Hectares


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Physical unit
Unit name Hectares / hectares
Unit symbol
Physical quantity (s) Area
Formula symbol
dimension
system Approved for use with the SI
In SI units
Named after "Hecto- ar "
Derived from Ar

The hectare or hectare , in Swiss the hectare ( singular ), is a unit of measurement of the area with the unit symbol ha . It is mainly used in agriculture and forestry and corresponds to an area of ​​10,000 m², for example a square field with a side length of 100 meters.

The hectare or hectares is a legal unit in Germany, Austria and Switzerland .

history

The word hectare is borrowed from French and is based on the Greek hekatón 'hundred' (in the form of composition hecto- adapted from French ) and French are (from the Latin ārea 'area').

In 1879 the hectare was included in its recommendations by the CIPM (Comité International des Poids et Mesures). Even before that, the hectare was part of the order of weight and dimensions of the North German Confederation of 1868. On January 1, 1872, it came into force throughout Germany.

Since the late 19th century, one hectare corresponded to exactly four acres in the German Empire , which is why it was also called quarter hectare (vha) to distinguish it from traditional dimensions.

Conversions

Illustrative definition of hectares and ares, with a football field in the background for size comparison

One hectare is equivalent to 10,000  square meters or 100  ares . A square with an area of ​​1 hectare has a side length of 100 meters (1  hectometer ). One hectare therefore corresponds to one square hectometer (hm²).

km² = 100 ha = 10,000  a = 1,000,000 
0.01 km² = 1 hm² = 1 ha = 100 a = 10,000 m²
0.0001 km² = 0.01 ha = 1 a = 100 m²
0.000001 km² = 0.0001 ha = 0.01 a = 1 m²

use

Legal unit

The hectare does not belong to the International System of Units (SI), but it is approved for use with it. The hectare is a legal unit in Germany and Austria as well as hectares (singular), hectares (plural) in Switzerland , but limited to the indication of the area of ​​land and parcels. According to the EEC guideline 80/181 / EEC , “hectare” is just a special name for one hundred times Ar, formed from the prefix hecto for 100 and the unit name Ar.

Use with SI prefixes

The German unit and time law sees Ar (unit symbol: a) and hectare (unit symbol: ha) as independent units and allows the use of SI prefixes for both . Thus, in Germany, formations such as hectares (ha) and z. B. Centihectar (cha) legal but uncommon. The unit symbol ha does not indicate whether it refers to hectares or hectares , which does not make any difference, since in both cases 10,000 m² is described.

Yield per hectare

In agriculture, the term hectare yield is often used , meaning the amount of harvested material (for example grain or wine) from the area of ​​one hectare.

Further (non-SI) area units in the same size range

  • Ar : 1 a = 0.01 ha
  • Acre : 1 acre = 0.40468564224 ha
  • Yoke : between 33 and 58 ares; 3300 to 5800 m²
  • Morning : between 0.1906 and 1.178 ha, mostly between 0.3 and 0.4 ha, later to 0.25 ha
  • Bavarian daily work (3407.27 m²): 1 hectare = approximately 3 days work
  • A popular benchmark for the hectare is a soccer field , which is usually smaller:
    • most common size for soccer fields: 68 meters by 105 meters = 0.714 ha,
    • Minimum according to the rules: 45 meters by 90 meters = 0.405 ha,
    • Maximum according to the rules: 90 meters by 120 meters = 1.080 ha.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: hectares  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. a b Duden | Search | hectare. Retrieved July 3, 2019 .
  2. Kluge. Etymological dictionary of the German language . Edited by Elmar Seebold . 25th, revised and expanded edition. De Gruyter, Berlin / Boston 2011, ISBN 978-3-11-022364-4 , p. 408.
  3. The International System of Units (SI) . German translation of the BIPM brochure "Le Système international d'unités / The International System of Units (8e édition, 2006)". In: PTB-Mitteilungen . tape 117 , no. 2 , 2007 ( Online [PDF; 1.4 MB ]).
  4. Appendix 1 of the "Implementing Ordinance to the Law on Units in Metrology and Time Determination (Units Ordinance - EinhV)"
  5. Art. 18 of the Swiss Unit Ordinance
  6. Consolidated version of the guideline (PDF) (as of 2012)