European customs union

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European customs union
  • European Union
  • Other states in the European customs union
  • The term European Customs Union ( EUCU English European Union Customs Union ) refers to the inside of since 1968 the European Union existing (EU) customs union . The consequence of this is that trade between the individual member states is not hindered by customs duties or charges with the same effect.

    The legal basis for the customs union is provided by Article 28 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). Import and export duties ( Art. 30 TFEU) and quantitative trade restrictions ( Art. 34 and Art. 35 TFEU) are prohibited between the EU member states , except for goods such as fuel, tobacco, alcoholic beverages and coffee products. They also have a common customs tariff that is binding for all member states by the Council on a proposal from the Commission ( Art. 31 TFEU).

    Monaco , the British areas of Akrotiri and Dekelia , Guernsey , Isle of Man and Jersey form integral parts of the EU customs territory.

    Andorra , San Marino and Turkey are each in a customs union with the customs area of ​​the EU. An intended expansion of the European Customs Union with Turkey was canceled by the EU on June 26, 2018, following the election of the incumbent Erdoğan in the early presidential election and the associated entry into force of the constitutional amendments adopted in the constitutional referendum of 2017 . The expansion should include the agricultural and service sectors, so far only the movement of goods is free.

    Iceland , Liechtenstein and Norway together with the member states of the EU form the European Economic Area (EEA) and special customs regulations (preferential regulations) apply to them. The common external tariff is not applied to Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. There are special regulations for Liechtenstein due to its membership in the Swiss customs territory .

    See also

    Web links

    Individual evidence

    1. ^ Act on the Conditions of Accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic and the adjustments to the Treaties establishing the European Union - Protocol No. 3 on the sovereign areas of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Cyprus
    2. Documents relating to accession to the European Communities of the Kingdom of Denmark, Ireland, the Kingdom of Norway and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Protocol No. 3 on the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man
    3. ^ Agreement on cooperation and a customs union between the European Economic Community and the Republic of San Marino
    4. Decision No. 1/95 of the EC-Turkey Association Council of December 22, 1995 on the implementation of the final phase of the customs union
    5. No expansion of the customs union: EU takes tough course against Turkey., June 26, 2018, accessed on June 28, 2018.
    7. Decision of the Council of 26 March 2012 on the conclusion of the regional agreement on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin (2013/94 / EU)
    8. ^ Agreement on the European Economic Area (PDF).
    9. Delegation of the European Union in Liechtenstein, the Principality of Liechtenstein and the EU ; see also resolution of the EEA Council No. 1/95 of March 10, 1995 on the entry into force of the EEA Agreement for the Principality of Liechtenstein .