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Exemplary floor plan of a student 2-person shared apartment
Student residence, Cape Town University campus

A student residence (sometimes also called a student residence , student village , or student residence for short ) is accommodation for students . You can live here cheaply during your studies , mostly in small single rooms, studio apartments or in shared apartments .

In the USA and Great Britain , student accommodation is often integrated into an administrative-organizationally related campus . In the UK, dormitories are still common in some cases, while larger dormitory complexes are standard in the USA. In Germany and Austria there are numerous sponsoring associations of their own that rent out accommodation to students; the German student unions, for example, rent around 184,000 dormitory spaces alone (end of 2013).



Dormitory I of the Clausthal University of Technology , in the former mint from 1726
Vogtshof in Görlitz , a dormitory of the Zittau / Görlitz University of Applied Sciences with 242 places.
Student residence hall Gutzkowstraße 29–33 in Dresden
A communal area in the Adlershof student village in Berlin .
Residential and corporation house of the student corps Pomerania Greifswald
Four high-rise buildings used as student dormitories at the foot of the Lousberg in Aachen on Rütscher Strasse

In Germany, student residences are mostly run by the local student unions . But there are also many self-managed, private or church student residences. The largest contiguous residential complex run by a German student union is the student city of Freimann in Munich . The largest private, self-managed student residence hall in Germany is the Hans-Dickmann-Kolleg (“HaDiKo”) in Karlsruhe .

In Germany, around 10% of all students lived in dormitories in the 2012 summer semester. This is the lowest value since the surveys began in 1991 (then: 16%). This comparatively high value in 1991 was mainly due to the situation in the new federal states; There, the number of dormitory places has been significantly reduced since 1991 as part of modernization measures in which multi-bed rooms were converted into single rooms. In the old federal states, the share of dormitory users was already at a similar level in 1991 as in 2012. According to the social study by the German Student Union, dormitory use depends primarily on the availability of dormitory places. In Brandenburg, Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg, this type of living is proportionally the most widespread in a comparison of the federal states, with around 15%. In Hamburg, Berlin and Bremen therefore only home places for 5% of the students are offered, so mostly at their own homes or residential communities is avoided. The proportionate decline in student dormitories is mainly due to the fact that the number of students is growing much faster than the number of dormitory places. The social survey also shows that older students in particular prefer their own apartment.

Almost a tenth of students prefer dormitories to other types of housing, whereby the cost factor plays a role. Student residences are intended to provide social support for students who cannot find any other affordable accommodation. For inexpensive living space, private providers, for example in Berlin or Munich, also offer container villages as permanently installed dormitories for students. In the summer semester of 2012, students spent around 34% of their monthly income on housing, which corresponds to around 298 euros. Accommodation in dormitories is usually the cheapest option with an average rent of 240 euros.

Most student residences have been equipped with Internet connections since around the end of the 1990s .

The largest home carriers in Germany Number of homes Number of home places
German student unions in total 1125 (approx.) 184,250 (approx.)
Student Union Aachen 21st 4,441
Augsburg Student Union 8th 1,900 (approx.)
Studierendenwerk Berlin 35 9,500 (approx.)
Bielefeld Student Union 17th 2,600 (approx.)
Bochum Student Union 20th 4,100 (approx.)
Studierendenwerk Bodensee 18th 2,947
Bonn Student Union 35 3,800 (approx.)
Studierendenwerk Bremen 12 1,872
Chemnitz-Zwickau Student Union 13 3,115 (as of 2006)
Darmstadt Student Union 14th 2,814
Studierendenwerk Dortmund 16 2,800 (approx.)
Dresden Student Union 35 7,600 (approx.)
Student Union Düsseldorf 23 3,900 (approx.)
Erlangen-Nuremberg Student Union 22nd 3,700 (approx.)
Student Union Essen-Duisburg 16 2,450 (approx.)
Student Union Frankfurt am Main 19th 2,086
Student Union Frankfurt (Oder) 18th 3,754
Freiberg Student Union 5 1,430
Freiburg Student Union 15th 4,271
Giessen Student Union 10 2,850 (approx.)
Göttingen Student Union 27 4,500 (approx.)
Greifswald Student Union 8th 1,718
Studentenwerk Halle 27 3,366
Hamburg Student Union 23 3,950 (approx.)
Hannover Student Union 15th 2,300 (approx.)
Studierendenwerk Kaiserslautern 24 2,044
Karlsruhe Student Union 22nd 2,790
Student residence of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) 4th 1,277
Student Union Cologne 86 4,700 (approx.)
Leipzig Student Union 18th 5,237
Magdeburg Student Union 18th 1,778
Mainz Student Union 11 4,180
Mannheim Student Union 19th 3,082
Marburg Student Union 13 2,100 (approx.)
Upper Franconia Student Union 15th 2.140
Munich Student Union 31 11,000 (approx.)
Student Union Münster 22nd 5,300 (approx.)
Student Union Niederbayern / Oberpfalz 17th 2,396
Upper Franconia Student Union 15th 2.140
Oldenburg Student Union 15th 2,052
Osnabrück Student Union 26th 1,700 (approx.)
East Lower Saxony Student Union 32 4,480
Paderborn Student Union 4th 1,482
Potsdam Student Union 10 2,939
Rostock-Wismar Student Union 12 2,293
Student Union in Saarland 9 1,036
Schleswig-Holstein Student Union 19th 2,967
Student Union Stuttgart 36 7,200 (approx.)
Thuringia Student Union 64 7,400 (approx.)
Trier Student Union 5 1,533
Studierendenwerk Tübingen-Hohenheim 48 5,600 (approx.)
Ulm Student Union 11 1,800 (approx.)
Wuppertal University Social Welfare Service 16 1,085
Würzburg Student Union 20th 3,748
Source: respective online publications of the Studentenwerke, as of July 2014
Only institutions with more than 1000 residential spaces were taken into account


