FDP The Liberals
|FDP The Liberals|
|Establishment date:||January 1, 2009|
|Place of foundation:||Bern|
|Ideology:||Liberalism , economic liberalism|
Petra Gössi (2018)
|Secretary General:||Fanny Noghero|
|Members of the Federal Council:||
|Members:||120,000 (own information)
90,000 (independent estimate)
(as of 2019)
|Proportion of women:||
Council parliamentary group : 34.5% Council of States parliamentary group : 8.3%
(as of: NR elections 2019)
|Share of voters:||15.1%
(as of: parliamentary elections 2019)
|Council of States:|
|Fraction (BV):||FDP-Liberal Group|
|Group President:||Beat Walti|
(As of November 2019)
(As of November 2019)
|Party structure:||27 cantonal parties (two parties in Basel-Stadt, LDP and FDP); 1438 local parties|
FDP women Switzerland
FDP Switzerland International
FDP Service Public
|International connections:||Liberal International|
|European party:||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
The FDP. The Liberals ( FDP Switzerland ), French PLR. Les Libéraux-Radicaux , Italian PLR. I Liberali , Romansh , is a liberal party and one of the four governing parties of Switzerland . It was created in 2009 through the merger of the Free Democratic Party (FDP) and the Liberal Party of Switzerland (LPS) . The FDP, the Liberals, provides most of the government, cantonal and municipal councilors in the country. It is the most electoral political force in Latin Switzerland . As a liberal people 's party , the FDP wants to politicize on a broad social basis. She wants to bundle all currents of liberalism in Switzerland.
The party's core demands are more and better jobs, stronger national cohesion, secure social welfare and a lean and citizen-friendly state. Its motto “the liberal original - since 1848” is intended to express that the FDP and its liberal predecessor movements have helped shape political life in Switzerland since the founding of the federal state (1848). Since then it has been represented in the state government without interruption , currently with two federal councilors .
The FDP.The Liberals formulated their goals for all political issues.
As a liberal party, it places the freedom of the citizens at the center of politics , to whom it wants to leave as much personal development as possible, self-determination and the associated self-responsibility . The state should only receive tasks that the citizens cannot individually fulfill ( principle of subsidiarity ). The FDP advocates “primordial liberal values”, by which it understands: individual rights of freedom , common sense that holds society together , technological and innovative progress that brings prosperity, tolerance of different opinions, ways of life and identities, respect, free enterprise , social responsibility, solidarity , justice, the rule of law , Sovereignty , federalism . She advocates broad citizen participation in direct democracy and the militia system (part-time exercise of many public tasks, including in parliaments and in the military) as central pillars of Switzerland's community of citizens.
The FDP. The Liberals are of the opinion that a free social and economic order guarantees more welfare and prosperity as well as more economic and social stability than a state with strong redistribution and regulation . It rejects the ideologization of politics, leveling and centralization. Instead of bans and bureaucratic restrictions, personal responsibility and competition , sometimes also economic incentives, should regulate the actions of individuals. The FDP wants to ensure that initiative and the will to perform are increasingly worthwhile and are not forced into indifference through paternalism.
It calls for a strong state that fulfills its core tasks but has a lean financial budget (low state quota ). Over-regulation (unnecessary or counterproductive laws, ordinances, regulations) should be eliminated or prevented. Accelerated digitization should also help to reduce bureaucracy, thus giving citizens and entrepreneurs even more freedom and profitability. The FDP supports broad access to property formation; Business start-ups , especially by young people, should be encouraged to do so. It wants to strengthen the small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as the backbone of the economic "success model Switzerland".
The party wants to de-ideologize environmental policy. It calls for progressive framework conditions in which ecological preservation and economic prosperity strengthen each other synergistically. The technological innovation should fulfill a crucial hinge function, e.g. B. through the emergence of new branches of industry for climate-neutral fuels. The majority of the free-minded liberals regard an environmentally friendly way of life as an opportunity for the economy and society.
The FDP strives for a society of opportunities that offers all people as possible individual perspectives and equal opportunities for a fulfilled life. She advocates more individual freedom of choice in all areas of social life and calls for flexible options, particularly in education, work and family care, so that parents can reconcile their family and professional life, and equal pay between men and women should become a reality. Neither married couples nor other forms of life may be disadvantaged under tax law.
