|Deutsche Bahn AG
|founding||January 1, 1994|
|Seat||Berlin , Germany|
|Number of employees||323,944 (2019)|
|sales||44.4 billion euros (2019)|
|Branch||Transport / logistics|
|As of December 31, 2019|
The Deutsche Bahn AG (short DB AG , colloquially often DB or the railway ) is a federally owned railway company . The company is organized as a stock corporation and is wholly owned by the Federal Republic of Germany . There are around 600 affiliated companies under the umbrella of the DB Group , including several railway infrastructure companies and a number of railway companies . DB AG operates most of the German rail network as well as most of the rail traffic in Germany and is also internationally active in the transport and logistics sector. The DB AG was created in 1994 from the merger of the Deutsche Bundesbahn and the Deutsche Reichsbahn of the GDR .
The group is divided into a large number of companies, including DB Fernverkehr ( long-distance passenger transport), DB Regio ( local passenger transport) and DB Cargo ( rail freight transport ). The group subsidiary DB Netz also operates large parts of the German railway infrastructure and thus the largest rail network in Europe. The company generates around half of its total sales in rail transport. The other half of the operative business make up the further transport and logistics business as well as various service providers. The company generates part of its sales through transport contracts with the public sector ; The maintenance and expansion of the infrastructure are also subsidized. The group companies in passenger transport carried around 4.4 billion travelers with their trains and buses in 2016. In 2016, the DB logistics companies transported 277 million tons of goods by rail .
Group structure, organization
The Passenger Transport division (brand name: DB Personenverkehr, previously DB Bahn ) is divided into the business units DB Long-Distance ( Long-Distance Passenger Transport ) , DB Regio ( Local Public Transport ) and DB Arriva ( Local Passenger Transport Abroad).
In 2017, DB carried 142.2 million long-distance passengers. DB Fernverkehr AG carried the majority of this with its national and cross-border long-distance lines.
In transport , the company in 2017 yielded a transport capacity of more than 2.4 billion passengers, 55,306 million passenger kilometers were completed. The passengers contributed to 32 percent of the turnover in the regional business unit, around 67 percent of the money came from the federal states, which are responsible for local transport under the regionalization law.
The former urban transport division was responsible for the S-Bahn in Berlin and Hamburg between 2005 and 2010 as well as for numerous bus companies, see Bahnbus (Germany) . In 2005, the two S-Bahn networks carried around 524.4 million passengers over a total distance of 5,104 million kilometers.
On January 1, 2011, the passenger transport department was restructured as part of the Arriva takeover. The DB Bahn Urban GmbH and DB Regio AG in joint business field DB Regio merged. Since then, national local passenger transport has been provided by the DB Regio business unit, DB Arriva's international activities.
In 2015 the brand structure of DB was changed, which is why the umbrella brand for passenger transport was renamed from DB Bahn to DB or DB Personenverkehr .
Transport and logistics
The Transport and Logistics division operated in the market with the DB Schenker Logistics and DB Schenker Rail business units, which were combined under the DB Schenker umbrella , as well as the Intermodal business unit, which operates in combined transport . In 2016, rail freight transport was separated from the logistics division and DB Schenker Rail was renamed DB Cargo .
Board members are:
- Richard Lutz , CEO since March 2017
- Berthold Huber , Board Member for Passenger Transport
- Ronald Pofalla , Board Member for Infrastructure
- Sabina Jeschke , Board Member for Digitization and Technology (CTO)
- Sigrid Nikutta , Head of Freight Transport
- Levin Holle, Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and Logistics
- Martin Seiler , Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO) and Legal
In 2020 there were some changes on the board of Deutsche Bahn. On the one hand, Sigrid Nikutta was appointed to the Executive Board on January 1, 2020. She took over the freight transport and logistics department from Alexander Doll . In addition, she takes on the operational management of the rail freight subsidiary DB Cargo . It is intended to rehabilitate the freight traffic, especially single wagon traffic , which has been problematic for years , and bring it into the black.
On February 1, Levin Holle was appointed Chief Financial Officer and Logistics Officer. Before that he worked as head of financial market policy in the Federal Ministry of Finance . He also succeeds Alexander Doll .
Ten members are elected by the general meeting of shareholders , i.e. appointed by the sole shareholder (of the Federal Republic of Germany represented by the Ministry of Transport ). Ten other members are elected by the employees.
