|coat of arms|
|Canton of the Swiss Confederation|
|Abbreviation / license plate :||AG|
|Official language :||German|
|Main town :||Aarau|
|Accession to the federal government :||1803|
|Area :||1403.80 km²|
|Height range :||255–908 m above sea level M.|
|Residents:||678,207 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||483 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without citizenship )
|25.1% (December 31, 2018)|
|Unemployment rate :||3.4% (December 31, 2015)|
|Location of the canton in Switzerland|
|Map of the canton|
|Municipalities of the canton|
abbreviation AG , Swiss German older Aargöi, younger Aargau, Aargou, French Argovie, Italian Argovia, Romansh ) is a canton in the north of the German-speaking Switzerland . It borders Germany in the north, the cantons of Basel-Landschaft , Solothurn and Bern in the west, the canton Lucerne in the south and the cantons Zug and Zurich in the east. The Aargau occupies the north-eastern part of the Swiss plateau with the lower reaches of the Aare , from which it takes its name.The Aargau (
In 1415 the Confederates conquered the region from the Habsburgs , whose ancestral castle was located near what is now the capital, Aarau . The south-western part became subject to the Republic of Bern . With the establishment of the Helvetic Republic in 1798, the Canton of Aargau was created from the Bernese Aargau , the rest of the area formed the Canton of Baden . These two, as well as the Fricktal in Upper Austria, merged in 1803 to form the canton of Aargau in its current form.
Aargau is one of the most fertile regions in Switzerland. In agricultural production, dairy farming and fruit and grain cultivation dominate . Straw weaving was historically important. In the industry, the branches of machine and electrical industry , food processing , electronics and precision instruments as well as cement production are represented. Aargau is an important energy producer for Switzerland and the location of several nuclear plants .
For tourists, the canton offers numerous castles and palaces , a wide range of museums and thermal springs in Bad Zurzach , Baden , Rheinfelden and Schinznach-Bad . Most of the population speaks German , the canton traditionally has parity , although today a slim majority is Roman Catholic . A total of around 678,000 inhabitants (as of 2018) live in an area of 1403.81 km².
Aargau is located in northern Switzerland , in the Central Plateau and in the eastern foothills of the Jura . The canton takes its name from the Aare river . It borders in the north on the Rhine and thus on Baden-Württemberg ( Germany ), in the east on the canton of Zurich , in the south on the cantons of Lucerne and Zug , and in the west on the cantons of Bern , Solothurn and Basel-Landschaft .
Aargau has a strong natural structure. The northern part of the canton was shaped by the mountainous formation of the Jura, the southern part in the central plateau was formed by the glacier movements of the Ice Ages . The Riss Ice Age , which reached its peak around 140,000 years ago, covered almost the entire area of today's canton, with the exception of the western Fricktal around Rheinfelden and some Jura peaks that protruded from the Arctic Ocean.
During the Würm Ice Age , glaciation was much less (only the southeastern part of the canton was covered by ice), but it had a lasting impact on the landscape. The Reuss Glacier and the Linth Glacier , which reached their greatest thickness around 20,000 years ago, left behind numerous boulders that were moved from the Alpine region into the plain. The former extent of these glaciers is still clearly recognizable today from the terminal moraines at Killwangen , Mellingen , Othmarsingen , Seon , Staffelbach , Würenlos and Zetzwil . The rock masses left behind by the Seon moraine dammed Lake Hallwil , which at the end of the Ice Age was about twice as large as it is today and shrank back to its present size within a few thousand years due to the filling of the former lake basin with sediments. The rivers deposited extensive gravel fields in the valleys in front of the glaciers , which represent important aquifers .
The highest point in the canton is on the Geissflue ridge at
total area (%)
A special feature of the canton of Aargau is the union of those large Swiss rivers that drain into the North Sea via the Rhine . The Rhine forms the northern border of the canton and at the same time the state border with Germany . In Koblenz the Aare into the Rhine, only twelve kilometers to the union of the largest rivers flows of the Swiss Plateau in the moated castle . Quick succession lead in Gebenstorfer district Vogelsang Reuss and Limmat into the Aare. The Limmat comes from the south-east and brings the water from Reppisch and Egelsee with it, the Reuss comes from the south. The Aare, which forms the canton border to the canton of Solothurn between Murgenthal and Aarburg , takes in the Wigger , Suhre and Aabach before reaching the moated castle shortly after Brugg . With the rivers Limmat, Reuss, Aare and Rhine, water from 24 cantons flows through Aargau (exceptions: cantons of Geneva and Basel-Stadt).
