Canton of Schaffhausen
|Canton of Schaffhausen|
|coat of arms|
|Canton of the Swiss Confederation|
|Abbreviation / license plate :||SH|
|Official language :||German|
|Main town :||Schaffhausen|
|Accession to the federal government :||1501|
|Area :||298.42 km²|
|Height range :||343–912 m above sea level M.|
|Residents:||81,991 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||275 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without citizenship )
|25.3% (December 31, 2015)|
|Unemployment rate :||3.6% (December 31, 2015)|
|Location of the canton in Switzerland|
|Map of the canton|
|Municipalities of the canton|
Schaffhausen ( abbreviation SH , Swiss German Schafuuse, Schaffuuse, Schafhuuse, Schaffhuuse, French Schaffhouse , Italian Sciaffusa , Rhaeto-Romanic ) is a canton in German-speaking Switzerland and belongs to northeast and eastern Switzerland . The main town and at the same time the largest town is the city of the same name Schaffhausen .
The canton of Schaffhausen is the northernmost canton in Switzerland . With the exception of a small part of Stein am Rhein (Vor der Brugg) and a footpath from the Rhine bridge from Schaffhausen to Feuerthalen to the weir of the Schaffhausen power station , the canton lies north of the Rhine ; it is almost completely surrounded by the Federal Republic of Germany and in turn surrounds the German exclave Büsingen on the Upper Rhine . To the south, the canton borders the cantons of Zurich and Thurgau , mainly in the Rhine . The total limit length is 185.4 km. It is divided as follows: Federal Republic of Germany (including the Büsingen enclave) 151.8 km, Canton Zurich 23.2 km, Canton Thurgau 10.4 km. The complicated course of the border was simplified and adapted several times due to territorial changes in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries .
The Randen , a foothills of the Jura , gives the canton of Schaffhausen a hilly character. The Randen Heights are largely covered with forest. That is why the canton of Schaffhausen is the most densely forested canton alongside the canton of Jura . The highest point in the canton is at the Hagen on the edge. The lowest point is on the Rhine near Buchberg at an altitude of
There is a boulder at the geographical center of the canton of Schaffhausen .
To the east of the Randen follows the also hilly Reiat .
South of the Randen lies a fertile, flat valley, the Klettgau , which was formed by the Urrhein over 50,000 years ago. In the Klettgau mainly vine and arable farming are practiced.
The plateaus of the Randen and Reiats are cut through by several, sometimes steeply sloping valleys. The most important valleys are: Bibertal , Freudental / Taal , Hemmentalertal / Hauental , Herblingertal , Merishausertal / Mühlental , Orserental , Wangental and the Wutachtal .
The canton is shaped by the Rhine or the Upper Rhine , as the river section is also called. It leaves the Untersee near Stein am Rhein and flows through the three sub-areas of the canton. Over the Rhine Falls , the second largest waterfall on the European continent (after Sarpsfossen in Norway ), the masses of water plunge 23 meters into the depth. Beavers flow through the Reiat and the upper part of the canton . The Klettgau is drained by the Mühlibach and the Seltenbach . In German territory, the river is then called Klingengraben . The Seegraben flows through the Wangental . In Schleitheim forms Wutach on some kilometers the border with Germany. The Durach drains part of the Rand and flows through Bargen and Merishausen . After flowing through the partially ravine-like Mühlental , it flows into the Rhine at Schaffhausen. The Fulach originally flowed from Thayngen to Schaffhausen and flowed into the Durach at the Schwabentor . The brook was overturned near Herblingen as early as the 1930s .
At the end of the last ice age, the Würm before about 18,000 years ago melted the Rhine glacier , and between Thayngen and Dörflingen emerged the four kettle holes Morgetshofsee , Rudolfersee , Egelsee and Seeli . Today the lakes are home to many rare animal and plant species. On cold winter days, skaters cavort on the largest of the lakes, the Morgetshofsee. The idyllic Nägelsee near Buchthalen is also very popular with ice skaters.
From 1907 to 1909 the first pumped storage power plant in Switzerland was built above the city of Schaffhausen with the Engeweiher . Even today, Rhine water is pumped up to the Engeweiher from the Schaffhausen power plant . The Neuhausen power plant uses the height of the Rhine Falls to produce electricity.
The canton of Schaffhausen is located on the edge of the Central Plateau and in the temperate climate zone . The city of Schaffhausen and Klettgau lie in the rain shadow of the Black Forest , Randen and the Reiat . The Black Forest in particular keeps off the rainy westerly winds.