Further members of the supervisory board are:
- Werner Gatzer ( State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Finance )
- Ingrid Hengster (member of the board of the KfW banking group )
- Susanne Knorre ( management consultant )
- Kirsten Lühmann (Member of the Bundestag)
- Immo Querner (Chief Financial Officer of Talanx AG and HDI )
- Christian Schmidt (Member of the Bundestag)
- Elisabeth Winkelmeier-Becker (Parliamentary State Secretary in the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy )
- Eckhardt Rehberg (Member of the Bundestag)
- Tamara Zieschang (State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure )
- Jürgen Beuttler (Head of Purchasing, Real Estate, Compliance DB Fernverkehr AG )
- Martin Burckert (Deputy Chairman of the Railway and Transport Union )
- Jörg Hensel (Chairman of the General Works Council DB Cargo Deutschland AG)
- Cosima Ingenschay (Federal Director of the EVG )
- Jürgen Knörzer (Chairman of the General Works Council DB Regio AG)
- Heike Moll (Chairwoman of the General Works Council DB Station & Service AG )
- Mario Reiss (member of the works council of DB Cargo Deutschland AG, Southeast branch)
- Jens Schwarz (Chairman of the DB AG Group Works Council)
- Veit Sobek (Chairman of the General Works Council DB Netz AG )
The state railways of Europe, in Germany the Deutsche Bundesbahn and the Deutsche Reichsbahn, had to look back on a decade-long decline in the share of rail traffic in the early 1990s. At the same time, the further increase in vehicle traffic was predicted as a horror scenario. In this situation, politicians demanded that the railway must regain shares. The state monopolies of the state railways were viewed as inefficient. The official railways were not geared towards the growing international transport. Various national standards made operations even more difficult. The restructuring of the European railway market began with the EC Directive 91/440 / EEC passed in 1991. The railways should change from the authority to the company, the rail networks should also be open to competitors and competition between the railway companies , which were mathematically separated from the infrastructure companies, should take place.
In 1993, the Bundesbahn made losses of 7.9 billion euros in Germany alone. In addition, the Deutsche Reichsbahn had to be incorporated. In the first stage of the rail reform , the Federal Railroad was merged with the West Berlin VdeR and the Reichsbahn to form the Federal Railroad Fund . On January 1, 1994, the Federal Railway Authority took over the regulatory tasks. While the officials of the former Federal Railroad got the federal railway assets as employer, the entrepreneurial part was transferred to the Deutsche Bahn AG in January 1994. The newly created Deutsche Bahn AG should be able to act in a customer and market-oriented manner and generate profits.
The company's founding deed was signed on January 1, 1994 in a Berlin notary's office. On January 10, 1994, the merger of the two former German state railways was celebrated at Berlin's Ostbahnhof .
Along with the rationalization and modernization, Deutsche Bahn cut its staff. On January 1, 1996, local rail transport was regionalized . The states ordered transport services directly with federal funds because the tasks for local transport are transferred to the states. Further corporate divisions were newly created, the traction and plants division , which managed the locomotives, was dissolved on January 1, 1998, and numerous parts of the company were spun off. Finally, on January 1, 1999, in a legally prescribed second stage of the rail reform, the business areas for long-distance traffic, local traffic, freight traffic, railways and passenger stations were converted into joint stock companies, which was intended to increase transparency. As part of a third stage, it was planned for 2002 to dissolve the holding company, which holds everything together.
With the Hanover – Berlin high-speed line, the third new German railway line for high-speed traffic was opened on May 24, 1998. The travel times between Berlin and many West and South German destinations were shortened by around three quarters of an hour. On June 3, 1998, the Eschede railway accident occurred . 101 people died in the worst train accident in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany.
In 2002 the company took back a majority stake in Schenker von Stinnes , which was spun off in 1991 . With the timetable change on December 15, 2002, numerous other changes came into force. A new price system was put into effect, while 45,000 employees in contact with customers received new uniforms. At the same time, seven Intercity Express lines were run on the new high-speed route Cologne – Rhine / Main . On August 1, 2003, after a decrease in the number of long-distance passengers by around ten percent, the price system was revised again. The Services division was founded at the beginning of July 2003 . The business units DB Energy , DB Fuhrpark , DB Services , DB Telematics and heavy vehicle maintenance were merged into it.