The party advocates simpler and lower taxes while guaranteeing tax competition between the cantons. The FDP proposed a single, uniform VAT rate that would reduce costs and bureaucracy. It advocates a liberal market economy , and as few state interventions as possible should be carried out in the Swiss financial and economic center in order to consolidate its leading position worldwide. Competitiveness should also be increased in agriculture, direct payments may only serve the interests of society as a whole. The FDP fights for the reduction of budget debts and budget deficits , in the federal budget these demands were achieved through a debt brake it proposed . In general, she considers tax incentives to be a better control tool than subsidies .
The FDP wants to counter the financial policy challenges with cost-reducing structural reforms instead of subsidized economic stimulus programs and regulations that damage the location, thereby supporting the competitiveness of Swiss companies, preventing the emigration of industry, securing and creating jobs. She advocates a liberal labor market in which no rigid, central regulations, but rather individual social partnerships between employer and employee (e.g. wages), in favor of both partners (e.g. workplace). The aim is the closest possible approach to full employment .
The FDP calls for social security to be safeguarded through liberal reforms: the stabilization of costs in the health system without a standardized health insurance fund , the prevention of the "pension collapse" of AHV and IV , which it believes is threatening due to demographic changes (increased through flexible retirement age instead of higher wage percentages, or through an AHV debt brake for securing the pension level). The solidarity of the generations should neither be neglected nor overused. The FDP's mottos for social security are: “ Solidarity where necessary” and “Personal responsibility where possible”. She is for an efficient fight against social abuse.
The environment as the central livelihood of all generations should primarily be sustainably protected through technically innovative solutions instead of bureaucratic barriers: progressive technologies should enable collective action without restriction of freedom.According to the FDP, this requires technology neutrality, free competition for ideas and functioning markets. The core of the free-spirited, liberal environmental policy is the creation of framework conditions in which innovative technologies protect the environment and stimulate the economy at the same time (see cleantech ). So the FDP also wants to counteract the obvious climate change. She supports the Paris Climate Agreement and wants to achieve “net zero” in Switzerland by 2050, ie 0% net CO 2 emissions. (Zero net issue means that the same amount of reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide by natural degradation and technical elimination , such as CO 2 - emissions into the air.) The FDP is based on the innovative power and responsibility of citizens and businesses. Instead of regulations, it calls for suitable infrastructures and transparent information to enable more independent action to reduce CO 2 emissions: less consumption of fossil fuels , favoring low- CO 2 mobility or more CO 2 -saving building renovations.
However, where the consequences of one's own actions are not yet directly apparent, the FDP advocates summarily burden-neutral (cost-neutral) controls based on the polluter-pays principle (cost truth) (influencing behavior through incentives) as extremely liberal instruments, e.g. B. tax differentiation according to ecological factors, CO 2 limits, emissions certificate trading or fully reimbursed incentive taxes . The control measures should be ecologically effective, affordable and socially acceptable. Only where the control instruments remain ineffective will the FDP accept regulatory restrictions in justified exceptional cases (e.g. dismantling of inefficient electrical heating systems, prohibition of toxic substances that are harmful to humans and the environment, such as CFCs ).
The FDP wants, inter alia. Promote such future-oriented, highly economical environmental technologies that reduce the climate-damaging greenhouse gas effect with the technical removal of CO 2 from the air , either through permanent elimination ( negative emissions , e.g. binding to rocks , conversion into permanent substances such as plastic) or through CO 2 recycling (conversion into reusable combustibles and fuels, including methane gas , kerosene , which thus become CO 2 -neutral ).
The main goals of the FDP energy policy are to ensure a seamless energy supply , to protect people and the climate during energy generation, to increase the energy efficiency of devices and buildings, and to keep energy prices affordable and competitive. Above all, the party wants to promote those energy sources and their research / development that do not generate any CO 2 , such as renewable energies , the production of which is to be largely unbureaucratised. It wants to use market instruments to promote domestic electricity production that is as CO 2 -neutral as possible . The FDP advocates complete liberalization of the electricity market in Switzerland. The infrastructure of road and rail traffic or of public and individual traffic should be further developed in parallel and according to the polluter pays principle without misappropriated cross-subsidization . Energy-saving building measures are to be made easier by a less bureaucratic building law. The FDP advocates the exit from today's nuclear technology, existing nuclear power plants should no longer be replaced by those of the technologies that are now available. However, it rejects a research ban so as not to prevent the development of safer nuclear energy technologies (e.g. fusion power plants).
