Traffic routes control unit

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The control units for traffic routes (KEV), up to the entry into force of the Customs Structural Development Project in 2008, Mobile Control Groups (MKG), belong to the German Federal Customs Administration and carry out mobile customs and tax controls throughout Germany.


The tasks of the KEV include the fight against

  • Smuggling drugs, arms and weapons of war as well
  • Smuggling of other prohibited or restricted goods, such as certain prohibited or non-marketable food and pharmaceuticals, media with criminal content, or z. B. non-approved or non-importable commercial products,
  • Smuggling of goods subject to excise duty (e.g. cigarettes, alcohol, etc.),
  • unauthorized international trade in items that are suitable e.g. B. to develop, manufacture and operate nuclear, biological or chemical weapons or parts thereof (Foreign Trade Act - AWG)
  • Smuggling of counterfeit or counterfeit branded products ( brand piracy )
  • Fraud to the detriment of the European market organization (subsidy fraud)
  • Tax violations to the detriment of the tax collection, which is incumbent on the federal government (customs, consumption taxes, energy taxes, etc.)
  • Money laundering and also helping to combat tax evasion by hiding assets abroad.
  • cross-border acts to finance terrorism
  • Violations in connection with the Washington Convention on the Protection of Species
  • illegal employment and undeclared work (subordinate as the main task of the financial control of undeclared work VCS)

Working method

Depending on the situation, the service can either be in uniform or in civilian clothes. Controls are generally carried out proactively as part of the veil search (wanted controls ). This means that the officers select objects and facts worthy of control based on risk based on knowledge of the situation and criminal experience. The search controls of the KEV cover numerous traffic routes, such as B. Motorways, federal highways, country roads (vehicle controls), cross-border footpaths, the rail network (controls on trains), small airfields and special landing areas (control of aircraft), waterways (inland shipping), etc. There are also controls at trade fairs, flea markets and in companies, as well as illegal street trade (e.g. with untaxed cigarettes). Another area of ​​responsibility is the support of the customs investigation service in criminal procedural measures / investigations.

Sometimes joint operations are carried out with other customs and police stations, as well as other security and surveillance authorities.

The KEV have extensive technical means to combat smuggling, such as B. probes, X-ray technology, various detector technology. Sniffer dogs are also used.

Like all customs enforcement officers, the KEV officers are investigators for the public prosecutor's office and have extensive police and tax powers. They are attached to subject area C ("controls") of the main customs offices .

History of origin

The mobile control groups were formed in 1993 from the then already existing fuel control groups, which from 1977 were originally solely responsible for compliance with the provisions of the Mineral Oil Tax Act of that time - in particular the control of the improper use of heating oil as a fuel for diesel engines. As a uniformed unit of the customs, which was deployed nationwide outside of the customs border district at that time also in the interior, this unit was a special case in the federal customs administration. In the formation of the mobile control groups, officers of the former S-troops (special troops, special units for intensive controls to combat smuggling in the border service) were then preferably integrated. The aim was and is to use mobile controls to monitor the movement of goods and combat cross-border crime in the area of ​​customs administration after the stationary border controls have been discontinued.

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