|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Statutory city|
|License plate :||I.|
|Residents :||131,961 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||1259 inhabitants per km²|
|Postcodes :||6010 to 6040, 6080|
|Area code :||0512|
|Community code :||7 01 01|
|UN / LOCODE||AT INN|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Georg Willi ( GREEN )|
Municipal Council : (2018)
|Location of Innsbruck|
View of the Innsbruck Cathedral
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Innsbruck ( pronounced Bavarian-Austrian Innschbrugg ) is the capital of the state of Tyrol in western Austria. Its name refers to the bridge over the Inn . The landmark of the big city is the Golden Roof .
With 131,961 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) Innsbruck is the most populous city in Tyrol and also the fifth largest city in Austria (after Vienna , Graz , Linz and Salzburg ). Around 300,000 people live in its metropolitan area. In addition, around 30,000 students from Innsbruck University and other people have a secondary residence here; In 2019, around 3,000 overnight stays were booked by city tourists every day.
The city is bordered in the north by the Nordkette , the southernmost of the four large mountain ranges in the Karwendel , and in the south by the foothills of the central alpine chain ( Patscherkofel ). A few kilometers west of Innsbruck, the confluence of the Melach with the Inn between the villages of Unterperfuss and Kematen in Tyrol represents the official dividing line between the western Upper Inn Valley and the eastern Lower Inn Valley .
Urban structure and expansion of the urban area
Innsbruck is divided into nine cadastral communities and localities , which were formed from formerly independent communities or parts of communities. These cadastral communities also form the districts of Innsbruck ( (2) Innsbruck city law ).
The cadastral communities are divided into 20 statistical districts (on the part of the city administration), 42 statistical districts and 178 statistical census districts (for Austria-wide official statistics). Some of these terms are also used in common parlance; the counting groups are simply numbered. Exceptions are the districts of Hungerburg, the Mühlau / Arzl industrial area and the Olympic Village, which are divided between two cadastral communities.
The following are the cadastral communities and localities with a subdivision into further districts (area as of December 31, 2019; residents as of January 1, 2020):
|KG / locality||Area
|Arzl||2,096.96||11,226||Neuarzl , Olympic Village|
|Hötting||4,473.39||35,130||Höttinger Au , Hötting West , Hungerburg (Hoch-Innsbruck), Sadrach , Allerheiligen , Kranebitten|
|innsbruck||307.62||21,038||Altstadt , Dreiheiligen , Saggen|
|Mühlau||1,146.21||5,435||Hungerburg (Upper Innsbruck)|
|Wilten||674.21||17,754||Mentlberg , Sieglanger , Wilten West|
The area of the city of Innsbruck from west to east extends over a large part of the Inn Valley, in addition to the built-up valley floor also over a lot of mountainous areas.
In the south, the urban area extends over part of the south-eastern low mountain range up to the slope of the Patscherkofel ( ), which, however, is not within the municipal boundaries.
Part of the northern chain from the Kleiner Solstein ( ) to the Rumerspitze ( ) also belongs to the urban area . From the Hafelekarhaus ( ), which can be reached with the Nordkettenbahn , a path takes about ten minutes to the high Hafelekarspitze .
In addition, today almost the entire upper Gleirschtal , a side valley of the Hinterautal east of Scharnitz , as well as the Samertal through which the Gleirschbach flows and the Kleinristental , both of which are north of the Nordkette, belong to the municipal area of the city. This includes the Möslalm ( ) and part of the Gleirsch-Halltal chain from the Hohen Gleirsch ( ) to the Sonntagkarspitze ( ). The high west Praxmarerkarspitze forms the highest point of the city area. This area can only be reached by road from Scharnitz, although the legality of the appropriation of these municipal areas above the watershed by the city of Innsbruck (municipality of Scharnitz) is still unclear.
This area covers about 30 km², i.e. 1 ⁄ 3 of the entire urban area. Together with the southern flank of the northern chain above the city and the foothills in the south, over half of the urban area is unpopulated mountainous country. About 4,000 hectares (40 km², 2 ⁄ 5 ) are forest.
In the urban area - especially for a big city - there are also a number of alpine pastures , six of which, Arzler Alm, Bodensteinalm, Froneben, Höttinger Alm, Umbrüggler Alm and Möslalm , are owned by the city of Innsbruck.