The average amount of rain in the city of Schaffhausen of 863 mm per year is rather low for Central Europe . It is one of the deepest in Switzerland. The foehn , which is important in the Alpine valleys and on the edge of the Alps , does not normally show any special climatic effects on the canton of Schaffhausen. The long-term mean of sunshine duration in the city of Schaffhausen is 1345 hours / year.
Geographical center of the canton of Schaffhausen
The geographical center of the canton of Schaffhausen is in a field in the Eschheimertal in the area of the municipality of Beringen . The point at , which is marked by a 3.5 ton boulder , is located northwest of the city of Schaffhausen , near the Beringer Randenturm and the Engeweiher . The exact coordinates are: 686,528 / 285,410.
On the occasion of the celebrations for the 100th anniversary of cantonal surveying in the canton, a memorial plaque was unveiled on April 4, 2012 by the government councilor Ernst Landolt . The boulder is only a few meters from the hiking trail that leads from the Lahnbuck into the Eschheimertal. The hiking trail is signposted with yellow boards with the inscription “Center of the Canton of Schaffhausen”.
Around 3900 to 3500 BC. BC stilt houses were built in the Weier area south of Thayngen . In 2011, UNESCO added the pile dwelling settlement Weier with 110 other sites in 6 Alpine countries to the UNESCO World Heritage List .
At the time of the Romans , an army road ran through what is now the Canton of Schaffhausen. In the 1st century BC The Roman settlement Iuliomagus (also Juliomagus or Iuliomago ) was founded near today's village of Schleitheim . Today only the excavation of the public bath ( thermal baths ) is accessible.
Today's canton of Schaffhausen was a city-state until 1798 , its records begin in 1045.
The city of Schaffhausen arose around 1000 due to its special geographical location above the Rhine Falls . This made Schaffhausen an important transshipment point in the region. 1045 awarded King Henry III. in Cologne Count Eberhard VI. von Nellenburg the right to mint for Schaffhausen.
One of the first known witch trials took place in Schaffhausen in 1402 .
In 1411 the new guild constitution came into force. For the next 400 years, the ten guilds and two societies dominated the political, economic and social life of the city-state of Schaffhausen.
The canton goes back to the territory of the city of Schaffhausen, which became an imperial city at the time of the Staufer . With the acquisition of lower and higher jurisdictions over the villages in the area, the development of the city-state began, which in 1501 became a member of the Swiss Confederation . The Reformation was introduced in 1529 . The city-state experienced a decisive expansion by taking over the possessions of the monasteries. Until 1798 Schaffhausen was part of the Thirteen Old Places of the Confederation. The foundations of the city-state were shaken by the events of the French Revolution, the transition to the Helvetic Republic and the mediation constitution . The territory of the canton of Schaffhausen was changed considerably in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries through territorial adjustments .
The current constitution was enacted in 2002 and replaced the one from 1876.
coat of arms
|Blazon : " In gold a leaping black Mufflonwidder with red tongue , golden crown and manhood , golden horns and hooves. »|
By 1835 the sign was entirely green .
The inhabitants of the canton are called Schaffhausers . As of December 31, 2018, the population of the canton of Schaffhausen was 81,991. The population density of 275 inhabitants per square kilometer is above the Swiss average (207 inhabitants per square kilometer). The proportion of foreigners (registered residents without Swiss citizenship ) was 25.3 percent on December 31, 2015, while 24.6 percent were registered nationwide. As of December 31, 2015, the unemployment rate was 3.6 percent compared to 3.7 percent at the federal level.
The official language in the canton of Schaffhausen is German . In 2012, 88.8 percent of the population stated German as their main language. Information on the three other official Swiss languages French , Italian , Romansh and other languages was not provided.
The Schaffhausen dialect, which is divided into several sub-dialect types, belongs to High Alemannic and, within this, to Northeast Swiss German . A typical feature of this dialect group is the development from Middle High German ei to long ā, for example my → maane . "What do you think?" is thus «Wa maansch?» pronounced. A widely known sentence in the Schaffhausen dialect ( Schleitheim ) reads: E Zaane full of Saapfe d Laatere durab sleep, which means something like " Pull a basket (Zaine) full of soap down a ladder".
The Schaffhauser German is phonologically , grammatically and lexicologically processed in:
- Georg Wanner: The dialects of the canton of Schaffhausen. Frauenfeld 1941 (contributions to Swiss German grammar 20).
- Schaffhausen dialect dictionary, compiled by Heinz Gallmann, Marianne Benz a. a., Schaffhausen 2003 (grammars and dictionaries of Swiss German 15).
The most famous dialect writer in the canton is Albert Bächtold (1891–1981) from Wilching , who wrote a number of novels.