In Austria, the home providers are mostly private organizations. Many of them have a close relationship with political parties, interest groups, regional authorities or church institutions. They work for the public benefit and are not for profit. Most home sponsors only operate one dormitory, but there are also home sponsors who run ten or more homes. In the 1997/1998 winter semester there were 192 student dormitories nationwide with 23,976 places, which were administered by 105 dormitories.

There are student residences in the university and technical college locations of Vienna , Graz , Salzburg , Innsbruck , Linz , St. Pölten , Leoben , Klagenfurt , Hagenberg im Mühlkreis , Dornbirn , Wiener Neustadt and Eisenstadt .

International student house Innsbruck with space for 670 students, a reading corner
The largest home carriers in Austria Number of homes Number of home places
Academic aid 22nd 3500
STUWO non-profit student housing AG 7th 1925
Austrian Young Workers Movement ( ÖJAB ) 20th 3800
Austrian Student Promotion Foundation 15th 1999
Board of Trustees Adolf Schärf Student Dormitories 6th 1623
Economic aid to working class students 9 852
Economic aid federal states (total) 24 3144
As of 2001/02 and 2005/06, subsidiaries not included.

According to the 2006 student social survey, 9.9 percent of students lived in student residences. Average housing costs throughout Austria are 232 euros (for comparison: students in shared flats: 277 euros, students with their own households: 347 euros).

In 1998, 11 percent of Austrian students were still living in student residences. Their monthly housing costs averaged 2690 Schillings (for comparison: students in shared flats  : 3470 Schillings. Students with their own households: 4220 Schillings.).

Investment subsidies for student dormitories by the public sector are counted as “indirect student subsidies”.

Basic legal regulations for living in student dormitories have been laid down in the Student Dormitory Act (BGBl. 291/1986) since 1986.

North America

In North America, student residences are mostly operated directly by the universities. It is customary there that the length of residence is linked to the semester times. Outside of the semester, the accommodations are sometimes used for other purposes, for example as holiday accommodation. Double and triple rooms are far more common than single rooms. Most of the rooms do not have their own wet room. Often there are no kitchens at all. In many universities, students of different grades ( freshmen , sophomores , juniors and seniors) are housed in separate rooms, whereby the living comfort is usually higher towards the end of their studies than at the beginning.

"Room & Board" (dormitory and cafeteria ) is billed at a fixed price, in which student financing and funding in the United States is a significant factor in addition to tuition fees .

Web links

Commons : Student Dormitories  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Commons : Student residences in Germany  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Commons : Student residences in Austria  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Dormitory  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Reunion with old friends , in: Unicum , edition 11/2013, p. 10 f.
  2. a b c 20th Social Survey 2012, Chapter 11: Housing situation.
  3. HIS Institute for University Research: The Economic and Social Situation of Students in Germany 2012. Excerpt. , P. 32 ( PDF ).
  4. Freight containers become student apartments in Berlin. In: July 19, 2013, accessed August 20, 2019 .
  5. HIS Institute for University Research: The Economic and Social Situation of Students in Germany 2012. Excerpt. , P. 25 ( PDF ).
  6. ^ Dormitory of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) e. V. . The association's website, accessed March 8, 2016.
  7. At ÖJAB, the above figures (as of September 2011) also include 3 youth residences with 350 places that not only accommodate students, but also other young people, e.g. B. Apprentices and young workers.