List of districts and statutory cities in Austria
In Vorarlberg and Lower Austria the political districts are called administrative districts . There are no legally stipulated “district capitals”, but only places where the headquarters of the district administration are located. In Burgenland these are called “district suburbs”. The general state administration in the political districts (administrative districts) is the responsibility of the district authorities. There is no elected body at its head, but a professionally appointed body with the district captain .
Since January 1st, 2017:
- 15 statutory cities ; these have an extended city law (statute). The mayor , supported by the magistrate , takes on the tasks of the district administration, i.e. no district administration is responsible for these cities.
- 79 political districts with district authorities ; its highest body is the district captain .
- 1 Political Expositur ; it is a branch of the Liezen district administration within the district.
The subdivision into districts is followed by the subdivision into municipalities as the lowest level of the political administrative division . Below the commune level there is an organizational breakdown according to localities , the land register according to cadastral communities , the statistical according to census districts and districts , and in the cities also an internal breakdown according to districts, electoral districts and other things.
Most of the political districts are - not always congruent - also divided into judicial districts. There are (including the district of the District Court for Commercial Matters Vienna) 116 judicial districts (as of January 1, 2018) with their own district courts . However, the jurisdiction of the court districts does not have to follow the administrative structure of the districts.
The federal capital Vienna is both a federal state and a political district in the form of a statutory city and therefore also a municipality. (For decades after 1918, Vienna referred to itself as the municipality of Vienna .) Vienna is divided into 23 municipal districts. In terms of their design, however, these cannot be compared with political districts. They are headed by elected district heads, but they have only a few competencies .
The districts and statutory cities do not correspond to any level of the NUTS structure of the EU ( Eurostat ), NUTS-3: AT consists of groups of political / judicial districts . The level LAU-1 ( Local administrative units , formerly NUTS-4) is not occupied in Austria, LAU-2: AT are the municipalities.
New regulations 2012 to 2017
In Styria , the districts were reorganized and the district boundaries were adjusted from 2012 onwards. This happened as a preliminary stage or in the course of the Styrian municipal structural reform .
In September 2015 it became known that the Lower Austrian district of Vienna-Umgebung would be dissolved. The 21 municipalities became part of the surrounding districts on January 1, 2017.
- Number = Number of municipalities, as of: January 1, 2020 (if only one municipality → this is a statutory city)
|BKZ (1)||District or
city with its own statute (*)
(seat of the
|state||Vehicle registration number||Area
Territorial status: January 1
: January 1
( EW / km)
|Number||Region Name (R)|
|305||Amstetten||Lower Austria||AT THE||1186||116,520||98||33|
|306||to bathe||Lower Austria||BN||754||146.751||195||30th|
|404||Braunau am Inn||Upper Austria||BR||1040||105,553||101||46|
|307||Bruck an der Leitha||Lower Austria||BL, SW (B)
( Bruck an der Mur )
( Grieskirchen )
( Eisenstadt )
( Feldkirchen in Carinthia )
|406||Free City||Upper Austria||FR||994||66,861||67||27|
( Graz )
( branch in the Liezen district)
|Styria||GB||Figures included in the Liezen district|
( Hartberg )
HB, FF (A)
( Hermagor-Pressegger See )
( Innsbruck )
( Kirchdorf an der Krems )
|201||Klagenfurt am Wörthersee *||Carinthia||K||120||101,300||844||1|
( Klagenfurt am Wörthersee )
|301||Krems on the Danube *||Lower Austria||KS||52||25,036||484||1|
( Krems an der Donau )
|611||Leoben||Styria||LE, LN (C)||1052||59,700||57||16|
|314||Lily field||Lower Austria||LF||932||25,655||28||14th|
|401||Linz *||Upper Austria||L.||96||206,595||2152||1|
( Linz )
( Judenburg )
JU, KF (A)
|107||Neusiedl am See||Burgenland||ND||1038||59,990||58||27|
|412||Ried im Innkreis||Upper Austria||RI||584||61,690||106||36|
( Rohrbach Mountain )
( Salzburg )
|504||St. Johann im Pongau||Salzburg||JO||1755||81.194||46||26th||Pongau|
|302||St. Pölten *||Lower Austria||P||108||55,514||512||1|
|319||St. Polten||Lower Austria||PL
|205||Sankt Veit an der Glan||Carinthia||SV||1494||54.186||36||20th|
|206||Spittal an der Drau||Carinthia||SP||2764||75,868||27||33|
|402||Steyr *||Upper Austria||SR||27||38,056||1434||1|
( Steyr )
( Feldbach )
FB, RA (A)
( Tulln on the Danube )
|Lower Austria||TU, KG (D)
( Linz )
( Villach )
|322||Waidhofen an der Thaya||Lower Austria||WT||669||25,682||38||15th|
|303||Waidhofen an der Ybbs *||Lower Austria||WY||131||11,222||86||1|
|403||Catfish *||Upper Austria||WE||46||62,470||1362||1|
( Wels )
|304||Wiener Neustadt *||Lower Austria||WN||61||45,823||753||1|
|323||Wiener Neustadt||Lower Austria||WB||972||78,307||81||35|
|506||Zell am See||Salzburg||ZE||2642||87,628||33||28||Pinzgau|
( Zwettl-Lower Austria )
- (R) Some of today's political districts have names as regions that are still deeply rooted in linguistic usage and are often used in official information.