Religions - denominations
The Reformed population belongs to the Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Schaffhausen . The Catholics belong to the diocese of Basel under canon law or to the Roman Catholic Church in the canton of Schaffhausen under constitutional law .
In 2012, 39.5 percent of the population declared themselves to be the Evangelical Reformed and 22.3 percent to the Roman Catholic faith, while 22.4 percent described themselves as non-denominational . Five years later (as of December 31, 2017) 23,807 (35.2%) of the population were Protestant Reformed and 16,012 (23.7%) were Roman Catholic, while 27,805 (41.1%) were one belonged to another denomination or were non-denominational.
Since the 2000 census , there are no longer any membership figures for other religious communities (besides the two regional churches ) for the total population of the canton of Schaffhausen. However, the Federal Statistical Office carries out sample surveys in which other religious communities in the canton are also recorded. In the 2017 sample survey, around a third of respondents aged 15 and over in the canton of Schaffhausen stated that they did not belong to any Christian church. In addition, according to the survey, there are in some cases significant differences among the canton's population with regard to religious affiliation - depending on the nationality or origin of the respondents:
without a migration
with a migration
heads of state
|- Evangelical Reformed Church||35||44||53||13||7th|
|- Roman Catholic Church||23||21st||18th||33||30th|
|- other Christian church||7th||7th||5||11||8th|
|other / no information||2||1||1||2||4th|
Constitution and Politics
The constitution of the canton of Schaffhausen is dated June 17, 2002.
The legislative body ( legislative ) is the Cantonal Council , which has 60 members (until the end of 2008: 80 members) and is elected by the people for four years according to the proportional representation system in the form of the double proportional allocation procedure (double proportion or double Pukelsheim). It meets in the town hall built in 1412 in Schaffhausen.
The people are also directly involved in the legislative process by making constitutional amendments and amendments to the law that have not been approved by at least four-fifths of the cantonal councils, as well as resolutions of the cantonal council on new one-off expenses of more than three million francs and new annual expenses of more than 500 '000 francs are subject to the mandatory referendum, the other changes to the law as well as resolutions of the Cantonal Council on new one-off expenses of more than one million francs and on new annually recurring expenses of more than 100,000 francs to the optional referendum . A referendum must be called if this is requested by at least 1,000 eligible voters within 90 days.
At least 1,000 voters can also submit a constitutional or legislative initiative ( popular initiative ), and 100 voters can also submit a popular motion, which must be treated by the cantonal council as a parliamentary motion. At least 1,000 voters can then demand that the cantonal council be dismissed before the end of the regular term of office, on which a referendum must then be ordered.
|Party / list||percent||Seats|
|Swiss People's Party (SVP)||28.19||17 (+1)|
|Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP)||21.53||13 (± 0)|
|FDP.The Liberals (FDP)||13.88||9 (± 0)|
|Alternative list (AL)||7.05||4 (−1)|
|Green Liberal Party (glp)||5.65||4 (+4)|
|Greens (formerly ÖBS)||3.93||2 (−2)|
|Federal Democratic Union (EDU)||3.85||2 (± 0)|
|Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP)||3.67||2 (−1)|
|Evangelical People's Party (EPP)||2.40||1 (± 0)|
|SVP Agro||2.08||1 (+1)|
|Young SVP (JSVP)||2.00||1 (−2)|
|SVP SME||1.82||1 (+1)|
|Young Liberals (JFSH)||1.66||1 (−1)|
|Young Socialists (JUSO)||1.31||1 (± 0)|
|SVP seniors||0.99||1 (± 0)|
The highest executive body ( executive ) is the government council , which consists of five members and is elected by the people for four years in accordance with majority voting rights. The government council has its seat in the government building in Schaffhausen.
At least 1,000 people entitled to vote can apply for the government council to be dismissed prematurely, on which a referendum must then be ordered.
|Government Council||Official title||Political party||department|
|Ernst Landolt||District President||SVP||Department of Economic Affairs|
|Martin Kessler||Vice President of the Government Council||FDP||Building department|
|Christian Amsler||Government Council||FDP||Education Department|
|Walter Vogelsanger||Government Council||SP||Department of the Interior|
|Cornelia Stamm Hurter||Councilor||SVP||Finance Department|
State clerk is Stefan Bilger, his deputy Christian Ritzmann.
In the case law ( judiciary ), the highest cantonal court is the higher court , which also acts as the administrative court. The cantonal court of first instance is subordinate to this. The justice of the peace, the arbitration board for rental matters and the arbitration board for discrimination in employment act as arbitration authorities upstream of the actual court.
The members of the Higher Court and the Cantonal Court are elected by the Cantonal Council.
