Hall in Tirol
Hall in Tirol
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Innsbruck country|
|License plate :||IL|
|Coordinates :||47 ° 17 ' N , 11 ° 30' E|
|Height :||574 m above sea level A.|
|Residents :||14,153 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||6060|
|Area code :||05223|
|Community code :||7 03 54|
|UN / LOCODE||AT HIT|
|Address of the
Oberer Stadtplatz 1–2
6060 Hall in Tirol
|Mayoress :||Eva-Maria Posch ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2016)
|Location of Hall in Tirol in the Innsbruck-Land district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Hall in Tirol ( Romansh ) is a town in the state of Tyrol in Austria at 574 m above sea level. A. with 14,153 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). Hall is located in the Inn Valley , about ten kilometers east of the provincial capital Innsbruck . From 1938 to 1974 Hall was called "Solbad Hall".
Hall is located about ten kilometers east of the Tyrolean capital Innsbruck in the central Inn Valley. The urban area lies on the left bank of the Inn at the foot of an extensive alluvial cone of the Weißenbach .
The municipality includes the following two localities (residents as of January 1, 2020):
- Hall in Tirol (13,557)
- Holy Cross (596)
The community consists of the cadastral communities Hall, Heiligkreuz I and Heiligkreuz II.
The urban area of Hall borders on the following communities, all of which are in the Innsbruck-Land district:
Hall was first mentioned in a document in 1232 ( Latin "salina in Intal iuxta Tavr castrum" " Saline in the Inn Valley near Thaur Castle ") - the typical Hall name for salt production appears in a document in 1256 and 1263 ( "ze Halle" "zu Hall") ).
Since the 13th century, the salt mine in Halltal has been the central industry of the city and the surrounding area. The importance of salt is also shown in the city coat of arms - two lions holding a salt vat . The salt was exported to Switzerland, the Black Forest and the Rhine region. The wood for the salt pans was also rafted from large parts of Tyrol on the Inn to Hall and fished out there using a wooden rake . The brine therefore had to be transported from the Halltal to near the river. Wooden pipes were used for this. In 1303, Hall was elevated to the status of a city and, due to the associated rights, it became a central market and trading town in North Tyrol ( see below ). In 1371, Duke Albrechts III. the markets of “statt ze Halle” and the “burger ze Halle” are expressly mentioned. In 1447 there was a severe setback in urban development when a large fire destroyed large parts of the upper city in a conflagration.
In 1477 Archduke Sigmund von Tirol moved the sovereign mint from Meran to Hall. The reason for this is to be found in the good fortification of the city and its proximity to the silver mines in Schwaz, which are now being exploited . Accordingly, it is hardly surprising that the first high-quality silver coin with the minting of the first thaler was struck in Hall in 1486 . The mint in Hall was also very innovative in the 16th century; For example, machines, the so-called roller embossing machines, were used here for the first time for regular coinage . They became an export hit and came via Habsburg Spain ( Segovia ) to South America ( Potosí ), where the last copy of a roller embossing machine (a drafting device) has been preserved. The coin museum in Hall's Hasegg Castle has had a reconstruction of this revolutionary machine since its reopening in 2003.
The well-known Andreas Hofer Kreuzer from 1809, which were supposed to cover the urgent need for money during the Tyrolean struggle for freedom, were the last minting of the Hall mint.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Hall was one of the most important cities of the Habsburg rule. So there is a cityscape of Hall in the first courtyard of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence , whose paintings on the occasion of the wedding of Francesco I de Medici with a daughter of Emperor I. Ferdinand were made. From 1501, Hall was also the place where the important collection of relics donated by the knight Florian Waldauf was shown to the numerous pilgrims. However, the Lutheran preachers who appeared particularly early in Hall, especially the important theologians Jacob Strauss and Urbanus Rhegius , managed to turn away from the excessive veneration of relics, which only gained popularity again with the Counter-Reformation .
