University of Leipzig
|University of Leipzig|
|motto||"Crossing borders by tradition"|
|Students||30,226 (winter semester 2017/18)|
|including professors||445 (WS 2015)|
|Annual budget||€ 405 million ( €
118.0 million third-party funding )
|Networks||DFH , German U15 , IAU|
The University of Leipzig - Alma Mater Lipsiensis (AML) - was founded in 1409 after the University of Heidelberg (1386), making it the second oldest continuously operating university in Germany today.
Foundation of the university
After due to disputes at the Charles University in Prague in connection with the Hussite movement of the Czech King Wenceslas IV. By the Kutna Hora decree the local Bohemian nation over the other university nations preferred, attracted in 1409 about 1000 the local German teachers and students to in of the former margraviate of Meißen , the trading center of Leipzig, where the artist faculty began teaching. The city immediately transferred a building in Petersstrasse to him. Even the 1409 "was General Studies " by Pope Alexander V. confirmed. On December 2, 1409, Johannes Otto von Münsterberg was elected rector and the university statutes read out.
The members of the university belonged to four nations according to their origins : the Meissnian (the Wettin domain), the Saxon (north / north-west Germany, Scandinavia, England), the Bavarian (south / south-west Germany, south and west Europe) and the Polish ( Silesia, Eastern Germany, Eastern Europe). The sovereigns, Frederick the Arguable and Wilhelm the Rich , initially granted the university an annual budget of 500 guilders . From this, five Masters were paid per university nation. The others had to make a living from tuition and examination fees as well as other income.
Concrete records of the Studia humanitatis have been available in Leipzig since 1462 at the latest. a. with the names of Peter Luder and Hartmann Schedel . Luder's invitation to his inaugural lecture from Leipzig has been preserved. In a way, Luder was the focal point of the humanistic movement. With his early departure from Leipzig, his students followed him to Italy and the Leipzig humanist group dissolved. in 1479 Konrad Wimpina enrolled at the university. He dedicated a description in Latin verse to the university and the city in the years 1485 to 1490.
In 1415 the medical faculty was founded with its first dean, Gerhard Hohenkirche, who was involved in the founding of the university in October 1409 , and the law faculty in 1446. The founding of the faculty was evidently associated with the right to use one's own seal. In 1543 the university was greatly expanded by taking over the former Dominican monastery with the St. Pauli monastery church . Two years later it was consecrated as a university church by Martin Luther . As representatives of the university, Caspar Borner and Joachim Camerarius are exemplary for a close connection between humanism and the Reformation and thus for the renewal of the university. This was overshadowed by the Schmalkaldic War of 1546/47 and the death of Caspar Borner.
Until the Reformation period, the Bishop of Merseburg also provided the University's Chancellor as the Pope's representative. Jens Blecher stated for the following period: “After 1542, the sovereign in particular gained significantly more influence as the patron of the university, initially through the right to appoint the professorships endowed by the sovereign and then through the Merseburg diocese and the associated chancellery. Because after the death of the last Catholic bishop, the Wettins accompany the fate of the diocese as administrators. "
The university was the landlord of several so-called university villages well into the 19th century. Then the jurisdiction exercised by the university over these villages passed to the Leipzig district office . The university had already gradually lost its economic and academic autonomy vis-à-vis the sovereign. The primacy of the will of the sovereign is to be proven at the latest in the 18th century with the appointment of professors and even of language and exercise masters, in that he had the last word; The same can be said for doctorates.
In the houses that belonged to the colleges, the university or foundations, the lessons, disputations and other scientific events took place, and there the masters had their apartments. These houses were exempt from levies, taxes and charges, as well as from the jurisdiction of the city council.
As early as 1409, the princes gave the university two houses, which were therefore called the Fürstenkolleg: the Große Fürstenkolleg in the complex between Ritterstraße and the city wall (today's Goethestraße) and the Kleine Fürstenkolleg in Schloßgasse, which moved to Ritterstraße in 1441. Since the colleges were not sufficient for the requirements of teaching, magisters also bought or rented houses in which they lived and held lectures and also set up bursa for their students.