The canton is divided into municipalities . They organize themselves independently within the framework of the constitution and law, carry out the tasks assigned to them by the canton as well as their own tasks and can set the communal tax rate autonomously.
Since, apart from the municipalities of Schaffhausen and Neuhausen am Rheinfall, many municipalities are very small, efforts are being made to combine them into larger units. However, such efforts meet with great local resistance , especially in Klettgau . In the new millennium, the following community mergers have come about: Barzheim to Thayngen (2004), Osterfingen to Wilchingen (2005), Hemmental to Schaffhausen (2009) and Altdorf , Bibern , Hofen and Opfertshofen to Thayngen (2009) and Guntmadingen to Beringen (2013). In 1947 Buchthalen and in 1964 Herblingen were incorporated into the city of Schaffhausen.
The district administrations were abolished in 1999. The districts themselves remained as statistical units.
Schaffhausen is the only canton in which voting and election are compulsory . Anyone who does not comply with this has to pay a symbolic fine of six francs (three francs by 2015). Compared to other cantons, Schaffhausen therefore regularly has the highest participation rate in elections and votes.
National, State and Federal Council
No person from the canton of Schaffhausen has ever been elected to the Federal Council. In 1959, Walther Bringolf, Mayor of Schaffhausen, was nominated as Federal Councilor by the SP , but it was unthinkable for the bourgeois majority to elect a former communist to the state government, and they preferred Hans-Peter Tschudi .
The canton of Schaffhausen is part of the Zurich economic area (Zurich metropolitan region ) and has close economic ties with the neighboring canton of Zurich. The traditional, economic focus from the middle of the 19th century to around 1970 was heavy industry, represented by the Swiss Industrial Association (SIG) and Georg Fischer (GF) .
In 2011 the gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant was 89,368 Swiss francs . In 2012, there were 44,905 employees in the canton of Schaffhausen, 1,884 of which were in the primary (primary production) , 13,867 in the secondary (industry) and 29,154 in the tertiary sector (services) . 6,488 jobs were counted in the canton in 2012 (624 of them in the primary, 1,000 in the secondary and 4,864 in the tertiary sector). The unemployment rate amounted at 31 December 2015 of 3.6 percent compared to 3.7 percent at the federal level.
- Tyco International
- TE Connectivity (formerly Tyco Electronics)
- Georg Fischer AG industrial group
- SIG Holding Ltd. headoffice
- International Watch Company (IWC) (head office)
- Rieker Schuh AG
- IVF Hartmann AG
- Cilag AG
- AGM AG Müller Urania (Schaffhauer playing cards)
- Unilever Supply Chain Company
- PCP.COM group
The canton of Schaffhausen is the second largest wine-growing region in German-speaking Switzerland after the canton of Zurich . Viticulture is carried out in 20 municipalities in the canton. 55 vineyards and 170 recreational vintners cultivate 500 hectares of vines. About 75 percent Pinot Noir grapes or Pinot noir grapes , as they are called in Switzerland, terraced. For this reason, the wine-growing region also appears under the Schaffhauser Blauburgunderland label .
The Schaffhausen Pinot Noir wines cannot be compared with the heavy French wines from the Côte-d'Or department in Burgundy. Thanks to the lowest amount of precipitation in German-speaking Switzerland, the wines have a particularly fine fruitiness, a rich bouquet, fine aroma nuances and a harmonious body. Regent, Dornfelder, Lemberger, Garanoir, Leon Millot, Diolinor, Merlot, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Gamay x Reichensteiner are also grown as niche products. The second most important variety, however, is the Riesling Sylvaner . There are also other white wine grape varieties such as Chardonnay, Pinot blanc, R Noiseling, Pinot gris, Kerner and Gewürztraminer.
The great importance of viticulture in the canton of Schaffhausen is expressed in the numerous wine and trotting festivals (Siblingen, Wilchingen, Osterfingen, Trasadingen) and the autumn parades in Hallau.
- The Rhine Falls , the second largest waterfall in continental Europe, is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Switzerland. In the Rhine Falls basin run from spring to autumn ships between the castle Woerth , the Laufen Castle and the big rock.
- Scheduled ships of the Swiss Shipping Company Untersee and Rhein operate from spring to autumn on the Upper Rhine and Untersee between Schaffhausen, Stein am Rhein and Kreuzlingen . The route on the Upper Rhine is considered to be one of the most beautiful boat trips in Europe.