In detail, the Aargau's water system is as follows:
At the end of June 2018, the canton had 673,466 inhabitants.
The German dialects in the canton of Aargau belong to High Alemannic . Due to the central location of the canton and due to the centuries-long political and economic orientation towards different centers and the lack of a strong center, Aargau belongs to different groups of Swiss German dialectically .
- The north-west belongs to the north-west Swiss German : combination Daag [dɑːg] "day", dieff [diəfː] "deep", tree, Gäiss [bæʊm gæɪsː] "tree, goose ", Rugge [rʊkːə] "back", het / hätt [hɛt hæt ] «(He) has / would have»,
- the south-west approaches the Bern German : Combination Taag [tɑːg] "day", töiff [tœɪf « ] " deep ", Boum, Geiss [bɔʊm geɪsː] " tree, Geiss ", Rügge [rʏkːə] " back ", het / hätt [hɛt hæt] «(he) has / would have»,
- the northeast is approaching Zurich German : Combination Taag [tɑːg] "day", tüff [tyːfː] "deep", tree, Gäiss [bæʊm gæɪsː] "tree, goat ", Rugge [rʊkːə] "back", hät / hett [hæt het] «(he) has / would have»,
- the south-east approaches the Lucerne German : Combination Taag [tɑːg] "day", töiff [tœɪfː] "deep", het / hätt [hɛt hæt] "(he) has / had", but different from this like in the north-east Baum, Gäiss [bæʊm gæɪsː] "tree, Geiss," Rugge [rʊkːə] "back".
The canton is halved between east and west with reference to the plural ending of the verb: the western half knows the two-form plural of the Bern German and the Solothurn dialect ( mir mache, ir mached, si mache «we do, you do, they do»), the eastern half uses the uniform plural of Zurich German and Lucerne German (mir mached, ir mached, si mached) .
In the Surb Valley , where a significant Jewish population lived in Endingen and Lengnau for centuries, most of whom emigrated to the Canton of Zurich in the 19th and 20th centuries, a West Yiddish dialect was spoken well into the 20th century .
- Mother tongues according to the number of speakers
In detail, the language conditions on December 5, 2000 were as follows:
- German : 477,093 (87.1%)
- Italian : 17,847 (3.3%)
- Serbo-Croatian : 10,645 (1.9%)
- Albanian : 9,823 (1.8%)
- French : 4,151 (0.8%)
- Romansh : 618 (0.1%)
- Others: 27,316 (5.0%)
Religions - denominations
Since the canton of Aargau was only created from various older territories in 1803, it belongs to the cantons with parity.
Traditionally Reformed (Protestant) is the former Bernese Aargau with the current districts of Aarau , Brugg , Kulm , Lenzburg and Zofingen . Traditionally Roman Catholic are the former common lordships with today's districts of Baden , Bremgarten , Muri and Zurzach , although there is traditionally a Reformed and a Jewish minority in Baden and Zurzach , as well as the Fricktal, which was Austrian until 1802, with the current districts of Laufenburg and Rheinfelden . The Christian Catholic (Old Catholic) Church is also represented in the latter district .
In the past few decades, the once rigid denominational boundaries have blurred considerably. Due to the immigration of foreign population groups, other religions (Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism) have also found their way into the canton of Aargau.
With a total population of 670,050 inhabitants as of December 31, 2017, 215,947 inhabitants (32.2 percent) in the canton of Aargau were members of the Roman Catholic Church , 164,532 inhabitants (24.6 percent) belonged to the Evangelical Reformed Church an and 3,018 inhabitants (0.5 percent) were Christian Catholic .
