Alfred Götze (philologist)

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Alfred August Woldemar Götze (born May 17, 1876 in Leipzig , † November 27, 1946 in Gießen ) was a German philologist and Germanist . His research concentrated on German verbal studies , the literature of the Reformation period, and ethnological issues (e.g. field names and special languages).


Götze studied German at the University of Leipzig and received his doctorate in 1899 on the history of adjectives in -ish .

He then taught at the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg , and from 1925 at the University of Gießen .

In the first years of National Socialism he turned against an exaggerated linguistic purism by defending the foreign word use of the National Socialist regime, which was often criticized as excessive: the foreign word use of "our patriotic movement" should be exempted from language purification because it arises from "well-considered statesmanlike intention". Together with his colleague from Giessen, Hans L. Stoltenberg, he propagated foreign language purism on a technical terminological level and called for the use of "language advisors at every university" to enforce it.

In 1933 Alfred Götze joined the National Socialist Teachers' Association , in 1937 he became a member of the NSDAP . In addition, Götze was a supporting member of the SS .

According to Adolf Bach's report , Götze had a stroke when his institute library was removed in 1946 after the University of Giessen was closed.


Götze's Early New High German Glossary , published in 1912, appeared in a total of 7 editions until 1971 and became a standard work for students of German studies. The same applies to his Early New High German Reader , which was published in 6 editions from 1920 to 1976 .

From 1930 Götze edited the new editions of Friedrich Kluge's standard work Etymological Dictionary of the German Language . From the 11th edition in 1934 to the 16th edition in 1953 he is named as a co-author.

From 1939, Götze published Trübner's German dictionary on behalf of the Working Group for German Word Research , the largest dictionary project during the Nazi era. The project, which was initially discontinued in 1943 after the publication of 4 volumes, was continued from 1954 to 1957 with further 4 volumes by Walther Mitzka .

Götze also contributed to the Grimm German Dictionary . He edited the 1st part ("Weh - Wendunmut") of the 1st section of volume 14, published in 1955.

Other fonts (selection)

  • On the history of adjectives in -ish , E. Karras, Halle / Saale 1899 (dissertation)
  • The High German printers of the Reformation period , Strasbourg 1905 (reprint: De Gruyter, Berlin 1963)
  • German student language, language association, Berlin 1928 (16 pages)
  • Alsace and the poetic literature of the World War (with Georg Wolfram and Franz Schultz ), Trübner, Strasbourg 1917
  • Ways of the mind in language. Thoughts and observations on the German vocabulary . (= People's books on German studies; Vol. 1). Haase, Prague a. a. 1918
  • Beginnings of a mathematical technical language in Kepler's German , Berlin 1919; Reprint Kraus, Nendeln (Liechtenstein) 1967 (= German Studies. Issue 1).
  • A strange guest. Mrs. von Staël in Germany 1803/04 . Edited from letters and documents. v. Alfred Gotze. Frommann, Jena 1928


  • Ludwig Erich Schmitt: Alfred Götze (1876–1946) as a Germanist in Leipzig, Freiburg and Gießen . With a list of publications and doctoral candidates by Friedrich Stroh. (= Contributions to German philology; vol. 50). Schmitz, Giessen 1980. ISBN 3-87711-030-4
  • Wenke Mückel: Trübner's "German Dictionary". A dictionary from the time of National Socialism. A lexicographical analysis of the first four volumes (published 1939–1943) . (= Lexicographica; Series Maior; 125). Niemeyer, Tübingen 2005. ISBN 3-484-39125-1
  • Peter von Polenz : German language history from the late Middle Ages to the present . Volume 3. De Gruyter, Berlin 1999.

Individual evidence

  1. Chronology Götze, Alfred (PDF; 155 kB) by Gerd Simon , Uni Tübiungen
  2. Alfred Götze: Early New High German Glossary. 2nd edition Bonn 1920 (= small texts for lectures and exercises , 101); 5th edition Berlin 1956; Reprints (declared as 6th etc. edition) 1960 etc.

Web links