In 1416, the so-called women's college was added as a private foundation . Not women studied here, but it was named after a nearby Marienkapelle ( Our Lady ) and was actually called “Collegium Beatae Mariae Virginis”. It was located on the southern side at the east end of the Brühl and was only demolished in the 1850s for the construction of the Georgenhalle . Another college was the Bernhardinerkolleg opposite the Frauenkolleg am Brühl , which arose as a foundation of the Cistercian order , was only reserved for students of this order and therefore disappeared for the Reformation.
On the land between Ritterstraße and the city wall, further university facilities were created through expansion, reconstruction and new construction, for example the New College for the Philosophical Faculty in 1513 , which after an expansion in 1646, possibly after a corresponding painting, was also called the Red College . It stayed with the name when the building was "rebuilt from scratch" in 1881/92 based on designs by Arwed Roßbach with the front facing the Ritterstrasse. The university detention center with its typical paintings of the inmates was lost. However, this has not been forgotten in university historiography! The building facing Goethestrasse was renewed in 1905, but fell victim to the Second World War .
Development up to the end of the 19th century
The baroque or rococo period was not a carefree time of splendor for both the city and the university of Leipzig. The Thirty Years' War and the Swedish occupation from 1642 to 1650 had caused damage that was difficult to repair for the university because it lacked the means to repair it. The Seven Years' War was also a great hardship for the city and the university. a. Johann Gottfried Seume felt, albeit only in the 1780s, when Hessian and later Prussian soldiers recruited him. For fencing master Friedrich Leberecht Gellert, for example, the brother of Christian Fürchtegott Gellert , the Seven Years' War meant that from 1758 he reoriented himself professionally because the students apparently stayed away. But in 1725 Johann Christoph Gottsched started as a private lecturer, with whom Goethe also auditioned. the future rector and professor of poetry radiated far beyond the university. Poets like Lessing , Klopstock and Goethe were drawn to Leipzig. At least the latter was also a student of Christian Fürchtegott Gellert. The spirit of the Enlightenment fell on fertile ground here. This was evident not least in the founding of learned societies such as the Societas Jablonoviana . In addition to the technical studies, the noble students also took care of the class-appropriate retreats such as fencing, riding and dancing. The most outstanding representatives included u. a. the fencing master Johann Adolf Ludwig Werner and Gustav Berndt , the riding and stable master Johann Friedrich Rosenzweig and the dance master Gottfried Taubert . Language masters and lecturers of ancient and modern languages also rounded off this need. The university drawing masters Johann Stephan Capieux and Johann Friedrich Schröter (painter) were both draftsmen for the “Anatomical Theater” and illustrators for books, which were written by natural scientists in particular, or as teachers of drawing and painting for interested students.
In the 19th century, students were also enrolled, the majority of whose activities were probably outside the university. These included the composers Robert Schumann and Richard Wagner . Both heard u. a. with Wilhelm Traugott Krug . Wagner had experienced the events in Leipzig in 1830 himself. Under the rectorate of Krug in 1830, the traditional division of the university into the nationes in Leipzig was revoked and the university constitution was adapted to the new constitutional state constitution. The Academic jurisdiction heard in Leipzig also to exist. The 19th century is also associated with the numerous founding of student associations and corporations in Leipzig. For example, the Classical-Philological Association goes back to Friedrich Nietzsche , who was one of its co-founders. Even Richard Wagner's music led to the establishment of an association of academic Richard Wagner associations at German universities. Leipzig also had such a club. For the sake of completeness, it should be said that the Wendish Preacher Collegium was the first student association in Leipzig that was founded in 1716. It wasn't just this one in the 18th century.