Since the 2000 census (with the exception of the three regional churches ), there are no longer any precise numbers of members of the various religious communities for the entire population of the canton of Aargau. However, the Federal Statistical Office carries out random sample surveys in which other religious communities in the canton of Aargau are also recorded. In the 2017 sample survey, 32.2 percent of respondents aged 15 and over in the canton of Aargau stated that they were Roman Catholic, 23.3 percent were Protestant Reformed, 16.8 percent professed another religious community and 27.7 percent of respondents aged 15 and over were non-denominational . According to the survey, the religious beliefs of the respondents also differ significantly depending on their origin or nationality.
without a migration
with a migration
heads of state
|- Roman Catholic||32||32||33||30th||32|
|- Christian Catholic||1||1||1||0||0|
|- other Christian denominations||7th||6th||4th||12th||10|
At the 2000 census, the conditions were as follows:
- Roman Catholic : 219,800 (40.1%)
- Reformed : 203,949 (37.2%)
- Muslim : 30,072 (5.5%)
- Christian Orthodox : 11,523 (2.1%)
- Christian Catholic : 3418 (0.6%)
- Jewish : 342 (0.1%)
- Others: 4941 (0.9%)
- Non- denominational : 57,573 (10.5%)
- No answer: 15,875 (3.0%)
The current cantonal constitution dates from 1980 (with later changes).
The legislative authority is the Great Council , to which 140 (until 2005 200) members are elected by the people for a fixed term of four years in proportional representation (proportional representation).
Since 2005 the mandates have been distributed among the districts as follows: Aarau (16), Baden (30), Bremgarten (16), Brugg (11), Kulm (9), Laufenburg (6), Lenzburg (12), Muri (7th) ), Rheinfelden (10), Zofingen (15), Zurzach (8). In 2009, the voting procedure of the “ double proportional allocation procedure ” was used in Aargau for the first time , from which, as expected, the smaller parties could benefit.
In addition, the people are directly involved in the legislative process: constitutional amendments as well as laws that have not been adopted by the Grand Council with an absolute majority are subject to a referendum ( mandatory referendum ); other laws must be submitted to a referendum at the request of 3,000 eligible voters ( optional referendum ). 3,000 people entitled to vote can also propose a constitutional or legislative amendment or a law at all ( popular initiative ).
- see also: Grand Council election in Aargau for current and previous results
The canton of Aargau is today (in clear contrast to the 19th century) as the most conservative of the larger cantons, which is evident not only from the behavior in federal referendums but also from the very strong representation of the SVP.
The senior and highest executive authority ( executive ) of the Canton of Aargau is the Governing Council , where five of the people in Majorzverfahren belong to a fixed term of four years, elected members. The bailiff has as primus inter pares chair the Governing Council and will be chosen in each case by the Grand Council for one year from among the members of the Governing Council; on the same terms is also his deputy, the country governor determined.
|Government Council||Official title||Political party||department|
|Stephan Attiger||Landammann||FDP||Department of Construction, Transport and Environment (BVU)|
|Alex Hürzeler||Governor||SVP||Department of Education, Culture and Sport (BKS)|
|Dieter Egli||Government Council||SP||Department of Economics and Home Affairs (DVI)|
|Markus Dieth||Government Council||CVP||Finance and Resources Department (DFR)|
|Jean-Pierre Gallati||Government Council||SVP||Department of Health and Social Affairs (DGS)|
- 2020 elections
In the government council elections on October 18, 2020, all government councilors were re-elected except for Urs Hoffmann (SP), who did not run for a further legislature. Dieter Egli (SP) was newly elected . All five achieved an absolute majority in the first ballot. Thus, compared to the previous legislative period, nothing changed in the distribution of seats according to parties.
- Elections 2016
Roland Brogli (CVP) and Susanne Hochuli (GPS) announced in the course of the year that they would not run again for the government council. In the first ballot on October 23, 2016, Markus Dieth (CVP) was elected to the government council alongside the previous Urs Hofmann (SP), Alex Hürzeler (SVP) and Stephan Attiger (FDP) . Franziska Roth (SVP) was elected as the fifth member of the government council in the second ballot on November 27, 2016. In the 2017-2020 legislature, the Swiss People's Party (SVP) has two seats in the executive, the SP, FDP and CVP each with one seat. The Green Canton of Aargau ( GPS ) no longer have an executive member.
- Elections 2012
The new elections to the government council took place on October 21, 2012, for the first time simultaneously with the grand council elections. All five seats could already be filled in this first ballot. The previous Roland Brogli (CVP), Urs Hofmann (SP), Alex Hürzeler (SVP) and Susanne Hochuli (GPS) were re-elected. Stephan Attiger (FDP), who took office on April 1, 2013, is newly elected and thus for his party.
