Swiss parliamentary elections 2015
The 2015 Swiss parliamentary elections took place on October 18, 2015. The 200 mandates of the National Council and 45 of the 46 members of the Swiss Council of States were newly elected. The National Council and Council of States together form the Federal Assembly . The 50th legislative period will last four years - until 2019.
The National Council elections were marked by a «right slide»: The SVP gained 11 seats and was able to achieve a new record result, and the FDP also won. Both parties together now achieved a majority in the Grand Chamber. Greens, green liberals and BDP, on the other hand, suffered losses.
In the Council of States elections, however, there were only minor changes: The FDP won two seats, while the GLP lost its representation in the small chamber.
Since the modernization of the census and the use of administrative data to collect population figures in 2007, the distribution of the number of seats across the cantons has been based on the permanent resident population (including those not entitled to vote) in the year following the last general election (in this case the end of 2012). According to the cantonal population at the end of 2012, there were various changes in the number of seats: the cantons of Zurich (35), Aargau (16) and Valais (8) each gained one seat. The cantons of Bern (25), Solothurn (6) and Neuchâtel (4) have lost one each . The number of seats in the other cantons remained unchanged. The distribution procedure according to Hare-Niemeyer and the principle that every canton is entitled to at least one seat remained unchanged.
Every citizen entitled to vote can vote for as many candidates as his canton has mandates. Voting takes place on lists , whereby variegation and accumulation (maximum two votes for one candidate) are possible. In cantons with only one representative in the National Council, elections take place according to the majority principle, so there is no list election.
Parties, voter groups and associations as well as individuals can submit electoral lists to the cantons. In large cantons, parties do not only run with a list: a distinction is often made in terms of geography (“Party XY East” / “Party XY West”) or social (“Young Party XY” / “Party XY 60+”). It is also possible to keep several lists in order to distinguish political currents within a party (“Party XY Ecological” / “Party XY Liberal”). Such differentiated lists are usually linked together as sub-lists. In addition, two or more parties can enter into a list connection. In this case, in the (first) allocation of the number of seats, the list connection is regarded as a single list. In a few cases in the past there have been mixed lists in which candidates from two or more parties ran for candidates on the same list.
Council of States
The Council of States - the small chamber of parliament - has 46 members. The federal constitution stipulates that each canton holds two seats in the small chamber of parliament. The cantons that were previously listed as "half cantons" are an exception: Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Appenzell Ausserrhoden and Appenzell Innerrhoden only send one MP. This fixes the number of 46 MPs.
The election and term of office of the Council of States are the responsibility of the cantons. Thus, in contrast to the National Council, there is de jure no general election for renewal, and consequently no constituent meeting and no senior presidents. Each canton is therefore free to determine the time of the election and the election procedure for its members of the Council of States.
In the time since the Confederation was founded, the electoral procedures between the cantons have been harmonized to such an extent that, with the exception of the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden, all seats in the Council of States are re-elected on the same day as the National Council. The Senate elections are governed by cantonal law: As voting procedures, most cantons have the Majorzwahlrecht set, with the candidates that in the first round (canton to canton calculated) absolute majority must achieve true in a possible second round of voting then the simple majority . Until 2011, a qualified majority of one third was sufficient in the first ballot in the canton of Geneva . The cantons of Jura and Neuchâtel vote according to proportional representation . In the canton of Glarus , 16- and 17-year-olds have the right to vote at cantonal level, so they can have a say in the election of the Council of States.
For all cantons with a majority procedure, a new election must be scheduled if a member of the Council of States leaves. The new member of the Council of States determined in this way is then only elected for the period until the next regular election of the Council of States. In spring 2011, for example, Adrian Amstutz was elected as the new Council of States in the canton of Bern because the previous Simonetta Sommaruga had been elected Federal Councilor. Amstutz now had to stand for re-election in autumn 2011 and was eliminated. For the same reason, runoff elections are also necessary in the Council of States elections if fewer candidates have achieved an absolute majority than the number of seats available.
