Kanton Aargau

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Kanton Aargau
coat of arms
coat of arms
Canton of the Swiss Confederation
Abbreviation / license plate : AG
Official language : German
Main town : Aarau
Accession to the federal government : 1803
Area : 1403.80  km²
Height range : 255–908 m above sea level M.
Website: www.ag.ch
Residents: 678,207 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 483 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without citizenship )
25.1% (December 31, 2018)
Unemployment rate : 3.4% (December 31, 2015)
Location of the canton in Switzerland
Location of the canton in Switzerland
Map of the canton
Map of the canton
Municipalities of the canton
Municipalities of the canton

Coordinates: 47 ° 25 '  N , 8 ° 7'  E ; CH1903:  six hundred and fifty thousand six hundred sixty-four  /  252127 The Aargau ( abbreviation AG , Swiss German older Aargöi, younger Aargau, Aargou, French Argovie, Italian Argovia, Romansh Argovia ? / I ) is a canton in the north of the German-speaking Switzerland . It borders Germany in the north, the cantons of Basel-Landschaft , Solothurn and Bern in the west, the canton Lucerne in the south and the cantons Zug and Zurich in the east. The Aargau occupies the north-eastern part of the Swiss plateau with the lower reaches of the Aare , from which it takes its name. Audio file / audio sample

In 1415 the Confederates conquered the region from the Habsburgs , whose ancestral castle was located near what is now the capital, Aarau . The south-western part became subject to the Republic of Bern . With the establishment of the Helvetic Republic in 1798, the Canton of Aargau was created from the Bernese Aargau , the rest of the area formed the Canton of Baden . These two, as well as the Fricktal in Upper Austria, merged in 1803 to form the canton of Aargau in its current form.

Aargau is one of the most fertile regions in Switzerland. In agricultural production, dairy farming and fruit and grain cultivation dominate . Straw weaving was historically important. In the industry, the branches of machine and electrical industry , food processing , electronics and precision instruments as well as cement production are represented. Aargau is an important energy producer for Switzerland and the location of several nuclear plants .

For tourists, the canton offers numerous castles and palaces , a wide range of museums and thermal springs in Bad Zurzach , Baden , Rheinfelden and Schinznach-Bad . Most of the population speaks German , the canton traditionally has parity , although today a slim majority is Roman Catholic . A total of around 678,000 inhabitants (as of 2018) live in an area of ​​1403.81 km².


Aargau is located in northern Switzerland , in the Central Plateau and in the eastern foothills of the Jura . The canton takes its name from the Aare river . It borders in the north on the Rhine and thus on Baden-Württemberg ( Germany ), in the east on the canton of Zurich , in the south on the cantons of Lucerne and Zug , and in the west on the cantons of Bern , Solothurn and Basel-Landschaft .

Aargau has a strong natural structure. The northern part of the canton was shaped by the mountainous formation of the Jura, the southern part in the central plateau was formed by the glacier movements of the Ice Ages . The Riss Ice Age , which reached its peak around 140,000 years ago, covered almost the entire area of ​​today's canton, with the exception of the western Fricktal around Rheinfelden and some Jura peaks that protruded from the Arctic Ocean.

During the Würm Ice Age , glaciation was much less (only the southeastern part of the canton was covered by ice), but it had a lasting impact on the landscape. The Reuss Glacier and the Linth Glacier , which reached their greatest thickness around 20,000 years ago, left behind numerous boulders that were moved from the Alpine region into the plain. The former extent of these glaciers is still clearly recognizable today from the terminal moraines at Killwangen , Mellingen , Othmarsingen , Seon , Staffelbach , Würenlos and Zetzwil . The rock masses left behind by the Seon moraine dammed Lake Hallwil , which at the end of the Ice Age was about twice as large as it is today and shrank back to its present size within a few thousand years due to the filling of the former lake basin with sediments. The rivers deposited extensive gravel fields in the valleys in front of the glaciers , which represent important aquifers .

The highest point in the canton is on the Geissflue ridge at 908  m above sea level. M.