- The densely wooded Randen is popular with hikers with its many well-marked hiking trails. The four Randenturm ( Beringer Randenturm , Siblinger Randenturm , Schleitheimer Randenturm and Hagenturm ) offer beautiful views over the Schaffhauserland and the Alps (→ list of observation towers in the canton of Schaffhausen ). In winter, with good snow conditions, cross-country tracks of 15 or 7 kilometers are made, starting at the Siblinger Randenhaus.
- Several bike routes , including the national Rhine route No. 2, invite you to bike tours along the Rhine and through the Klettgau wine-growing region .
- The canton of Schaffhausen is the largest wine-growing area in German-speaking Switzerland. Every autumn, the wines are celebrated at numerous wine and trotting festivals (Siblingen, Wilchingen, Osterfingen, Trasadingen) as well as the autumn parades in Hallau.
- The Kesslerloch cave near Thayngen is one of the most important sites of the late Ice Age in Europe and provided traces of settlement from the Upper Palaeolithic ( Magdalenian culture ).
- The Schaffhausen Regional Nature Park is a cross-border nature park . 13 municipalities from the canton of Schaffhausen and two municipalities from the federal state of Baden-Württemberg form the park on an area of 209 km² .
Places and Buildings
- The round fortress Munot , built in the 16th century, watches over the well-preserved old town of Schaffhausen . The Schwabentorturm and Obertorturm are further remnants of the former medieval city fortifications. The All Saints Minster is today the largest Romanesque sacred building in Switzerland. At Herrenacker , one of the largest inner-city squares in Switzerland, you will find the Schaffhausen City Theater and the casino .
- The medieval town of Stein am Rhein is known for its artistically painted house facades. Hohenklingen Castle towers over the town . The former St. Georgen Monastery , located directly on the Rhine, is now a museum.
- The Museum zu Allerheiligen gives a detailed insight into the history of the Schaffhausen region from the Stone Age to the Romans and the Middle Ages to the present day.
- In Schleitheim remains are the public thermal bath of the former Roman city Iuliomagus to visit.
- The Hallen für Neue Kunst in Schaffhausen was a museum for contemporary art from 1982 to 2014, especially for new art since 1965.
- The Schleitheim Gypsum Museum provides information on the 18th and 19th Century intensively operated gypsum mining in the area.
- The watch museum of IWC International Watch Co. AG gives an insight into the history of the watch factory on the Rhine.
- The Lindwurm Museum in Stein am Rhein shows bourgeois living and agricultural work around 1850.
- Smilestones at the Rhine Falls : The largest H0 railway system in Switzerland.
In addition to the primary and secondary schools in the individual municipalities, the secondary schools are located in the canton capital Schaffhausen:
- Cantonal School Schaffhausen
- Vocational Training Center of the Canton of Schaffhausen (BBZ)
- University of Education Schaffhausen (PHSH)
- Compucollege, IT training center
- Commercial secondary school Schaffhausen (HMS)
- Commercial school KV Schaffhausen (HSKVS)
- University of Applied Sciences Schaffhausen (hfw)
- Higher Technical School Schaffhausen (HFS)
- International School of Schaffhausen (ISSH)
- Music School Schaffhausen (MKS)
- School for Business and Languages (SWS)
- Seniors University of Schaffhausen
- Migros Club School
The canton of Schaffhausen received its first railway connection in 1857, with the Rhine Falls Railway of the then NOB between Winterthur and Schaffhausen (today SBB ). In the east-west direction, the canton has been served by the Hochrheinbahn line ( Basel –Schaffhausen– Singen (Hohentwiel) - Konstanz ) of the former railway of the Grand Duchy of Baden (today Deutsche Bahn ) since 1863 . Further NOB routes followed in 1895 with the lake line to Feuerthalen - Etzwilen and in 1897 with the direct line across German territory via Eglisau and Bülach to Zurich . These five railway lines starting from Schaffhausen train station still form the backbone of railway traffic in the canton today.
The routes are served by the Zurich S-Bahn (S9, S12, S24, S33), the St. Gallen S-Bahn (S8), the SBB regional trains Schaffhausen – Stein am Rhein, the DB regional trains Erzingen –Schaffhausen and Schaffhausen - Singen and the IRE Basel – Singen (- Ulm ). Direct international connections provides the IC connection Stuttgart - Zurich .
In 2011, the population approved the Schaffhausen S-Bahn project to expand public transport in the Schaffhausen region. The S-Bahn is to be built on the existing route network of the Swiss Federal Railways and Deutsche Bahn , with individual lines still having to be electrified and additional stops created.