Unlike in many other countries, Switzerland has no pronounced party law. Parties and political organizations are associations within the meaning of Art. 60 of the Swiss Civil Code . The Federal Chancellery maintains a register of parties in which any party can register, provided it has at least one mandate from the National Council or is represented in parliament in at least three cantons with at least three members each. Political organizations that are not registered can submit cantonal electoral lists if they submit a certain number of signatures. 400 signatures are required in the cantons of Zurich and Bern, 200 in the cantons of Aargau, Geneva, St. Gallen and Vaud, and 100 in all others.
The following table provides an overview of the parties and groupings that were represented in the parliamentary legislature 2011–2015 in the Federal Assembly or are running for elections to the National Council in at least three cantons:
SVP, SP and FDP competed in all 20 cantons that elect several people to the National Council; the CVP in all multi-person constituencies except Schaffhausen, the Greens in all except Graubünden. These five parties also competed in at least one of the six one-person cantons. The BDP stood for election in fourteen multi-person cantons and one single constituency (Glarus), the Green Liberals in seventeen multi-person constituencies. For the first time in the National Council elections, the Greens in the canton of Schaffhausen (more precisely the ecological liberal movement Schaffhausen belonging to the GPS ), the Green Liberals in Schwyz, Neuchâtel and Ticino and the BDP in Geneva ran.
In some cantons these larger parties sent several regional lists into the running. In most of the cantons, the young parties of the seven larger parties ran on their own lists. There were gender lists at the SP Bern (men and women list) and Zug (main list and supporting women and men lists) as well as at several bourgeois parties in Basel-Stadt and Solothurn (supporting women list). In addition, these seven parties had individual lists for senior citizens, Swiss abroad , secondos or entrepreneurs as well as lists with special topics (for example, environmental lists of the FDP). Occasionally, parties (e.g. for strategic reasons) also put up several main lists without a clear distinguishing feature being evident (for example the SVP Graubünden or the CVP Solothurn). In some cantons there are several cantonal parties within a Swiss party for historical or substantive reasons (for example LDP Basel , Green Alternative Bern or CSP Oberwallis ); this group also ran separately. Whenever a party had several lists, there were list connections or sub- list connections between these lists , so when calculating the distribution of seats it did not hurt that the votes for one party were divided between several lists.
The two small Protestant parties EPP (center-left) and EDU (right) ran for elections in twelve cantons each. They also regularly competed with several lists, especially those of their young parties. The left-Christian CSP stood for election in Freiburg, Jura and Valais under the designation "Center-Left CSP". In the one-person canton of Obwalden, National Councilor Karl Vogler from the Christian Social Party Obwalden , which is not affiliated with any Swiss party, ran again - he belongs to the CVP parliamentary group in the National Council and his political positions lie in the middle of the CVP parliamentary group.
The Labor Party and SolidaritéS presented common lists in Geneva and Vaud by the small left parties , while the PdA competed alone in Neuchâtel, Bern and the Jura. The alternative list ran in Zurich and Schaffhausen - in Zurich there was also a PdA list (linked to the AL). In Ticino, the partito communista , which was excluded from the PdA in 2014 , ran alongside the PdA .
From the right-wing small parties, the regional protest parties Lega dei Ticinesi in Ticino and Mouvement citoyens genevois in Geneva, already represented in the National Council, ran as candidates . The Swiss Democrats had submitted lists in five cantons. The newly founded Direct Democratic Party of Switzerland , close to Pegida , ran in three cantons with one person each, the right-wing extremist PNOS only ran in the canton of Vaud.
Four other small parties ran in several cantons: the Pirate Party in seven cantons, the esoteric group Integral Politics Switzerland in four, the Ecopop association , which became famous due to its rejected popular initiative , in three, the List du Vote Blanc in two (Vaud and Neuchâtel). In addition, various local parties, splinter groups or one-person lists are running in various cantons.
Council of States
For the Council of States, parties usually put up a candidate, whereby these candidacies are intended to advertise not only genuine election aspirations, but also to some extent for the simultaneous National Council elections. Two candidates per party are only placed in exceptional cases (dominant position in a canton, corresponding cantonal custom, in Neuchâtel and Jura due to proportional representation). If there are few opportunities, especially in smaller cantons, large parties often refrain from applying.
