Venstre (Norway)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Liberals logo
Party leader Trine Skei Grande
Party leader Trine Skei Grande
vice-chairman 1. Ola Elvestuen
2. Terje Breivik
founding 1884
Headquarters Oslo
Youth organization Unge Venstre
Alignment Liberalism
Left Liberalism
Green Politics
Colours) green
Parliament seats
( 2017 )
Number of members 7,057 (2017)
International connections Liberal International (LI)
European party Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE)
Share of votes from Venstre by provinces ( Storting election 2009 ). The Liberals only passed the 4 percent hurdle in Oslo , Akershus , Rogaland and Hordaland .

Venstre (V) (literally Left , common name Liberals ) is a social liberal party in Norway . It was founded on January 28, 1884, making it the country's oldest party.

The current basic program «Freedom and Community» describes the vision of a social and liberal knowledge society in which everyone has the freedom and the opportunity to find their own path to a better life, a society in which people take responsibility for one another and for the environment take over.


The 2013 election program focused on four main areas: education, environmental protection, business start-up support and social welfare.

  • Education - Systematic after-school and advanced training for teachers. Introduction of a 5-year teacher training course. More time for lessons instead of documentation requirements. Increase research grants for universities and other research centers to three percent of GDP .
  • Environmental protection - Norway is to be developed from an oil nation into an environmental pioneer. Promotion of renewable energies. Emission-free public transport . Implementation of the goals of the Kyoto Protocol . Green tax reform: relief of the labor factor, burden of environmentally harmful consumption.
  • Startup entrepreneurs - Protection of the legal status of small business owners and entrepreneurs / startups. Simplification of the rules. Engage private social entrepreneurs in schools, education, healthcare, and probation. State venture capital funds to promote business start-ups. Abolition of property and inheritance tax.
  • Social welfare - Let local authorities take on greater responsibility for the health and welfare system. Strengthen prevention and rehabilitation. More time for patients instead of documentation.

The party also represents the following positions, among others:

  • Immigration and integration - Nations and societies need both the cultural and the economic stimulus that comes from immigration: “A diverse society is a good society.” The prerequisite for this is the will for full integration on both sides.
  • Regional funding - The state must continue to develop the infrastructure in rural regions and remote parts of Norway. New jobs are to be created in the periphery .
  • Foreign Policy - More Equitable Global Distribution. Strengthening democracy and human rights worldwide. Commitment to freedom and civil rights even where Norwegian business and trade interests could be affected.
  • Culture - Art and culture form the basis for the development of the individual and society as a whole. Neither state or municipal agencies nor the forces of the free market should be allowed to determine cultural development alone.

The 2017 election program focused on education, sustainability, digitization, inclusion and international engagement in 21 chapters.

Election results for Storting since 1945

Election year percent Seats
1945 13.8 20th
1949 13.1 21st
1953 10.0 15th
1957 9.7 15th
1961 8.8 14th
1965 10.4 18th
1969 9.4 13
1973 3.5 2
1977 3.2 2
1981 3.9 2
1985 3.1 -
1989 3.2 -
1993 3.6 1
1997 4.4 6th
2001 3.9 2
2005 5.9 10
2009 3.9 2
2013 5.2 9
2017 4.4 8th


The founding of the Venstre party in 1884 coincided with the introduction of parliamentary democracy in Norway. In the early phase of the party, the connection between the radical peasant politician Søren Jaabæk and the moderate Johan Sverdrup played a crucial role. The Liberals were among the leading forces in the struggle for universal and equal suffrage . In terms of foreign policy, Venstre sought a quick dissolution of the union with Sweden.

As early as 1888, the "Moderate Venstre" split off and formed a third parliamentary group in Storting. On the one hand, the party had its roots in the abstinence movement ; on the other hand in Lars Oftedal's Lutheran Inner Mission . When Oftedal allied with the conservative Høyre in 1891 , many MPs returned to the Venstre. The moderates advocated a gradual separation of Norway from the union with Sweden. When Høyre gave up its adherence to the Union, the “Moderate Venstre” merged with it to form the “Collection Party”, which in 1905 became the “Freethinking Venstre”. In 1933 the name was changed to "Free People's Party" and in 1945 it was abandoned for the old name Høyre.

In 1933 the Christian People's Party split from Venstre. In 1972 the Liberal People's Party ( Det liberale Folkeparti , DLF) , which advocated joining the EEC, split off. In 1988 DLF and Venstre were reunited.

In the post-war period, Venstre participated in six governments, from 2001 to 2005 as the smallest party in a center-right coalition with the Conservatives and the Christian People's Party . Since 2013 it has been part of the parliamentary foundation of the Solberg minority government . It was not until January 17, 2018 that three Venstre ministers entered the cabinet.

Party leader

Prime Minister

Venstre appointed six Norwegian Prime Ministers, all before 1935.

Government holdings

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Own information KrF og Venstre miziert over 2,000 medlemmer på ett år Aftenposten, January 11, 2018, accessed on November 3, 2018.
  2. Frihet and Fellesskap. Venstres prinsipprogram website of the party, accessed November 3, 2018.
  3. ^ Election program 2013 (Norwegian), accessed on November 3, 2018.
  4. Election program 2017 (PDF, Norwegian), accessed on November 3, 2018.