The N4 national road runs through the canton in a north-south direction, which is largely developed as an A4 motorway in the canton and leads from the Thayngen border crossing through the city of Schaffhausen to the Rhine bridge to Flurlingen (and on to the A1 to Winterthur) in the canton of Zurich. After the Thayngen border crossing, the A4 is connected to the German A 81 motorway in the direction of Stuttgart . The main roads 4 , 13 , 14 and 15 as well as the holiday roads Grand Tour of Switzerland and the Roman road Neckar-Alb-Aare run through the canton .
In 2019, the degree of motorization (passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants) was 562.
The canton has a well-developed bus network. The transport company Schaffhausen vbsh serve the urban lines 1 (Herbstäcker – Waldfriedhof / trolleybus line ), 3 (Krummacker – Sommerwies), 4 (Birch – Emmersberg), 5 ( Buchthalen - Herblingen ), 6 (Neuhausen SBB – Falkeneck / Ebnat), 8 ( In the open air - Schaffhausen station) and 9 ( Ebnat - Schaffhausen-Herblingen station - Herblinger Markt shopping center) every ten or fifteen minutes during the day, every 20 or 30 minutes during off-peak times.
The vbsh also offers good connections outside the city of Schaffhausen: With the seven regional lines 21 to 25, 27 and 28, all other areas of the canton are served by buses . In addition, SüdbadenBus GmbH , for example Stein am Rhein-Singen and Swiss Post , also serves other regional routes with the Postbus .
All public transport providers are integrated in the Ostwind tariff association .
Between 1901 and 1966 the Schaffhausen tram provided local public transport in the city of Schaffhausen. In 1905 the Schaffhausen – Schleitheim interurban tram was opened. In 1964 this line was converted to bus operation. Individual stations of the overland tram are still available (in Löhningen, Siblingen and Schleitheim).
Between April and October, motor ships of the Swiss Shipping Company Untersee und Rhein (URh) operate on the Upper Rhine and Untersee with stops in Switzerland and Germany, in both directions between Schaffhausen and Kreuzlingen . The following stations are approached: Schaffhausen, Büsingen am Hochrhein , Diessenhofen , Stein am Rhein , Öhningen , Mammern , Wangen , Hemmenhofen , Steckborn , Gaienhofen , Berlingen , Mannenbach , Reichenau (island) , Ermatingen , Gottlieben , Konstanz and Kreuzlingen.
The largest ship is called MS Schaffhausen .
The national Rhine Route No. 2 Andermatt - Oberalp Pass - Chur - Schaffhausen - Basel (424 km) leads along the Rhine from Stein am Rhein to Schaffhausen. This route is largely congruent with the international Rhine Cycle Route .
The regional routes:
- 26. Eastern Switzerland Wine Route : Schaffhausen - St. Gallen
- 77. Rigi-Reuss-Klettgau-Schaffhausen
- 82. Seerücken Route : Schaffhausen - Arbon
- 86th Rhine Falls - Zurich Oberland : Schaffhausen - Wattwil (Ricken)
- 98. Rhine Valley Path
- 751. Klettgau route: Schaffhausen Gächlingen - Hallau - Schaffhausen
- 752. Rhine Falls-Rheinau Route: Schaffhausen - Rheinau - Schaffhausen
- 753. Hegau-Rhine route: Schaffhausen - Ramsen - Stein am Rhein - Schaffhausen
The Lake Constance cycle path crosses the area of the canton of Schaffhausen near Stein am Rhein. The Hochrhein-Hotzenwald-Weg also leads through the canton of Schaffhausen. In addition, various cycle routes are signposted within the Schaffhausen Regional Nature Park .
- 50th Schaffhauserland Bike
- 34. Klettgau-Rhein-Weg : Hallau - Randen - Schaffhausen
- 60. ViaRhenana : Kreuzlingen - Schaffhausen - Eglisau
- 77. ViaGottardo (east arm) : Bargen - Schaffhausen - Bülach - Zurich - Zug - Küssnacht SZ
- Randen Weg: Schleitheim - Merishausen
- Blauburgunderland Panoramaweg: Siblingerhöhe - Trasadingen
- Schaffhauser Grenzweg: Neuhausen am Rheinfall - Osterfingen
- Chum and Lueg Weg, Osterfingen - Radegg ruins
- Kleiner Reiat Weg: Hofen - Hofen
- Tössegg-Klettgau-Weg: Winterthur - Hallau
- 593. Nordspitze Panoramaweg: Bargen - Schwarzer Stein (northernmost boundary stone of Switzerland) - Bargen
The Lake Constance circular route leads through Stein am Rhein. The Ostweg , a north-south long-distance hiking route through the Black Forest from Pforzheim in Schaffhausen, also ends . The approximately 240-kilometer high trail was laid out in 1903 and has been maintained and looked after by the Black Forest Association ever since . His signpost is a black and red diamond on a white background.