Even if Deutsche Bahn praised its successes on the occasion of its 10th anniversary, transport politicians came to a differentiated result. It was considered a success that the federal government only interferes with investments and infrastructure issues, but leaves the daily business to Deutsche Bahn. The Deutsche Bahn also got more and more competitors and the operative business ran without subsidies. However, the public sector paid around ten billion euros annually to order local transport and to maintain and expand the infrastructure. Freight and passenger traffic grew, but rail freight traffic lost shares and the percentage of traffic in passenger traffic rose only slightly despite the heavily subsidized local traffic. The aim of the rail reform of shifting more traffic to the rails was thus not achieved.
On December 12, 2004, the upgraded Berlin – Hamburg line went into operation at speeds of up to 230 km / h. This reduced the travel time on the 286 kilometers of rail to one and a half hours. In the following months, the number of passengers on this route rose sharply. Many new routes, such as the north-south long-distance railway tunnel (Tiergarten tunnel ), with a total of six new train stations ( Berlin Hauptbahnhof , Gesundbrunnen , Jungfernheide, Potsdamer Platz , Südkreuz , Lichterfelde Ost) were put into operation with the small timetable change in May 2006. The commissioning of the new Berlin railway junction as well as the upgraded Berlin – Halle / Leipzig line for 200 km / h and the high-speed line Nuremberg – Ingolstadt – Munich resulted in significantly reduced travel times on other routes. In December 2006 a new timetable came into effect. The Intercity-Express lines Munich - Nuremberg - Leipzig - Berlin - Hamburg and Munich - Nuremberg - Frankfurt - Cologne - ... have been running every hour since then. Between Nuremberg and Munich and between Frankfurt and Cologne an Intercity-Express every half hour was established, in Leipzig an hourly Intercity-Express connection to and from Dresden was created. The full commissioning of the Nuremberg – Ingolstadt – Munich high-speed line reduced many travel times to and from Munich by around half an hour. On the Franconia-Saxony main line , regional trains replaced the previously used intercity trains .
From June 2007 to 2012, DB held a ten percent stake in the European rail company Thalys . On July 10, 2007, the jointly operated by Deutsche Bahn and SNCF began high-speed traffic between Frankfurt am Main (via Mannheim - Kaiserslautern - Saarbrücken ) with the Intercity Express and Munich (from December 9, 2007) and Stuttgart (via Karlsruhe - Strasbourg ) with the TGV POS to Paris .
In March 2010, Deutsche Bahn announced a public takeover offer valued at EUR 2.9 billion for the listed British transport company Arriva . The sale was completed on August 27, 2010. The European Commission had previously approved the takeover subject to certain conditions. In particular, Deutsche Bahn had to sell the Arriva Group's German business within a year . This took place in December 2010.
The company made a loss of 1.33 billion euros in 2015. According to a press report, the federal government wanted to provide DB with 2.4 billion euros in order to avert financial difficulties in the group and in return secure a stronger influence on the company. Initially, it was planned to raise equity by one billion euros from budget funds. The federal government should then forego dividends of 350 million euros per year for four years.
With the timetable change in December 2017, the new Ebensfeld – Erfurt line went into operation, and travel times on the axis between Berlin, Halle / Leipzig, Nuremberg and Munich were reduced by one to two hours.
As part of a “climate protection program” presented in September 2019, the federal government announced that it would invest one billion euros in equity in DB from 2020 to 2030. This should enable the company to invest additional capital.
In July 2020, at a joint press conference with Siemens Mobility, Deutsche Bahn announced the acquisition of 30 new high-speed trains based on the 407 series ICE that is already in operation . Together with the new ICE 4 vehicles, the number of which is to increase to 100 trains by 2026, DB wants to achieve a capacity of around 220,000 seats in long-distance transport .
At the end of June 2006, DB's supervisory board issued a public statement in favor of an IPO of the company. In May 2008, the aim was to sell a proportion of the company's shares to private investors for autumn 2008; Initially, a maximum of 49.9% of the shares in Deutsche Bahn should be sold.
In the debate, five different models were essentially discussed, which were developed by a consortium of experts around the US company. Booz Allen Hamilton with regard to their effects on, among other things, possible privatization proceeds , effects on public budgets and competition in rail transport . The models discussed ranged from a sale of shares of the existing (vertical) integrated group up to a complete sale of privatized transport companies after the separation of the transport service and rail network - infrastructure .
In the further course of the discussion about the sale of the shares, the infrastructure area was removed from the intention to sell. To the then agreed to on 9 November 2006 coalition committee in principle on the part carried out capital - privatization of Deutsche Bahn AG, but without power and train stations. Only parts of the passenger transport, logistics and services divisions were then to be sold. For this purpose, these business areas were bundled in 2008 under the umbrella of the 100% subsidiary DB Mobility Logistics AG . At the end of 2008 - in view of or on the occasion of the financial crisis from 2007 onwards - the planned capital privatization was postponed indefinitely. In January 2011, the IPO was de facto completely canceled. In March 2011, railway boss Rüdiger Grube reaffirmed that an IPO was not an issue for the time being.
Opponents of rail privatization are of the opinion that, analogous to the development in Great Britain, line closures and deterioration in services would be the immediate consequences of privatization. The Alliance Rail for All argues z. For example, state subsidies for rail operations will not decrease even after privatization, but the need to save money for the purpose of raising funds for a dividend would lead to a deterioration in service . DB is assuming a dividend of 3 to 4 percent to be distributed. A study commissioned by the Federal Association of German Industry and the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry comes to the conclusion that after privatization, in order to meet the return expectations of investors , the railway would have to reduce network expansion and maintenance measures and / or have them financed by the federal government. The expected return can only be met if the state subsidizes accordingly . Subsidizing a privatized railway for the benefit of private investors is mentioned in the study as a problem for the political implementation of privatization.
Separation of network and operation
It is controversial whether the railway transport companies of the DB group (e.g. DB Regio , DB Fernverkehr ) should be completely separated from its railway infrastructure companies (e.g. DB Netz , DB Energie ).
The European Commission has, due to the lack of independence of DB Netz within the holding structure an infringement procedure initiated against the Federal Republic of Germany. The European Court of Justice dismissed the action in a judgment on February 28, 2013. According to the European Commission, there are indications that Deutsche Bahn is dictating the access conditions of competitors.
The Monopolies Commission recommended in a Special Report in September 2009 to manufacture by rapid privatization of the transport division of Deutsche Bahn, the independence of the infrastructure. This is the only way to create fair competitive conditions for the benefit of consumers.
Digitization and autonomous driving
With Sabina Jeschke, Deutsche Bahn has had a board member for digitization since 2017 and, according to its own information, plans to operate parts of the network fully automatically by 2023 at the latest. However, experts and trade unions see this rather critically. DB Cargo has announced that it will make an autonomous shunting locomotive ready for series production by 2021 , which is currently being tested in Munich .
In September 2018, Deutsche Bahn also announced that it would be converting the route network across Germany as part of the “ Digital Rail Germany ” program . This is to be completely digitized by 2040 and equipped with digital interlockings and the train control system ETCS . This should avoid delays due to block sections that are too large and high route utilization. In addition, national barriers between the European rail networks are to be dismantled, thus strengthening freight traffic. The Federal Ministry of Transport under Minister Andreas Scheuer has promised DB that the federal government will support this project . The consulting firm McKinsey has estimated the costs at around 30 to 35 billion euros. One of the first projects being implemented is the partial retrofitting of the Hamburg and Stuttgart S-Bahns .
Agenda for a better railway
Due to the persistently poor punctuality in long-distance transport (70.4% in November 2018) as well as maintenance deficiencies and a negative development in rail freight transport at DB, the supervisory board and politicians, at the insistence of the public, demanded a concept from the rail board that should ensure improvements in the short and medium term. Rail boss Richard Lutz and the other members of the DB board then presented a “ five-point plan ” in a meeting with the BMVI on January 17, 2019 . This is to be carried out this year and provides, among other things, an increase in punctuality in long-distance transport to 76.5% (annual average), a strengthening of rail freight transport and investments in infrastructure supported by the federal government amounting to 11 billion euros.
In March 2019, the company also announced that it would record and publish traveler punctuality in long-distance transport , which also takes account of connection losses by travelers.
Group strategy "Strong Rail"
The agenda for a better railway , which was presented in January 2019, was followed by the new corporate strategy Strong Rail in June 2019 . It stipulated that DB intends to focus more on its core business, the railways and mobility services in Germany, in the coming years . At the same time, freight transport, local public transport with DB Regio and long-distance transport are to be strengthened and new customers won. The group wants to achieve this through massive investments in infrastructure as well as in personnel (100,000 new employees are planned in the coming years) and technology. At the same time, the German clock and the digitization of the existing network play a major role. The Federal Government and Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer have promised financial support, provided that concrete improvements can be seen quickly.
In Germany there are an average of 40,000 train journeys every day. Most of the trains are operated by DB's own 24 railway companies (see also table below ). The rail network Deutsche Bahn applies after the Swiss SBB -Netz, the Czech ČD -Netz and the Belgian (railway network as the fourth densest in Europe Vatican and Monaco not considered).
In 2018, 148 million passengers used DB's long-distance trains, and around 2 billion passengers in total passenger traffic. The share in long-distance traffic is expected to increase to consistently over 150 million in 2019.
According to the company's own calculations, 94.1 percent of all trains in DB's passenger traffic arrived at their destination on time in 2017. According to the definition of the company, arrival is considered to be on time if the arrival time according to the timetable is exceeded by less than 6 minutes. In 2018, 73 percent of long-distance trains were on time. The actual goal of 82 percent punctuality is not expected to be achieved until 2025. In 2017, 0.7 percent of the trains that started did not arrive at the destination station. 0.3 percent of the planned trains did not even leave. These trains are not included in the punctuality statistics.
Around 205,000 employees worked in Germany in 2018. At the end of 2018, there were around 319,000 employees worldwide. DB ranks 13th among the most popular employers in Germany.
|As of December 31st||2003||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014||2015||2016||2017||2018||2019||annotation|
|Group sales (in € billion )||28.228||23.963||25.055||30.053||31.309||33,452||29,335||34,410||37.979||39.296||39.119||39.720||40.5||40.57||42.7||44||44.43|
|Group result (EBIT) (in € billion)||0.465||0.951||1.352||2,477||2,895||2.483||2.208||1.817||2.177||2.529||1.767||1,830||−0.154||1.461||1.688||2.111||1,837|
|Consolidated balance sheet total (€ billion)||47,647||46.348||47.101||48,440||48,529||48.193||47,303||52.003||51.791||52.525||52.894||55.883||56.059||56,324||56,436||58,527||65.828|
|Employee||242,759||225,512||216,389||229,200||237.078||240.242||239,828||276.310||285,319||287.508||295,653||295.763||297.202||306,368||310.935||318,528||323,944||Full-time, TZ proportionately included|
|Railway stations and stops||5,665||5,697||5,707||5,730||5,699||5,718||5,707||5,700||5,685||5,645||5,668||5,676||k. A.||k. A.||k. A.||k. A.||5,679|
|Company's own rail network (km)||35,593||34,718||34,211||34,122||33,978||33,862||33,721||33,723||33,576||33.505||33,448||33,426||33.193||33.241||33,348||33,299||33,423||almost the entire main railway network in Germany|
|Passenger transport service :|
|Travelers (billion)||≈ 1.682||≈ 1.695||≈ 1.785||1,854||≈ 1.835||1.919||1.908||1,950||1.981||2.035||2.235||2.254||2.251||2,365||2.564||2.581||2.603||Rail transport only, from 2008 including international business|
|Passenger kilometers (billions)||69.534||70.260||72.554||74.788||74.792||77.791||76.772||78,582||79.228||88.433||88.746||88.407||88.636||94.698||95.854||97.707||98,402||from 2008 including international business|
|Transport performance freight :|
|Freight transport (million tons)||282.3||283.6||266.5||307.6||312.8||378.7||341.0||415.4||411.6||398.7||390.1||329.1||300.2||277.4||271.0||255.5||232|
|Tonne kilometers (billions)||79.864||83.982||83.111||96,388||98.794||113.634||93.948||105.794||111.980||105.894||104.259||102.871||98.445||94.698||92.651||88.237||85.005|
|Operations management on the DB rail network ( DB Netz AG ):|
|Train-path kilometers trains of the DB Group (million)||917.8||912.7||887.7||888||902||881||832.6||839||832||808||788||784||751||733||728||737||767.3||DB Group (all train types )|
|Train-path kilometers from external companies (million)||70.4||88||110||128||147||162||170.4||195||219||231||247||260||290||321||331||349||368.3||NBE|
|Total train-path kilometers (billion)||0.988||≈ 1.001||≈ 0.978||1.016||1.049||1.043||1.003||1.034||1.051||1.039||1.035||1.044||1.041||1.054||1.059||1.086||1.090||DB + NBE|
As of November 30, 2007, Deutsche Bahn had a total of 42,935 civil servants and 3,696 civil servants on leave. Based on the current working limit of 65 years, the number is expected to drop to around 42,000 by 2015, to around 15,500 by 2025 and to around 1,600 by 2035. From 2041, with a limit of 65 years, there will be no more civil servants at DB AG. The company pays the federal railway assets for the officials subordinate to it the expenses that would be incurred for comparable employees. In 2006, the company spent a total of 1.537 billion euros on this. Access to the civil service career of the former Deutsche Bundesbahn had already been closed in 1992. The company anticipated an increase in the average age of employees to over 50 by 2015.
Since 2011, the company has distributed a dividend of 500 million euros to the federal government as the sole owner. A dividend of 525 million euros was paid out in 2012, 200 million euros in 2013, 700 million euros in 2014 and 850 million euros each in 2015 and 2016. From 2017, the railway reduced the dividend payment to 600 million euros. The dividend has been flowing back to the company in full for several years. The "rail dividend" is paid in the course of the rail financing cycle.
Between 1994 and 2018, more than 5,400 kilometers of the DB route network were shut down. According to statistics from the Federal Railway Authority and the figures from the annual reports, however, this trend is declining.
Financial consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic , DB made around 3.7 billion euros in losses in the first half of 2020 and, according to Deutsche Bahn boss Lutz, is at the beginning of the worst financial crisis in the company's history. Decisive for the record loss are above all the collapsed passenger numbers at DB Fernverkehr and the billions in depreciation at the foreign subsidiary Arriva . But the losses of other subsidiaries such as DB Regio (around 600 million euros) and DB Cargo (around 350 million euros) also have an impact.
As a result, people from politics and business again called for a structural reorganization of the DB Group and accused the railway of having done poorly even before the Corona crisis. They therefore also criticized the lump-sum billion aid that Andreas Scheuer promised DB to alleviate the economic consequences of the corona.
In January 2009, Deutsche Bahn hit the headlines because of a scandal in the area of employee monitoring because it had repeatedly compared master data of its employees (including addresses, telephone numbers and bank details) with other databases. In the further course, cases became known in which bank accounts, private contacts and other personal information were obtained and evaluated.
For example, video recordings of gas stations that employees were driving to were obtained.
In at least nine cases, the Berlin research service Network Deutschland GmbH was commissioned to review employees, their spouses, suppliers and other contractual partners. The company was also asked at least twice by the Transnet union to compare the membership and employee files in order to verify that contributions were paid correctly.
According to research by Günter Wallraff , employee data were also manipulated in several cases. These manipulations were then used, among other things, to resign critics of CEO Hartmut Mehdorn and to privatize capital.
In order to clear up the data affair, the Supervisory Board appointed the lawyers Herta Däubler-Gmelin and Gerhart Baum as special investigators in March 2009 . On March 30, 2009, Hartmut Mehdorn offered his resignation at the annual press conference in Berlin, which was accepted with effect from April 30, 2009.
In the special meeting of the supervisory board on May 13, 2009, it was finally decided to leave the board members Bensel , Hansen (health-related), Suckale and Wiesheu on May 31. The railway waived claims for damages against the responsible board members, but offered them termination agreements, which resulted in severance payments in the millions. In addition, the heads of corporate auditing, corporate security and compliance left the company (Josef Bähr, Jens Puls and Wolfgang Schaupensteiner).
At the end of May 2009 it became known that Wolfgang Schaupensteiner had destroyed data to cover up the data affair in January 2009.
In the 75-page final report from PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) dated August 7, 2009, in which the corporate governance was reviewed between 1995 and February 2009, PwC announced that the fault of the board of directors could "not be established", so that a lawsuit could "not be filed recommend". In May 2011 it was announced that, according to a secret report from March 2009, in which the head of internal auditing at Deutsche Bahn had been questioned by two special investigators from KPMG , “Mehdorn and other top managers about the snooping and illegal e-mail surveillance knew and played an active role ”.
The new CEO Grube emphasized in May 2009 that he was looking for a fresh start. For example, the creation of new board departments for compliance, data protection and law made data protection more important. The fine of 1.1 million euros imposed in October 2009 by the Berlin data protection officer Alexander Dix for several violations of the Federal Data Protection Act in the amount of 1.1 million euros was accepted by DB.
Deutsche Bahn lost 45 million euros, 18.5 million euros alone for the investigation and as a fine, and another 26.5 million euros for the severance payments for top managers.
In the course of the investigation of the data affair, Lobbycontrol also uncovered at the end of May 2009 that the company had spent 1.3 million euros to covertly place positive contributions in the media, in particular on the planned IPO. As a result, the chief representative for communication and marketing of Deutsche Bahn, Ralf Klein-Bölting, was dismissed on May 29, 2009 by the CEO. The covert PR was carried out by the Berlinpolis company , which was commissioned by Deutsche Bahn through its parent company EPPA.
Claims for compensation
As the direct successor to the two Deutsche Reichsbahnen ( Deutsche Reichsbahn (1920–1945) and Deutsche Reichsbahn (1945–1993) ), Deutsche Bahn AG has been increasingly confronted with claims for compensation since 2014. With the support of the Train of Remembrance Initiative , the Jewish community of Thessaloniki is demanding compensation payments for the 58,000 deported Greek Jews who were transported to the concentration camps with the help of the Deutsche Reichsbahn . The prisoners themselves had to bear the transport costs of the prisoners to their death.
The Union of Victims' Associations of Communist Tyranny is demanding appropriate compensation for former slave laborers in the GDR .
The locked oyster , the negative prize of the journalists' association Netzwerk Recherche for particularly restrictive public relations , went to Deutsche Bahn in 2006. In October 2007, Deutsche Bahn received the negative Big Brother Award in the “Economy” category. Criticisms included the trend to force non-anonymous payment methods when selling tickets, as well as the unnecessary collection of photos and dates of birth from BahnCard customers.
In the same year, Hartmut Mehdorn, the then chairman of the board of management of Deutsche Bahn, was also awarded the minus title “ Sprachpanscher des Jahres ” by the German Language Association because of the frequent use of unnecessary Anglicisms throughout the group at that time . Thereupon the DB tried to avoid this at least apart from the already established brands.
The journalists Mark Spörrle and Lutz Schumacher deal with absurdities and grievances at Deutsche Bahn in a satirical way in the book series "enken ju vor träwelling " . The song Deutsche Bahn by the a cappella group Wise Guys also makes ironic references to everyday problems such as delays, technical problems and the situation on the trains.
- List of the Deutsche Bahn locomotive and multiple unit series
- List of companies in the DB Group
- Deutsche Bahn pricing system
- List of German railway companies
- List of private companies with federal participation
- Heiner Monheim , Klaus Nagorni (Hrsg.): The future of the railway: Between closeness to the citizens and going public. Evangelical Academy Baden, Karlsruhe 2004, ISBN 3-89674-119-5 .
- Erich Preuß : The broken railway: 1990-2000 - facts, legends, backgrounds. transpress, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-613-71154-0 .
- Erich Preuss: Railway in transition: facts - backgrounds - consequences. transpress, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-613-71244-X .
- Christian Esser , Astrid Randerath : Black Book Deutsche Bahn - The explosive truth about the machinations of Deutsche Bahn. Bertelsmann, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-570-10036-3 .
- Tim Engartner : The privatization of Deutsche Bahn. About the implementation of market-oriented transport policy. Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden 2008, ISBN 978-3-531-15796-2 . (At the same time: Cologne, University, dissertation, 2007).
- Arno Luik : Damage to the overhead line: The planned disaster of the Deutsche Bahn , Westend, Frankfurt / M., 2019, ISBN 978-3-86489267-7
- Official website of Deutsche Bahn AG
- Travel and mobility portal bahn.de
- TV report about the Deutsche Bundesbahn and Deutsche Reichsbahn from 1991 , YouTube
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