The highest cantonal court is the higher court based in Aarau. Courts of first instance with regional scope are the district - and juvenile courts . The justice of the peace, who mainly have a mediating function, have communal reach . There are also special dishes.
The administrative litigation is essentially determined by the management - and the insurance court applied.
The canton's party system is the same as that of Switzerland. The cantonal sections of the four federal government parties SP, CVP, FDP and SVP have the scepter in their hands. The middle-class middle parties tend to be more right-wing than their Swiss parent parties.
The Aargau economy as a whole is characterized by a balanced mix of industries and, in difficult times, benefits from the large number of small and medium-sized companies that are growing slowly but steadily. Aargau is the largest industrial canton in Switzerland. 34 percent of employees work in industry (Switzerland: 24 percent). In total, the canton offers work for 250,000 people in 30,500 companies. People from Aargau earn an average of 49,209 francs a year, which puts the canton of Aargau in 13th place in the middle of the list of the richest cantons.
These growth sectors are prominently represented in Aargau:
- chemical industry
- Electronics and precision instruments
- Plastic and material technology
- Machine and electrical industry
- Pharmaceutical, bio and medical technology (life sciences)
The Aargau industry is strongly oriented towards foreign countries. Around 25 percent of exports go to Germany, with seven and five percent respectively, the United States and Great Britain are among the other buyers. The leading export sectors are the machine industry, electrical industry and life sciences. Well-known companies in Aargau include ABB , Novartis , General Electric , Roche , Johnson & Johnson , Rockwell Automation and Franke .
Contrary to the image of an industrial, motorway and nuclear power plant canton (the canton of Zurich, however, has more motorway kilometers) there are also some tourist attractions.
Lake Hallwil is a popular destination for day trips : There are several bathing areas, fire pits on the lake, and walking and hiking trails. There is a shipping service during the summer season.
There is a wide range of well-marked hiking and cycling trails throughout the canton.
There are numerous thermal springs in the canton that are used in Bad Zurzach , Rheinfelden AG , and Schinznach-Bad for public thermal baths . The new thermal bath in Baden is a project that aims to revitalize the spa town.
The compulsory schooling is eleven years and begins with entry into kindergarten at the age of around five. Attending a kindergarten has been compulsory since the 2013/2014 school year. Upon entry, a student either enters the regular first class or the introductory class, which lasts two years. Primary school usually lasts six years (first to sixth grade). Sometimes a distinction is made between lower grades (first to third grades) and intermediate grades (third to sixth grades).
This is followed by the transfer to the upper level ( Real , secondary or district school ). This normally lasts three years (seventh to ninth grade) and completes compulsory schooling, whereby the chances of subsequent vocational training for secondary and district school students are usually better than for secondary school students due to the higher performance level. Changes within two of these three levels take place via entrance exams or exceptionally good school performance (up) or voluntary relegation or compulsory relegation (down). Always belongs to a subsequent apprenticeship a visit to a vocational school .
Transfer to the cantonal matura schools, the canton schools, is only possible from the district school . To do this, the final district school examination must be passed with a minimum grade of 4.7 (with six being the best and one being the worst). The practical examination subjects are German , French (written and oral) and mathematics . The annual report also includes English , history , biology , chemistry , music and drawing, and optionally Latin . With a minimum grade of 4.4 one is entitled to transfer to the diploma middle school or to a vocational school . The latter takes place part-time.
A federally recognized Matura certificate can be obtained at the cantonal school, which lasts around four years (tenth to thirteenth school year). In addition to compulsory basic subjects, students can choose their accent subject (first / second year, three hours per week), their main subject (third / fourth year, six hours per week), their supplementary subject (fourth year, four hours per week), as well as various optional subjects.
The canton of Aargau does not have a university . The universities of applied sciences, however, enable graduates of the vocational baccalaureate schools to study various fields. Aargau is now part of the Northwestern Switzerland University of Applied Sciences .
There is an adult maturity school for adults. Courses at the adult education center, as well as various libraries in communities and the canton library in Aarau, provide popular education. There are also various special schools, such as the special needs schools.
The area of today's Canton of Aargau was settled by the Alemanni as early as the 5th century . In the 6th century it belonged to the Franconian Empire , the name Aargau was mentioned for the first time in 763. In the 14th century, Upper Aargau fell to Bern.