The Haller Damenstift was founded in 1567 ; a little later, buildings for the convent of the Jesuits located here were erected near the newly built All Saints Church. In 1644 construction began on the Franciscan monastery at its current location. A great earthquake on July 17, 1670 destroyed most of the city's towers and caused great damage; The earthquake pillars for strengthening older houses still show the extent of the quake in the old town. This earthquake is estimated to have a strength of 5.2 on the Richter scale and is one of the strongest earthquakes in Austria .
The Tyrolean priest and folk poet Reimmichl , Sebastian Rieger, lived and worked in Heiligkreuz for many years .
During the KuK . -Monarchie was until 1914 Hall garrison town for the Fourth Battalion of the Tyrolean Imperial Hunters Regiment 4.. World War II came about because of the bombing of the Inn Valley route major station to considerable damage in the southwest of the city; the old town was spared major damage. On December 19, 1944, the railroad crossing at Loretto was destroyed by seven bomb hits. However, traffic on the Lower Inn Valley Railway and tram line 4 could be resumed after just a few weeks. On February 16, 1945, a carpet of bombs with a total of 323 impacts completely destroyed all railway systems and surrounding buildings. This meant that Hall station remained switched off until the end of the war. The second bomb attack left 70 dead and sparked several medium-sized fires. As the only culturally and historically significant building, the Salvator Church was hit in the attack on February 16, 1945. However, a fresco by the South Tyrolean painter Hans von Bruneck was discovered on the eastern wall of the choir . When, on May 3, 1945, at 9:15 a.m., American tanks approaching from Innsbruck moved into the Untere Stadtplatz, the Second World War was over for Hall.
The idea pursued shortly before the Second World War to turn Hall into a health resort (hence the name change to Solbad Hall in 1938 ) could only be implemented to a limited extent due to the chaos of war. With the Aus der Saline, the plans for a systematic expansion of the city into a health resort were buried, which was expressed in 1974/75 in the return to the old city name Hall in Tirol .
Salt mining ended in 1967, and the mansions in Halltal , which until then had been the accommodation of the miners, were converted into a small mining museum. However, the mansions were partially destroyed by an avalanche in 1999.
Historic market town
The city of Hall looks back on a long tradition as one of the most important marketplaces in Tyrol.
It was not only the sale of Hall salt that provided an important impetus for the Hall markets. The wooden rake through the Inn River, which was necessary for salt production, made Hall the starting point for shipping on the Inn and thus the head station for trade across the Inn and Danube. The municipal law of 1303 also saw about the settlement rights for the city before, which meant in practice that every trader here his goods "resign" had.
But Hall was before 1303 a market town as the princely Urbare show (taking lists). Accordingly, the city had market rights since the 1280s at the latest . At first it was still a market for local suppliers, i.e. mainly food from the area around the city to supply the miners and the constantly growing population. These markets were held in the former Marktgasse (today Salvatorgasse) and on the upper town square; A market district developed around Schmied- and Marktgasse.
In 1356, Margrave Ludwig von Brandenburg granted the people of Hall the right to hold two annual fairs. In contrast to the normal market, the medieval fairs had a supra-regional function. The Hall annual fairs also attracted large numbers of foreign traders. From groceries to luxury goods, practically everything that the Haller merchant or ordinary citizen needed was offered here.
The annual markets lasted eight days and began in spring on the second Sunday to St. Georg (April 23), in autumn on the second Sunday to St. Gallus (October 16); Since 1536, the date has been postponed by a week, so that the fair now takes place on the third Sunday after St. Georg or St. Gallus. Its opening was celebrated with the ritual of the “market call”: On the opening Sunday after the solemn service at 10 o'clock, the Fronbote from the balcony on the wall of the town hall courtyard announced to the assembled crowd on the upper town square that the most important officials and dignitaries of Hall with the mayor the top be present; the public reading of the market regulations followed. Even today, a wall painting on the back wall of the balcony reminds of the drummer who accompanied this event.