|No.||KNR||OKZ||Cadastral municipality / district||No.||Statistical district||No.||Statistical district||Other
|0||81113||16403||innsbruck||2||Mariahilf-St. Nicholas||01||Left bank of the Inn||Mariahilf , St. Nicholas|
|0||81113||16403||innsbruck||1||Downtown||02||Inner city north|
|0||81113||16403||innsbruck||1||Downtown||03||Inner city- west|
|0||81113||16403||innsbruck||1||Downtown||04||Inner City -East|
|0||81113||16403||innsbruck||3||Dreiheiligen slaughterhouse||05||Three saints|
|0||81113||16403||innsbruck||3||Dreiheiligen slaughterhouse||08||Saggen- East|
|1||81136||16407||Wilten||5||Wilten||11||Wilten - South|
|3||81111||16401||Hötting||9||Hötting||30th||Hötting -Mitte||Alpine zoo , Mount of Olives , Sadrach|
|3||81111||16401||Hötting||12||Hungerburg||31||Hungerburg-Hötting||Höttinger Alm , Möslalm|
|3||81111||16401||Hötting||10||Höttinger Au||32||Höttinger Au -East|
|3||81111||16401||Hötting||10||Höttinger Au||33||Höttinger Au -West||Innsbruck airport , Gießensiedlung , Holy Year settlement , university sports campus|
|3||81111||16401||Hötting||11||Hötting West||34||Lohbach settlement|
|3||81111||16401||Hötting||11||Hötting West||35||Hörtnagl settlement||All Saints' Day , Peerhof|
|3||81111||16401||Hötting||11||Hötting West||36||Hötting-West||Crane requests|
|4th||81121||16404||Mühlau||14th||Mühlau / Arzl industrial park||42||Mühlau-Ost|
|4th||81121||16404||Mühlau||16||Olympic Village||43||Mühlau shooting range|
|5||81102||16399||Amras||17th||Amras||50||Amras - South||Egerdach|
|5||81102||16399||Amras||18th||Commercial area Roßau||52||Amras North|
|6th||81103||16400||Arzl||14th||Mühlau / Arzl industrial park||62||Arzl-South|
|6th||81103||16400||Arzl||16||Olympic Village||63||Arzl Olympic Village|
- Sources: City of Innsbruck, Department of Statistics and Reporting; Statistics Austria (STAT): Directory of places
The city of Innsbruck borders on the following 14 municipalities, all of which are in the Innsbruck-Land district:
Schönberg in the Stubai Valley ,
- 1904: Pradl ( separated from Amras ) and Wilten
- 1938: Hötting , Mühlau and Amras
- 1940: Arzl
- 1942: Vill and Igls
The Inn crosses the city from west to east in bends, its water flow is a long-term mean MQ 1971-2009 = 163 m 3 / s with a maximum in June due to glacial melt. Its gradient here is around 1 per thousand. It is rarely used by paddlers, access is possible from the Rechengasse. In previous years, raft trips from Silz to Kufstein with landing sites in Innsbruck at Kranebitten, Löwenhaus and Baggersee were offered from May to September .
The other bodies of water running in the municipality of Innsbruck are:
Tributaries to the Inn :
Hawaii is a nickname for an informally used bathing area on the left bank of the Inn across from Kranebitten
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Innsbruck
Innsbruck generally has a temperate climate, but partly with an alpine character. The weather phenomenon of the foehn , which is favored by the north-south orientation of the Wipptal , is very well known . This downdraft can occur in all seasons, but more often in autumn. The wind speeds can reach 120 km / h in Innsbruck and up to 200 km / h in the nearby Patscherkofel . If the hair dryer occurs in winter, the temperature can reach almost 18 ° C.
The average temperature is 9.7 ° C, the annual precipitation 912.1 mm.
The warmest months are July and August with an average of 18.1 and 17.4 ° C, the coldest December and January with an average of −1.1 and −2.8 ° C. Most of the precipitation falls in July with an average of 137.2 mm, the lowest in February with an average of 41.4 mm.
The dialect spoken in Innsbruck belongs to the South Bavarian dialect group (see Dialects in Tyrol ), but is more strongly influenced by High German than other Tyrolean dialects and is therefore relatively easy to understand for non-residents. A typical characteristic of the dialect of this region is the very hard pronounced "K".
Traces of settlement in the Innsbruck city area can be traced back to the Neolithic Age . Pre-Roman place names and urn grave fields in Wilten , Amras , Hötting and Mühlau as well as finds from the Latène period at Adolf-Pichler-Platz in the city center show that the Innsbruck basin has been continuously inhabited for more than 3000 years.
In the course of the border security in the north and the conquest of the Raetians and Norics , the Romans laid under Emperor Augustus to protect the Reichsstraße Verona - Brenner - Augsburg around 15 BC. The military station Veldidena (Wilten), which existed until late antiquity and was only destroyed around 600 BC .
After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the area initially came under Bavarian sovereignty, before it became part of the Frankish empire of Charlemagne from 788 with the incorporation of the Bavarian duchy . In the following centuries, the area around Innsbruck again became part of the newly founded Duchy of Bavaria and was later under the rule of the Counts of Andechs before it became part of the County of Tyrol .
From an ecclesiastical point of view , Innsbruck and the Inn valley have belonged to the diocese of Brixen since the early Middle Ages , which was sometimes expressed in documents with the name “stat Jnnsprugg Brichsner bistumbs” . This affiliation, which lasted over a millennium, only ended with the division of Tyrol as a result of the First World War .
In 2016, during canal construction work, the stone bridgehead of a medieval bridge was discovered as the oldest archaeological relic.
High Middle Ages
In 1133, the Counts of Andechs built a market on the left bank of the Inn (today St. Nikolaus), which was connected to the other bank of the Inn by Count Berchtold V. von Andechs in the 1170s via the old bridge .
In 1180, the Andechs also acquired a piece of land on the southern bank of the Inn from Wilten Abbey by means of an exchange agreement. The "Insprugk", which was first mentioned in a document that year and which was granted market rights in 1187, arose from this fortified market and trading center . The Latin name Innsbrucks Oeni Pons or Oenipontum (from oenus Inn and pons bridge) can be traced back to it.
Between 1187 and 1205, the market finally received town charter , which brought influence and wealth through customs revenue, since all of the eastern Alpine trade via the Brenner Pass to Italy now made its way through Innsbruck and over the Inn Bridge. In 1239 the existing town charter was confirmed and extended. After the death of the last Count of Andechs, Otto VIII. In 1248, the area came into the possession of the Counts of Tyrol in the same year , who were given the ducal dignity of Rudolf von Habsburg in 1286.
Late Middle Ages
The city seal and coat of arms show the Inn Bridge from a bird's eye view and were used from 1267.