Overall, the following picture emerged (first ballot, excluding Appenzell Innerrhoden): The CVP ran for the Council of States in 19 cantons with a total of 24 candidates. The SVP had 21 candidates in 16 cantons, and 20 candidates stood for election in 19 cantons for the FDP. The SP presented 18 people in 17 cantons. In addition, the Young SVP in the canton of Vaud made two of its own candidates (in addition to two from the mother party), a young liberal candidate in Basel and two young socialists in Schwyz. 14 candidates in 13 cantons ran for the Greens, 10 in 11 cantons for the GLP. The BDP had one candidacy in each of five cantons. The EPP ran for candidates in four cantons (Zurich, Bern, Aargau, St. Gallen), the small left-wing parties in their three traditional strongholds of Geneva, Vaud and Neuchâtel with two people each. Lega and MCG each set up one person in their respective cantons. The Pirate Party had one candidate for the Council of States in Zug and Zurich, and two in Bern. There was only one CSP candidate in Valais; the EDU refrained from running completely. Various small groups took part in the Council of States and in several cantons non-party members (including the former Thomas Minder ) presented themselves .
|Sotomo / 20 minutes||October 2nd, 2015||29.0||18.4||15.8||11.4||7.4||4.9||5.2||-||7.9|
|possibly Bern||September 26, 2015||27.9||19.2||16.7||11.5||7.2||4.6||5.0||1.9||6.0|
|OpinionPlus||19th September 2015||27.8||19.0||17.1||10.8||7.1||4.4||4.4||2.2||7.2|
|Sotomo / 20 minutes||September 9, 2015||29.0||17.6||16.8||11.2||6.9||4.9||5.1||-||8.5|
|possibly Bern||August 24, 2015||28.0||19.3||16.9||11.1||7.4||4.2||4.3||1.7||7.1|
|OpinionPlus||3rd August 2015||26.1||18.1||16.9||10.9||6.7||5.6||5.3||2.0||8.4|
|Sotomo / 20 minutes||July 6, 2015||27.6||18.2||16.4||12.0||6.8||4.9||5.0||-||9.1|
|possibly Bern||4th June 2015||26.1||19.3||17.1||11.5||7.4||4.4||4.8||1.9||7.5|
|possibly Bern||March 13, 2015||26.2||19.6||16.3||11.8||7.5||4.6||5.6||1.9||6.5|
|Last choice||October 23, 2011||26.6||18.7||15.1||12.3||8.4||5.4||5.4||2.0||6.1|
Comments: Figures in percent. The date indicates the middle point in time of the survey, not the point in time when the survey was published.
Results of the National Council elections
Parties, votes, seats
Results from the cantons of the Swiss parliamentary elections 2015 / Results of the National Council elections
Comment on the number of voters: In the multi-person constituencies (20 cantons, to which a total of 194 of 200 seats are entitled), each voter has as many votes as there are seats available in his canton (35 in the canton of Zurich, 2 in the canton of Jura). He can assign these votes to any candidate on the lists that are standing for election ( panaschieren ). One vote for a candidate is also one vote for his party. If a voter has not given all of his votes to candidates, these votes go as so-called “additional votes” to the list he has elected. If the voter has not selected a list but has used a so-called “ballot paper without party name”, votes that are not used expire (so-called empty votes). In order to achieve results that are comparable across cantons, the so-called “voter count” is used here. This is obtained by dividing the votes by the number of seats. But because a voter can distribute his votes to several parties, there are fractions of votes. The whole voter numbers given below are therefore rounded values. These do not represent more than a statistical fiction. In the canton of Aargau z. B., who has 16 mandates to give, a “voter” can also consist of 16 people who each have a candidate from the party concerned on their list.
