Urbanus Rhegius (* May 1489 in Langenargen ; † May 23, 1541 in Celle ; actually Urban Rieger ) was a reformer who was unusually active in both southern and northern Germany. Although he always worked for an "evangelical unity" and a religious balance in the Holy Roman Empire in exchange with other reformers , his hopes for such an unification were low. He himself increasingly saw the Lutheran interpretation of the gospel as a sign of the “true” church .
The son of the priest Konrad Rieger first attended the Latin school in Lindau and later studied in Freiburg im Breisgau , Ingolstadt , Tübingen and Basel , among others with Johannes Eck . In 1519 he was ordained a priest in Constance and in 1520 received a position as cathedral preacher in Augsburg .
After taking office, he dutifully proclaimed the papal bull Exsurge Domine against Martin Luther , but soon got himself into conflict with the church authorities due to his critical stance against the indulgence trade . He was dismissed in 1521 after having written a defense for Luther in which he clearly represented anti-Roman positions. He worked for some time as a chaplain in Hall in Tirol and returned to Augsburg as a Protestant pastor in 1524 .
Work in Augsburg
In the following years Rhegius wrote, among other things, a pamphlet against Andreas Karlstadt and a work against serfdom , which Luther pointed out as exemplary in the Peasants' War . In the Last Supper dispute between Luther and Zwingli , he tried to mediate and participated in the formulation of the Confessio Augustana at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530 .
In 1530 Rhegius accepted an invitation from Duke Ernst I of Lüneburg to Celle , where, as superintendent , he devoted himself to the training of pastors and, in particular, to the writing of textbooks as well as examination and church regulations . In addition to Lüneburg, he also made a significant contribution to the breakthrough of the Reformation in Hanover .
Through correspondence, expert reports, but also personal meetings with other reformers, for example at the religious talk in Hagenau , Rhegius was influential far beyond his place of work. Among other things, he took a position against the Anabaptists in Münster and in 1540 stood up for the Jews in Braunschweig .
Rhegius was in direct contact with the first mayor after the Reformation in Hanover Anton von Berckhusen and at the same time a deacon at the market church there ; In 1536 the superintendent in Celle had drawn up a reformatory church order for Hanover.
Urbanus Rhegius had been married to Anna Weissbrugger from Augsburg since 1525 and had four sons and eight daughters. A thirteenth child, whose sex is unknown, was born after his death and soon passed away.
- Nova doctrina , 1526
- The new empty sambt jrer laying , 1527
- Seelenarznei , 1529 (consolation, was later published in ten languages and had 90 editions)
- Formulae quadam , 1535
- Dialogue of the Beautiful Sermon , 1536
- Anton G. Schlichthaber: Mindische Kirchengeschichte , Minden 1749–1755, here in one of the 5 volumes: "Vita Urbani Rhegi"
- Sebastian Ruf: Doctor Jacob Strauss and Doctor Urban Regius . In: Archives for history and antiquity of Tyrol 2 (1865), pp. 67–81
- David Schönherr: Franz Schweyger's Chronicle of the City of Hall 1303–1572 (= Tyrolean historical sources 1), Innsbruck 1867, pp. 21 and 80–82
- Maximilian Liebmann : Urbanus Rhegius and the beginnings of the Reformation. Contributions to his life, his teaching and his work up to the Augsburg Diet of 1530; with a bibliography of his writings. Aschendorff, Münster 1980
- Hellmut Zschoch : Reformatory existence and denominational identity. Urbanus Rhegius as a Protestant theologian from 1520 to 1530 (= contributions to historical theology 88), Tübingen 1995
- Heinz Moser: Forest Foundation Hall in Tirol. Documents from the years 1490–1856 (= Tiroler Geschistorquellen 44), Innsbruck 2000, pp. 42–46
- Romedio Schmitz-Esser: About runaway nuns and charismatic preachers. The teachings of Luther and their expression in Hall in Tirol. In: Tiroler Heimatblätter 82/1 (2007), pp. 12-18
- Hellmut Zschoch: Rhegius, Urbanus. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 8, Bautz, Herzberg 1994, ISBN 3-88309-053-0 , Sp. 122-134.
- Julius August Wagenmann : Rhegius, Urbanus . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 28, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, pp. 374-378.
- Dietmar Lamprecht: Urbanus Rhegius: the forgotten reformer of the Lüneburg Heath; a memory. Mission bookshop, Hermannsburg 1980. ISBN 3-87546-024-3
- Eduard Hindelang (ed.), Walter König: The reformer Urbanus Rhegius - Chronicle of a family between Langenargen and Finkenwerder. ISBN 3-00-019682-X
- Jens Schmidt-Clausen: RhegiusS (Rieger), Urbanus. In: Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein, Hugo Thielen : Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 , p. 269; partly online via Google books
- Jens Schmidt-Clausen: Rhegius (Rieger), Urbanus. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 521.
- Matthias Blazek: A pillar of Lutheranism - preacher's son Urbanus Rhegius brought the Reformation to Celle. Sachsenspiegel 52, Cellesche Zeitung from December 31, 2016
- Literature by and about Urbanus Rhegius in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Urbanus Rhegius in the German Digital Library
- Publications by and about Urbanus Rhegius in VD 16 .
- Publications by and about Urbanus Rhegius in VD 17 .
Digitized works on the Internet:
- Compare the translation of the inscription of a lost epitaph in: Sabine Wehking : Holdings: DI 36 (Hannover) / No. 190 † Marktkirche 1597, 1598, 1607 , in: Inscription catalog: City of Hannover on German inscriptions online .
- Jens Schmidt-Clausen: Rhegius (see literature).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Rieger, Urban|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German reformer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 1489|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Langenargen|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 23, 1541|
|Place of death||Celle|