|View to the northeast|
GEWISS no .: 3754
|Islands||La Grande Île|
|Places on the shore||Murten|
|Coordinates||573091 / 197 964|
|Altitude above sea level||429.3 m above sea level M. (1983-2014)|
|Maximum depth||46 m|
|Middle deep||24 m|
|Catchment area||693 km²|
Water renewal time : 1.6 years
|BFS no. : 9294|
The Murtensee (outdated Murtenersee , historically Üchtsee ), French Lac de Morat , with an area of 22.8 km² is the smallest of the three large Swiss Jura lakes, after Lake Neuchâtel and Lake Biel .
Lake Murten is located in the cantons of Friborg and Vaud . The eponymous city of Murten lies on its southern bank . 40 meters from the north bank, near Guévaux, is the island of La Grande Île with an area of 0.1 ha.
The main tributary is the Broye , which drains 63% of the catchment area. The outflow is the Broye Canal, which leads into Lake Neuchâtel . The long-term mean (since 1983) was the water level at 429.30 m above sea level. M. only 2 cm above that of Lake Neuchâtel. Together with Lake Neuchâtel, Lake Murten serves as a compensation basin for the Aare that flows into Lake Biel . When flooding from the Aare causes Lake Biel to rise, the runoff comes to a standstill and at times even flows backwards.
The lake is 8.2 km long and a maximum of 2.8 km wide. Its maximum depth is 45 m, its content around 0.55 km³. The catchment area is 693 km². The theoretical residence time of the water in the lake (filling time) is 1.6 years.
The Murten lake offers various leisure and water sports opportunities; Among other things, there is a sailing school , a surf school and two wakeboard schools .
There are three smaller viewing platforms on the eastern shore of the lake.
During Expo.02 , a rusty, accessible monolith by the architect Jean Nouvel with a side length of 34 meters was floating on Lake Murten, 200 m from the port in Murten, inside of which two panoramic images could be seen (see picture). After the national exhibition it was dismantled again.
Difficult to access shore of Lake Murten, near Faoug
- Anne-Marie Dubler : Lake Murten. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Murten tourism
- Location development of the Murtensee region
- Erich Liechti, Jürg Meister, Josef Gwerder: The history of shipping on the Jura waters. Lake Neuchâtel - Lake Murten - Lake Biel - Aare. Meier, Schaffhausen 1982, ISBN 3-85801-035-9 .
- ↑ http://hydrodaten.admin.ch/de/2004.html → Annual table 2014: annual mean 1983-2014
- ↑ a b c d Seen (Federal Office for the Environment FOEN). Retrieved January 18, 2020 .
- ↑ Uechtland. In: Pierer's Universal-Lexikon, Volume 18. Altenburg 1864. P. 120 , accessed on December 6, 2011 .