A further exchange agreement with Wilten Abbey enabled the city to be expanded to include the Neustadt in 1281 (today's Maria-Theresien-Strasse approximately as far as Meraner Strasse).
The Brenner route ( Via Raetia ) was already paved around 1300 and was largely passable by car, while the other alpine crossings such as the Via Claudia Augusta were only accessible with pack animals for a long time.
The city hospital was also built in the Neustadt around 1300 and was given the right to be buried at the so-called Innsbruck hospital cemetery in the adjacent area around today's Adolf-Pichler-Platz .
In 1363, Margarethe Maultasch , the last Countess of Tyrol, handed the land over to the Habsburgs - Innsbruck became Austrian.
Duke Friedrich IV. ( Friedrich with the empty pocket ) made Innsbruck a royal seat in 1420 and had the arbors and court gardens laid out. The city tower (1442–1450 added to the old town hall, built in 1358 ), the Hofburg (1456), the Golden Roof (1497 / 98–1500) and the Ottoburg (1495) were built.
In 1485 , witch trials took place at the instigation of the inquisitor and later author of the witch's hammer , Heinrich Institoris , which were discontinued in the same year due to serious procedural defects.
Albrecht Dürer's watercolor Innsbruck im Norden from 1496, exhibited in the Albertina (Vienna) , which he painted during his trip to Italy, is certainly worth mentioning . The Gothic parish church can still be seen on it, but it was destroyed. It was roughly where St. Jacob's Cathedral stands today.
Early modern age
During the reign of Maximilian I , who often stayed in the city with his court, Innsbruck rose to become a political and artistic center of the empire. This is demonstrated in addition to the built about 1500 arsenal , which at that time one of the most important arsenal in Europe represented, including the Golden Roof and the still preserved Gothic foundation walls of the Imperial Palace.
Furthermore, in the course of the Counter-Reformation, at Ferdinand's instigation, the Jesuits under Petrus Canisius founded a Jesuit college and a Latin school in 1562, today's Academic Gymnasium , which is the oldest grammar school in Western Austria.
A road from Mühlau to Hall was laid through the Innauen in 1585 , which is lined with columns that are still preserved today.
With Archduke Sigmund Franz , the Tyrolean line of the Habsburgs died out in 1665 . Although this meant the end of Innsbruck as a residential city, the Gothic cityscape of the old town was preserved. From the gubernators of the Habsburgs, Karl Philipp von der Pfalz ruled Innsbruck from 1706-1717.
Emperor Leopold I founded the University of Innsbruck with four faculties on October 15, 1669 . After it was twice dissolved and reopened, the Faculties of Philosophy and Law were finally rebuilt in 1826 by Emperor Franz I.
In 1806 Innsbruck became the capital of the Bavarian Inn district for eight years .
Although the Prince's residence had been in Innsbruck since 1420, the city on the Inn did not officially succeed Merano as the capital of Tyrol until 1849 .
In 1904 Innsbruck was connected with Fulpmes by the Stubaitalbahn , in 1912 with Garmisch-Partenkirchen by the Mittenwaldbahn . Both tracks were planned by Josef Riehl . The Munich - Garmisch-Partenkirchen railway (it consists of the Mittenwaldbahn and the Munich – Garmisch-Partenkirchen railway ) gave Innsbruck the second railway connection to Munich .
Shortly after the Austro-Hungarian armistice with Italy came into force on November 4, 1918, Bavarian troops occupied the city on November 7 to forestall an Italian occupation. After the German armistice was signed (November 11), they withdrew. Six days later, on November 17th, an Italian vanguard arrived in the city, followed by the actual main contingent on November 23rd. The Italian occupation, which was up to 22,000 strong in the meantime, lasted until December 1, 1920. The city suffered no damage from the troops.
Innsbruck had been the capital of the Reichsgau Tirol-Vorarlberg since 1938/39 , which was formed after Austria was annexed to the German Empire. In the November pogrom of 1938 , Jewish homes and businesses were destroyed and the synagogue was devastated. Four Jews were murdered or later succumbed to their injuries, many others were seriously injured. Then almost all Tyrolean Jews were expelled to Vienna.
During the Second World War Innsbruck was bombed 22 times by the Allies , on December 16, 1944, Innsbruck Cathedral was also badly damaged. Most of the Medical and Surgical University Clinic in Anichstrasse was severely damaged by the bombings in December 1944 and April 1945. The 22 attacks killed 495 people. On May 3, 1945 Innsbruck was handed over to US troops without a fight . The war ended in this way only in a few cities in Austria. Gauleiter Franz Hofer had previously forbidden any resistance in a radio address.
After the end of the Second World War in 1945, Innsbruck belonged to the French occupation zone in occupied post-war Austria . The military administration set up a DP camp for displaced persons on the area of a former military camp .
On January 15, 1948, Innsbruck Airport was reopened after being relocated from Reichenau to Ulfiswiese in Höttinger Au . After the first scheduled service to Munich during World War II, the first scheduled flights were offered by KLM in 1950 .
On July 1, 1983, the first Austrian emergency doctor's helicopter Christophorus 1 was put into service in Innsbruck . The airport plays a major role in incoming tourism through charter flights, especially in winter. There are many charter flights in the summer, especially to Spain and Greece .
Innsbruck twice hosted the Winter Olympics ( 1964 Winter Olympics and 1976 Winter Olympics ) and the Winter Paralympics (1984 and 1988). Innsbruck was the only city in which the Olympic Games were held twice within twelve years. In the mid-1990s there were initiatives to bring the Winter Olympic Games to Innsbruck for a third time; In 2006 the initiatives were dropped after a referendum. All Tyrolean districts had spoken out in favor, but the residents of Innsbruck against.