It regards human resources as the most important “raw materials” in Switzerland. As a future investment by society, it therefore wants to promote highly qualified, performance-oriented training at all levels. The FDP wants to further strengthen the worldwide unique dual education system (permeable university and vocational training paths). To reduce the shortage of skilled workers , more Swiss specialists are to be trained (skilled workers initiative) and flexible retirement ages (longer working lives) are to be made possible. In addition, she demands the full tax deduction of the training costs. The FDP wants to promote digitization - training and application - on a broad basis and use its advantages for business and society wherever possible.
The party wants to support the sovereignty , neutrality , direct democracy , federalism and tax sovereignty of Switzerland. The security of the country and its citizens should be guaranteed by a well-trained, strong militia army with the backbone of an air force. The FDP is for a cosmopolitan Switzerland that uses the opportunities of globalization for itself. She advocates close cooperation with the EU through bilateral agreements as the best possible option for Switzerland and rejects EU accession and any automatic adoption of EU law. In this context, the restriction of the free movement of persons with limited immigration of workers who are capable of integration is to be implemented in accordance with the people’s will, among other things. through a job and canton-specific national priority that was introduced at the initiative of the FDP.
The FDP demands clear, more effective regulation (demands and support) for the integration of people with a migration background . She is pushing for the consistent application of applicable laws in the event of abuse of the right of hospitality; in parliament she passed a new, handy, international law-compliant deportation law against criminal foreigners. She calls for greater restrictions on immigration and family reunification from third countries and the prevention of “social tourism”. In the asylum system, too, the existing laws are to be strictly observed and the decisions on granting asylum or rejection to be accelerated. Her motto for migration policy is “Hard but Fair”. The FDP supports an active, peace-building foreign policy , which also increases the security of Switzerland and prevents the emergence of refugee flows.
In the cantons of Geneva , Neuchâtel , Solothurn , Ticino and Vaud, as well as in all of French and Italian-speaking Switzerland , it is the strongest political force with 20 to 35% of the vote. Of all parties, it provides most of the members of the cantonal governments ( members of the cantonal government, councilors of state) and members of the cantonal parliaments (grand councilors, district administrators, cantonal councilors), see info box above. In addition, the FDP has 1112 community members (legislature, 23.3%) and 274 community councilors (executive, 28.7%) in communities with more than 10,000 inhabitants.
All organizations and elected officials of the former Liberal Democratic Party and the Liberal Party were integrated into the FDP, The Liberals , through their merger at the federal level . At the cantonal level, seven of the eight LPS sections soon merged with their free-thinking sister parties. Only the FDP Basel-Stadt and the Liberal Democratic Party (Basel) remained organizationally independent of each other, but traditionally they form a list connection with each other at the national and cantonal elections. Thus the FDP currently has 27 cantonal sections (cantonal parties).
According to its own statements, the FDP has 120,000 members, making it the party with the largest number of members in Switzerland. However , the General Secretariat of the FDP was unable to confirm this figure to the online magazine Republik in 2019, as the information was with the cantonal and local parties. In its own research, the republic came up with a maximum of 90,000 members. As early as 2001, the political scientist Andreas Ladner from the University of Lausanne estimated the number of members at 87,000 to 100,000, contrary to the number of 120,000 members already mentioned by the party at the time.
- Party executive: President and Vice-Presidents of the Federal Party, President and Vice-Presidents of the FDP-Liberal Fraction of the Federal Assembly , the Secretary General, the President of the FDP Women Switzerland and the President of the Young Freetowners Switzerland . In order to respond better to current questions, the board members organize themselves in various specialist committees.
- Presidential Conference (PPK): the cantonal party presidents, the party executive, the FDP-Liberal Federal Councilors and the President of the FDP Switzerland International. The PPK has the right to propose the decisions of the assembly of delegates and independently decides on questions assigned to it according to the statutes.