Land use

Land use in the canton of Aargau (2006)
type Share of
total area (%)
Agricultural land 44.1
Settlement areas 17.0
planted areas 36.4
unproductive areas 02.6

Water system

A special feature of the canton of Aargau is the union of those large Swiss rivers that drain into the North Sea via the Rhine . The Rhine forms the northern border of the canton and at the same time the state border with Germany . In Koblenz the Aare into the Rhine, only twelve kilometers to the union of the largest rivers flows of the Swiss Plateau in the moated castle . Quick succession lead in Gebenstorfer district Vogelsang Reuss and Limmat into the Aare. The Limmat comes from the south-east and brings the water from Reppisch and Egelsee with it, the Reuss comes from the south. The Aare, which forms the canton border to the canton of Solothurn between Murgenthal and Aarburg , takes in the Wigger , Suhre and Aabach before reaching the moated castle shortly after Brugg . With the rivers Limmat, Reuss, Aare and Rhine, water from 24 cantons flows through Aargau (exceptions: cantons of Geneva and Basel-Stadt).

In detail, the Aargau's water system is as follows:


Population development from 1972 to 2016. The black line shows the absolute number, the blue the proportion of the foreign population

At the end of June 2018, the canton had 673,466 inhabitants.



The German dialects in the canton of Aargau belong to High Alemannic . Due to the central location of the canton and due to the centuries-long political and economic orientation towards different centers and the lack of a strong center, Aargau belongs to different groups of Swiss German dialectically .

The canton is halved between east and west with reference to the plural ending of the verb: the western half knows the two-form plural of the Bern German and the Solothurn dialect ( mir mache, ir mached, si mache «we do, you do, they do»), the eastern half uses the uniform plural of Zurich German and Lucerne German (mir mached, ir mached, si mached) .

In the Surb Valley , where a significant Jewish population lived in Endingen and Lengnau for centuries, most of whom emigrated to the Canton of Zurich in the 19th and 20th centuries, a West Yiddish dialect was spoken well into the 20th century .

Mother tongues according to the number of speakers

In detail, the language conditions on December 5, 2000 were as follows:


Nationalities in the canton of Aargau (percentages)
nationality 1980 1990 2000 2010
SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland 85.86 85.19 81.49 78.62
GermanyGermany Germany 1.64 1.37 1.86 4.26
ItalyItaly Italy 7.13 5.76 4.60 3.91
Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia 1.24 2.83 -
SerbiaSerbia Serbia Montenegro
- 3.74 2.66
TurkeyTurkey Turkey 1.11 1.53 1.89 1.67
PortugalPortugal Portugal 0.13 0.49 0.70 1.00
AustriaAustria Austria 0.67 0.52 0.47 0.47
SpainSpain Spain 0.78 0.78 0.52 0.39

Religions - denominations


Since the canton of Aargau was only created from various older territories in 1803, it belongs to the cantons with parity.

Traditionally Reformed (Protestant) is the former Bernese Aargau with the current districts of Aarau , Brugg , Kulm , Lenzburg and Zofingen . Traditionally Roman Catholic are the former common lordships with today's districts of Baden , Bremgarten , Muri and Zurzach , although there is traditionally a Reformed and a Jewish minority in Baden and Zurzach , as well as the Fricktal, which was Austrian until 1802, with the current districts of Laufenburg and Rheinfelden . The Christian Catholic (Old Catholic) Church is also represented in the latter district .

In the past few decades, the once rigid denominational boundaries have blurred considerably. Due to the immigration of foreign population groups, other religions (Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism) have also found their way into the canton of Aargau.

Denomination statistics

With a total population of 670,050 inhabitants as of December 31, 2017, 215,947 inhabitants (32.2 percent) in the canton of Aargau were members of the Roman Catholic Church , 164,532 inhabitants (24.6 percent) belonged to the Evangelical Reformed Church an and 3,018 inhabitants (0.5 percent) were Christian Catholic .

Since the 2000 census (with the exception of the three regional churches ), there are no longer any precise numbers of members of the various religious communities for the entire population of the canton of Aargau. However, the Federal Statistical Office carries out random sample surveys in which other religious communities in the canton of Aargau are also recorded. In the 2017 sample survey, 32.2 percent of respondents aged 15 and over in the canton of Aargau stated that they were Roman Catholic, 23.3 percent were Protestant Reformed, 16.8 percent professed another religious community and 27.7 percent of respondents aged 15 and over were non-denominational . According to the survey, the religious beliefs of the respondents also differ significantly depending on their origin or nationality.