After South Tyrol was annexed to Italy , Innsbruck was the base of action for many South Tyrol activists in the 1960s and 1970s who tried to separate South Tyrol from Italy and to reunite with North and East Tyrol in Austria .
In 1999, the biggest snowboard spectacle in the world, the Air & Style Contest in the Bergisel Stadium, resulted in a mass rush, after which six young people died. As a result, the stadium and the hill (see below) were rebuilt. In 1999, the Innsbruck crematorium in Innsbruck- Amras was the first in the state of Tyrol to go into operation.
The Medical Faculty of the Leopold Franzens University , one of the four original faculties, became the second independent Innsbruck university, the Medical University of Innsbruck , at the beginning of 2004 .
In 2008 Innsbruck hosted the European Football Championship 2008 , which Austria and Switzerland hosted jointly, and was the sole host of the Ice Hockey World Championship (Division I). The city was also one of the venues for the 2010 European Handball Championship and the 2011 European Volleyball Championship.
At the end of January 2012, the first Olympic Youth Winter Games took place in the Tyrolean capital, the Olympic city of 1964 and 1976 .
In 2018, the World Cycling Championships were held in Tyrol , with Innsbruck as the destination in every discipline.
Architecture and urban development
In 1973 the Kongresshaus , an event and exhibition center with international dimensions adjacent to the historic old town, was inaugurated. The client was the Kongresshaus-Bau-GesmbH , the planner was the architects Marschalek, Ladstätter, Gantar, Prachensky and Heiss.
In 2006 the Nordkettenbahn , which opened in 1928 and has since been called Nordpark by the current operators , was reopened after less than two years of construction. The first Hungerburgbahn , which opened in 1906 and connected the Saggen district with the Hungerburg, was also replaced by a new building that opened on December 1, 2007. The valley station is now at the Kongresshaus. The four stations as well as the bridge over the Inn were built according to designs by the architect Zaha Hadid .
Note: In the past, main and secondary residences were counted. For the 2001 census, only main residences were allowed to be recorded. For example, students from Vorarlberg had to determine where their main residence is. If they chose their Vorarlberg community, these students were no longer recorded as Innsbruck residents, even though they lived here. This explains the "kink" in the population development between 1991 and 2002.
In Innsbruck, the mayor was not elected directly by the population for a long time, but indirectly through the local council. This was changed with an amendment to the city law in April 2011 and was used for the first time in the Innsbruck municipal council elections on April 15, 2012.
The municipal council consists of 40 members and has been composed of mandates from the following parties since the municipal council election on April 22, 2018 :
- The GREENS : 10 seats
- FPÖ : 8 seats
- For Innsbruck : 7 seats
- ÖVP : 5 seats
- SPÖ : 4 seats
- NEOS : 2 seats
- List FRITZ : 1 seat
- Alternative list Innsbruck : 1 seats
- Fair Innsbruck : 1 seat
- Tyrolean Seniors' Association : 1 seat
The next municipal council election in Innsbruck will take place in 2024 at the latest.
After the municipal council elections in 2012, Innsbruck , the Greens and the SPÖ agreed on a so-called traffic light coalition - the first city government since 1945 without the participation of the People's Party. For reasons of a clean separation of his job as a public servant, Dr. Christoph Platzgummer (ÖVP) resigned from the city government in 2014 as a non-executive city councilor. He was followed by Andreas Wanker, Innsbruck's AAB district chairman.
Due to the tense financial situation of the state capital Innsbruck (new debt) and the asylum crisis, the city government was restructured on December 3, 2015. Mayor Christine Oppitz-Plörer (FI) brought the Innsbruck People's Party into government. The new division of responsibilities to the ÖVP city councils was decided by the local council with just five votes against.
After the municipal council elections in 2018, a coalition of GREENS, FI, ÖVP and SPÖ was formed under Green leadership.
The city senate consists of seven members and is currently composed of the following city councils:
- Mayor Georg Willi , GREEN
- 1st Vice Mayor Uschi Schwarzl , GREEN
- 2nd Vice Mayor Franz Xaver Gruber , ÖVP
- Executive City Councilor Elisabeth Mayr, SPÖ
- Executive City Councilor Christine Oppitz-Plörer , FI
- City councilor without office Rudi Federspiel , FPÖ
- City councilor without office Andrea Dengg, FPÖ
List of Innsbruck mayors since 1698
|from May 24, 2018||Georg Willi|
|March 8, 2010 - May 24, 2018||Christine Oppitz-Plörer|
|Oct 25, 2002 - March 8, 2010||Hilde Zach|
|May 11, 1994 - Oct 25, 2002||Herwig van Staa|
|Oct 12, 1983 - Apr 25, 1994||Romuald Niescher|
|Dec 11, 1956 - Oct 12, 1983||Alois Lugger|
|Apr 9, 1951 - Dec 11, 1956||Franz Greiter|
|May 8, 1945 - March 12, 1951||Anton Melzer|
|1939-1945||Edmund Christoph (Mayor)|
|1938-1945||Egon Denz (Lord Mayor)|
|1929-1934 and 1935-1938||Franz Fischer|
|1867-1869||Franz Rapp Freiherr von Heidenburg|
|1864-1867||Josef Peer von Egerthal|
|1853-1861||Josef Anton Neuner|
|1838-1850||Hieronymus von Klebelsberg zu Thumburg|
|1829-1836||Josef Valentin Maurer|
|1815-1829||Felix Adam from Riccabona|
|1814-1815||Karl Johann Tschusi von Schmidhofen|
|1807-1809||Kasimir Karl Anton Schumacher|
The districts of Innsbruck (cadastral communities according to Paragraph 2 of the City Law ) do not have an independent administration.