- FDP-Liberal parliamentary group of the Federal Assembly : the incumbent national councilors , councilors of states and federal councilors (and possibly the federal chancellor ) of the FDP . The parliamentary group is autonomous in its decisions from the other party organs, but it bases itself on the goals and programs of the party.
Other organs are the delegates' assembly (party parliament), control body, arbitration commission and specialist commissions (see statutes ).
The free-thinking liberal movement has been represented in the Federal Council , in Switzerland's national government, without interruption since 1848, making it the longest-running ruling party in the world. The party FDP. The Liberals currently provides two of the seven federal councilors:
- Ignazio Cassis , Head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), since 2017.
- Karin Keller-Sutter , Head of the Federal Department of Justice and Police (FDJP), since 2019.
The Liberal Democratic Party had been the actual state-supporting party in the country since 1848, because it had a decisive influence on Switzerland in the second half of the 19th century thanks to the power it had at that time. Between 1848 and 1891 all seven federal councilors belonged to the free-thinking liberal movement. Since 1891 the party has formed coalition governments with other parties and governs with them in concordance , but until 1943 it was disproportionately represented in the Federal Council with five or four members. The FDP.The Liberals sees itself, in particular through their merger, continue to be supportive of the state, also because many officials of the public service belong to this party.
To date, the party and its free-spirited and liberal predecessor movements have had a total of 68 federal councilors and 2 federal councilors and thus around one and a half times as many government members as the other parties in Switzerland in total (41 federal councilors and 7 federal councilors).
Presidium of Parliament
Members of the office of a chamber of the Swiss Federal Assembly from the FDP. Liberals :
- Isabelle Moret , President of the National Council 2019/20
- Thomas Hefti , Vice President of the Council of States, President of the FDP Council of States group
Former Council Presidents who are also currently members of the Federal Assembly:
- Christa Markwalder , President of the National Council 2015/16
There are separate articles on Wikipedia for the following FDP cantonal parties:
- AG: FDP. The Liberals Aargau
- BL: FDP Baselland
- BE: FDP Canton of Bern
- BS: FDP Basel-Stadt and LDP Basel-Stadt
- LU: FDP. The Liberals Lucerne
- SO: FDP Canton Solothurn
- ZH: FDP Canton of Zurich
|National Council||Council of States|
2 FDP The Liberals
Since the regeneration period in the 19th century, various liberal, radical and democratic movements based on political liberalism existed in many cantons , which together formed the nationally dominant "free-thinking extended family". At the national level, the more central, anti-clerical and more left-wing “radicals” can be roughly differentiated from the more federal and more conservative “liberals”. Most of the "liberal extended family" found themselves in the Liberal Democratic Party of Switzerland (FDP) founded in 1894 . The remaining liberals and liberal conservatives founded the Liberal Party of Switzerland (LPS) in 1913 . This could only survive the First World War in the cantons of Geneva, Vaud, Neuchâtel and Basel-Stadt .
After a failed attempt at expansion by the Liberals in the 1980s and a dwindling proportion of voters - in the Swiss parliamentary elections in 2003 , the LPS no longer achieved parliamentary group status (at least five seats in the National Council ) - the FDP and LPS formed a joint FDP / LPS parliamentary group in the Federal Assembly. In 1983 the FDP occupied 31 percent of all executive mandates in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Due to the common liberal views of both parties and positive experiences of the parliamentary group, the party association Union of Liberals and Liberals was founded in 2005 to strengthen the liberal pole in Switzerland by joining forces. Around the turn of the millennium, the FDP also lost a considerable share of the vote, at times the large Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP) almost reached the FDP's shares. For these reasons and the similar positions in terms of content, the FDP and LPS decided in October 2008 at a joint meeting of delegates next to the Bundeshaus in Bern to merge with the aim of founding a new liberal party at the national level. At the same location, in the Kultur Casino Bern , the merger agreement was approved by the two parties in February 2009, creating the common party FDP. The Liberals retrospectively from January 1, 2009.