- (A) expiring
- (B) SW: Schwechat (city), BL: Bruck an der Leitha district without the city of Schwechat
- (C) LE: Leoben (city), LN: Leoben district without the city of Leoben
- (D) KG: Klosterneuburg (city), TU: Tulln district without the city of Klosterneuburg
The districts are each defined in state laws and ordinances based on them; for Burgenland , which was added in 1921, initially also in federal regulations. The first legal stipulations of the respective city's history are noted here for the currently 15 statutory cities .
- All district capitals are municipalities with the exception of the two market communities Reutte and Tamsweg . Also Gröbming than Expositursitz's market town.
- Two districts do not have a contiguous area - so they have exclaves . These are the Lower Austrian districts Wiener Neustadt (two areas separated by the statutory city Wiener Neustadt) and Amstetten, which is divided into two areas by the statutory city Waidhofen an der Ybbs. The Vienna-Umgebung district, which existed until the end of 2016, also had no closed area (three separate areas).
- Eferding and Urfahr-Umgebung, Murtal, Südoststeiermark, as well as the districts with double names (Bruck-Mürzzuschlag and Hartberg-Fürstenfeld) are districts that are not named after the seat of the district administration. However, Eferding was the seat of the district authority until 2016, and Urfahr was the seat of the district authority Urfahr until it was incorporated into Linz (this is still in the Urfahr district of Linz).
- The administrative headquarters of the Hermagor district has been called Hermagor-Pressegger See since the municipal merger in 1973 , and that of the Rohrbach district has been called Rohrbach-Berg since the municipal merger in 2015 .
- Linz and Grieskirchen are the only cities that are the seat of two district authorities: Linz-Land and Urfahr-Umgebung as well as Grieskirchen and Eferding, but the latter are united as an administrative community.
- Bregenz is the only state capital without its own statute.
- The statutory cities of Waidhofen an der Ybbs and Rust are the only ones that do not have a corresponding “Land” district.
- Rust is the smallest statutory town (in terms of area and inhabitants) and at the same time the only one without its own license plate number. The largest statutory city is Vienna (in terms of area and inhabitants).
- Klosterneuburg , Leoben and Schwechat have their own license plate number, although they are not statutory cities.
- The districts of Liezen , Spittal an der Drau and Zell am See are each larger in area than the federal state of Vorarlberg .
- The districts of Feldkirch, Mödling, Eferding, Jennersdorf, Mattersburg and Dornbirn are smaller than the federal state of Vienna (in descending order).
- The Dornbirn district consists of only three communities, the Innsbruck-Land district of 65 communities.
- With ten adjoining districts, the Liezen district has the largest number of neighboring districts.
- List of cities in Austria , cities according to other criteria
References and comments
- NÖN: District Vienna environment is dissolved . Article dated September 10, 2015, accessed September 10, 2015.
- As of January 1, 2016
Population as of
January 1, 2020
- In Styria the code numbers 618 and 619 were omitted, the first new district received code number 620 (Murtal)