The city law of the regional capital Innsbruck in 1975 allowed the division of the municipality into city districts, but no use was made of this. In the course of the reform of the city law in 2012 (LGBl. No. 10/2012) there was a long discussion about which district structure should be introduced. This was unclear until the end, and so the cadastral communities were simply declared official districts. The group of 20 districts is only informal and statistical in nature.
The determination of the districts is only relevant for the district committees (city law ), the "preliminary consultation and submission of applications in matters of the city's own sphere of activity, which are subject to the resolution of the municipal council or the city senate and which are of essential importance for the district in question ", Is incumbent (Section 30a, Paragraph 2).
The term of office of the district committee is six years (it ends at the end of the term of office of the municipal council). The district committee meets as required, but at least twice a year. The office of a member of the district committee is an unpaid honorary position (Section 30a, Paragraph 3).
A district committee was set up for the village and spatially independent district of Igls . Likewise, the district of Arzl, which was incorporated in 1940, set up an independent district committee at the end of 2007.
The administration of the provincial capital Innsbruck offers various online forms, whereby the way to the respective office becomes unnecessary and the citizens can save time. These forms range from dog registrations to basic traffic entries . Suggestions, tips and complaints to the city administration can also be submitted via the online form. The underlying form solution AFORMSOLUTION comes from the Austrian IT company aforms2web .
coat of arms
- "In two red pole as above pointed silver rectangles with log pattern, from a protruding to the legs silver board surrounded, occupied by a continuous four times of silver and silver split beams ."
The colors of the city are red and white.
It is regulated incoat of arms, colors, seals of the city law of the state capital Innsbruck 1975.
- Coat of arms declaration
- The coat of arms is a talking coat of arms , it shows the old Inn Bridge from around 1150 without bridgeheads from a bird's eye view . The peaks signify the wave and ice breakers of the bridge piers, the pattern of their construction from rammed wooden piles, the board the boarding and the division of the beam the wooden planking of the bridge. The coat of arms has been used for city coats of arms and seals since 1267, in its current form since 1325, with today's colors since 1547.
There is also a stylized version without a pattern (“In red, two stake-like silver rectangles tapering at the top, covered with a continuous silver bar.”), The mandatory blazon given in city law reads “a silver bridge seen from a bird's eye view, resting on two yokes in red shield ”(heraldic and stylized form depicted in attachments).
The oldest - stylistically datable to around 1240 - can be found as a seal on a document from 1267 and shows the bridge pole-wise (vertical) with three pointed pillars on both sides. The first use as a real coat of arms is known from a woodcut of the Haller Heiltumbuch from approx. 1508/09. The coloring is documented in a heraldic manuscript from the Tyrolean Provincial Museum Ferdinandeum (page dated around 1504–1528) and is interpreted as an "original variant of the Austrian shield ". The Innsbruck city angel as a sign holder appears for the first time in the new large city seal around 1500.
Innsbruck lists the following seven twin cities :
- Freiburg im Breisgau , Germany, since 1963
- Innsbruck is linked to Freiburg by part of its history, from 1386 to 1805 it was part of the Habsburg Front Austria ruled from Innsbruck . In addition, Freiburg had the Schlossberg cable car, like Innsbruck, a cable car in the city.
- Grenoble , France, since 1963
- Innsbruck has a similar location in the mountains to Grenoble. Like Innsbruck, Grenoble also has a cable car in the city.
- The exchange with Aalborg is particularly focused on the sport and youth sector. Innsbruck, for example, takes part in the Youth Games , which take place every four years in Aalborg.
- A long-term student exchange at the University of Innsbruck connects Innsbruck with New Orleans , so the Innsbruck International Summer School takes place every year . A bridge at the quarry pond was also named after New Orleans.
- Krakow , Poland, since 1998
Bridges in the city area were named after Grenoble, Freiburg, New Orleans and Tbilisi.
Economy, education and infrastructure
Innsbruck is the administrative and economic center as well as the cultural center of Western Austria, a year-round tourist center (over 1 million overnight stays) and a conference and university city . The transport infrastructure includes road, rail and air connections, which were expanded primarily as part of the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics.
In addition to the world's leading trade fair for ropeway technology, Interalpin, which takes place every two years , the fafga - trade fair for gastronomy, hotel and design, which is held annually in September - is a nationally important trade fair event .
A traditional industry in the city and the region is loden manufacture . This weatherproof fabric was mainly used in the processing of clothing and coats. An important representative of this industry at the end of the 19th century was Franz Baur's Söhne , kuk court and army supplier, whose seat was in Innsbruck.
In 2001 there were 7,964 workplaces in Innsbruck, 41 of which were companies with more than 200 employees each. A total of 78,186 employees were registered as of May 15, 2001.
Around 34,500 people commute into the city every day, 75% of them from the Innsbruck-Land district . The average unemployment rate in 2004 was only 5.0%.
In the city, the wealth management sector (32%) makes the largest contribution to local gross value added, ahead of the public sector (14%) and the transport and communications sector (13%).
Agriculture is mainly practiced in the districts of Arzl, Amras, Hötting, Vill and Igls. In the area of the Nordkette, which also has a function as a local recreation area, there is also alpine farming .
Real estate prices
In cooperation with the Hypo Tirol Bank , a reference work with the name “Wohnen & Wirtschaften in Innsbruck” is published annually on Innsbruck property prices . In this survey, all purchase transactions of a year are read from the land register in order to create an aid for the comparison value method .