|Political party||be right||% (+/−)||Seats (+/-)|
|Swiss People's Party||734,171||29.43||+2.83||65||+11|
|Social Democratic Party||470,339||18.86||+0.16||43||−3|
|FDP The Liberals||408,793||16.39||+1.26||33||+3|
|Christian Democratic People's Party||289,719||11.61||−0.68||27||−1|
|Green Party of Switzerland||176,075||7.06||−1.38||11||−4|
|Green Liberal Party||115,604||4.63||−0.76||7th||−5|
|Bourgeois Democratic Party||102,598||4.11||−1.32||7th||−2|
|Evangelical People's Party||47,355||1.90||−0.10||2||0|
|Federal Democratic Union||29,701||1.19||−0.07||0||0|
|Lega dei Ticinesi||24,713||0.99||+0.20||2||0|
|Labor Party / solidaritéS||20,199||0.81||−0.06||1||+1|
|Christian Social Party Obwalden||9,911||0.40||+0.03||1||0|
|Alternative list (SH, ZH)||8,908||0.36||+0.03||0||0|
|Mouvement citoyens genevois (GE)||8,069||0.32||−0.11||1||0|
|ecopop (AG, VD, ZH)||3,649||0.15||+0.15|
|Enable democracy (Andreas Fagetti, NW)||2,776||0.11||+0.11|
|Art + Politics (ZH)||2,307||0.09||+0.09|
|Integral politics (AG, GE, LU, SG)||1,883||0.08||+0.07|
|Animal Party Switzerland (ZH)||1,796||0.07||−0.08|
|Alpine Parliament (BE)||1,324||0.05||−0.01|
|List you vote blanc 1 (NE, VD)||1,266||0.05||+0.05|
|Philipp Jutzi (BE)||1,199||0.05||+0.05|
|Direct Democratic Party Switzerland (SO, SG, TG)||942||0.04||+0.04|
|Partito Communista della Svizzera Italiana (TI)||907||0.04||+0.04|
|Stop traffic jams and speed cameras - the driver's list (ZH)||821||0.03||+0.03|
|Nationally Oriented Swiss Party (VD)||792||0.03||−0.02|
|Party free (SG)||710||0.03||+0.03|
|Popular action against too many foreigners and asylum seekers (BS)||698||0.03||−0.01|
|Green Independents (BL)||656||0.03||+0.03|
|Graines du futur 2 (VS)||458||0.02||+0.02|
|Independent Swiss (LU)||451||0.02||+0.02|
|Sarah Bösch - the original (SG)||379||0.02||+0.02|
|Rauraque du Nord ( Jurassic Separatists , JU)||376||0.02||3 −0.01|
|Nouveau Parti Libéral (NE)||347||0.01||+0.01|
|Independence party up! (ZH)||284||0.01||+0.01|
|Les Indépendants Vaudois 4 (VD)||274||0.01||+0.01|
|Flückiger Hans-Ueli (Hanf-Ueli) (ZH)||267||0.01||+0.01|
|Social-Liberal Movement (AG)||245||0.01||−0.07|
|Marcel Giger Amden non-party (SG)||242||0.01||+0.01|
|el presidente (SO)||231||0.01||+0.01|
|Center Party (ZH)||205||0.01||+0.01|
|Patriotic Liberal Democrats (GR)||135||0.01||+0.01|
|Anti PowerPoint Party (ZH)||125||0.00||−0.00|
|DU - The Apolitical (ZH)||123||0.00||+0.00|
|Solution-oriented people's movement (AG)||118||0.00||+0.00|
|Lega Sud (Ti)||104||0.00||+0.00|
|I Liberisti (TI)||83||0.00||+0.00|
|Mouvement Démocratique Cademos (NE)||63||0.00||+0.00|
|impossible alternative 5 (NE)||51||0.00||+0.00|
|Swiss Freedom and Law (ZH)||48||0.00||+0.00|
|scattered votes in single-person constituencies||1,321||0.05||−0.01|
Voting shares in the cantons (with multiple seats)
Voter numbers, percentages of smaller parties and names of those elected in the Swiss parliamentary elections 2015 / results of the National Council elections
|Canton||SVP||SP||FDP||CVP||Green||glp||BDP||EPP||EDU||PdA , Sol , AL|
Distribution of seats in the cantons
For the names of the elected see Swiss parliamentary elections 2015 / Results of the National Council elections