When Duke Leopold IV donated the town hall building to the Hallers in 1406, he also bequeathed the tree garden behind the town hall to the city. This then became the new market square of the city as a market square. The markets now mainly took place on the upper town square and on the market square between Bachlechnerstraße, Krippgasse and the back of the town hall, which is now covered by the new middle school. The portal of the former passage, which connected the two main squares, can still be seen today on the left side of the facade of the Rathauscafé. Above the passage is the figure of Roland , who originally adorned the fountain on the upper town square and held a sword in his hand at the time of the market; it is considered a sign of market freedom and market jurisdiction of a place.
In 1648 and 1656 the two Hall annual fairs were expanded with the privilege of being able to sell cattle, but the great heyday of the Hall annual fairs came to an end in the 18th and 19th centuries at the latest, when foreign traders were increasingly denied access to the markets and the importance of the markets generally decreased due to increasing centralization. More recently the trend has been going back to the old market structure. To this day there is a weekly farmer's market, and the Advent market on the upper town square is one of the most popular Advent markets in Tyrol.
In February 2016, Austria's first air dome was built in Zollstrasse as a quarter for 240 refugees .
The last mayoral elections took place at the same time as the municipal council elections on February 28, 2016. Since none of the five candidates who ran could achieve an absolute majority, there should be a runoff election on March 13th against Eva Maria Posch (ÖVP Hall) and Karl-Ludwig Faserl (FPÖ). However, since the candidate of the Haller Freedom Party received significantly fewer votes in the first ballot than the previously incumbent mayor of the ÖVP, he decided not to run the runoff. Eva Maria Posch thus remained Mayor of Hall in Tirol.
|Voter group||percent||be right||Mandates|
|List of Mayors Dr. Eva Maria Posch - ÖVP Hall||37.71%||2230||8th|
|Gerhard Mimm "Social Democracy Hall and Party Free" - SPÖ + PF||13.17%||779||3|
|FOR HALL - Independent citizen list||14.93%||883||3|
|The Greens Hall - GREENS||13.21%||781||3|
|Haller Freedom Party - FPÖ||20.97%||1240||4th|
coat of arms
Description : "In red a silver salt vat with gold hoops held by two crowned golden lions ."
The town's coat of arms, which has been documented since 1316, shows the importance of salt mining for the town with the salt vat. The lions are a heraldic gift from Emperor Maximilian I from 1501.
- Sommacampagna (Veneto / Italy)
- Arco (Trentino / Italy)
- Brixen (Trentino / Italy)
- Iserlohn (North Rhine-Westphalia / Germany), since 1967
- Winterthur (Switzerland), since 1948
Culture and sights
The Upper Town Square in the old town offers a medieval ambience. The town hall, whose council chamber is used as a wedding hall, and the Gothic parish church of St. Nicholas are located here .
The collegiate church ( Herz-Jesu-Basilika ), the facade of which has retained elements of the Renaissance from the time it was built, and the All Saints Church (former Jesuit church ), the first baroque church in North Tyrol, rise up on the Stiftsplatz . In the southwest of the old town is the small Salvatorkirche, which has one of the few high Gothic paintings in North Tyrol with a Last Judgment from around 1418.
There are several historical residences in and around Hall : Rainegg (16th century), Sommerhaus (before 1630), Stubenhaus, Thurnfeld and the Thöml-Schlössl .
Modern buildings can be found in the area around the old town, such as the ensemble around the spa gardens.
Hall is home to several museums. In particular, in Hasegg Castle south of the city, a cultural center was built, which houses several museums and the central institutions for research into the city's history. The coin museum in the castle, which was newly opened in 2003, sheds light on the important position of the Hall Mint in the development of European coin technology. Since 2005, visitors to the museum can also visit the city's landmark, the restored Mint Tower in Hasegg Castle. Since the summer of 2007, the City Archeology Hall has also been integrated into the museum course. The city museum , which was expanded in 2010–2013, houses significant art treasures from the city's history.