The 11th edition from 2016 indicates an average sales price of € 4,468 / m² for new apartments and an average value of € 3,206 / m² for used apartments.
|newspapers and magazines|
|Television ( via antenna )|
|FM radio station (antenna)||
In the ORF regional studios Tyrol regional radio and television programs are produced. (Tirol today, Radio Tirol etc.)
The Patscherkofel (Innsbruck-1) transmitter has been broadcasting radio and television signals since 1958 . These can be received in Innsbruck and the surrounding area as well as in large parts of the Inn Valley and in some cases even in South Bavaria and South Tyrol.
The service and industry magazines Das Österreichische Industriemagazin , Factory , Solid and 4c - Magazin für Druck & Design , which are published by the Innsbruck-based Industriemagazin Verlag, are specialized and Austria-wide available print media with a comparatively small circulation .
Health care is provided by the Innsbruck Regional Hospital and the Hall in Tirol, Hochzirl and Natters hospitals . Due to its proximity to many ski areas, the state hospital is a care center for injured winter sports enthusiasts.
Other institutions of the state and city administration, university clinic, regional authorities of the federal government, interest groups, schools and two universities are based here (see below). The permanent secretariat of the Alpine Convention is also located in the Golden Roof building .
Barracks of the armed forces
- Eugen barracks (command building Fenner / Dankl): Tyrol military command, headquarters company of the Tyrol military command
- Conrad barracks (FM Conrad office building): Military Hospital 2, supplementary department appointment committee
- Standschützen Barracks: 6th Jäger Brigade , 6th Staff Battalion
Colleges and universities
- Leopold Franzens University Innsbruck
- MCI Management Center Innsbruck
- Medical University Innsbruck
- Pedagogical University of Tyrol (Pedagogical Academy)
- fh health (formerly AZW Innsbruck )
- Tyrolean State Conservatory
- Mozarteum (Mozarteum Salzburg, Department of Music Education in Innsbruck)
- Church College of Education - Edith Stein
- Amras primary school
- Arzl primary school
- Elementary school Neuarzl
- Dreiheiligen elementary school
- Mariahilf primary school
- Elementary school Hötting
- Hötting West elementary school
- All Saints Primary School
- Angergasse elementary school
- Igls-Vill primary school
- Inner City Primary School
- St. Nicholas Elementary School
- Elementary school Mühlau
- Primary school Pradl-Leitgeb I
- Primary school Pradl-Leitgeb II
- Elementary school Pradl-Ost
- Elementary school Reichenau
- Saggen-Siebererstraße primary school
- Innsbruck Elementary School
- Sieglanger primary school
- Fischerstrasse elementary school
- Altwilten elementary school
- NMS Dr. Fritz Prior
- NMS Gabelsbergerstrasse
- NMS Hötting
- NMS Hötting West
- NMS Müllerstrasse
- New music middle school IBK
- NMS Olympic Village
- NMS Pembaurstrasse
- NMS Reichenau
- NMS Wilten
The Polytechnic School (PTS) of Innsbruck is located in the Pradl district .
- School on the Inn
- Daniel Sailer School
General secondary schools
- Academic Gymnasium Innsbruck (AGI)
- Bundesrealgymnasium Adolf-Pichler-Platz (APP)
- Bundesrealgymnasium in der Au (fifth)
- Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium Reithmannstrasse
- Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium Sillgasse
- Bundesoberstufenrealgymnasium Fallmerayerstraße (BORG)
- Economics secondary school of the Ursulines
- Catholic Upper School Secondary School Kettenbrücke (KORG)
Vocational high schools
- Commercial academy and commercial school Innsbruck
- Higher federal college for economic professions - Ferrarischule
- HBLA West
- HTL Anichstrasse
- Villa Blanka Tourism School
- HTL Construction and Design Innsbruck , Trenkwalderstrasse
- Federal educational institute for kindergarten pedagogy
- Catholic educational institute for kindergarten pedagogy
- International Student House Innsbruck
- Rössl in the Au
- Kolping House
- Red eagle
- Sillgraben student house
In the urban area there are a total of 21 cemeteries, which are subordinate to different legal entities: So seven cemeteries are looked after by the municipal authorities of Innsbruck, by institutions of the Roman Catholic Church and by a group of various sponsors.
The city is largely supplied with drinking water from the so-called Mühlauer Quelle , which is located in the interior of the Nordkette at 1,140 meters above sea level and delivers between 600 and 1,600 liters of water per second. The tunnels necessary to contain the springs were built between 1942 and 1953. The water from these springs stays in the mountain for an average of ten years. In order to supply the growing number of inhabitants, the tunnels are to be expanded in the future by the Innsbruck municipal operations in order to receive an additional 350 liters per second.
The international umbrella organization of the aid organization SOS Children's Villages , the association SOS Children's Villages International , is based in Innsbruck. The main national association, SOS Children's Villages in Austria , is also based in Innsbruck .
Tourism is an important source of income for the city. Thanks to numerous buildings from the time of Emperor Maximilian I , the unique location in the middle of the Tyrolean mountains and not least because of the extensive range of sports on offer, Innsbruck is a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.
In the old town you will find the famous Golden Roof , the St. James Cathedral , the Helblinghaus and the Hofburg with the Court Church - because of the larger than life bronze statues, the tomb of Emperor Maximilian I surrounded, even Schwarzmanderkirche called.
Many tourists also come for established events such as the dance summer, the festival of early music and the Ambras Palace Concerts. The Christmas market and Mountain New Year's Eve are very popular, especially with guests from Italy.
