Medium Grade

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The middle service (in some federal states also the 2nd entry office of the 1st career group or qualification level 2 ) is a career group in German civil service law above the simple and below the upper and higher service .


The basic requirement for entry into the middle service is middle school leaving certificate or secondary school leaving certificate and vocational training (especially in technical subjects, e.g. in the fire service). For soldiers on a temporary basis, special regulations may apply after the end of their service period as part of their reintegration with regard to access to professions in the public service. A certain number of positions are also reserved for them. The training lasts two to two and a half years (depending on the authority and subject area) and is concluded with a career examination.

Comparison with non-officials

Soldiers of the Bundeswehr in the career group of NCOs are also assigned to grades A 5 to A 9. However, you are doing military service. They are therefore not comparable in terms of their legal status, (educational) prerequisites or typical business activity.

The Federal Police (the former Federal Border ) led to 1976 service and official titles similar to the ranks of the Bundeswehr (z. B. lieutenant in the BGS, Colonel in the BGS), although the institution was always a police of the Federation. With the organizational reform of 1976, the police service and official titles of the middle service (e.g. police master) were taken over by the police forces of the federal states.


The middle service is assigned to the salary groups A 5 to A 9 according to Annex I of the salary regulation A of the Federal Salary Act (BBesG).

group Basic job titles Examples / ranks of NCOs
A 5 Assistant / Works Manager (both offices are abolished) Police Oberwachtmeister (POW, only in Bavaria during the preparatory service)

NCO , mate *)

A 6 Secretary / foreman Government Secretary (RS), Police Chief Sergeant (PHW / PHWM, abolished), Engine driver (locomotives)

Staff Sergeant , Chief Mate *)

A 7 Senior Secretary / Senior Foreman Government Chief Secretary (ROS), Police Master (PM), Head Engine Driver (Olokf), Fire Chief (BM)

Sergeant , Boatswain *) , Oberfeldwebel , Oberbootsmann *) **)

A 8 Chief secretary / chief foreman Government main secretary (RHS), police upper master (POM), main engine driver (Hlokf), Upper Brandmeister (OBM)

Hauptfeldwebel , Hauptbootsmann *) **)

A 9 Official inspector / operations inspector Government Office Inspector (RAI), Police Chief Master (PHM), Locomotive Operations Inspector (Lokbi), Chief Fire Chief (HBM)

Staff Sergeant , Staff Officer *) , Oberstabsfeldwebel , Oberstabsbootsmann *) **)

*) Soldiers are not civil servants . The soldiers are assigned informatively according to their salary group.
**) receives an official allowance

The original entry office in the middle service with the grade A 5 is almost no longer available. For civil servants, the entrance office is usually an office of grade A 6. Only in certain careers is A 5 (e.g. police trainee in some federal states) still passed through or correctional officers already receive an A 7 as entrance office.

Exemplary use of the service / office designations in the Federal Customs Administration : Customs secretary on probation (until 2009: Customs secretary z. A.), Customs secretary, Customs secretary / customs ship chief secretary, customs chief secretary / customs ship chief secretary, customs office inspector / customs ship inspector / customs ship inspector (until 2009: customs ship inspector).

Areas of responsibility

Civil servants of the middle service are partly active in the area of ​​the preparatory, but mostly in the executive function. The job title of a civil servant in the middle non-technical administrative service is often an office clerk .

Suitable civil servants in the middle service can also take on management functions in smaller work units and subject areas . For civil servants with well above average performance, there is also the possibility of advancing to the higher service . The employment in management functions is determined by the organizational sovereignty and the promotion is very rigidly determined by the legal provisions of the respective employer.

Furthermore, § 26 BBesG restricts the promotion offices in terms of percentage by upper limits (e.g. in the middle service "official inspector" in salary group A 9 a maximum of 40 percent), because the promotion procedure cannot be carried out without a suitable position. (Exceptions to this are regulated in Section 26, Paragraph 2 of the BBesG.) Senior civil servants without studying at a university for public administration do not have the academic degreeDiplom-Verwaltungswirt (FH) ” because they have not acquired it.


From 1927 to 1939 the career of the middle service was divided into the simple middle service and the upper middle service . The career of the higher service emerged from the latter .