A mining museum in the old town where u. a. a walk-in tunnel, shafts and a slide were reproduced, gives a good impression of the hard work underground in the Halltaler tunnel. The former Schmalzwaage , the former warehouse for the natural produce, with which the miners were partly rewarded, serves as the museum building .
Monument protection and urban archeology
The monument is set in the city that has the largest preserved medieval old town in North Tyrol has a central role. For several decades, attempts have been made to preserve and renew the historical building fabric. The old houses should be preserved, but the city should remain a lively place of exchange. In 1984 the city received the first Austrian State Prize for Monument Protection for its efforts; In 1986 she was awarded the European flag for her services in monument protection. As a permanent advisory institution to the city on sensitive planning issues in the old town, a separate old town committee was set up in 1971.
Hall is a member of the Association of Small Historic Cities , the city also endeavors to carry out supra-regional projects in the field of monument protection, for example together with the twin city Sommacampagna in Italy or the city of Segovia in Spain.
Since 1996, the city of Hall has been the first and so far only city in western Austria to have its own city archeology, which has since contributed essential knowledge to the city and regional history. For example, the city's far-reaching trade relationships in the late Middle Ages and early modern times have been archaeologically proven several times. The important archive of the city of Hall, which is considered to be the largest municipal archive in Austria, has rich holdings since the time of the city elevation (1303). Since 2006 the city archives and city archeology have been giving an interdisciplinary series under the title Forum Hall in Tirol. News about the history of the city .
- Sprachsalz , International Literature Festival Hall iT, which has been inviting around 20 international authors to readings in September each year since 2003, most of which take place in the Parkhotel.
- Haller Gassenspiele : Comedy games in summer, at various places in Hall's old town. 2012 winner of the Tyrolean People's Stage Prize with Moliere's George Dandin
- Theater scenario Tyrol : Lobkowitz building, Saline 15. Free theater, founded in 2005 by Hall-based theater maker Wolfgang Klingler.
- The Partisan Guard of Hall in Tirol , an honor guard to protect the Blessed Sacrament during processions, was included in the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage in Austria in 2013 under the name Sacramentsgarden in Tirol .
Economy and Infrastructure
Hall is home to the State Hospital Hall , the Private University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology (UMIT) and a district court . Hall is also the headquarters of the FELDER Group , which manufactures machines for woodworking.
Hall is connected to the public transport network by several regional bus routes and a train station on the Lower Inn Valley Railway . Until 1974 Hall was connected to Innsbruck by a regional tram ( Haller ). Today you can reach the city from Innsbruck with the S-Bahn and the Innsbrucker Verkehrsbetriebe - bus lines 501, 503, 504 and 505.
The train station in Hall in Tirol is frequented by 1900 travelers a day and is the marshalling yard of the Innsbruck railway junction.
The city is connected to the Inntal Autobahn A 12 with the Hall-Mitte and Hall-West junctions .