Aargau population aged 15 and over by religion and nationality / origin, 2017
(sample survey: figures in percent, rounded)
religion Total
Swiss people
without a migration
with a migration
heads of state
Christianity 63 68 71 53 47
- Roman Catholic 32 32 33 30th 32
- reformed 23 29 33 11 05
- Christian Catholic 01 01 01 00 00
- other Christian denominations 07th 06th 04th 12th 10
Islam 07th 03 00 16 20th
other religions 01 01 01 03 03
non-denominational 28 27 27 27 29
no information 01 01 01 01 01

At the 2000 census, the conditions were as follows:


The current cantonal constitution dates from 1980 (with later changes).

legislative branch

Aargau Grand Council elections on October 18, 2020
Turnout: 33.03%
Gains and losses
compared to 2016
 % p
14th 23 13 6th 18th 21st 43 
A total of 140 seats

The legislative authority is the Great Council , to which 140 (until 2005 200) members are elected by the people for a fixed term of four years in proportional representation (proportional representation).

Since 2005 the mandates have been distributed among the districts as follows: Aarau (16), Baden (30), Bremgarten (16), Brugg (11), Kulm (9), Laufenburg (6), Lenzburg (12), Muri (7th) ), Rheinfelden (10), Zofingen (15), Zurzach (8). In 2009, the voting procedure of the “ double proportional allocation procedure ” was used in Aargau for the first time , from which, as expected, the smaller parties could benefit.

In addition, the people are directly involved in the legislative process: constitutional amendments as well as laws that have not been adopted by the Grand Council with an absolute majority are subject to a referendum ( mandatory referendum ); other laws must be submitted to a referendum at the request of 3,000 eligible voters ( optional referendum ). 3,000 people entitled to vote can also propose a constitutional or legislative amendment or a law at all ( popular initiative ).

The canton of Aargau is today (in clear contrast to the 19th century) as the most conservative of the larger cantons, which is evident not only from the behavior in federal referendums but also from the very strong representation of the SVP.


The senior and highest executive authority ( executive ) of the Canton of Aargau is the Governing Council , where five of the people in Majorzverfahren belong to a fixed term of four years, elected members. The bailiff has as primus inter pares chair the Governing Council and will be chosen in each case by the Grand Council for one year from among the members of the Governing Council; on the same terms is also his deputy, the country governor determined.

Members of the government council (term of office 2021-2024)
Government Council Official title Political party department
Stephan Attiger Landammann FDP Department of Construction, Transport and Environment (BVU)
Alex Hürzeler Governor SVP Department of Education, Culture and Sport (BKS)
Dieter Egli Government Council SP Department of Economics and Home Affairs (DVI)
Markus Dieth Government Council CVP Finance and Resources Department (DFR)
Jean-Pierre Gallati Government Council SVP Department of Health and Social Affairs (DGS)

Vincenza Trivigno holds the office of state clerk; she thus heads the Aargau State Chancellery (SK).

2020 elections

In the government council elections on October 18, 2020, all government councilors were re-elected except for Urs Hoffmann (SP), who did not run for a further legislature. Dieter Egli (SP) was newly elected . All five achieved an absolute majority in the first ballot. Thus, compared to the previous legislative period, nothing changed in the distribution of seats according to parties.

Elections 2016

Roland Brogli (CVP) and Susanne Hochuli (GPS) announced in the course of the year that they would not run again for the government council. In the first ballot on October 23, 2016, Markus Dieth (CVP) was elected to the government council alongside the previous Urs Hofmann (SP), Alex Hürzeler (SVP) and Stephan Attiger (FDP) . Franziska Roth (SVP) was elected as the fifth member of the government council in the second ballot on November 27, 2016. In the 2017-2020 legislature, the Swiss People's Party (SVP) has two seats in the executive, the SP, FDP and CVP each with one seat. The Green Canton of Aargau ( GPS ) no longer have an executive member.

Elections 2012

The new elections to the government council took place on October 21, 2012, for the first time simultaneously with the grand council elections. All five seats could already be filled in this first ballot. The previous Roland Brogli (CVP), Urs Hofmann (SP), Alex Hürzeler (SVP) and Susanne Hochuli (GPS) were re-elected. Stephan Attiger (FDP), who took office on April 1, 2013, is newly elected and thus for his party.