The Innsbruck Tourist Association is responsible for many surrounding areas and places with several sub-organizations, such as a. Sellrain, Rum, Axams, Igls, Patsch, Mutters etc.
Both the TVB Innsbruck and its sub-organizations promote the development of tourism offers and are intended to facilitate orientation for tourists with different motives, such as E.g .: Innsbruck Information and Reservations GmbH.
The offers include the Innsbruck Card , which offers a variety of offers, such as free entry to all museums and sights in the Innsbruck region, free rides on the Sightseer Bus and the regional IVB lines, numerous price reductions and a free city walk with a city guide includes.
Due to its location at the foot of one of the most important alpine passes, Innsbruck was an important transport hub for trade between Italy and the German principalities as early as the Middle Ages, and many travelers stopped here - u. a. Goethe in the Hotel Goldener Adler .
With the opening of the Lower Inn Valley Railway via Kufstein to Munich and Salzburg in 1858, the city found a connection to the rapidly developing railway network . This development was further promoted by the construction of the Giselabahn (from Wörgl towards Graz and Belgrade ) and the establishment of the Brenner Railway in 1867, which brought Innsbruck to one of the most important railway lines of the Habsburg monarchy . By 1884, completed Arlbergbahn direction Feldkirch and subsequently Bregenz and Schaan / Zurich / Basel , the city has now finally become a major transport hub on the north-south and east-west axis. This development was consolidated by the Mittenwald Railway to Garmisch-Partenkirchen , which opened in 1912 . All of these lines converge at Innsbruck Central Station .
As part of the expansion work on the TEN-Berlin-Palermo axis , the Lower Inn Valley Railway, one of the busiest railway lines in Austria (up to 430 trains per day), is currently being upgraded to four tracks. South of the city, construction work began in 2016 on the main tunnel of the Brenner base tunnel , which, together with the corresponding access routes, is intended to increase the capacity of the transalpine rail traffic.
The Inntal Autobahn A 12 was built along these railway lines in the 1960s, initially in an easterly direction , which is connected to the A8 to Munich and Salzburg / Vienna downstream near Rosenheim . To the west, the A 12 in the Oberinntal merges into the Arlberg Schnellstraße , which passes under the Arlberg massif in the Arlberg toll road tunnel and is the only completely winter-proof road connection to Vorarlberg .
In a southerly direction, at the Innsbruck autobahn triangle , the Brenner autobahn branches off to Bolzano and Verona , which spans the Wipptal valley south of the state capital with the almost 200 m high Europabrücke .
According to a VCÖ study in 2012, Innsbruck has the largest share of cycling in Austria with 23%.
Innsbruck has an international airport in the west of the city (Kranebitten). The establishment goes back to a resolution of the Tyrolean provincial government from 1920. During the Olympic Winter Games in 1964 and 1976, the airport gained increasing importance. Through year-round scheduled flights, Innsbruck u. a. connected with Amsterdam , Frankfurt , London , Berlin and Vienna . As a destination for around 50 airlines - including British Airways - and as an employer for around 1,300 people in around 30 companies located there, the airport is an important economic factor. In 2010 the number of passengers exceeded the 1 million mark for the first time.
Local public transport
Innsbruck has an attractive transport infrastructure network. In the urban area and in the suburbs, the Innsbrucker Verkehrsbetriebe (IVB), the Innbus company and the ÖBB-Postbus operate tram lines and bus lines, as well as a night bus network after the regular lines have closed , the main lines of which run all night on all weekdays.
The tram network consists of lines , , , , ( Igler ) and ( Stubaitalbahn ). Since 2003, the tram network has been modernized and expanded as part of a multi-year expansion program: the Stubaitalbahn is being expanded into a north-south tram line, bus line O is being converted into a tram, tram line 3 is being extended at both ends and a tram line is being extended to both ends, and a tram line is being used in the eastern and built western suburbs. The Innsbruck trolleybus also existed from 1944 to 1976 and from 1988 to 2007 . Many surrounding communities are also served by the S-Bahn .
There is also a modern, partly underground funicular , the Hungerburgbahn . Due to the significant construction of the stations, which were designed by the well-known architect Zaha Hadid , the railway quickly developed into another landmark of the city. The railway, which was built in 2007 by the South Tyrolean Leitner AG , connects the Congress in the center with the Alpine zoo on the Weiherburg and the Hungerburg district . It can transport up to 1200 people per hour.
The Nordkettenbahn , a cable car, opens up the Nordkette as a hiking area and provides access to the Innsbruck via ferrata and the ski area. In addition, a second cable car runs through the municipality of Innsbruck - the Patscherkofelbahn , which opens up a spacious hiking area and a small ski area in the Tux Alps southeast of the city.
Bus transport in Innsbruck & the surrounding area
Around 70% of Innsbruck's population belong to the Roman Catholic Church. Innsbruck is the seat of the Diocese of Innsbruck , which includes the western and central parts from North Tyrol to the Ziller River and East Tyrol . The diocese was founded on September 6, 1964 as the diocese of Innsbruck-Feldkirch by Pope Paul VI. built. On December 8, 1968, the diocese was divided into a diocese Innsbruck and a diocese Feldkirch. Innsbruck was previously part of the diocese of Brixen .
In 2005 Innsbruck took over from Salzburg as the seat of the Evangelical Diocese of A. B. Salzburg and Tyrol, which had existed since 1966 . The acting superintendent is currently Olivier Dantine , who was elected in October 2012 to succeed Luise Müller .