sons and daughters of the town
- Johannes Fuchsmagen (around 1450–1510), humanist
- Blasius Amon (around 1558–1590), Franciscan, composer
- Christoph Grienberger (1561–1636), Jesuit, mathematician, theologian and astronomer. Contemporary of Galileo and Kepler
- Israel Rumpler (around / after 1580–1635), painter from Württemberg
- Sebastian Achamer (1623–1694), organ builder
- Johann Franz Graf von Khuen (1649–1702), Prince-Bishop of Brixen
- Ulrich Glantschnigg (1661–1722), painter
- Franz Zacherle († around 1790), sculptor
- Josef Martin Lengauer (1727 / 28–1793), sculptor
- Matthias Kirchner (1735–1805), baroque painter
- Franz Xaver Grass (1758–1833), monk, librarian and orientalist
- Philipp Benitius Mayr (1760–1826), Servite Father and professor of theology at the University of Innsbruck
- Joseph Alois Holzmann (1762–1815), organist and composer
- Georg Wachter (1809–1863), painter
- Josef Plank (1815–1901), painter
- Otto Stolz (1842–1905), mathematician
- Friedrich Stolz (1850–1915), philologist
- Heinrich Ballmann (1856–1922), lawyer, composer and music collector
- Franz Xaver Fuchs (1868–1944), painter
- Dominikus Dietrich (1871–1951), Premonstratensian canon and member of the Austrian National Council
- Bruno Huber (1899–1969), botanist and university professor
- Heinrich Andergassen (1908–1946), SS officer and war criminal
- Franz Viertl (1910–1966), picture carver and restorer
- Ila Egger-Lienz (1912–2003), writer
- Gertrud Theiner-Haffner (1912–1989), writer
- Nikolaus Grass (1913–1999), lawyer and political scientist
- Josef Bachlechner the Younger (1921–1979), sculptor
- Walther Reyer (1922–1999), theater and film actor
- Franz Gamillscheg (1924–2018), legal scholar
- Otto Grünmandl (1924–2000), cabaret artist, folk actor and writer
- Rudolf Millonig (* 1927), sculptor
- Hellmut Bruch (* 1936), painter and sculptor of concrete art
- Max Peintner (* 1937), painter and architect
- Josef Feistmantl (1939–2019), luge and Olympic champion
- Werner Pirchner (1940–2001), composer and jazz musician
- Peter Willburger (1942–1998), painter and etcher
- Klaus Dibiasi (* 1947), Olympic champion in diving
- Maria Schaffenrath (* 1951), teacher and politician ( LIF )
- Ernst Caramelle (* 1952), artist and university professor
- Franz Posch (* 1953), folk musician and founder of the Dixielanders Hall
- Franz Pitschmann (* 1954), wrestler
- Franz Baur (* 1958), composer
- Helmut Kraft (* 1958), football coach
- Eva Schlegel (* 1960), artist
- Andreas Felder (* 1962), ski jumper
- Barbara Hundegger (* 1963), writer
- Ernst Vettori (* 1964), ski jumper and Olympic champion
- Hermann Geißler (* 1965), Catholic theologian
- Thomas Schroll (* 1965), bobsleigh driver and Olympic champion
- Walter Posch (* 1966), Iranist and Islamic scholar
- Oliver Anthofer (* 1967), winter disabled athlete
- Ludwig Gredler (* 1967), biathlete
- Christoph Bieler (* 1977), Nordic combined athlete
- Michael Hornek (* 1977), jazz musician
- Ingrid Felipe (* 1978), politician (Greens)
- Verena Pötzl (* 1978), singer
- Manfred Pranger (* 1978), ski racer
- Christoph Pepe Auer (* 1981), jazz musician
- Andreas Linger (* 1981), luge and Olympic champion
- Andreas Schrott (* 1981), soccer player
- Markus Kniepeiß (* 1982), illusion painter and restorer
- Wolfgang Linger (* 1982), luge and Olympic champion
- Michael Tschuggnall (* 1982), singer
- Christian Nagiller (* 1984), ski jumper
- Claudia Giner (* 1985), pop singer
- David Gleirscher (* 1994), luge rider
- Benjamin Maier (* 1994), bobsledder
- Felix Leitner (* 1996), biathlete
- Madeleine Egle (* 1998), luge rider
Personalities working in Hall in Tirol
- Peter Hartenbeck (around 1550–1616), die cutter and medalist at the Hall Mint
- Hippolyt Guarinoni (1571-1654), doctor and polymath who practiced in Hall
- Christoph Sätzl (around 1592–1655), composer
- Michael Gasser († 1677), baroque sculptor
- Gregor Fritz (1693–1774), baroque sculptor
- Anton Zoller (1695–1768), baroque painter
- Josef Anton Zoller (1730–1791), baroque painter
- Gottlieb von Zötl (1800–1852), forest scientist and mountain ridge in the city
- Alfons Siber (1860–1919), painter and poet
- Josef Andergassen (1861–1929), altar builder and sculptor
- Josef Bachlechner the Elder (1871–1923), sculptor
- Cyriel Verschaeve (1874–1949), Flemish national priest and author
- Andreas Crepaz (1877–1963), sculptor
- Peter Sellemond (1884–1942), sculptor and picture carver
- Rudolf Reinhart (1897–1975), metal sculptor
- Helmut Rehm (1911–1991), graphic artist, landscape and portrait painter
- Franz Pöhacker (* 1927), sculptor and draftsman
- Hanno Schlögl (* 1944), architect
- Heinz D. Heisl (* 1952), writer, musician and curator in the team of the Sprachsalz literature festival
- Barbara Schramm-Skoficz (* 1963), city councilor and member of the state parliament
Church of St. Nicholas in the historic center of Hall
Tower of the parish church
Hall's old town with begging
- Photo club Hall in Tirol (publisher): Hall in Tirol. Then and now , Hall in Tirol 2006, (texts by Romedio Schmitz-Esser; in four languages in German, Italian, English and Spanish).