Federal Councilor Didier Burkhalter, Founding President Fulvio Pelli and former Federal Councilor Hans-Rudolf Merz
|2012||20.3||22.8||11.1 a||18.9||18.4||15.4||14.2||24.2 a|
|Legend: * - Landsgemeinde or major elections / municipal assemblies in several / all constituencies; ... - zuk. Elections in the current year; a The LPS entered with its own list; Election results in percent; Source:|
Party presidents and general secretaries
- President of the FDP, the Liberals
- 2009–2012: Fulvio Pelli , Ticino , founding president
- 2012–2016: Philipp Müller , Aargau
- since 2016: Petra Gössi , Schwyz
- General Secretaries of the FDP. The Liberals
- FDP.The Liberal Women , women's organization of the party
- Jungfreisinnige Schweiz , youth organization of the party
Both groups have their own sections in most of the cantons.
- FDP. Liberals International , FDP-liberal organization of the Swiss Abroad
- FDP.The Liberal Service Public , FDP-liberal lobbying in public administration
- Radigal , the party's gay and lesbian section
- Liberal Institute , for research and dissemination of liberal ideas
- Friends of the FDP , association for the promotion of executives from the Swiss economy
- Free spirit association for the support of liberal values
- Liberal action , liberal representation of interests of medium-sized businesses and SMEs
- Campaign for liberal awakening , organization for the promotion and dissemination of liberal ideas in Switzerland
- Avenir Suisse , think tank for liberal economic and social policy
- SuccèSuisse , for a liberal economic order - for a successful Switzerland
All 12 organizations are from the FDP. The Liberals . Both organizationally and legally independent, but are politically close to it.
International Liberal Parties
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE). The FDP.The Liberals is a member of the ALDE.
- Liberal International (LI). The FDP. The Liberals became an observer of the LI in November 2015. She has been a full member since May 2017. The Free Democratic Party and the Liberal Party were full members until their merger.
- Swiss Freedom Official press organ of the FDP. The Liberals (until 2009 the Freedom Democratic Party ), has been published six times a year in 70,000 copies since 2001.
- FDP-TV video interviews.
- Baselbieter Post Press organ of the FDP Baselland , since 1950, appears quarterly. Other FDP cantonal magazines in a header system with their own title and cantonal section, as well as part of the Swiss Freedom , appear six times a year.
- Liberal , magazine of the Liberal Democratic Party (Basel) , appears six times a year in 2,500 copies ( ).
- Media releases - current statements (several times a week), position papers on technical issues (a few times a year), resolutions on current problems (ad-hoc).
See also: Liberal Press (1922–2009)
- Fulvio Pelli , Béatrice Acklin Zimmermann, Yann Grandjean (eds.): What does liberal mean today? Liberal responses to the challenges of the 21st century. Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Zurich, 2015, ISBN 978-3-03810-108-6 .
- Oliver Meuwly: FDP, SVP, BDP. Is liberalism reaching its limits? In: The parties on the move. Neighborhood and conflict. Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Zurich 2013, ISBN 978-3-03823-846-1 , pp. 49–76.
- Pierre Bessard, Olivier Meuwly: On the trail of Swiss liberalism. Sur les traces du libéralisme suisse. Liberales Institut / Cercle démocratique Lausanne, Zurich / Lausanne 2011.
- Fulvio Pelli: 37 reasons to be liberal . 1st edition. Orell Füssli Verlag , Zurich 2007, ISBN 978-3-280-06102-2 .
- Who is who in the FDP: the Liberals ? (PDF; 2721 kB)
- Party statutes (PDF; 136 kB)
- Schweizer Freisinn , press organ of the FDP. The Liberals
- FDP-TV (German, French)
- FDP blog , on the politnetz.ch website
- FDP. The Liberal Service Public (German)
- FDP.The Liberals in the archive database of the Swiss Federal Archives
- FDP decides to survey members. In: fdp.ch. March 1, 2019, accessed September 30, 2019 .
- Andrea Arezina: Number acrobatics with freedom. In: republik.ch. May 2, 2019, accessed September 30, 2019 .
- Pelli is now king of the double party . In: Tages-Anzeiger, Tages-Anzeiger . ISSN 1422-9994 ( tagesanzeiger.ch [accessed on August 7, 2017]).
