .: 9751)
- Lake Geneva / Lac Léman (FSO no .: 9757; subdivided into 9758: area VD, 9759: area VS, 9760: area GE)
- Foreign areas that have been assigned a Swiss community number (pseudo community number) in GEOSTAT:
- the German city of Constance (BFS-No .: 7111),
- the German enclave Büsingen on the Upper Rhine (FSO no .: 7101),
- the Italian enclave Campione d'Italia (FSO-No .: 7301 for the land part and 7302 for the sea part),
- the municipalities in the Principality of Liechtenstein : Vaduz (BFS-No .: 7001), Triesen (BFS-No .: 7002), Balzers (BFS-No .: 7003), Triesenberg (BFS-No .: 7004), Schaan (BFS- No .: 7005), Planken (BFS No .: 7006), Eschen (BFS No .: 7007), Mauren (BFS No .: 7008), Gamprin (BFS No .: 7009), Ruggell (BFS- No .: 7010), Schellenberg (BFS No .: 7011).