The Protestant parish churches in the Tyrolean capital are the Christ Church and the Resurrection Church , with the Christ Church having more members. The border of the parishes is the river Sill, whereby all parishioners living to the west belong to the Christ Church and all parishioners to the east are assigned to the Church of the Resurrection.
Over 4,000 Orthodox Christians live in the Innsbruck city area. Since 1992 there has been a Serbian Orthodox parish for Tyrol based in Innsbruck. This emerged from the parish for Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg founded in 1974. The services of the Serbian Orthodox community are celebrated in the chapel of the Sieber School in the Saggen district . Since 2015 there has also been a Romanian Orthodox congregation whose services are held in the Catholic St. Pirmin Church.
After the persecution and destruction during the National Socialist era , the Jewish Community for Tyrol and Vorarlberg was re-established in Innsbruck in 1952 . The location is the synagogue in Sillgasse .
There are around 20 museums in total in Innsbruck.
- Tyrolean Symphony Orchestra Innsbruck
- Innsbruck Festival of Early Music , see also: Ambras Palace Concerts
In 1913, a French film producer in Tyrol produced the first Speckbacher film. In 1920 the Viennese “Astoria-Film” filmed two films based on the works of Karl Schönherr with actors from Innsbruck's Exl-Bühne : “Earth” and “Faith and Home” with cameraman Eduard Hoesch . In 1921 the “Tiroler Heimatfilm” started its first production with “Um Haus und Hof” . This was a film adaptation of a drama by Franz Kranewitter with actors from the Exl stage and directed by Eduard Köck , who later appeared primarily as an actor.
- Old country house
- New country house
- Old town
- Anna column
- Liberation Monument
- Ambras Castle
- Golden Roof
- Giant circular painting
- Tyrolean State Theater Innsbruck
- Triumphal Gate
- Heraldic tower
- The coat of arms tower, which was demolished in 1766, was painted around 1497 with all the coats of arms of the Habsburg mansions down to the smallest in Flanders (Aalst) and Graubünden (Rhäzüns).
- Former Ursuline Church
- St. Jacob's Cathedral
- Court Church
- Church of the Three Saints
- Jesuit Church
- Hospital Church
- Wilten Abbey
- Theresienkirche ( Hungerburg )
- Wilten basilica
- Servite Church
- Pradler parish church
- State Memorial Church of St. Paul in Reichenau
- Evangelical Christ Church
- Evangelical Resurrection Church
- Old Höttinger parish church
- Höttinger parish church
- Scenic parish of Mariahilf
- Amras Parish Church
- Parish Church of St. Nicholas
- Parish church Neu Arzl
- Parish Church of St. Norbert
- Parish church Maria am Gestade
- Parish Church of the Good Shepherd
- Parish Church of St. George
- Parish Church of St. Paul
- Parish Church of St. Pirmin
- Guardian Angel Church
Innsbruck has hosted major sporting events several times. Tyrol is traditionally known for winter sports activities, so the Innsbruck Bergiselschanze has been part of the annual Four Hills Tournament since 1952 . With a few interruptions Innsbruck has held the Air & Style Contest since 1994, one of the largest freestyle snowboard festivals in Europe.
In 2016 Innsbruck hosted the International Children Games (ICG). As part of this event, dozens of pedestrian traffic lights were redesigned as a marketing campaign to show skiers, snowboarders, skaters and hikers. After protests against the removal of the marketing campaign, the sporty males were allowed to stay and therefore adorn the cityscape to this day.
Innsbruck has two ski areas in the immediate vicinity of the city: the Seegrube – Nordkette ( Nordkettenbahn ) and the Patscherkofel , (Innsbruck's "local mountain"). The Axamer Lizum (called “Weisses Dachl”) and the Glungezer near Tulfes are within easy reach . A little further away are the Kühtai and the Stubai Valley . The Nordic center (cross-country skiing, etc.) is the Olympiaregion Seefeld .
Other sporting events
But it is not only major winter sports events that have taken place in Innsbruck. The 2008 European Football Championship was held in the Tivoli Stadium together with other venues in Austria and Switzerland . Group games of the preliminary round took place in Innsbruck. Three years later in 2011, the Tyrolean capital, together with Vienna and the two Czech cities of Prague and Karlsbad, hosted the European volleyball championship . In the same year, the American Football World Cup was held in Innsbruck together with Vienna and Graz . In 2017, the world's largest gravity mountain bike festival, Crankworx, took place in the Bikepark Innsbruck for the first time , and will be held again in June 2018. In 2018 the World Championships in road cycling and climbing will take place in Innsbruck .
Major sports clubs
- FC Wacker Innsbruck ( soccer )
- SV Innsbruck ( soccer )
- HIT Handball Innsbruck Tirol ( Handball Men)
- SVO Handball Innsbruck ( Handball Women)
- SPG UHI / TI SPK ( handball women)
- HC TWK Innsbruck ( ice hockey )
- Red Angels Innsbruck ( women's ice hockey )
- Hypo Tirol volleyball team Innsbruck ( volleyball )
- Swarco Raiders Tirol ( American Football )
- RC Innsbruck ( rugby )
Regular events (extract)
- Innsbruck Mountain Christmas - Christmas Markets
- Air & Style Snowboard Contest
- Festival of dreams
- Mountain New Year's Eve
- World Music Festival
- New Orleans Festival
- Innsbruck solstice
- International Film Festival Innsbruck
- Tyrolean playwright festival
- Four Hills Tournament
- Innsbruck dance summer
- Alpine folk music competition
- Innsbruck Festival of Early Music
The asteroid (15318) Innsbruck was named after the city.
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