Coming from Blumberg , through the canton of Schaffhausen, there is a connecting route to the Way of St. James with the stylized scallop shell , the symbol of the Way of St. James. The path crosses the Rhine near Schaffhausen and continues on two routes south to the national hiking route No. 4 ViaJacobi from SwitzerlandMobility .
In addition, various hiking routes are signposted within the Schaffhausen Regional Nature Park .
- 904. Eschheimertalweg, Schaffhausen
- 905. Uferweg, Stein am Rhein
- 70. Rhine Canoe : Stein am Rhein - Schaffhausen
- 555. Klettgau Skate
The Meier + Cie Publishing is the largest publisher in the canton of Schaffhausen. With the Schaffhauser Nachrichten , with the subtitle Schaffhauser Intellektivenblatt, the publisher publishes the canton's only daily newspaper. Other titles from Meier Verlag are the Steiner Anzeiger, which appears weekly and covers the upper part of the canton, and the Klettgauer Zeitung / Schaffhauserland, which appears three times a week and reports on the Klettgau .
The weekly free newspaper Schaffhauser Bock is published by the publishing house Schaffhauser Bock AG, which is owned by the entrepreneur Giorgio Behr . The Schaffhauser Bock is also published in the Zurich Rafzerfeld , in the adjacent Zurich Weinland and in the former Thurgau district of Diessenhofen .
The weekly newspaper also includes the Schaffhauser AZ (formerly: Schaffhauser Arbeiterzeitung ) from AZ Verlags AG and the Heimatblatt from Thaynger Augustin Verlag, which focuses on Reiat. In Klettgau there is the Schaffhauser Landzeitung of Schleitheimer Stamm + Co Druckerei AG, which also appears three times a week, as a competitor to the Klettgauer Zeitung of Meier Verlag .
The Schaffhauser Magazin from Meier Verlag and the magazine Lappi tue d'Augen uf, which is published by an association, appear four times a year .
Radio and television
The Schaffhausen regional radio has been broadcasting Radio Munot since 1983 and in 1999 the alternative, non-commercial Radio RaSA started operations. The Schaffhauser Fernsehen radiates daily from a newscast about the area and other magazine programs. Also Tele Top broadcasts a daily regional program for Schaffhausen. Tele Stein broadcast by cable from and for the upper part of the canton until 2014.
The most successful sports club in the canton of Schaffhausen is the handball club Kadetten Schaffhausen . In 2011 the BBC Arena , their new home hall, opened. The club regularly qualifies for participation in the EHF Cup . The FC Schaffhausen plays in the season 2018/2019 in the Challenge League . The home games are played in the " Lipo-Park " stadium. The second best football club in the canton is SV Schaffhausen . The VC Kanti players regularly play in the Challenge Cup at European level. The table tennis club TTC Neuhausen plays in the highest Swiss league. The EHC Schaffhausen plays in the fourth class 2nd division. The new ice rink, the IWC Arena, opened in 2010. The Rugby Club Schaffhausen, also known as "Golden Balls", plays in the NLC, the third highest league in Switzerland. On the last weekend in August, the international car hill climb takes place every year on the 3.0 km long route from Oberhallau to the Oberhallauerberg .
A cooperation agreement exists between the canton of Schaffhausen and the city of Joinville in Brazil . In November 2007 a delegation from Joinville visited the canton of Schaffhausen and was received by representatives of the canton and the city of Schaffhausen as well as by the Association Partnership Schaffhausen Joinville . The ties between the canton and the city of Schaffhausen are due to the large number of emigrants who emigrated from various communities in the canton of Schaffhausen to Joinville in Brazil in the 19th century. In recent years, contacts have been taken up and deepened, first on a private level, and more recently also on an official level.
The most populous political communities with more than 1,000 inhabitants as of December 31, 2018 are listed below:
|Schaffhausen , main town||36,587|
|Neuhausen am Rheinfall||10,512|
|Stone at the Rhein||3415|
- Roland E. Hofer, Markus Höneisen, Oliver Landolt, Eduard Joos, Markus Späth-Walter: Schaffhausen (Canton). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . May 11, 2017 .
- Stephan Förster: The political system of the canton of Schaffhausen. Actors, institutions and decision-making processes in a small state. European Center for Research on Federalism, Tübingen 2005, ISBN 3-9806978-9-4 .
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Commons||- multimedia content|
|Wiktionary||- Dictionary entries|
|Wikisource||- Sources and full texts|
|Wikivoyage||- Travel Guide|
- Website of the canton of Schaffhausen
- Schaffhauserland tourism
- Official statistics. Regional portrait with key figures
- State Archives Schaffhausen
- Link catalog on the subject of the Canton of Schaffhausen at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
References and comments
- Balance of the permanent resident population by canton, definitive annual results, 2018. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 27, 2019, accessed on September 18, 2019 (definitive annual results).