- The three core themes of the FDP: The Liberals ( Memento of November 8, 2011 in the Internet Archive ).
- From Müller zu Gössi - FDP staff change with tailwind , NZZ Online, April 15, 2016.
- Priorities, Politics ( Memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 553 kB) programmatic profile of the FDP. The Liberals
- Economic Policy ( Memento from August 27, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Positions
- The FDP is the liberal family that stands for freedom of choice ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Speech by Fulvio Pelli at the party conference on April 19, 2008 in Bern
- Family and Society ( Memento from September 8, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Positions
- Family and work - demands ( Memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), position paper, 2012.
- Easy-Swiss-Tax ( Memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 97 kB) Tax model
- WNG agence digital: FDP.The Liberals - Welcome - Political Party - Switzerland. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on September 24, 2015 ; accessed on August 7, 2017 .
- WNG agence digital: FDP.The Liberals - Welcome - Political Party - Switzerland. (PDF) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on February 24, 2016 ; accessed on August 7, 2017 .
- Maintaining and improving the liberal model of success ( Memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), position paper, 2013.
- Health ( Memento from August 28, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Positions
- Provision instead of worrying about old-age provision ( Memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), position paper, 2013.
- The new 4-generation society ( Memento from November 8, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Position paper 2007.
- Social Policy ( Memento from August 27, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Positions
- Liberal environmental and climate policy - Liberal solutions close to the people , FDP position paper, June 22, 2019
- FDP-Basis clearly supports Petra Gössi's climate course , Neue Zürcher Zeitung, June 22, 2019
- The FDP Switzerland is behind the Paris Climate Agreement , Neue Zürcher Zeitung, June 22, 2019
- CO 2 -neutral fuel from air and solar energy , ETH Zurich , media release, June 13, 2019.
- Future of Energy and Climate Policy , FDP position paper, January 13, 2018
- Energy and Environment ( Memento from August 30, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Positions
- Workplaces need cheap and secure energy ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 28 kB), Resolution, 2011.
- Innovation ( memento of November 8, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Position paper 2009: Switzerland as a country of innovation: increasing economic growth, creating jobs, maintaining prosperity .
- Swiss skilled workers initiative started ( memento of September 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Press release 2011.
- Do not put obstacles in the way of employed persons ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Resolution, 2015.
- The FDP wants the best education system in the world ( memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), media release of the FDP, 2014.
- Tax sovereignty ( memento of November 8, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Resolution 2009.
- Security Policy ( Memento from August 27, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Positions
- Renewal of the bilateral path ( memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), Resolution, 2015.
- "Hustle and bustle is a bad advice" - FDP President Pelli wants an integration law , NZZ, December 4, 2009.
- Demanding and promoting integration, preventing abuse, cushioning the effects - action plan for a pragmatic immigration policy ( memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), 2013 (PDF; 283 kB)
- Migration Policy ( Memento from September 21, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Positions
- Immigration control ( Memento from September 23, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Press release 2011.
- Hard but fair immigration policy ( Memento of September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), Resolution, 2015.
- Swiss Freedom, October 31, 2014.
- Swiss Statistics ( Memento of August 21, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), Federal Statistical Office, online, as of 2014.
- Andrea Arezina: Number acrobatics with freedom. In: republik.ch. May 2, 2019, accessed September 30, 2019 .
- Claude Longchamp : The perfect democracy? You won't find it in Switzerland either , swissinfo, January 24, 2020
- Federal Councilors of the party (FDP: blue, LPS: gray) / members of the Federal Council since 1848 .
- After electoral defeats in the big cities: The FDP on the way to insignificance. In: St. Galler Tagblatt , December 1, 2020
- "Freethinkers and liberals say yes to the merger" , Neue Zürcher Zeitung Online, October 25, 2008.
- Federal Statistical Office: Cantonal parliamentary elections: party strengths with allocation of mixed lists to the parties
- A regular representation of the FDP. Liberals in the international organizations is indispensable! , Communication, November 2015.
- Speech: Admission of the FDP Switzerland to Liberal International , Andri Silberschmidt, November 1, 2015.
- Reading sample in the e-book , on the website of Google Books