Customs dog school

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Customs dog schools building
Customs dog school Bleckede 03.jpg
Customs dog school Neuendettelsau 1428.JPG
ZHSch Neuendettelsau
49 ° 17 ′ 3.2 ″  N , 10 ° 46 ′ 20.4 ″  E

The Zollhundeschule (ZHSch) in Germany is an institution of the Federal Customs Administration , in which dogs are trained to become protective dogs or sniffer dogs and people to become customs dog handlers . In Germany, customs dog schools were founded in Bleckede and Neuendettelsau in 1958 and are still in existence today.


The ZHSch Bleckede and ZHSch Neuendettelsau were part of the implementation of the structural development inch project as official offices for dogs being in the educational and scientific center of the Federal Finance Administration integrated (SEZ). This was transferred as a unit into the structure of the General Customs Directorate founded on January 1, 2016 .


Customs dog school (Germany)
Location of the customs dog schools in Germany

The ZHSch Bleckede is located at Breetzer Straße 33 , 21354 Bleckede. The facility comprises over 100 dog kennels , 200 hectares of forest, 8 training places and 3 bunkers .

The ZHSch Neuendettelsau is located at Breslauer Straße 1 , 91564 Neuendettelsau. This includes over 70 kennels, around 130 hectares of woodland, around 600 hectares of land for tracking , 9 training places and around 80 bunkers.

Both facilities are used equally by customs and the federal police . There are also training projects with the customs administrations of various other countries.


Customs dog handler with customs dog

The training to become a customs dog handler takes place by the customs dog instructor only after two years of training in the middle service at customs.

In order to be trained as a service dog , a dog must be at least twelve months old, have a pronounced play instinct and sense of smell , and be slightly dominant. Schutzhund training begins with a three-week preparatory course. After a short recovery phase, the five-week final course with examination follows. In the case of suitability, this can be followed by training as a sniffer dog. The dogs are then used individually as drug , tobacco, cash or explosives detection dogs . In 2005, 180 dogs were trained at the ZHSch Bleckede.

Dogs of the Belgian shepherd breed, but also German and Dutch shepherd dogs , giant schnauzers and other service dog breeds and mixed breed dogs are trained . Other breeds such as Labrador Retrievers , Cocker Spaniels or Jack Russell Terriers are also trained as pure detection dogs . The customs dogs are generally used as service dogs until they are ten years old. On average, the training of dogs and dog handlers takes 12 to 18 months and costs around € 10,000 to 15,000.

For 2004, the sniffer dogs sniffed out EUR 1.7 million in cash, 7.5 million cigarettes and 1,400 kilograms of other drugs.

See also


  • Johann Beerens: Customs and borders through the ages: on the way to Europe . 2nd Edition. Books on Demand , Norderstedt 2010, ISBN 978-3-8370-9550-0 , chap. The faithful four-legged customs officers, S. 394-398 .
  • More than just sniffing: The Bleckede customs dog school . In: Zoll aktuell . tape 2005 , no. 4 , August 2005, ISSN  0949-7072 , p. 4 f ( PDF ; 215 kB [accessed on January 15, 2015]).
  • Heiko Roddies: The Neuendettelsau customs dog school . The history of a training center for customs dogs in the Federal Republic of Germany . Verlagdruckerei Schmidt, Neustadt an der Aisch 2018, ISBN 978-3-947552-04-7 .

Web links

Commons : Zollhundeschule Bleckede  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Commons : Zollhundeschule Neuendettelsau  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. In a nutshell: The detailed concept of the Customs Structural Development project ( Memento of the original from December 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 290 kB) In: Zoll aktuell. 2008 , No. 1, February 2008, p. 7. ISSN 0949-7072 . Retrieved January 15, 2015. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / 
  2. Information on Directorate IX - Education and Science Center of the Federal Finance Administration. General Customs Directorate , accessed January 28, 2018 .
  3. ^ Law on the reorganization of the customs administration. Federal Ministry of Finance , December 9, 2015, accessed on January 28, 2018 .
  4. a b c Organization of Customs Dogs ( Memento from June 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  5. Looking for hot goods with a cold nose., July 7, 2011, archived from the original on September 24, 2015 ; accessed on December 18, 2017 .
  6. Abdul Kerim Kuzucu: The integration test Turkey: The Customs Union as a common association basis. ( Memento from January 16, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 253 kB), September 24, 2007, p. 36. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
  7. Bleckede Customs Dog School. Lüchow-Dannenberg district , accessed on December 18, 2017 .
  8. a b c Volker Macke: Wotan's nose . In: Asphalt magazine . No. 5 , May 2017, p. 6–9 ( [PDF; 556 kB ; accessed on December 18, 2017]).
  9. a b How are customs dogs trained? Federal Ministry of Finance , archived from the original on December 16, 2014 ; accessed on March 28, 2016 .
  10. Customs dogs. Federal Finance Directorate Southeast, archived from the original on January 15, 2016 ; accessed on December 18, 2017 .
  11. Award for successful work. General Customs Directorate , October 27, 2016, accessed December 18, 2017 .