|Canton||Total||SVP||SP||FDP||CVP 4||Green||glp||BDP||EPP||Lega||MCG||PdA / POP|
|Switzerland||200||65||+11||43||−3||33||+3||28||−1||11||−4||7th||−5||7th||−2||2||± 0||2||± 0||1||± 0||1||+1|
- Aargau: Max Chopard-Acklin (SP)
- Basel-Stadt: Markus Lehmann (CVP), Daniel Stolz (FDP)
- Bern: Heinz Siegenthaler (BDP), Aline Trede (Greens)
- Freiburg: Ursula Schneider Schüttel (SP)
- Geneva: Anne Mahrer (Greens)
- Graubünden: Josias Gasser (glp)
- Lucerne: Roland Fischer (glp)
- Schwyz: Andy Tschümperlin (SP)
- Solothurn: Roland Borer (SVP), Urs Schläfli (CVP)
- St. Gallen: Yvonne Gilli (Greens), Margrit Kessler (glp)
- Ticino: Pierre Rusconi (SVP)
- Thurgau: Thomas Böhni (glp)
- Vaud: Jacques Neirynck (CVP), Christian van Singer (Greens)
- Valais: Jean-René Germanier (FDP)
- Zurich: Hans Fehr (SVP), Thomas Maier (glp), Christoph Mörgeli (SVP), Ernst Schibli (SVP), Rudolf Winkler (BDP)
- Aargau: Thomas Burgherr (SVP), Thierry Burkart (FDP), Jonas Fricker (Greens), Andreas Glarner (SVP), Matthias Jauslin (FDP)
- Appenzell Ausserrhoden: David Zuberbühler (SVP)
- Basel-Country: Sandra Sollberger-Muff (SVP)
- Basel-Stadt: Sibel Arslan (Greens), Christoph Eymann (FDP.L)
- Bern: Manfred Bühler (SVP), Erich Hess (SVP), Werner Salzmann (SVP)
- Freiburg: Pierre-André Page (SVP)
- Geneva: Laurence Fehlmann Rielle (SP), Benoît Genecand (FDP), Lisa Mazzone (Greens)
- Graubünden: Duri Campell (BDP), Magdalena Martullo-Blocher (SVP)
- Lucerne: Andrea Gmür-Schönenberger (CVP), Franz Grüter (SVP)
- Neuchâtel: Philippe Bauer (FDP), Denis de la Reussille (PdA)
- Schwyz: Marcel Dettling (SVP)
- Solothurn: Christian Imark (SVP)
- St. Gallen: Thomas Ammann (CVP), Marcel Dobler (FDP), Barbara Keller-Inhelder (SVP)
- Ticino: Marco Chiesa (SVP), Giovanni Merlini (FDP)
- Thurgau: Hermann Hess (FDP)
- Uri: Beat Arnold (SVP)
- Vaud: Claude Béglé (CVP), Frédéric Borloz (FDP), Daniel Brélaz (Greens), Michaël Buffat (SVP), Jacques Nicolet (SVP), Laurent Wehrli (FDP)
- Wallis: Jean-Luc Addor (SVP), Géraldine Marchand-Balet (CVP), Philippe Nantermod (FDP), Franz Ruppen (SVP), Roberto Schmidt (CVP)
- Zurich: Angelo Barrile (SP), Hans-Ulrich Bigler (FDP), Tim Guldimann (SP), Roger Köppel (SVP), Min Li Marti (SP), Mattea Meyer (SP), Regine Sauter (FDP), Priska Seiler Graf (SP), Barbara Steinemann (SVP), Mauro Tuena (SVP), Hans-Ueli Vogt (SVP), Bruno Walliser (SVP), Claudio Zanetti (SVP)
Results of the Council of States elections
Distribution of seats
|Political party||Elections 2015||Elections 2011|
Elected Councilors of States
|Canton||1. Seat of the Council of States||2. Seat of the Council of States|
|Aargau||Pascale Bruderer , SP (previously)||Philipp Müller , FDP (new)|
|Appenzell Ausserrhoden||Andrea Caroni , FDP (new)||only one seat|
|Appenzell Innerrhoden||Ivo Bischofberger , CVP (previously)||only one seat|
|Basel-Country||Claude Janiak , SP (previously)||only one seat|
|Basel city||Anita Fetz , SP (previously)||only one seat|
|Bern||Werner Luginbühl , BDP (previously)||Hans Stöckli , SP (previously)|
|Freiburg||Christian Levrat , SP (previously)||Beat Vonlanthen , CVP (new)|
|Geneva||Liliane Maury Pasquier , SP (previously)||Robert Cramer , Greens (so far)|