The highest cantonal court is the higher court based in Aarau. Courts of first instance with regional scope are the district - and juvenile courts . The justice of the peace, who mainly have a mediating function, have communal reach . There are also special dishes.

The administrative litigation is essentially determined by the management - and the insurance court applied.

Party system

The canton's party system is the same as that of Switzerland. The cantonal sections of the four federal government parties SP, CVP, FDP and SVP have the scepter in their hands. The middle-class middle parties tend to be more right-wing than their Swiss parent parties.


Industry sectors

The Aargau economy as a whole is characterized by a balanced mix of industries and, in difficult times, benefits from the large number of small and medium-sized companies that are growing slowly but steadily. Aargau is the largest industrial canton in Switzerland. 34 percent of employees work in industry (Switzerland: 24 percent). In total, the canton offers work for 250,000 people in 30,500 companies. People from Aargau earn an average of 49,209 francs a year, which puts the canton of Aargau in 13th place in the middle of the list of the richest cantons.

These growth sectors are prominently represented in Aargau:

  • chemical industry
  • Electronics and precision instruments
  • Plastic and material technology
  • Machine and electrical industry
  • Pharmaceutical, bio and medical technology (life sciences)

The Aargau industry is strongly oriented towards foreign countries. Around 25 percent of exports go to Germany, with seven and five percent respectively, the United States and Great Britain are among the other buyers. The leading export sectors are the machine industry, electrical industry and life sciences. Well-known companies in Aargau include ABB , Novartis , General Electric , Roche , Johnson & Johnson , Rockwell Automation and Franke .


Contrary to the image of an industrial, motorway and nuclear power plant canton (the canton of Zurich, however, has more motorway kilometers) there are also some tourist attractions.

Numerous castles can be visited, such as Lenzburg Castle , Hallwyl , Schloss Wildegg or Habsburg . Another attraction is the Muri monastery .

Lake Hallwil is a popular destination for day trips : There are several bathing areas, fire pits on the lake, and walking and hiking trails. There is a shipping service during the summer season.

There is a wide range of well-marked hiking and cycling trails throughout the canton.

In Birrfeld (near Brugg) and in Buttwil (at Muri) two regional airports exist.

There are numerous thermal springs in the canton that are used in Bad Zurzach , Rheinfelden AG , and Schinznach-Bad for public thermal baths . The new thermal bath in Baden is a project that aims to revitalize the spa town.


The compulsory schooling is eleven years and begins with entry into kindergarten at the age of around five. Attending a kindergarten has been compulsory since the 2013/2014 school year. Upon entry, a student either enters the regular first class or the introductory class, which lasts two years. Primary school usually lasts six years (first to sixth grade). Sometimes a distinction is made between lower grades (first to third grades) and intermediate grades (third to sixth grades).

This is followed by the transfer to the upper level ( Real , secondary or district school ). This normally lasts three years (seventh to ninth grade) and completes compulsory schooling, whereby the chances of subsequent vocational training for secondary and district school students are usually better than for secondary school students due to the higher performance level. Changes within two of these three levels take place via entrance exams or exceptionally good school performance (up) or voluntary relegation or compulsory relegation (down). Always belongs to a subsequent apprenticeship a visit to a vocational school .

Transfer to the cantonal matura schools, the canton schools, is only possible from the district school . To do this, the final district school examination must be passed with a minimum grade of 4.7 (with six being the best and one being the worst). The practical examination subjects are German , French (written and oral) and mathematics . The annual report also includes English , history , biology , chemistry , music and drawing, and optionally Latin . With a minimum grade of 4.4 one is entitled to transfer to the diploma middle school or to a vocational school . The latter takes place part-time.

A federally recognized Matura certificate can be obtained at the cantonal school, which lasts around four years (tenth to thirteenth school year). In addition to compulsory basic subjects, students can choose their accent subject (first / second year, three hours per week), their main subject (third / fourth year, six hours per week), their supplementary subject (fourth year, four hours per week), as well as various optional subjects.