- Structure of the permanent resident population by cantons. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 26, 2016, accessed on May 31, 2017 .
- The situation on the job market in December 2015. (PDF; 807 kB) State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), January 8, 2016, p. 9 , archived from the original on January 12, 2016 ; accessed on January 13, 2016 .
- For details of the sound forms, see the article Schaffhausen .
- Quality of the smallest bodies of water in the canton of Schaffhausen. Autumn 2006. Office for Food Control and Environmental Protection Schaffhausen ( interkantlab.ch [PDF; 5.2 MB]).
- Morgetshofsee, Rudolfersee. (PDF; 302 kB) Thayngen municipality , April 15, 2003, accessed on July 8, 2015 .
- Stoffler. (PDF; 498 kB) Thayngen municipality, April 15, 2003, accessed on July 8, 2015 .
- The Canton of Schaffhausen in Figures, 2007/8 edition of the Schaffhauser Kantonalbank.
- Constitution of the Canton of Schaffhausen. Swiss Federal Chancellery , accessed on July 8, 2015 .
- Wiki Genealogy: Schaffhausen coat of arms.
- Karl Andree , Adriano Balbi: Handbook of the political description of the earth: After Adrian Balbi's Abrégé de geographie. Volume 1: Introduction and Europe. Verlag GCE Mayer, Braunschweig 1835, p. 189 ( scan in Google book search).
- Balance of the permanent resident population by canton, definitive annual results, 2018. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 27, 2019, accessed on September 18, 2019 (definitive annual results).
- Structure of the permanent resident population by cantons. Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 26, 2016, accessed on May 31, 2017 .
- The situation on the labor market in December 2015. (PDF; 807 kB) State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), January 8, 2016, p. 9 , archived from the original on January 12, 2016 ; accessed on January 13, 2016 .
- key figures. Schaffhausen. (No longer available online.) Federal Statistical Office (FSO), archived from the original on February 19, 2013 ; Retrieved July 6, 2015 .
- Georg Wanner: The dialects of the canton of Schaffhausen. Huber, Frauenfeld 1941 (contributions to Swiss German grammar 20), digitized on e-Helvetica .
- Canton Schaffhausen in figures 2019.
- Since the last census in 2000, there are no more figures available on the religious affiliation of the total population (of all ages) for the canton of Schaffhausen. Exceptions are the Roman Catholic and Evangelical Reformed Churches ( regional churches ), whose members are officially registered on the basis of church tax . The data from the Federal Statistical Office on the religious communities in the canton of Schaffhausen are based on a sample survey, for which people aged 15 and over are surveyed. It should be noted that the results of the surveys show a confidence interval. See also Population Census in Switzerland # Structure Survey .
- Federal Statistical Office: Permanent resident population aged 15 and over by religious affiliation and canton, 2017. (XLSX; 377 kB) 2019, accessed on June 1, 2020 .
- The Cantonal Council. State Chancellery Schaffhausen, 2020, accessed on June 9, 2020 .
- Government Council. State Chancellery Schaffhausen, 2020, accessed on June 9, 2020 .
- Courts. State Chancellery Schaffhausen, accessed on July 6, 2015 .
- Fines for non-voters. Swiss Radio and Television (SRF), October 3, 2011, accessed on July 6, 2015 .
- Schaffhausen Blauburgunderland. Schaffhauser Blauburgunderland, accessed on July 8, 2015 .
- Wine year 1994–2014. (No longer available online.) Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG), archived from the original on July 9, 2015 ; Retrieved July 8, 2015 .
- home - Smilestones | Miniature world at the Rhine Falls. In: smilestones.ch, accessed on June 9, 2020.
- Smilestones: Switzerland's largest miniature world is emerging at the Rhine Falls [updated]. In: bahnonline.ch, December 24, 2017, updated November 11, 2018, accessed June 9, 2020.
- Strassenbahn Schaffhausen - Schleitheim (StSS) In: discontinued-bahnen.ch by Jürg Ehrbar, accessed on June 13, 2020.
- SwitzerlandMobility ( Memento from April 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ). In: schweizmobil.ch, accessed on June 9, 2020.
- Regional Nature Park Schaffhausen: Out and about in the nature park.
- Schaffhauser-Zürcher-Weg / Thurgauer-Klosterweg: Blumberg-Rapperswil-Jona / Tobel. In: camino-europe.eu, accessed on June 9, 2020.
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .