Lake Maggiore

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Lake Maggiore
Langensee, Lake Verbano
Lake Maggiore view.jpg
Geographical location Northern Italy ( Lombardy and Piedmont ), Switzerland ( Canton Ticino )
Tributaries Ticino , Maggia , Toce , San Bernardino , Erno, Boesio , Tresa , Verzasca , Cannobino
Drain Ticino in Arona, Piedmont
Places on the shore Locarno , Luino , Verbania , Arona , Stresa
Coordinates 45 ° 58 ′  N , 8 ° 39 ′  E Coordinates: 45 ° 58 ′  N , 8 ° 39 ′  E
Lake Maggiore (Piedmont)
Lake Maggiore
Altitude above sea level 193  m above sea level M.
surface 212.3 km²
length 64.37 km / 34¾ naut. milesdep1
volume 37.1 km³
scope 184.883 km
Maximum depth 372 m
Map Langensee.png

The Lake Maggiore , Italian and Lago Verbano (from the Latin Lacus Verbanus ), Lombard Lagh Maggior, German  Maggiore , is in the Italian regions of Piedmont and Lombardy and in the Swiss canton of Ticino situated, from the same Hauptzu- and outflow Ticino -carrying northern Italian lake .


Langensee to the south, seen from the Monti di Ronco

Lake Maggiore covers an area of ​​212.5 km², 80.1% of which belong to Italy and the remaining 19.9% ​​to Switzerland. It extends from the southern Alpine chain to the western edge of the Po Valley . Like the other northern Italian lakes, it was formed when ice age glaciers melted . Its northern part in particular is surrounded by high mountains.

The lake is 64.37 km long and up to 10 km wide. It is the second largest lake in Italy after Lake Garda . The lake level is on average 193  m above sea level. M. and thus forms the lowest point in Switzerland. The greatest depth is 372 m. The bottom of the lake is more than 170 m below sea level.

The catchment area is 6386 km² (3326 km² in Switzerland and 3060 km² in Italy).

Several professional fishermen make their living from fishing in Lake Maggiore. The total yield is 150 tons per year.

There has been a passenger shipping service on the lake since 1826. In 1852 it was taken over by Österreichischer Lloyd and reorganized. Today, the Italian state enterprise Gestione governativa navigazione laghi , based in Milan , operates a fleet of 25 ships with the Navigazione del Lago Maggiore (NLM), including the still operational paddle steamer Piemonte . Local shipping on Swiss territory has been handled by the Società Navigazione del Lago di Lugano since 2018 .

The main inflow and outflow is the Ticino (Italian: Ticino ). It flows into the lake at Magadino . The estuary, the Bolle di Magadino, is a species-rich nature reserve.

The Maggia flows further west . It always brings debris with it, so that the Maggia Delta extends far out into the lake today. East of the delta is Locarno , best known for its film festival and the Madonna del Sasso pilgrimage church , on the west side of Ascona with its lake promenade and Monte Verità . In the hinterland, the valley divides into the Centovalli at Ponte Brolla on the left and the Maggia valley on the right. In the north, the Verzasca flows into the lake, best known for its bridge, the Ponte dei Salti , and the 220 m high dam.

The hydrologically most important tributary of the lake, however, is the Toce , as it brings a little more water into the lake than the Ticino. However, the natural quantities of water in these rivers have been regulated by human hands for decades due to the numerous water drains used to generate electricity.

The largest city on the lake is Verbania with its suburbs Intra and Pallanza. The botanical gardens of Villa Taranto (0.16  km² ), a gift from its founder, Captain Neil Mac Eacharn, to Italy are well worth a visit . Thousands of plants imported from all over the world, as well as rare botanical collections, some of which are unique in Europe, can be studied here. South of Verbania, the lake widens to the Gulf of Verbania, where the Toce flows into the lake.

Stresa is located on the Gulf , and with its Belle Epoque villas and hotel palaces, it still exudes the charm of a sophisticated luxury spa. In Stresa is the Villa Pallavicino with its park and a zoological garden . Centuries-old trees and many wild animal species can be admired there. Several historically significant conferences took place in the city (1st and 2nd Stresa Conference in 1935 and 1958, respectively, Bilderberg Conference 2004).

Further south is the city of Arona . Two kilometers north of Arona, a 23 m high copper colossal statue (35 m with a base) was erected by Karl Borromeo in 1624 , which was the tallest statue that could be entered from the inside until the Statue of Liberty was built in New York.

South of the lake at Sesto Calende there is a protected meadow area .

On the east side of the lake are the town of Angera with the medieval castle Rocca di Angera , the monastery of Santa Caterina del Sasso built into the steep rock and the town of Luino with its famous weekly market.

Sacro Monte di Ghiffa

The pilgrimage route with a group of chapels Sacro Monte di Ghiffa is a place of pilgrimage near the town of Ghiffa in Piedmont . She joined in 2003 as part of the Sacred Mounts in the list of World Heritage of UNESCO entered.


The Brissago Islands (on the right in the picture) in Lake Maggiore
Three-island view from Alpino: Isola Madre (above), Isola dei Pescatori (below left) and Isola Bella (below right)

At Brissago the two are Brissago Botanic Garden are: Isola di San Pancrazio (Isola Grande) and Isola di Sant'Apollinare (Isolino). The Castelli di Cannero are located on two islets north of Cannero Riviera .

In front of Stresa are three of the five Borromean Islands : Isola Bella and Isola dei Pescatori (also known as Isola Superiore ), and between the two the islet of Scoglio della Malghera . The remaining two, Isolino di San Giovanni and Isola Madre , are in front of the Verbania opposite .

The small island Isolino Partegora is located near Angera .

Places on Lake Maggiore

Ticino (Switzerland) Piedmont (Italy) Lombardy (Italy)


The lake served u. a. in the music film Songs sound on Lake Maggiore (1962) with Fred Bertelmann as the backdrop. In addition, in 1957 the film adaptation of the title In Another Land (A Farewell to Arms) , directed by Charles Vidor, was partly on Lake Maggiore, more precisely in Stresa.


In 1994 the asteroid (3883) Verbano was named after the lake.

See also


Web links

Commons : Lago Maggiore  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Seen (Federal Office for the Environment FOEN). Retrieved January 18, 2020 .
  2. Gerhard Lob: The ships stand still on Lake Maggiore. Luzerner Zeitung, June 28, 2017, accessed on June 29, 2017 .
  3. ^ Gestione Navigazione Laghi
  4. Minor Planet Circ. 23136