The canton of Aargau does not have a university . The universities of applied sciences, however, enable graduates of the vocational baccalaureate schools to study various fields. Aargau is now part of the Northwestern Switzerland University of Applied Sciences .

There is an adult maturity school for adults. Courses at the adult education center, as well as various libraries in communities and the canton library in Aarau, provide popular education. There are also various special schools, such as the special needs schools.


The area of ​​today's Canton of Aargau was settled by the Alemanni as early as the 5th century . In the 6th century it belonged to the Franconian Empire , the name Aargau was mentioned for the first time in 763. In the 14th century, Upper Aargau fell to Bern.

The Lower Aargau, the area of ​​today's Canton Aargau, belonged in the Middle Ages to the Counts of Lenzburg , the Counts of Kyburg and the Counts of Habsburg . It was conquered by the confederates in 1415; The political background was the tensions between King Sigismund and Duke Friedrich IV of Austria , which led to the ban of the latter and, on the basis of the latter, called on the surrounding powers to occupy the Duke's lands, which also included Aargau. Unteraargau in the west became the sole subject area of Bern (the so-called Bernese Aargau ). In the east, the cellar office, administered solely by Zurich , as well as the free offices and the county of Baden , which were common dominions (jointly administered areas) of the Swiss Confederation, arose .

Aargau during the time of the Helvetic Republic (1798–1803)

In 1798 the Aargau was conquered by the French ; Aarau was the capital of the Helvetic Republic (and therefore the first capital of Switzerland) for half a year . Three cantons were created:

  • Canton of Aargau (today's districts of Aarau, Brugg, Kulm, Lenzburg and Zofingen)
  • Canton of Baden (today's districts of Baden, Bremgarten, Muri and Zurzach)
  • Canton of Fricktal (today's districts of Laufenburg and Rheinfelden; previously belonged to Upper Austria )

Today's canton was formed in 1803 through the mediation act of Napoleon Bonaparte from the three cantons Aargau, Baden and Fricktal. Parts of Zurich's subject area in the Limmat Valley , however, remained with Zurich, the Hitzkirch district with Lucerne. For this purpose, the Bern office of Aarburg and the Lucerne office of Merenschwand were added to the new canton. These different areas still differ greatly in economic structure, denomination and political orientation.

With the Restoration in 1815, the young canton was preserved, but under the dominating influence of the mayor (President of the Government Council) Johann Herzog, it increasingly acquired aristocratic features. The " Freiämtersturm ", a march of the Catholic opposition to the capital Aarau, ended this phase in December 1830 and made it possible to create a constitution with extended popular rights. After 1831 the canton of Aargau belonged to the liberal cantons; many democratic refugees from Germany were accepted here. The Aargau monastery dispute of 1841/43, when the canton first abolished all monasteries but then re-opened the women's monasteries ( e.g. Fahr Monastery ), was one of the causes of the Sonderbund War of 1847, which resulted in the establishment of the modern Swiss federal state.

Administrative structure

Cities in the canton of Aargau

The canton of Aargau is characterized by small towns. The twin cities of Wettingen and Baden form an important focus.

Political communities

Political communities with more than 10,000 inhabitants as of December 31, 2019 are listed below:

Political community Residents Proportion of foreigners
in percent
Aarau , capital 21,473 20.8
Wettingen 20,960 27.9
to bathe 19,578 26.8
Well 16,541 39.1
Oftringen 14,096 36.9
Rheinfelden 13,524 32.5
Zofingen 11,834 19.7
Brugg 12,554 28.4
Spreitenbach 12,087 50.4
Möhlin 11,062 25.0
Lenzburg 10,829 28.4
Suhr 10,443 33.5


There are many historically significant places in Aargau:

Other cities with old city law:


Districts of the Canton of Aargau

The canton of Aargau is divided into eleven districts:

See also

Portal: Aargau  - Overview of Wikipedia content on Aargau


  • Aargau , in: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz , Volume 1, Basel 2002, pp. 17–45.
  • Silvio Bircher : Politics and economics of the Aargau. Aarau / Stuttgart 1979.
  • Charles Tschopp : The Aargau. A country study. Sauerländer, [1962].
  • Aargau - a canton takes off. Special issue Swiss monthly issue . Journal of Politics Economy Culture. 87th year, issue 7/8, July / August 2007.
  • Aargau: with Basel and Lucerne Mittelland 55 selected tours between the Rhine and Lucerne, Olten and Zurich. Bergverlag Rother GmbH, Munich 2019.