The Lower Aargau, the area of today's Canton Aargau, belonged in the Middle Ages to the Counts of Lenzburg , the Counts of Kyburg and the Counts of Habsburg . It was conquered by the confederates in 1415; The political background was the tensions between King Sigismund and Duke Friedrich IV of Austria , which led to the ban of the latter and, on the basis of the latter, called on the surrounding powers to occupy the Duke's lands, which also included Aargau. Unteraargau in the west became the sole subject area of Bern (the so-called Bernese Aargau ). In the east, the cellar office, administered solely by Zurich , as well as the free offices and the county of Baden , which were common dominions (jointly administered areas) of the Swiss Confederation, arose .
- Canton of Aargau (today's districts of Aarau, Brugg, Kulm, Lenzburg and Zofingen)
- Canton of Baden (today's districts of Baden, Bremgarten, Muri and Zurzach)
- Canton of Fricktal (today's districts of Laufenburg and Rheinfelden; previously belonged to Upper Austria )
Today's canton was formed in 1803 through the mediation act of Napoleon Bonaparte from the three cantons Aargau, Baden and Fricktal. Parts of Zurich's subject area in the Limmat Valley , however, remained with Zurich, the Hitzkirch district with Lucerne. For this purpose, the Bern office of Aarburg and the Lucerne office of Merenschwand were added to the new canton. These different areas still differ greatly in economic structure, denomination and political orientation.
With the Restoration in 1815, the young canton was preserved, but under the dominating influence of the mayor (President of the Government Council) Johann Herzog, it increasingly acquired aristocratic features. The " Freiämtersturm ", a march of the Catholic opposition to the capital Aarau, ended this phase in December 1830 and made it possible to create a constitution with extended popular rights. After 1831 the canton of Aargau belonged to the liberal cantons; many democratic refugees from Germany were accepted here. The Aargau monastery dispute of 1841/43, when the canton first abolished all monasteries but then re-opened the women's monasteries ( e.g. Fahr Monastery ), was one of the causes of the Sonderbund War of 1847, which resulted in the establishment of the modern Swiss federal state.
The canton of Aargau is characterized by small towns. The twin cities of Wettingen and Baden form an important focus.
Political communities with more than 10,000 inhabitants as of December 31, 2019 are listed below:
|Political community||Residents||Proportion of foreigners
|Aarau , capital||21,473||20.8|
There are many historically significant places in Aargau:
- Baden , already in Roman times a resort , was in the Old Confederacy Tagsatzungsort - the Tagsatzungssaal in the town house is preserved.
- For a time, Brugg was the headquarters of the Habsburgs, whose ancestral seat, the Habsburgs , is located southwest of Brugg.
- Brugg's neighbor Windisch was the Roman center as Vindonissa .
- The Roman-German King Albrecht I was murdered near Windisch in 1308 . The Königsfelden monastery was built in memory of this.
- Rheinfelden is the oldest city in the canton and has often been the scene of historical events.
- Thalheim AG Typical Jura village with the largest castle complex in the canton, the Schenkenberg ruins . Former capital of the Schenkenberg office .
- Zurzach as a place of pilgrimage in the early Middle Ages and a supraregional exhibition center up to modern times .
Other cities with old city law:
The canton of Aargau is divided into eleven districts:
- Aarau with main town Aarau
- Baden with the main town Baden
- Bremgarten with main town Bremgarten
- Brugg with the main town Brugg
- Kulm with the main town of Unterkulm
- Laufenburg with main town Laufenburg
- Lenzburg with main town Lenzburg
- Muri with main town Muri
- Rheinfelden with main town Rheinfelden
- Zofingen with main town Zofingen
- Zurzach with the main town Bad Zurzach
- Districts of the canton of Aargau and other cantons
- List of Aargau personalities
- Nota bene: The Ahrgau area is located on the Middle Rhine in Germany .
- Aargau , in: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz , Volume 1, Basel 2002, pp. 17–45.
- Silvio Bircher : Politics and economics of the Aargau. Aarau / Stuttgart 1979.
- Charles Tschopp : The Aargau. A country study. Sauerländer, .
- Aargau - a canton takes off. Special issue Swiss monthly issue . Journal of Politics Economy Culture. 87th year, issue 7/8, July / August 2007.