The events that finally culminated in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig brought about a bourgeois society. The role of the traditional cooperative-academic corporation in the university was increasingly being questioned. The Carlsbad resolutions of 1819 and the revolution of 1830 in Saxony, but also the failed Frankfurt Wachensturm of 1833, also brought repression and bans on the connections. Even a Robert Schumann can be found in a list that suggests persecution measures. There was a need for larger and more modern rooms, and so the new main building designed by Albert Geutebrück , the Augusteum , was inaugurated on Augustusplatz in 1836 , with a facade based on a design by Karl Friedrich Schinkel . A group of professors led by Moritz Wilhelm Drobisch at the university founded the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig in 1846 with the consent of the Saxon Interior Minister Johann Paul von Falkenstein in commemoration of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's 200th birthday . In 1848, during the March Revolution , both professors and students took part in demonstrations and building barricades. As a result, some professors had to leave the university. They were the Germanist Moriz Haupt , the legal and ancient historian Theodor Mommsen and the classical archaeologist Otto Jahn . In 1891 the new university library Bibliotheca Albertina , listed by Arwed Roßbach , was inaugurated. A few years later, the university complex including the facade of the university church on Augustusplatz was rebuilt under his leadership . It should be noted that well-known artists such as Max Klinger , Josef Mágr and Johannes Hartmann were involved in the design of the facades as well as the interiors .
In the second half of the century, academic teaching became more subject-specific and, with it, completely new academic disciplines within the faculties, especially the philosophical, as well as institutionalization. For example, Egyptology was founded by Richard Lepsius in Leipzig. Professorships in history have become a specialization. For example, in 1877 a chair for Medieval and Modern History was set up under Carl von Noorden and a history seminar was founded. Johannes Overbeck became the first professor at the seminar for classical archeology that was newly created in Leipzig in 1874, which was also the founder of the cast collection. The historical auxiliary sciences are also to be classified in this process, in the context of which Heinrich Wuttke can be remembered, whose chair was transformed by Noorden into that of Middle and Modern History. The subject of geography at the University of Leipzig with the first representative Oscar Ferdinand Peschel began during this time. One of the most important representatives of Leipzig's geography was Friedrich Ratzel . The Institute for Experimental Psychology founded in 1879 should also be remembered with Wilhelm Wundt . The same applies to Carl Ludwig and Paul Flechsig . In 1873 Anton Springer took over the newly established chair for art history.
The year 1870 was not without consequences for the Leipzig student body, because according to Wilhelm Bruchmüller 400 students went to the Franco-German War, 55 of whom never returned.
The university until the end of World War II
The historian Karl Lamprecht was undoubtedly one of the most innovative and at the same time the most controversial Leipzig university professors of this time , with whom not only the dispute over methods in historical studies is connected. He also made a name for himself as a science organizer, even if he was unable to implement many of his ideas. On his initiative, an academic information point was set up in Leipzig. Mainly he should be mentioned in connection with the establishment of the Institute for Cultural and Universal History in 1909. The chemist of physical chemistry Wilhelm Ostwald and the physicist Werner Heisenberg and his quantum mechanics , who received the Nobel Prize for their achievements , should also be mentioned.
With the names Hermann Kuhr and Hermann Altrock , the development and the completed institutionalization of sports science in Leipzig are connected with the establishment of the Institute for Physical Education. The German University of Physical Culture ultimately had its institutional roots here.
As a result of a reform of teacher training in the Free State of Saxony in 1923/1925, teacher training, including its practical components, was affiliated to the university via a pedagogical institute (elementary school teacher, head: Hans Volkelt ) and an institute for practical pedagogy (higher teaching post, head: Ernst Boehm ) .
After the (formerly Royal Saxon) Veterinary College had moved from Dresden to Leipzig in 1923 and was accepted into the university as the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the Reich Institute for Vitamin Testing and Vitamin Research was founded on the campus of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in 1942/1943 .
In the first half of the 20th century, the right-conservative attitudes of many students and professors became apparent: this is not least due to the fact that many, if not the majority of the students who voluntarily went to the First World War are organized in student corporations were. At the age of 68, the German-American Caspar René Gregory was the oldest war volunteer in the German army. In the course of the November Revolution, on the orders of the Rector, students removed red flags from the main building and hoisted the flag of the Wettin noble house . During the Kapp Putsch , the Leipzig volunteer regiment, about a third of which was made up of corporate students, occupied the city center and shot at opponents of the coup. Two students from the Leipzig volunteer regiment were killed in the fighting in 1920. These were Karl Ernst Siebers from the Landsmannschaft Grimensia Leipzig and Karl Köhler from the Gymnastics Federation Variscia Leipzig. The student and university professor who died in World War I in 1396 was commemorated with a war memorial inaugurated in 1924. It is the lion monument of the University of Leipzig in the New Augusteum . The commemorative speeches for the inauguration of the monument in 1924 were given by the Egyptologist Georg Steindorff and the classical archaeologist Franz Studniczka . Both were outstanding representatives of their discipline. For Walter Müller-Seidel , the "University of Leipzig between the wars was one of the first universities in Germany".
As early as 1931, the National Socialist Student Union (NSDStB) won the elections for the General Student Committee. After the National Socialist “ seizure of power ”, 47 members of the teaching staff (11.8%) were expelled for racist or political reasons. Five of them were victims of the Holocaust and one committed suicide. In November 1933 , over 100 professors signed an appeal for the election of Adolf Hitler , and Rector Arthur Golf took part in the rally. The historian Walter Goetz and the pedagogue Theodor Litt were among those professors who were distant from National Socialism . With Goetz and Alfred Doren in the course of these events in Leipzig, the research on humanism founded by Georg Voigt ended under the influence of the cultural history of Karl Lamprecht and Renaissanceism . With the seizure of power by the National Socialists, there were also serious upheavals for the liaison system in Leipzig. Thus the office for camaraderie was introduced at the university according to the leader principle. The connections subsequently turned into comradeships . After the outbreak of World War II , this university was one of the four "Greater German" universities that were allowed to continue teaching.
University members who fell victim to National Socialist persecution were among others. a. Margarete Bothe and Alfred Menzel or Georg Sacke . Menzel escaped death by fleeing. Sacke was killed on the death march to Lübeck in 1945 . Furthermore, there were numerous withdrawals of doctoral degrees in this context. The University Medical Center in Leipzig, especially children's medicine, was also involved in National Socialist "euthanasia" measures . The heads of the university children's clinic Werner Catel and Erich Häßler should also be mentioned in this context, as well as the state hospital and nursing home in Leipzig-Dosen and the children's hospital (Leipzig) . Siegfried Rosenbaum should also be mentioned here , who left the university children's clinic on April 1, 1933 and emigrated to Palestine because of his Jewish descent and the so-called Jewish boycott . A total of 36 Jewish doctors at the university hospital were affected, of which 36 stumbling blocks have been remembering since 2017. It should also be noted that Nazi greats at Saxon universities, including Leipzig University, have Nazi greats as honorary doctorates without ever having been deprived of them. Among them were u. a. Adolf Bartels .
Without question, the world wars had a significant influence on the development of orthopedics, which was founded in Leipzig in 1806 . With regard to medicine at the University of Leipzig, Adolf von Strümpell , Carl Thiersch , Paul Flechsig and Friedrich Trendelenburg should be mentioned as representatives .
From October 1943 there were more air raids on Leipzig . In the heavy attack of December 4, 1943 , 58 of the 92 institutes of the university were completely or partially destroyed. The observatory and Johanneum , which had existed since the end of the 18th century, were also hit, where significant parts of the archaeological collection were lost. The first university archivist Richard Walter Franke is not responsible for any major loss of files, as he ensured that they were relocated from 1937 onwards and that they thus escaped destruction. These losses make the old document collections of Bruno Stübel and Friedrich Zarncke all the more valuable. Reference should also be made to the 1909 edition of the register by Georg Erler (historian) . This was continued for the years 1809 to 1909 through Gerald Wiemers and Jens Blecher.
In general it can be said that u. a. in the 18th and 19th centuries and later, not least through civic engagement, the collections and museums in the field of humanities at the University of Leipzig came about.
Karl Marx University
At the end of the war, 60% of all buildings and 70% of all books were destroyed by the air raids on Leipzig . On February 5, 1946, the university reopened under the rectorate of the classical archaeologist Bernhard Schweitzer . The University of Leipzig was also affected by the centralization of social institutions in the Soviet occupation zone and the GDR . This also applied to the Saxon Academy of Sciences , which would certainly not have been able to survive without a certain adjustment. In 1948 the freely elected student council was dissolved and the members replaced by FDJ members. The chairman of the student council, Wolfgang Natonek , and other members were arrested and imprisoned. But the university was also the nucleus of resistance . The Belter group campaigned for free elections with leaflets. The head of the group, Herbert Belter , paid for his commitment to democracy with his life and was executed in Moscow in 1951 . The university was also the focus of the MfS of the GDR.
For the appropriate education of students of all disciplines, later also the academic staff of the university, there was a "Social Science Institute" from 1951, renamed in 1960 to the Institute for Marxism-Leninism and in 1969 expanded to the "Section for Marxism-Leninism". Also in 1951, the current Institute for Sorbian Studies ( Sorbian Institute until 1968 ) was the first and only Sorbian academic institute founded. The journalism section (also known as the “Red Monastery”), founded in 1954 as the journalism faculty , was the only university course for journalism in the GDR. These social science courses and institutes were closed after the peaceful revolution in the GDR in 1990.
In 1953, the university was renamed Karl Marx University Leipzig by the new rulers . Even at this time, important teachers still taught here, such as the philosopher Ernst Bloch or the literary scholar Hans Mayer , but they were increasingly pushed out because they came into conflict with the system. In 1968 the partially damaged Augusteum including Johanneum and Albertinum as well as the intact Paulinerkirche were blown up amid protests to make way for a new building. From 1968 to 1972 the university skyscraper was built in the form of an open book, which became the dominant building of the university. The further redesign and development of the university campus followed in the years 1973 to 1978. The main building of the university was a socialist building, above the entrance of which the bronze relief Aufbruch with Karl Marx's head was placed. Werner Tübke painted the picture for the university working class and intelligentsia from 1970 to 1973 . This work has been in the lecture hall building since 2015, as has the painting Upright by Reinhard Minkewitz , which is a reminder of the student resistance.
Were known u. a. the "Leipzig School of Linguistics and Translation Studies" ( Otto Kade , Albrecht Neubert , Gerd Wotjak ) and the "Textbook of Modern Arabic" ( Wolfgang Reuschel , Günther Krahl ), which contains the most thorough German-language description of modern Arabic written language and in The revised form was published in many editions after 1990, including in English. Mention should also be made of the historian Walter Markov , who u. a. (together with the French Albert Soboul ) made significant contributions to the study of the history of the French Revolution. This also applies u. a. for Manfred Bensing , Max Steinmetz and Siegfried Hoyer with regard to research into the Peasant War , which was not least expressed in the Peasant War panorama by Werner Tübke .
Hundreds of cadres of African liberation movements studied at the “Africa Institute” and the later “Basic Issues of the National Liberation Movement” department. There they got the tools to create independent nation states in their homeland. Many of them were killed by neo-colonial forces. After the reunification of Germany, African Studies in Leipzig was restructured several times and greatly reduced.
Since 1948 the Franz-Mehring-Institute was responsible for the training of teachers for the Marxist-Leninist basic studies . The branch of the Franz-Mehring-Institut in Berlin-Biesdorf served from 1970 to train functionaries of the West German German Communist Party (DKP) in Marxism-Leninism .
From 1990 the university, which has been renamed Alma mater lipsiensis since 1991 , was under renovation. 7,000 of the 12,000 employees were laid off. In 1992 the "Clara Zetkin" (PH Leipzig) college of education was dissolved. When the university high-rise was sold to a private user, many faculties moved into new buildings. In addition to the lecture hall and seminar building, the Faculty of Economics and the Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science remained at the historic center of the university, the Augustusplatz campus . The reconstruction of the university library, which had been badly damaged in the war and which had only been sparsely secured in the GDR and was falling into disrepair, was completed in 2002.
The inner-city campus should be redesigned by the 600th anniversary of the university in 2009 . In 2002, the Münster architects Behet + Bondzio received second prize in the architecture competition, the design of which was the sensitive Augustusplatz site was highly controversial among the public. The jury did not award a first prize. An interest group with partial support from the state government called for the reconstruction of the Augusteum and the Paulinerkirche against the resistance of the university leadership and the majority of the students as well as the Leipzig population, whose opinion, however, fluctuated depending on the survey. These disputes led to a scandal at the beginning of 2003: Rector Volker Bigl and the Vice Rectors resigned in protest against the state government after strong tensions had already built up because of the Saxon university contract on future university funding. As a compromise, it was possible to agree to hold a second competition, which only concerned the Augustusplatz front of the university. On March 24, 2004, a jury decided in favor of the design by the Dutch architect Erick van Egeraat , which was well received by almost all sides. In its external form, but strongly alienated, it is reminiscent of the original cubature of the building complex around the Paulinerkirche. The renovation work, which should cost a total of 140 million euros, began in summer 2005 with the construction of the new central cafeteria. → Section: The new campus at Augustusplatz
In 2008, the university was able to assert itself in the Excellence Initiative in Germany and received funding as a graduate school with the topic BuildMoNa. Leipzig School of Natural Sciences - Building with Molecules and Nano-objects . The university was also able to assert itself with the Saxon initiative, where it is trying to better research common diseases with the “Life” project. Also in 2008 the Bach Archive was declared an affiliated institute .
600 year anniversary
600 years after its founding, the University of Leipzig celebrated an anniversary year in 2009. Over 300 scientific and cultural events were part of the anniversary program. The exhibition “Enlightenment of the World. Saxony and the beginning of modern science ”from July 9th to December 6th, 2009 showed the importance of university research and teaching in Europe from the beginning until today . A concert in the Gewandhaus heralded the anniversary celebrations on May 9, 2009. Among other things, excerpts from Johann Sebastian Bach's “Festival music for Leipzig university celebrations” could be heard.
The anniversary celebrations were accompanied by student protests . In an open letter, the cancellation of the anniversary celebrations was demanded: "Given the prevailing conditions, there is nothing to celebrate." Hundreds of students occupied the humanities center and denounced the poor study conditions: too few teaching staff, schooling after the introduction of the bachelor's and master's degree programs and too few options for subjects.
Organizations such as the German Research Foundation (DFG) or the German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI) took the university anniversary as an opportunity to hold their 2009 annual meetings and conferences in Leipzig. At the beginning of December 2009, around the founding date of December 2nd, there was a festival week.
In addition, a 10-euro commemorative coin , designed by Dietrich Dorfstecher , as well as a special postage stamp from Deutsche Post, designed by Nadine Bill, with a circulation of 309 million were issued for the anniversary .
In 2010, a five-volume commemorative publication was published on this occasion. On this occasion, the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig published the sixth volume of the Saxon Life Pictures as a festive gift. In addition, commemorative publications from individual faculties at Leipzig University such as a. the Faculty of Theology and the Faculty of Law. The university's music history was also honored with a separate volume.
There is documentation for the six hundred year anniversary. There was also a symposium, which is also available in print. In 2009 a collection of the Rector's speeches was also published.
The Paulinum - Aula and University Church of St. Pauli was opened in December 2017 and its distinctive silhouette characterizes Augustusplatz in Leipzig city center. It forms the resurrected spiritual and spiritual center of the university and is a place for academic events, university church services, concerts of university music and partner events. Architecturally reminiscent of the university church that was blown up in 1968, it houses numerous art treasures that were saved from destruction. Lecture halls and seminar rooms of the Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science are located on the upper floor. The New Augusteum adjoins the Paulinum to the south. It was completed in summer 2012 and is now the main building of the university. Inside are the university's auditorium maximum , a gallery and university offices and teaching rooms. The Audimax has five booths for three simultaneous interpreters each . In the basement there is also a training facility for training simultaneous interpreters. In addition, the New Augusteum is the headquarters of the Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science.
The institute building houses the Faculty of Economics and was created as a completely new building on Grimmaische Strasse. It was completed in April 2009 and has been in use since the summer semester 2009. The ground floor of the building is used commercially; there are shops here.