- Franz-Heinz Hye : Hall in Tirol, foundation and development of a salt town . In: Contributions to the history of the cities of Central Europe , Volume 10: City and Salt , ed. Wilhelm Rausch, Linz 1988.
- Sources, series and edited volumes on the city's history
- Klaus Brandstätter : Council families and day laborers. The residents of Hall in Tirol at the end of the Middle Ages . (Tiroler Wirtschaftsstudien 54), Innsbruck 2002.
- Günter Hagen: Hall in Tirol. Urban development in the area of tension between old town renewal and the situation of foreigners . In: Innsbrucker Geographische Studien 34, Innsbruck 2003.
- City of Hall in Tirol (ed.): Hall in Tirol. City book . Landsberg am Lech 1996 (2nd edition).
- Haller book. Festschrift for the 650th anniversary of the city elevation . (Schlern writings 106), Innsbruck 1953.
- Heinz Moser: Documents from the city of Hall in Tirol.
- Part 1: 1303-1600 . (Tyrolean history sources 26), Innsbruck 1989.
- Part 2: 1601-1877 . (Tyrolean history sources 30), Innsbruck 1990.
- Heinz Moser: The documents of the parish Hall in Tirol 1281–1780 . (Tyrolean history sources 39), Innsbruck 1998.
- Heinz Moser: Forest Foundation Hall in Tirol. Documents from the years 1490–1856 . (Tyrolean history sources 44), Innsbruck 2000.
- Heinz Moser: The documents of the royal women's monastery Hall in Tirol 1334–1750 . (Tyrolean history sources 50), Innsbruck 2004.
- Herta Öttl (= Arnold): The residences of Hall in Tirol and the surrounding area . (Schlern writings 257), Innsbruck 1970.
- David Schönherr (Ed.): Franz Schweygers Chronik der Stadt Hall 1303–1572 . (Tyrolean historical sources 1), Innsbruck 1867.
- Alexander Zanesco, Romedio Schmitz-Esser (ed.): Forum Hall in Tirol. News about the history of the city.
- Volume 1, Nearchus. Special issue 14, Hall in Tirol 2006 .
- Volume 2, Nearchus. Special issue 16, Hall in Tirol 2008 .
- www.hall-in-tirol.at Official website City Office Hall in Tirol
- www.hall-wattens.at , official website of the Hall Wattens region
- Hall in Tirol , in the history database ofthe association "fontes historiae - sources of history"
- Local tour with many photos
- 360 ° panorama tour through Hall in Tirol
- www.muenze-hall.at , official website Münze Hall, Münzerturm and Hasegg Castle
- Hall in Tirol in the Austrian city atlas
- ↑ Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- ^ A b Heinz Moser: From pharmacists, doctors, baths and midwives. On the history of the health system in Hall in Tirol. Hall in Tirol 1996.
