Etymological dictionary of the German language
The Etymological Dictionary of the German Language is a reference work on German language history. It is considered the standard work among the etymological dictionaries . It is also called the Kluge after its founder and first editor Friedrich Kluge , occasionally currently Kluge- Seebold (with the current editor of the 23rd and 24th editions) to distinguish it from older arrangements such as the Kluge- Götze (7th to 16th centuries) . Edition) and the Kluge- Mitzka (17th to 22nd edition).
Requirements, processor, scope
|1. (in deliveries since 1881)||1883||Friedrich Kluge||392||3900||with dictionaries pp. 395–428; archive.org|
|2nd, unchanged impression||1883||Friedrich Kluge||392||3900||with dictionaries pp. 395–428; Digitized UB Regensburg , archive.org|
|3rd, unchanged edition||1884||Friedrich Kluge||392||3900||with dictionaries pp. 395–428.|
|4th, improved edition||1889||Friedrich Kluge||405||3600||with dictionaries pp. 409–453; archive.org , archive.org , archive.org , archive.org|
|5th, improved edition||1894||Friedrich Kluge||425||3600||with dictionaries pp. 428–491; archive.org , archive.org|
|6th, improved and increased edition||1899||Friedrich Kluge||443||4700||with dictionaries pp. 428–491; archive.org , archive.org , 2nd reprint 1905: archive.org|
|7th, improved and increased edition||1910||Friedrich Kluge||514||5200||Digitized MDZ Munich|
|8th, improved and increased edition||1915||Friedrich Kluge||510||5300|
|9th, revised edition||1921||Friedrich Kluge||510||5300||Digitized at Taylor Institution Library|
|10th, improved and increased edition||1924||Friedrich Kluge||552||6200|
|11th, revised edition||1934||Alfred Gotze||740||8300|
|12th and 13th, unchanged edition||1943||Alfred Gotze||740||8300|
|14th, unchanged edition||1948||Alfred Gotze||740||8300|
|15th, completely revised edition||1951||Alfred Schirmer||933||9500|
|16th, corrected edition||1953||Alfred Schirmer||933||9500||last edition in Fraktur|
|17th, edited edition||1957||Walther Mitzka||900||8500|
|18th, edited edition||1960||Walther Mitzka||917||8700|
|19th, edited edition||1963||Walther Mitzka||917||8700|
|20th, edited edition||1967||Walther Mitzka||915||8600|
|21st, unchanged edition||1975||Walther Mitzka||915||8600|
|22nd, revised edition||1989||Elmar Seebold||822||12,200||with Max Birgisser and Bernd Gregor|
|23rd, expanded edition||1995||Elmar Seebold||921||11,500||Reprinted as paperback 1999|
|24th, revised and expanded edition||2002||Elmar Seebold||1023||11,900||also as CD-ROM|
|25th, revised and expanded edition||2011||Elmar Seebold||1021||11,900||ISBN 978-3-11-022364-4 ; also as an e-book ( ISBN 978-3-11-022365-1 ) and Android app|
Information on the requirements in accordance with the end caps. Pages: dictionary part only. Keywords: counted by sampling five pages each of the letters D, H and K. For the 23rd edition, the publisher gives “13,000 words”, for the 24th “more than 13,000 words” and for the 25th edition “a total of approx. 13,000 words ”. The difference to the counted value comes from the joint discussion of related terms, which are considered individual keywords.
From the 10th edition in 1924 to the 12th / 13th edition. The 1943 edition was the dedication on the flyleaf: To the German people his German dictionary.
In the 1980s, criticism of the dictionary's condition at that time grew. It was said that it was not being maintained intensively enough and that it was partly out of date. The 21st edition (from 1975) remained unchanged compared to the previous edition. As a result of this criticism, Elmar Seebold became the new editor of the dictionary.
Since the first edition, Kluge has been an important source for etymological dictionaries of other languages. Examples:
- Etymologically Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal by Johannes Franck
- Etymologisk Ordbog over det norske og det danske sprog by Hjalmar Falk and Alf Torp
- Svensk etymologisk ordbok by Elof Hellquist
- An etymological dictionary of the English language by Walter William Skeat
- Dansk etymologisk ordbog by Niels Åge Nielsen
More etymological dictionaries of German
- German dictionary by Friedrich Ludwig Karl Weigand . 5th edition, Töpelmann, Giessen 1909–1910. The main processor was the Indo-Germanist Hermann Hirt ; Although this dictionary is old, it is extensive and its etymologies are independent of Kluge.
- Etymological dictionary of German by Wolfgang Pfeifer , developed at the Central Institute for Linguistics, Berlin. 1665 pages. 2nd edition, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-05-000626-9 . Paperback edition: Unabridged, revised edition, 7th edition dtv, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-423-32511-9 .
- Duden . The dictionary of origin. Etymology of the German language . Edited by the Duden editorial team, 20,000 keywords in the 4th, newly edited edition, Dudenverlag, Mannheim / Leipzig / Vienna / Zurich 2007, ISBN 3-411-04074-2 .
- Truig, dictionary of origin ( Truig Volume 6), Bertelsmann Lexikon Institut im Wissen Media Verlag (August 2002), ISBN 978-3-577-10071-7 .