The seminar building on Universitätsstrasse was built in the 1970s and extensively renovated and redesigned in the course of the redesign of the campus by April 2009. The stairwells and the design of the facade were retained. The building offers 86 seminar rooms with a total of 2,600 seats.
The lecture hall building was also built in the 1970s and reopened in June 2009 after extensive renovation. It contains 21 lecture halls with a total of 2600 seats. The lecture hall building also houses the campus library with 500 reading spaces, which is open around the clock every day. The campus library contains the literature on economics, mathematics, computer science as well as communication and media studies. It complements the offerings of the Albertina University Library on Beethovenstrasse.
The new cafeteria am Park in Universitätsstrasse opposite Schillerpark was opened on June 29, 2009. It is operated by the Leipzig Student Union. 890 seats are distributed over three levels. Both lunch and dinner are available. In addition, in the upper part of the building there are editorial rooms of mephisto 97.6 , the local radio of the University of Leipzig, which are also accessible via the lecture hall building.
During the construction work for the new Augustusplatz campus in Grimmaische Strasse and Universitätsstrasse, students were temporarily accommodated in interim buildings from 2007 onwards, which were spread across the entire city. A large part of the lectures had to take place in the municipal department store on Universitätsstraße and in the lecture halls of the medical faculty. Among other things, the office building Am Brühl 34–50 was rented for seminars. The interim of the central cafeteria was at Katharinenstrasse 15. The contracts with the municipal department store and for the Brühl building ended after the seminar and lecture hall building was completed.
The Humanities Center (GWZ) of the University of Leipzig is located around 1.5 kilometers from the Augustusplatz campus at Beethovenstrasse 15 . This is where the institutes of the Philological Faculty, the historical seminar of the Faculty of History, Art and Oriental Studies, as well as the institutes for cultural studies, philosophy, political science and sociology of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Philosophy are located. The second Gewandhaus, opened in 1884, was located here until 1944 (or 1968) . On the way from Augustusplatz to the GWZ is the Peterssteinweg cafeteria with a historic dining room.
The Sports Science Faculty and the Educational Science Center of the Educational Science Faculty of the University of Leipzig are located on the Jahnallee campus in Leipzig. The Studentenwerk Leipzig also operates the “Mensa and Cafeteria am Elsterbecken” here. The building complex of the sports science faculty is an important architectural monument of the 1950s and is home to lecture halls, seminar rooms and offices as well as numerous sports halls and swimming pools. The Educational Science Center is a new building that opened in 2018. It comprises a lecture hall with 350 seats, the library for education and sports science of the Leipzig University Library , the premises of the Institute for Special Education and an integrative research and teaching day care center. The Leipzig University Student Council organizes the Leipzig Campus Festival every year on the Jahnallee campus. In 2008 the old bronze relief Aufbruch was re-erected together with a time-critical text panel.
Natural science faculties
There are numerous natural science faculties in the immediate vicinity of the Leipziger Friedenspark and the Leipzig University Hospital . In addition to the Faculty of Chemistry and Mineralogy, which is housed in a new complex built in 1999, the Faculty of Physics and Geosciences is also located on the site between Johannisallee and Linnéstraße. There are also numerous student residences of the Studentenwerk Leipzig and a cafeteria nearby .
The rectorate is at the head of the University of Leipzig. The chairman is the rector . The rectorate also includes the chancellor (university) and three vice rectors . They were responsible for teaching and studying, research and young academics and structural development.
Since the election of the new rector Beate Schücking , the tasks have been redistributed. There is now a Vice-Rector for Education and International Affairs, a Vice-Rector for Research and the Promotion of Young Talent and a Vice-Rector for Development and Transfer.
The university has the following faculties:
- Faculty of Theology ( Protestant Theology )
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of History, Art and Oriental Studies
- Philological Faculty
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Social Sciences and Philosophy
- Faculty of Business and Economics
- Sports Science Faculty
- Medical school
- Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science
- Faculty of Life Sciences
- Faculty of Physics and Earth Sciences
- Faculty of Chemistry and Mineralogy
- Veterinary Faculty
- Biotechnological-Biomedical Center
- Career Center
- German Literature Institute Leipzig
- University Didactic Center Saxony (HDS)
- Custody / art collection of the University of Leipzig
- Research Academy Leipzig
- language Center
- Studienkolleg Sachsen
- Saxon incubator for clinical translation
- University Archives
- Leipzig University Library
- Leipzig University Music
- University data center
- Center for Balkan Studies
- Center for University Sports
- Center for Advanced Studies
- Center for International Economic Relations
- Center for Teacher Education and School Research
- Center for media and communication
- Student union
The Studentenwerk Leipzig takes care of the social, economic and cultural support of the students of the University of Leipzig and other Leipzig universities. The main tasks include the operation of the student dormitories and the canteens and cafeterias at university institutions in Leipzig.
- Equal Opportunities Office
The University of Leipzig has an equality office that works in the areas of "Equality, Family-Friendliness and Gender & Diversity". The university continued to successfully participate in the second round of the female professors' program. Since August 2014 a professor has been sponsored in the Faculty of Biosciences, Pharmacy and Psychology.
- University Hospital
The traditional University Hospital Leipzig has its roots in the university's medical faculty, which was founded in 1415 and is the largest hospital in Leipzig with around 1,300 beds and approx. 4,300 employees (including faculty employees) in a total of 28 clinics and polyclinics.
The local radio of the university mephisto 97.6 can be received in the Leipzig area via VHF and is also fed into the Leipzig cable network. It is located in the lecture hall building on the Augustusplatz campus.
- Student associations
Today there are 15 student associations from various corporation associations in Leipzig .
Cooperations and memberships
The university is involved in three International Max Planck Research Schools (IMPRS): Neuroscience of Communication: Function, Structure, and Plasticity (together with the Max Planck Institute for Cognitive and Neurosciences , the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at University College London ), Leipzig School of Human Origins (together with the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology) and Mathematics in the Sciences (together with the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Natural Sciences ).
Seven affiliated institutes are affiliated with the university: The Albrecht Daniel Thaer Institute for Agricultural Sciences e. V. (ATI), the Leipzig Bach Archive , the Leibniz Institute for the History and Culture of Eastern Europe ( GWZO ), the Institute for Applied Computer Science e. V. (InfAI), the Institute for Non-Classical Chemistry e. V. (INC), the Institute for Insurance Sciences e. V. (IfVW) and the Leibniz Institute for Jewish History and Culture - Simon-Dubnow e. V.
In June 2006, the university management and representatives of the Chinese embassy agreed to set up a Confucius Institute in cooperation with the Chinese People's University and the “National Office for Chinese as a Foreign Language”. Since October 12, 2012, the University of Leipzig has been a member of the German U15 university network , which is made up of 15 leading medical and research-intensive member universities from Germany.
- List of well-known former students of the University of Leipzig
- List of teachers at the University of Leipzig
- List of Classical Archaeologists at the University of Leipzig
- Professor catalog of the University of Leipzig
- List of the rectors of the University of Leipzig
- Category: University professor (University of Leipzig)
- Botanical Garden of the University of Leipzig
- Herder Institute (Leipzig)
- Collections and museums in the field of humanities at the University of Leipzig
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- Mario Todte: Fencing, riding and dance master at the University of Leipzig. (= Studies on Culture and History. Volume 1). Bernstadt ad Eigen 2016, ISBN 978-3-944104-12-6 .
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- Ronald Lambrecht: Political dismissals in the Nazi era. Forty-four biographical sketches by professors at the University of Leipzig. (= Contributions to the history of Leipzig universities and science. Series B. Volume 11). Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2006, ISBN 3-374-02397-5 .
- Ronald Lambrecht: Students in Saxony 1918–1945: Studies on student self-administration, social and economic situation and the political behavior of the Saxon student body in the republic and dictatorship. (= History and Politics in Saxony. Volume 28). Leipzig 2011, ISBN 978-3-86583-577-2 .
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- A special study that deals with language masters or lecturers at the university is still a desideratum . See: https://opus4.kobv.de/opus4-bamberg/files/44422/SMKG1Sprachmeisteropusse_A3a.pdf
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