- Aargau: with Basel and Lucerne Mittelland 55 selected tours between the Rhine and Lucerne, Olten and Zurich. Bergverlag Rother GmbH, Munich 2019.
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Commons||- multimedia content|
|Wiktionary||- Dictionary entries|
|Wikisource||- Sources and full texts|
|Wikivoyage||- Travel Guide|
- Website of the Canton of Aargau
- Statistics Aargau
- Official statistics (Federal Statistical Office)
- Elisabeth Bleuer, Martin Hartmann, Werner Meyer, Dominik Sauerländer, Heinrich Staehelin, Andreas Steigmeier : Aargau. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Print publication 1A! Aargau. Culture, sights and topics related to the Canton of Aargau
- Blickpunkt Aargau - annually updated information brochure about the political system
- Link catalog on the subject of the Canton of Aargau at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Database on industry in the canton of Aargau
References and comments
- Balance of the permanent resident population by canton, definitive annual results, 2018. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 27, 2019, accessed on September 18, 2019 (definitive annual results).
- Structure of the permanent resident population by cantons. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 27, 2020, accessed on November 21, 2020 .
- The situation on the job market in December 2015. (PDF; 807 kB) State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), January 8, 2016, p. 9 , archived from the original on January 12, 2016 ; accessed on January 13, 2016 .
- Spatial observation 2013 - current data on spatial development - July 2014. (PDF) (No longer available online.) July 23, 2014, p. 30 , archived from the original on August 8, 2014 ; Retrieved July 30, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Facts & Figures - Canton Aargau. Retrieved November 19, 2019 .
- Linguistic Atlas of German-speaking Switzerland , Volumes I – VIII, Bern / Basel 1962–1997.
- Rudolf Hotzenköcherle : On the linguistic geography of the Aargau. In: The linguistic landscapes of German-speaking Switzerland. Edited by Niklaus Bigler and Robert Schläpfer with the collaboration of Rolf Börlin. Sauerländer, Aarau / Frankfurt am Main / Salzburg 1984 (Sprachlandschaft 1 series), pp. 79–90.
- Canton Aargau: Development of the total population. (XLS; 35 kB ) (No longer available online.) Statistics Aargau, archived from the original on August 8, 2014 ; Retrieved July 30, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Permanent foreign Resident population: Canton Aargau - according to group of foreigners and permit (at the end of the month). (XLS; 35 kB) (No longer available online.) Statistics Aargau, archived from the original on August 8, 2014 ; Retrieved July 30, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Statistics Aargau: Aargau figures 2018 - resident population, as of December 31, 2017 (page 7). (PDF) April 2020, accessed on May 14, 2020 .
- Since 2010, the data from the Federal Statistical Office on religious communities in the canton of Aargau has been based on a sample survey for which people aged 15 and over are surveyed. It should be noted that the results of the surveys have a confidence interval. Since the last census in 2000, there are no more figures on the religious affiliation of the total population (of all ages) for the canton of Aargau. Exceptions are the Roman Catholic, Evangelical Reformed and Christian Catholic Churches ( regional churches ), whose members are officially registered on the basis of church tax . See also Population Census in Switzerland # Structure Survey .
- Federal Statistical Office: Permanent resident population aged 15 and over by religious affiliation and canton, 2017. (XLSX; 377 kB) 2019, accessed on May 14, 2020 .
- Constitution of the Canton of Aargau. The federal authorities of the Swiss Confederation ( admin.ch ), accessed on July 30, 2014 .
- Government Council. Aargau State Chancellery, accessed on January 3, 2021 .
- Government Councilor Roland Brogli is no longer standing for re-election in autumn. In: www.ag.ch. Retrieved January 10, 2017 .
- Robert Obrist: a strong yes to the green economy! - Green Canton of Aargau. In: grueneaargau.ch. Retrieved January 10, 2017 .
- General election of the government council on October 23, 2016. In: www.ag.ch. Retrieved January 10, 2017 .
- election of the Government Council on November 27, 2016 (2nd ballot). In: www.ag.ch. Retrieved January 10, 2017 .
- Result of the government council elections on the website of the canton Aargau ( memento of the original from October 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 21, 2012
- Thermal baths and wellness in the canton of Aargau. swisstherme.ch, accessed on July 7, 2012 .
- School Act of the Canton of Aargau of August 1, 2014
- Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .