Federal Ministry of Finance

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Federal Ministry of Finance
- BMF -

State level Federation
position supreme federal authority
founding 1880 as the Reich Treasury
Headquarters BerlinBerlin Berlin
Authority management Olaf Scholz ( SPD ), Federal Minister of Finance
Budget volume EUR 5.89 billion (2016)
Web presence www.bundesfinanzministerium.de
Olaf Scholz (SPD), Federal Minister of Finance

The Federal Ministry of Finance (abbreviation BMF ) is a supreme federal authority in the Federal Republic of Germany . It has its headquarters or first office in Berlin and its second office in the federal city of Bonn . The Federal Ministry is supported by a scientific advisory board . The Ministry is headed by the Federal Minister of Finance .


The finance minister is next to the interior , foreign , justice and defense ministers (formerly the post office minister was also one of those government members who head one of the remaining so-called classic departments) . This designation has the background that there were only these business areas in the first German Reich government . To emphasize this, the specific article is used in the name . In addition to the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Finance is also one of the three federal ministries that are expressly mentioned in the Basic Law ( Art. 112 S. 1 and Art. 114 Para. 1 ) and whose status as such may not be affected (otherwise it stands the Federal Chancellor is free to set up or dissolve ministries within the framework of his organizational powers).

After the dissolution of the Imperial Treasury Office , the Reich Ministry of Finance was founded in the Weimar Republic . This was the forerunner of today's ministry. The creation of the Ministry in 1949 was immediately preceded by the Joint Finance Council created in 1947 .

After the Federal Treasury was dissolved in 1969, some of its tasks were transferred to the Ministry of Finance.

From May 1971 to December 1972, the Ministry of Finance merged with the Federal Ministry of Economics to form the Federal Ministry of Economics and Finance .

Due to the capital city resolution ( Berlin / Bonn law ) of the German Bundestag , the headquarters of the ministry was gradually moved from Bonn to Berlin in the mid-1990s. One office remained in Bonn.

Since 1998 the Federal Ministry of Finance has also been responsible for issuing postage stamps with the designation Germany .

Competence at the federal level

The main responsibilities lie in tax and budget policy ( state finances ) as well as in European financial policy.

In addition, the Ministry has, among other things, the legal and technical supervision of the following higher federal authorities :

Field Office

Headquarters of the Federal Ministry of Finance in Berlin (2019)
Federal Ministry of Finance, entrance Bonn office (2008)

The first official seat of the Federal Ministry of Finance is the Detlev-Rohwedder-Haus on Wilhelmstrasse in Berlin.

The building was built during the Nazi era in 1935/1936 according to plans by the architect Ernst Sagebiel and after its completion it was the seat of the Reich Aviation Ministry (RLM) until the end of the war in 1945.

In 1949 the building of the venue for was the German People's Council , which on 7 October 1949 by enactment of the Constitution in the grand ballroom, the GDR founded and there as a provisional People's Chamber was constituted. Subsequently, several specialist ministries were housed in the complex, whereupon the building was officially designated as the House of Ministries of the GDR.

After the reunification in the GDR , the house was the headquarters of the Treuhandanstalt from 1991 to 1994 . In 1992 the building was named after the President of the Treuhandanstalt Detlev Rohwedder, who was murdered the previous year .

After it was renovated and rebuilt between 1994 and 1998, it has served as the headquarters of the Federal Ministry of Finance since 1999.

Role in European politics

European policy competence

At EU level , the main responsibility of the Ministry of Finance lies in coordinating European economic and monetary policy on behalf of the Federal Government. In addition, the ministry participates in the preparation and control of the EU budget and is responsible for the EU regulatory areas of customs , taxes and financial services.

The main body in which the Federal Ministry of Finance is active at EU level is the Council for Economics and Finance (ECOFIN) . The Federal Minister of Finance represents Germany in ECOFIN. ECOFIN meets around ten times a year. In addition, the finance ministers of the member states hold an informal meeting in the country of the Council Presidency at least once every six months.

Within the ministry, the organization of its European policy areas of responsibility falls under the main responsibility of Department E under the direction of MD Westphal.

The EU information center is also located in the Federal Ministry of Finance , which is the point of contact for citizens' questions on European legislation, EU funding programs and EU policy areas, as well as an intermediary for various sources of information.

European policy goals

A self-titled "essential goal" of the BMF in European policy is the stabilization of the euro and the European Economic and Monetary Union . To achieve this goal, the BMF advocates reformed financial market supervision in Europe, closer coordination and monitoring ( European semester , reform of the Stability and Growth Pact , Euro Plus Pact, etc.) and rescue measures ( ESM , EFSF, etc.).

In addition, the BMF is in a leading position within the Federal Government and in cooperation with the European Court of Auditors , the European Commission and the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) for the correct and efficient use of paid European subsidies .

Management positions

Federal Minister since 1949

After Alex Möller resigned in protest against the debt policy of the other ministries, the finance department was subsequently co-managed by the respective economics minister , initially by Karl Schiller and later by Helmut Schmidt , before the original division was restored.

This amalgamation had briefly occurred before, when the FDP ministers resigned in the second cabinet under Ludwig Erhard , Kurt Schmücker was at the head of both ministries. This personal union ended with the formation of a grand coalition under Chancellor Kurt Georg Kiesinger less than a month later.

Olaf Scholz Peter Altmaier Wolfgang Schäuble Peer Steinbrück Hans Eichel Oskar Lafontaine Theodor Waigel Gerhard Stoltenberg Manfred Lahnstein Hans Matthöfer Hans Apel Helmut Schmidt Karl Schiller Alex Möller Franz Josef Strauß Kurt Schmücker Rolf Dahlgrün Heinz Starke Franz Etzel Fritz Schäffer
No. Surname image Life dates Political party Beginning of the term of office Term expires Term of office Cabinet (s)
Federal Minister of Finance
1 Fritz Schäffer KAS-Schäffer, Fritz-Bild-395-1.jpg 1888-1967 CSU September 20, 1949 October 29, 1957 2,961 days Adenauer I
Adenauer II
2 Franz Etzel KAS-Etzel, Franz-Bild-408-1.jpg 1902-1970 CDU October 29, 1957 November 14, 1961 1,477 days Adenauer III
3 Heinz Starke No photo available.jpg 1911-2001 FDP November 14, 1961 November 19, 1962 370 days Adenauer IV
4th Rolf Dahlgrün Dahlgrün, Rolf cropped (Kiel 77.423) .jpg 1908-1969 FDP December 14, 1962 October 28, 1966 1,779 days Adenauer V
Erhard I
Erhard II
5 Kurt Schmücker Kurt Schmücker1.jpg 1919-1996 CDU November 8, 1966 November 30, 1966 22 days Erhard II
6th Franz Josef Strauss Defense Minister Franz Josef Strauss (4909816836) .jpg 1915-1988 CSU 1st December 1966 October 21, 1969 1,055 days Kiesinger
7th Alex Möller Federal archive B 145 Bild-F039419-0010, Hanover, SPD federal party conference, Möller.jpg 1903-1985 SPD October 22, 1969 May 13, 1971 568 days Brandt I.
8th Karl Schiller Federal archive B 145 Bild-F029983-0017, Bonn, SPD press conference, Karl Schiller.jpg 1911-1994 SPD May 13, 1971 July 7, 1972 421 days Brandt I.
9 Helmut Schmidt Federal archive B 145 Bild-F039405-0014, Hanover, SPD federal party conference, Schmidt.jpg 1918-2015 SPD July 7, 1972 May 15, 1974 647 days Brandt I
Brandt II
10 Hans Apel Defense Minister Dr.  Hans Apel (4909219537) .jpg 1932-2011 SPD May 16, 1974 February 15, 1978 1,371 days Schmidt I
Schmidt II
11 Hans Matthöfer Federal archive B 145 Bild-F048639-0031, Dortmund, SPD party conference, Hans Matthöfer.jpg 1925-2009 SPD February 16, 1978 April 28, 1982 1,532 days Schmidt II
Schmidt III
12 Manfred Lahnstein Federal archive B 145 Bild-F064991-0014, Bonn, SPD press conference, Manfred Lahnstein.jpg * 1937 SPD April 28, 1982 October 1, 1982 156 days Schmidt III
13 Gerhard Stoltenberg Federal archive B 145 Bild-F054626-0002, Ludwigshafen, CDU federal party conference, Stoltenberg.jpg 1928-2001 CDU 4th October 1982 April 21, 1989 2,391 days Kohl I
Kohl II
Kohl III
14th Theo Waigel Federal archive B 145 Bild-F082410-0032, Bremen, CDU federal party conference, Waigel.jpg * 1939 CSU April 21, 1989 October 27, 1998 3,476 days Kohl III
Kohl IV
Kohl V
15th Oskar Lafontaine Federal archive B 145 Bild-F079284-0010, Münster, SPD party conference, Lafontaine.jpg * 1943 SPD October 27, 1998 March 18, 1999 142 days Schröder I
- Werner Müller (acting) Wernermueller2002.jpg 1946-2019 independent March 18, 1999 April 12, 1999 25 days Schröder I
16 Hans Eichel Hans Eichel.jpg * 1941 SPD April 12, 1999 November 22, 2005 2,416 days Schröder I
Schröder II
17th Peer Steinbruck Peer-steinbrueck-2013-roemerberg-ffm-142.jpg * 1947 SPD November 22, 2005 October 28, 2009 1,436 days Merkel I
18th Wolfgang Schäuble Wolfgang Schaeuble 02.jpg * 1942 CDU October 28, 2009 October 24, 2017 2,918 days Merkel II
Merkel III
- Peter Altmaier (acting) Peter Altmaier.jpg * 1958 CDU October 24, 2017 March 14, 2018 141 days Merkel III
19th Olaf Scholz
Olaf Scholz - German Radio Prize 2016 01.jpg
* 1958 SPD March 14, 2018 in office for 894 days Merkel IV

Parliamentary State Secretaries

Official State Secretaries

Expert commissions

See also


  • Claudia Steur: Today's Federal Ministry of Finance. A "stone history book" . In: Claudia Steur: Die Wilhelmstrasse - Government Quarter in Change / The Government Quater through the centuries . Topography of Terror Foundation, Berlin 2007, pp. 197–204, ISBN 978-3-9811677-0-2
  • Laurenz Demps , Eberhard Schultz, Klaus Wettig : The Federal Ministry of Finance: A polluted place? with a foreword by Hans Eichel (=  streets, squares and buildings of Berlin ). Parthas Verlag, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-932529-32-4 (132 pages).

Web links

Commons : Detlev-Rohwedder-Haus Berlin (headquarters of the ministry)  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Law on the establishment of the federal budget for the 2016 budget year (Budget Law 2016). (PDF; 36.1 MB) In: bundeshaushalt-info.de. Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF), December 21, 2015, p. 16 , accessed on August 14, 2016 .
  2. ↑ List of Abbreviations. (PDF; 49 kB) Abbreviations for the constitutional organs, the highest federal authorities and the highest federal courts. In: bund.de. Federal Office of Administration (BVA), accessed on August 14, 2016 .
  3. ^ Dorothee Weckerling-Wilhelm in: Dieter C. Umbach, Thomas Clemens (Ed.): Basic Law. Staff comment and manual. Volume II, CF Müller, Heidelberg 2002, Art. 62, Rn 23 (p. 417)
  4. ^ Dörte Hansen, Maika Jachmann: The Detlev-Rohwedder-Haus - mirror of German history. Federal Ministry of Finance, Wilhelmstrasse 97, 10117 Berlin, August 2015, accessed on May 15, 2018 .
  5. ^ The role of the Federal Ministry of Finance in European policy. (No longer available online.) Federal Ministry of Finance, archived from the original on October 23, 2011 ; Retrieved November 2, 2011 .
  6. ECOFIN Council. (No longer available online.) Federal Ministry of Finance, archived from the original on November 10, 2011 ; Retrieved November 2, 2011 .
  7. Organization plan of the Federal Ministry of Finance as of February 2014. Federal Ministry of Finance, accessed on February 19, 2014 .
  8. EU information point / European telephone in the BMF. (No longer available online.) Federal Ministry of Finance, archived from the original on November 1, 2011 ; Retrieved November 2, 2011 .
  9. ^ The role of the Federal Ministry of Finance in European policy. (No longer available online.) Federal Ministry of Finance, archived from the original ; Retrieved November 2, 2011 .
  10. Topic: Stabilization of the Euro. (No longer available online.) Federal Ministry of Finance, archived from the original on November 10, 2011 ; Retrieved November 2, 2011 .
  11. ^ The role of the Federal Ministry of Finance in European policy. (No longer available online.) Federal Ministry of Finance, archived from the original on October 23, 2011 ; Retrieved November 2, 2011 .

Coordinates: 52 ° 30 '31.2 "  N , 13 ° 23' 2.6"  E