|Glarus||Thomas Hefti , FDP (previously)||Werner Hösli , SVP (previously)|
|Grisons||Stefan Engler , CVP (previously)||Martin Schmid , FDP (previously)|
|law||Claude Hêche , SP (previously)||Anne Seydoux-Christe , CVP (previously)|
|Lucerne||Konrad Graber , CVP (previously)||Damian Müller , FDP (new)|
|Neuchâtel||Didier Berberat , SP (previously)||Raphaël Comte , FDP (previously)|
|Nidwalden||Hans Wicki , FDP (new)||only one seat|
|Obwalden||Erich Ettlin , CVP (new)||only one seat|
|Schaffhausen||Hannes Germann , SVP (previously)||Thomas Minder , non-party (previously)|
|Schwyz||Alex Kuprecht , SVP (previously)||Peter Föhn , SVP (previously)|
|Solothurn||Pirmin Bischof , CVP (previously)||Roberto Zanetti , SP (previously)|
|St. Gallen||Karin Keller-Sutter , FDP (previously)||Paul Rechsteiner , SP (previously)|
|Ticino||Filippo Lombardi , CVP (previously)||Fabio Abate , FDP (previously)|
|Thurgau||Brigitte Häberli-Koller , CVP (previously)||Roland Eberle , SVP (previously)|
|Uri||Isidor Baumann , CVP (previously)||Josef Dittli , FDP (new)|
|Vaud||Géraldine Savary , SP (previously)||Olivier Français , FDP (new)|
|Valais||Jean-René Fournier , CVP (previously)||Beat Rieder , CVP (new)|
|train||Joachim Eder , FDP (previously)||Peter Hegglin , CVP (new)|
|Zurich||Daniel Jositsch , SP (new)||Ruedi Noser , FDP (new)|
- ch.ch - official website for the federal elections 2015
- Complete final results from the Federal Chancellery
- Results on the website of the Federal Statistical Office
- Report to the National Council on the National Council elections for the 50th legislative period, Federal Gazette 2015 7927 ff.
- Agenda A – Z. (No longer available online.) Swiss Federal Chancellery (BK), archived from the original on June 26, 2015 ; accessed on January 27, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The Council of States of Appenzell Innerrhoden was elected earlier in the Landsgemeinde.
- Federal Act on Political Rights ( SR 161.1 ), Art. 16 1 "Allocation of seats to the cantons", in force since January 1, 2008.
- http://www.ge.ch/elections/20111023/doc/fao_speciale_CF.pdf FAQ Canton GE
- Accueil - Objectifs de cette élection - élection au conseil des états du 18 octobre 2015. Retrieved on 18 August 2017 (French).
- Parliamentarian rating of the NZZ: Slide to the left. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Retrieved October 12, 2015 .
- smartvote. In: smartvote.ch. Retrieved October 12, 2015 .
- Fucilato il Partito Comunista - Ticino News. In: www.ticinonews.ch. Retrieved October 12, 2015 .
- The “Partito Operaio e Popolare” (POP) is the new Ticino section of the PdAS | Swiss Labor Party. In: pda.ch. Retrieved October 12, 2015 .
- Sum of the cantonal votes from the Swiss parliamentary elections 2015 / results of the National Council elections , sources; see there, the allocation of individual lists from parties corresponds to that of the Federal Statistical Office Archived copy ( memento of the original from October 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Table "Allocation of the submitted election lists to national parties", su-d-17.02.03.01.07), cf. Summary table on the talk page