- ^ A b Andreas Faistenberger: Hall in Tirol. The city charter of 1303. Innsbruck 2003.
- ^ Hannes Obermair : Bozen Süd - Bolzano Nord. Written form and documentary tradition of the city of Bozen up to 1500 . tape 1 . City of Bozen, Bozen 2005, ISBN 88-901870-0-X , p. 377, no.783 .
- ↑ Romedio Schmitz-Esser: The thaler around 1500. A Hall coin between rich and poor. In: Haller Münzblätter 7 / 9–11 (2007), pp. 207–284.
- ↑ Heinz Tursky: The Mint of Hall in Tirol. In: Contributions to the history of the cities of Central Europe. Volume 10, 1988, pp. 233-246.
- ^ Karl Moeser, Fritz Dworschak : The great coin reform under Archduke Sigmund of Tyrol. The first large silver and German portrait coins from the mint in Hall im Inntal, with an iconography of Archduke Sigmund. Vienna 1936 (= Austrian coinage and monetary system in the Middle Ages , 7: Tyrol).
- ↑ a b Museum of the Hall Mint in Hasegg Castle with the Mint Tower. In: muenze-hall.at. Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- ↑ Josef v. Kolb: The Tyrolean twenties and cruisers from 1809 : minting period, last coins
- ↑ Sonja Burger, Martin Kugler: Hidden Signs for Earthquakes. In: Universum Magazin. Krems-Wien 2016. Issue 11/2106. ZDB ID 2092993-6 . P. 59.
- ^ Hall in Tirol, The restoration of the Gothic mural in the Salvatorkirche. In: Federal Monuments Office . May 16, 2018, accessed June 7, 2020 .
- ↑ 51. Announcement of the state government of September 3, 1974 about the change of the name of the municipality Solbad Hall in Tirol to "Hall in Tirol". In: alex.onb.ac.at . Retrieved on June 7, 2020 (Landesgesetzblatt für Tirol, 1974, issue 14, September 25, 1974).
- ^ Klaus Brandstätter: Council families and day laborers. The residents of Hall in Tirol at the end of the Middle Ages. (Tyrolean economic studies 54). Innsbruck 2002.
- ↑ Helga Noflatscher-Posch: The Fairs of Hall in Tirol. A trading center in Tyrol in the early modern period. Hall in Tirol 1992.
- ↑ Ernst Verdroß-Droßberg: Florian Waldauf von Waldenstein. Festschrift for the 450th anniversary of the Haller Stubengesellschaft . (Schlern writings 184). Innsbruck 1958.
- ↑ http://tirol.orf.at/news/stories/2756194/ Air hall for refugees in Hall completed, orf.at, February 6, 2016, accessed on February 6, 2016.
- ↑ Local council and mayoral elections 2016 | Hall in Tirol. In: tirol.gv.at. Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- ^ Runoff election: Candidates for mayor renounce. In: tirol.orf.at. March 2, 2016, accessed June 7, 2020 .
- ^ Johann Samuelersch, Johann Gottfried Gruber: General Encyclopedia of Sciences and Arts ... , published by Johann Friedrich Gleditsch Leipzig 1827, p. 260
- ^ Eduard Widmoser: Tiroler Wappenfibel . Tyrolia-Verlag, Innsbruck 1978, ISBN 3-7022-1324-4 , p. 20 .
- ↑ Sister city and friendly cities. In: hall-in-tirol.at. Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- ^ Heinz Moser: Hall in Tirol. Development and renewal of the old town. Hall in Tirol 1989.
- ↑ Modern forecourt and Park + Ride facility in Hall in Tirol opened ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ). Press release of the Tirolean Transport Association, March 21, 2013.
- ^ The Sigmundsbrunnen in Hall. In: hall-tirol.at. Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- ↑ Rudolf Reinhart. In: Salzburgwiki . Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- ↑ Franz Pöhacker. In: basis wien . Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- ↑ Franz Pöhacker. In: webmuseumtirol.at. Retrieved June 7, 2020 .