Web links

Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:

Commons-logo.svg Commons - multimedia content
Wiktfavicon en.svg Wiktionary - Dictionary entries
Wikisource-logo.svg Wikisource - Sources and full texts
Wikinews-logo.svg Wikinews - News
Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Wikivoyage - Travel Guide

References and comments

  1. Balance of the permanent resident population by canton, definitive annual results, 2018. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 27, 2019, accessed on September 18, 2019 (definitive annual results).
  2. Structure of the permanent resident population by cantons. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 27, 2020, accessed on November 21, 2020 .
  3. ^ The situation on the job market in December 2015. (PDF; 807 kB) State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), January 8, 2016, p. 9 , archived from the original on January 12, 2016 ; accessed on January 13, 2016 .
  4. Spatial observation 2013 - current data on spatial development - July 2014. (PDF) (No longer available online.) July 23, 2014, p. 30 , archived from the original on August 8, 2014 ; Retrieved July 30, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.ag.ch
  5. Facts & Figures - Canton Aargau. Retrieved November 19, 2019 .
  6. ^ Linguistic Atlas of German-speaking Switzerland , Volumes I – VIII, Bern / Basel 1962–1997.
  7. ^ Rudolf Hotzenköcherle : On the linguistic geography of the Aargau. In: The linguistic landscapes of German-speaking Switzerland. Edited by Niklaus Bigler and Robert Schläpfer with the collaboration of Rolf Börlin. Sauerländer, Aarau / Frankfurt am Main / Salzburg 1984 (Sprachlandschaft 1 series), pp. 79–90.
  8. Canton Aargau: Development of the total population. (XLS; 35  kB ) (No longer available online.) Statistics Aargau, archived from the original on August 8, 2014 ; Retrieved July 30, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.ag.ch
  9. Permanent foreign Resident population: Canton Aargau - according to group of foreigners and permit (at the end of the month). (XLS; 35 kB) (No longer available online.) Statistics Aargau, archived from the original on August 8, 2014 ; Retrieved July 30, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.ag.ch
  10. Statistics Aargau: Aargau figures 2018 - resident population, as of December 31, 2017 (page 7). (PDF) April 2020, accessed on May 14, 2020 .
  11. a b Since 2010, the data from the Federal Statistical Office on religious communities in the canton of Aargau has been based on a sample survey for which people aged 15 and over are surveyed. It should be noted that the results of the surveys have a confidence interval. Since the last census in 2000, there are no more figures on the religious affiliation of the total population (of all ages) for the canton of Aargau. Exceptions are the Roman Catholic, Evangelical Reformed and Christian Catholic Churches ( regional churches ), whose members are officially registered on the basis of church tax . See also Population Census in Switzerland # Structure Survey .
  12. a b Federal Statistical Office: Permanent resident population aged 15 and over by religious affiliation and canton, 2017. (XLSX; 377 kB) 2019, accessed on May 14, 2020 .
  13. ^ Constitution of the Canton of Aargau. The federal authorities of the Swiss Confederation ( admin.ch ), accessed on July 30, 2014 .
  14. ↑ General Government Council. Aargau State Chancellery, accessed on January 3, 2021 .
  15. Government Councilor Roland Brogli is no longer standing for re-election in autumn. In: www.ag.ch. Retrieved January 10, 2017 .
  16. Robert Obrist: a strong yes to the green economy! - Green Canton of Aargau. In: grueneaargau.ch. Retrieved January 10, 2017 .
  17. General election of the government council on October 23, 2016. In: www.ag.ch. Retrieved January 10, 2017 .
  18. ^ General election of the Government Council on November 27, 2016 (2nd ballot). In: www.ag.ch. Retrieved January 10, 2017 .
  19. Result of the government council elections on the website of the canton Aargau ( memento of the original from October 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 21, 2012  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.ag.ch
  20. Thermal baths and wellness in the canton of Aargau. swisstherme.ch, accessed on July 7, 2012 .
  21. School Act of the Canton of Aargau of August 1, 2014
  22. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .