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Statutory city
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Steyr coat of arms
Steyr (Austria)
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Upper Austria
Political District : Statutory city
License plate : SR
Surface: 26.54 km²
Coordinates : 48 ° 2 '  N , 14 ° 25'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 2 '14 "  N , 14 ° 25' 1"  E
Height : 310  m above sea level A.
Residents : 38,056 (January 1, 2020)
Population density : 1434 inhabitants per km²
Postcodes : 4400, 4402, 4403, 4405, 4407, 4451
Area code : 07252
Community code : 4 02 01
Address of the
municipal administration:
Stadtplatz 27
4400 Steyr
Mayor : Gerald Hackl ( SPÖ )
Municipal Council : (2015)
(36 members)
16 10 4th 
A total of 36 seats
Location of Steyr
Bezirk Braunau am Inn Bezirk Eferding Bezirk Freistadt Bezirk Gmunden Bezirk Grieskirchen Bezirk Kirchdorf Linz Bezirk Linz-Land Bezirk Perg Bezirk Ried im Innkreis Bezirk Rohrbach Bezirk Schärding Steyr Bezirk Steyr-Land Bezirk Urfahr-Umgebung Bezirk Vöcklabruck Wels (Stadt) Bezirk Wels-LandLocation of the district of Steyr in the federal state of Upper Austria (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
View from the Dambergwarte in Ortisei
View from the Dambergwarte in Ortisei
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria

Steyr ( pronunciation ? / I ) is a city in Upper Austria , after Linz and Wels the third largest city in the state and the twelfth largest city in Austria . The statutory city at the confluence of the Enns and Steyr rivers is the seat of the district authority of the Steyr-Land district . Audio file / audio sample


Position and extent

From left to right: Old town with Lamberg Castle , confluence of the Steyr and Enns , Michaelerkirche , Tabor and Ortskai

Steyr is located at an altitude of 310 m in the foothills of the Alps on the border with Lower Austria . The extension is from north to south 7 km, from west to east 7.3 km. 2.8% of the area is forested, 11.1% of the area is used for agriculture.

City structure

Steyr consists of the following eight cadastral communities : Christkindl , Föhrenschacherl, Gleink, Hinterberg, Jägerberg, Sarning, Stein, Steyr.

For statistics, the city is divided by the city council into statistical zones: Inner city, Steyrdorf , Wehrgraben , Alter Tabor , Tabor / Resthof, Ennsdorf , Fischhub, Waldrandsiedlung, Ennsleite, Neuschönau, Pyrach / Reichenschwall, Christkindl / Schlühslmayr, Gründbergsiedlung, Steyr-Gleink, Winkling / Hausleiten, Münichholz , Hinterberg / Hammer, Schlüsselhof-Ort, Stein.

Neighboring communities

Wolfern Dietach Haidershofen
Sierning Neighboring communities Behamberg
Cooked Ortisei


The center of the city of Steyr is in the cadastral community of Steyr, between Ennser Straße and Resthofstraße, specifically at the following coordinates:

  • Easting: 456.915 (UTM 33N) Northing: 5,322,488 (UTM 33N)
  • East: 14 ° 25'18.5 "(WGS84) North: 48 ° 03'15.2" (WGS84)

This point represents the geometric center of gravity of a flat surface (= center of gravity).


Steyr and its immediate surroundings lie in a foothill of the Pannonian climate that extends into the Welser Heide . Due to the difficult topography with many bodies of water and hills, there are small-scale deviations with higher precipitation and lower temperatures. The annual mean air temperature is 10  ° C , the lowest daily mean −15 ° C, the highest +33 ° C. The mean duration of sunshine is 1500 hours, the mean amount of precipitation 750 mm. Heavy rainfall in the headwaters and catchment areas of the Enns and Steyr repeatedly results in flooding in the urban area.

Ternberg 350 m, 1971-2000
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Ternberg 350 m, 1971–2000
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2.4 4.7 9.9 14.2 19.9 22.2 24.3 24.1 19.6 13.9 6.7 3.6 O 13.8
Min. Temperature (° C) −4.3 −3.2 0.3 3.4 7.8 11.2 13.0 13.0 9.8 5.2 0.4 −2.6 O 4.5
Temperature (° C) −1.2 0.2 4.3 8.2 13.5 16.4 18.3 17.8 13.7 8.6 3.1 0.2 O 8.6
Precipitation ( mm ) 75.5 63.6 90.9 93.9 105.2 129.3 154.6 116.3 95.0 75.6 92.8 85.9 Σ 1,178.6
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 1.6 2.9 3.9 5.3 7.1 6.7 7.6 7.3 5.3 3.5 1.7 1.2 O 4.5
Rainy days ( d ) 11.9 10.6 13.0 12.4 11.9 14.1 14.1 11.7 10.8 10.2 12.3 13.1 Σ 146.1
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Population development


In January 2010, 69,766 people lived in the Steyr conurbation. The agglomeration includes Steyr and the communities of Dietach (3200), Wolfern (2,983), St. Ulrich bei Steyr (3,049), Sierning (9,106), Garsten (6,618) and in Lower Austria the communities of Haidershofen (3,576) and Behamberg (3,239).

National emblem

coat of arms

Historical coat of arms (lithograph 1895)
Coat of arms of the city of Steyr
Blazon : "In green a silver , red- armed and horned, flame-breathing, erect panther."

That the original blue and white group of bajuwarisch - Carantanian Panther family counting mythical beast is the significant Wappenbild of as after their Leitnamen Otakare Marquis designated later Dukes of Styria, which had their headquarters in Steyr.

In 1160 by Margrave Ottokar (Otakar) III. Chosen by Steyr as his official shield coat of arms, it has been the Styrian state coat of arms ever since.

The city colors are green and white.


Seal of the City (1304)

The original seal of the citizenship dates from 1304. It shows a city gate with two towers, above the Austrian shield and the city arms on both sides of the gate. The inscription reads:



Iron age

Numerous stray finds show that the area around Steyr was settled in the earliest times, even if there is no evidence of a prehistoric settlement in the urban area. Around 600 BC BC Celts immigrated , who were the first to mine the iron of the Erzberg . The name Steyr comes from the Celtic language (Stiria) and describes the river of the same name . The Greek geographer Klaudios Ptolemaios has noted in his "Atlas der Oikumene" ( Geographike Hyphegesis ) a place "Gesodunum" under Noricum , which is localized by scientists from the TU Berlin on the basis of transformed ancient coordinates in the "Steyr area".

Roman times

The Romans brought the iron, which they called " Noric ", to their shield factory in Lauriacum on the old iron road . According to tradition, a Roman watchtower already stood on the rock above the confluence of the Steyr and Enns rivers . That's the name of the keep of Styraburg, in the baroque castle Lamberg is integrated today RömerTurm . In its actual establishment in the Middle Ages but are likely to square the former Roman military camp Lauriacum have been used, so the tower got its name. In 1297 the annals of the St. Florian monastery reported about a large treasure find near Steyr ("Maximus Thesaurus"), which is considered to be the first recorded information about archaeological finds in Austria. In the course of the centuries some rather unspectacular small finds were added. The Roman-era settlement Münichholz (KG Hinterberg, Münichholz district) was discovered in the 1990s during the emergency excavation in the course of the construction of the Steyrer Nordspange (B122a); building remains of a homestead were excavated there.

middle Ages

In the 6th century the area was colonized by Bavarian tribes and became part of the duchy. It later belonged to the clearing area of the Kremsmünster monastery founded by Duke Tassilo in 777 . In defense of the empire against the incursions of the Hungarians were around 900 at the Enns built fortified two castles, the castle to Enns and the Styraburg , which was first mentioned in 980. The builders of the castle were the Counts of Wels-Lambach , who owned properties in Traungau and in the Karantanische Mark (Upper Styria).

In 1055 the Otakare , who came from Chiemgau , took over their inheritance under the rule of the Bavarian dukes. The heraldic animal of the Otakare was the white panther. Through inheritance and a clever marriage policy - Otakar II was married to a Babenberg woman - they enlarged their estates in Styria considerably. The Erzberg , whose mining was intensively promoted by the Otakars, was also located here. The position of power of the Otakare was shown in a splendid court holding. The Styraburg was not only the scene of chivalric life, but also a place of cultivation of the noble arts. In the two Middle High German epics Biterolf and Dietleib and King Laurin , Steyr Castle is a literary monument. In 1180 Otakar IV , the last of his line, was elevated to the status of duke by Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa , and the state was separated from Bavaria. In 1186, Otakar IV, sick and childless, bequeathed the Babenbergers to the Babenbergers in a solemn inheritance contract on the Georgenberg in Steyr's castle and lordship - as early as 1170, Steyr was referred to as Urb's 'urban settlement', to which the town charter can be traced back.

Although Steyr lost its importance as a ducal seat, its role as a processing and trading center for Innerberger Eisen was retained. The Inner Mountain, today's iron ore , sponsored "Black Metal" took in the early Middle Ages its way through the valley of the Enns to the Danube , leaving as one of the oldest industrial regions in Europe, the Eisenwurzen , arise.

Benefiting from its unique location in terms of transport policy and its importance as a residence among the Otakars, Steyr developed into the economic and cultural center of this early medieval industrial area. Under the Babenbergs, the city rose to become an iron metropolis north of the Alps. Craftsmen, especially arms and armor smiths, had found shelter and living space at the foot of the castle.

After the Babenbergs died out in 1246, hard times began for the city. In the time before the Habsburgs , Steyr was separated from its Mark ( Styria , which then fell to Hungary) and thus from its economic base, the Erzberg, and became the land above the Enns under the Bohemian King in 1254 as a result of the Peace of Oven Ottokar II Přemysl defeated.

Waldensian monument at Prof.-Jörg-Reitter-Platz

On August 23, 1287, Duke Albrecht I confirmed the town's old rights in trading and processing Innerberg iron. In this great privilege , the citizens of Steyr were granted the right to stack wood and iron, among other things. These raw materials had to be offered to the citizens of Steyr at a preferential price for three days before they were allowed to continue on their way to the Danube. This made the city and its citizens rich and enabled them to invite important artists from Germany, Bohemia and Italy to build and create works of art. Trade relations between Steyr iron traders and Germany and Eastern Europe have been documented since 1190.

Presumably cityscape around or after 1450. Schedelsche Weltchronik, Bl. CCLXXVI
View from 1554 ( Hans Sebald Lautensack )

Trade with Venice played a special role . At that time, Steyr was one of those nine Roman-German cities that had their own trading offices in Venice . Steyrer Eisenwaren were coveted articles on the Venice market.

A large number of Steyrern known in the 13th and 14th centuries to Waldensianism , a Christian lay movement by the Inquisition as a heretic was branded. At that time, Steyr was the most important Waldensian town in Austria. Because of this, the city has been visited several times by the Inquisition. Waldensians were discovered here for the first time around 1260, and inquisition courts were then held again in 1311 and around 1370. The most severe persecutions occurred between 1391 and 1398 under the Inquisitor Petrus Zwicker : In 1397 alone, according to the chronicler Preuenhueber, “more than a thousand people were drafted”. In the same year between 80 and 100 people were burned in the heretic cemetery . The Waldensian monument erected in Steyr in 1997 is a reminder of this.

The rapid prosperity of the city in the 14th century encouraged the influx of craftsmen mainly from Nuremberg . In addition to armor makers and blade smiths, it was mainly knives whose guild letter from 1406 is one of the oldest in Austria. The Steyrer Messerer set the tone in the whole of southern Germany. In the middle of the 15th century the city reached its economic height. At that time, Steyr was the wealthiest and most distinguished city in Austria alongside Vienna.

16th to 18th century

The far-reaching and intimate trade relations between Steyr and the most important trading centers in Europe made the residents receptive to new ideas and trends. Preuenhueber writes in the Annales Styrenses that during Advent and Lent, Franciscan brothers from outside preached and heard confessions in the cities. Luther's doctrine , spread in the city by a barefoot named Calixt in 1525 , was received with approval by the Steyrers. Almost in unison, the citizens and craftsmen converted to the new faith. At the beginning of the Counter Reformation there were only 18 Catholic families left in the city. Steyr experienced a cultural heyday during this time and was one of the few cities in Austria in which master singing was cultivated (Meistersinger School approx. 1540-1616), which only fell silent in the turmoil of the Counter Reformation.

At the beginning of July 1572 the most devastating flood to date struck the city. In response to this, the Neutor was built at the entrance to the green market in 1573 as a water protection structure. There are high water marks on the south wall of house no. 4 in Zwischenbrücken (Café Werndl) . Accordingly, the flood in 1572 was significantly higher than in 2002.

Title page of the Annales Styrenses
Copper engraving by Matthäus Merians (first half of the 17th century)

The first signs of the decline of the iron industry became noticeable: craftsmen complained that iron dealers were selling profitably abroad and that the local industry was left with only second-class goods. In 1583 the iron trading company was founded to put an end to the unfair trade. However, the expectations placed in them were not fulfilled. The outbreak of the Thirty Years 'War , the Counter Reformation and the great Upper Austrian Peasants' War - two of its masterminds were citizens of Steyr - led to the town's economic decline. The pledge of Upper Austria to Baiern in 1620 and the rigorous measures of the Counter Reformation under Count Herberstorff , which reached their gruesome climax in the Frankenburg dice game , led to the uprising of the peasants in 1626.

The leader of the rebels, Stefan Fadinger , came to Steyr with 40,000 farmers , where he found important allies in city judges Wolfgang Madlseder and Lazarus Holzmüller . After the uprising was put down, the ringleaders were beheaded and quartered. The billeting of troops, the resulting costs, the catastrophic economic situation and the expulsion order for Protestants issued in 1625 resulted in the emigration of 228 Steyr families. Many saw their only hope in emigration. It was Steyr knifers who founded the famous Solingen steel goods production. This development also had a fatal effect on the iron being. In 1620 300,000 quintals of steel were waiting for their customers in Steyr. In order to revive the troubled iron industry, the Innerberger Main Union was founded in 1625 , an association of wheel masters, hammermen and iron traders to form a group from which the Alpine Montangesellschaft would later emerge.

From 1625 to around 1630 the historiographer Valentin Preuenhueber worked on the aforementioned Annales Styrenses, the first history of the city of Steyr. However, since Preuenhueber had to leave Austria as a Protestant in 1629, it took more than a hundred years before the work was available in print (Nuremberg 1740).

With the Baroque , the city experienced a new flourishing after the Turkish threat . The wholesale of iron had dried up, but the processing of Styrian iron continued. During this time, some interesting buildings were built in Steyr, such as the Michaelerkirche or the pilgrimage church of Christkindl on the outskirts of the city. During the Josefinic period , which was not only characterized by the abolition of the monastery, an economic upswing was noticeable in Steyr. The conversion of existing craft businesses and the establishment of new workshops laid the foundation for the city's later industrialization.

On August 29, 1727, Steyr was struck by a devastating conflagration, which not only destroyed large parts of the old town, but also the Styraburg with its gables, towers and bay windows. The baroque Lamberg Castle was built on the same site .

19th century


French cannonball in the wall of the house at Stadtplatz 26

During the French wars , the favorable development of the Steyr economy was suddenly interrupted. Within ten years, French troops occupied the city three times: 1800, 1805 and 1809. In today's Löwenapotheke , the armistice between Austria and France was signed on December 25, 1800 , followed by the Peace of Lunéville in 1801 . Around the revolutionary year 1848 there were also riots and unrest in Steyr. When the city allowed anti-government hussars to march through on June 6, 1849 , this led to serious resentment with the imperial family. As a result, the city tried to limit the damage: The municipal council decided to build a votive altar in the city parish church on the occasion of the emperor's rescue from the assassination attempt in 1853 . On September 27, 1857, the imperial couple visited the altar on display in the Minorite Church in Vienna .

In the late summer of 1855, cholera broke out in and around Steyr . The most prominent fatality was the arms manufacturer Leopold Werndl . His son Josef Werndl founded large-scale industry in Steyr.

Pageant for the 900 year old stock

As part of the celebrations for the 900th anniversary, Emperor Franz Joseph I visited the city on August 23, 1880. After the reception by honorary officers at the train station at six in the morning, the company drove to the town hall , in front of which a pageant was rolling. Then the trade exhibition, the test workshop and the Werndl arms factory were visited. The citizenship window in the parish church, unveiled in 1893, is dedicated to the imperial visit . In the main picture, St. Dominic receives a rosary from the hand of Mary. The inscription reads: Dedicated by the citizens of Steÿr in memory of the presence of Sr. k. k. Apostolic Majesty Franz Josef I glorified the anniversary celebration in August 1880 of the 900 year existence of the city and the 500 year anniversary of the uniformed citizen corps in Steÿr.

Anton Bruckner often visited Steyr and played the Chrismann organ in the parish church . From 1884 he spent several summers in the city and composed parts of the 8th and 9th symphonies , a plaque at the old rectory commemorates this. Steyr erected the composer's first monument in 1898 (Brucknerplatz near the parish church). The bust was made by Victor Tilgner , the base and the other accessories by Fritz Zerritsch . During the Second World War, the memorial was removed and re-erected in September 1945. Franz Schubert stayed in Steyr in 1819, 1823 and 1825. The first two times he lived in the Stalzerhaus (no. 34), the last time in house no. 16 (Schuberthaus).

Big industry in Steyr emerged

Arms factory building in the Wehrgraben (around 1890)

As early as the late Middle Ages, businesses settled in the weir ditch and used the water power of the Steyr. For this purpose, a system of canals was created that has essentially been preserved to this day. In the 18th century, local bourgeois masters began producing sabers, bayonets and rifle components. In 1830 Leopold Werndl finally founded a company in which he produced rifle components with 450 workers. The son, Josef Werndl , took the big step from simple entrepreneur to large industrialist. In a few years, he expanded his father's factory into one of the largest and most modern arms factories in the world.

On the occasion of the Electrischen-Landes-Industrie-Forst and cultural-historical exhibition in 1884 (August 2 to September 30), Josef Werndl's OEWG had part of the city temporarily illuminated with electricity. The electrical energy required came from dynamo machines in various objects in the arms factory. What was new about it was that this electricity was not only obtained from steam power , but also from hydropower . A turbine was installed in the former Heindlmühle in Zwischenbrücken, which, coupled with two dynamo machines, generated electricity at an average of 850 revolutions per minute with 450 volts and 8 amps . Werndl thus built the first efficient run-of- river power plants . On August 19th, Emperor Franz Joseph I visited the exhibition, Crown Prince Rudolf and Crown Princess Stephanie followed on September 19th.

The razing of the medieval fortifications

Photo from 1857. The city wall on Ennskai is torn down

From 1829 the medieval fortifications were torn down step by step . First, the Steyrtor fell into intermediate bridges . In 1838, Prince Lamberg had the fence wall and the gate blocking the Schlossberg demolished. After a fire caused major damage in the suburbs of Steyrdorf, Bei der Steyr and Wieserfeld at the beginning of May 1842 , the Schuhbodentor in Schuhbodengasse was demolished in the same year. In 1843 the Gleinkertor, which was also burned down, followed in the Gleinkergasse and the Brittingertor in the Kirchengasse. In March 1844 the inner Gilgentor at the parish church and the Frauentor in Frauengasse disappeared in 1848. A fort-like fortress gate outside the parish church gave way to a villa in 1846. From 1848 the moat near the parish church was filled and the wall and the kennel there demolished. So the Brucknerplatz could be laid out. From the end of May 1848 the Wieserfeld was leveled. The remains of the old Gilgentore have not existed since 1852 and a gate tower in Langen Gasse in Ennsdorf (Haratzmüllerstraße) has been in existence since 1855. From the beginning of 1857 the city ​​wall in the area of ​​today's Ennskai was removed, the mighty Ennstor in Zwischenbrücken in 1864. Josef Werndl left 1870 / 71 fill most of the moat and widen the promenade. The cost was around 8,000 florins. In 1891 the Örtltor fell on Schlüsselhofgasse.

In the 21st century, some remains of the fortification are still preserved, such as the buckle gate , the new gate and the roller gate . Part of the former city wall separates the promenade from Berggasse; the houses in this area are attached to the city wall. At Brucknerplatz, behind the former music school, a short section of the city moat has been preserved, which was made accessible to the public in 2007. Below the city parish church and the city parsonage there is a defense tower and another partially preserved section of the city wall up to the Neutor.

Early 20th century

Crematorium at the urn cemetery

In mid-September 1916, Steyr was the scene of a strike by 6000 workers who wanted to express their dissatisfaction with the prevailing food shortage. The end of the monarchy resulted in a reversal of the balance of power. Until 1918, bourgeois- German-national circles set the tone - through the general free right to vote , Steyr transformed into a socialist working-class town. On January 1, 1919, according to the contract of October 8, 1917, today's cadastral community Gleink was incorporated (the community existed until 1938, these parts came to Wolfern and Dietach, respectively). Aichet, Wieserfeld, Bei der Steyr and Steyrdorf formed the second district of Steyrdorf. After a municipal council resolution of June 21, 1919, Steyr was divided into the following districts: Stadt , Steyrdorf , Stein , Ort , Ennsdorf .

Between 1926 and 1927, the funeral association “Die Flamme” had the first Upper Austrian crematorium built by the architect Franz Koppelhuber . It opened on June 26, 1927, and at the end of 1939 the city bought it for 115,000  Reichsmarks . The war memorial at the parish church also comes from Koppelhuber.

The economic difficulties of the First Republic hit Steyr particularly hard, and unemployment remained a serious problem until 1938. The global economic crisis of 1929, which hit the Upper Austrian iron industry in particular, worsened the situation: between June 30, 1929 and January 25, 1930, Steyr-Werke , the largest employer, laid off 70% of its workforce. At the end of 1931, around half of the population needed unemployment benefits and other public welfare; at the end of November 1932, 4,359 people were registered as unemployed. The financial situation of the city administration became precarious: Neither the assignment of the city police to the federal government nor the sale of the hospital to the state of Upper Austria could change anything: On October 24, 1931, the community declared bankruptcy. There were always clashes between the home guard and the socialist Schutzbund . The February battles in many Austrian cities in 1934 also struck Steyr, but the resistance of the forbidden Schutzbund was quickly broken by the military, the federal police and the protective corps. On February 17, 1934, the trials of the rebels began in the district court building . As a result, the city administration remained civilly clerical until Austria was annexed in 1938.

On April 1, 1935, the localities Neuschönau , Jägerberg and Ramingsteg from the municipality of St. Ulrich were added. The new cadastral parish of St. Ulrich was formed from the parts of Jägerberg that were not included.

National Socialism and World War II

Münichholz block development, view from the Dambergwarte , July 2014

The most extensive expansions took place in 1938. Following a resolution of October 15, the following areas were added: Münichholz, Hinterberg, Gleink, Grünberg, Stein, Christkindl and Garsten . The housing company of the Reichswerke Hermann Göring built 2500 apartments in Münichholz (Minichholz) and thus moved up a completely new district.

In the Second World War, Steyr suffered heavy damage and losses as an industrial location and thus as a strategic bomber target. The first attack took place on February 23, 1944 by the American Fifteenth Air Force as part of " Big Week ". He claimed 15 dead and 55 injured. In the second attack on February 24, 212 people died and 371 were injured. Almost 1000 bombs were dropped on Steyr. 112 buildings were destroyed and around 400 badly damaged.

From 1942 to 1945 the Münichholz district was the location for the Steyr-Münichholz subcamp . Up to 3,090 prisoners were housed there, who were used in the Steyr works to produce armaments and who had to do forced labor to build roads and air raid shelters in Steyr .

On May 5, 1945, the Americans entered Steyr, and on May 9, Soviet troops from the east followed. They not only freed Steyr from National Socialist rule, but also the numerous forced laborers in the camps around the Hermann-Göring-Werke . Due to the numerous refugees and soldiers, the population rose to 103,000 in May 1945.

Post-war period 1945 to 1955

The problems of the city administration after the World War were mainly the removal of the bomb damage as well as the restoration and improvement of the infrastructure. In the long history of the city of Steyr there is no time period that has been able to show such an extensive redesign as this one. Numerous residential and school buildings, baths and sports facilities, educational institutions, district heating plants, the new bridges over Enns and Steyr and several new businesses were built.

History since the 1950s

From 1972 to 1978 there was a bitter dispute between a citizens' initiative and the Steyr municipal administration over the preservation of the historic moat . While the citizens' initiative demanded the preservation of the historic district in accordance with the preservation of historical monuments, the city of Steyr planned to fill in the channels and to undertake numerous structural redesigns. The dispute ended not least thanks to the committed support of the Steyr art professor Heribert Mader and numerous media outlets with a victory for the district's owners.

In 1979, construction began on the BMW engine plant, which has since become the largest operation in Steyr. In 2004, BMW employed 2,800 people in Steyr. BMW Motoren GmbH Steyr now produces over 1 million engines (4- and 6-cylinder petrol and diesel engines). Around 80% of all BMW brand vehicles are powered by an engine produced in Steyr. All diesel units are developed by BMW at the Steyr plant.

500 Schilling silver coin 1000 years of Steyr (1980), designed by the Steyr medalist Hans Köttenstorfer

In 1980 the city celebrated its 1000th anniversary, on this occasion Lamberg Castle has been restored since 1977 - in 1980 it housed the state exhibition on Hallstatt culture . The multi-day city festival on the city ​​square was originally intended as an event for the 1000th anniversary, but since then it has been reorganized every year in June. In the fall, the old theater on the Promenade, which closed in the late 1950s, reopened (see also the Theater section ). The Austrian Post published on June 4, 1980, the commemorative stamp one thousand years Steyr with a copper engraving from 1693. Furthermore, it was 500 shillings commemorative coin issued a.

Flood on June 2, 2013

From 1988 the division and sale of Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG began. The beginning was made by the Swedish SKF Group, which took over the ailing Steyr rolling bearing plant. On September 12, 1989, the Steyr-Daimler-Puch supervisory board approved the sale of the truck plant to the German MAN group . The German Gear Factory (IF) and the Magna group of Frank Stronach bought a Steyr.

The Trollmann barracks on Tabor (Rooseveltstrasse), built from 1903 to 1905, was named after the infantry general Ignaz Trollmann von Lovcenberg , who was born in Steyr . Most of the buildings on the barracks area, which was abandoned in 2001, were demolished to make way for a planned shopping center (as of October 2014).

Due to its location on two rivers, the city is often affected by severe flooding, as most recently on June 2, 2013. In summer 2002, heavy rain caused a flood of the century : On August 12, 2002, the Enns rose to 1040 cm and flooded the town square.

In the 21st century

History of the Jewish inhabitants

Jews have been in the city since the 14th century: In 1371 Duke Albrecht III banned the city . them trade in wine and grain. 1420 were Garstner Jews of host desecration accused and arrested in Vienna. The tolerance patent of Joseph II brought a legal improvement in 1782.

The number of Jewish residents remained relatively small in the 19th and 20th centuries. In 1851 and 1852 families from Bohemia settled in the city, in 1855 there were seven families. The 1857 census showed 50 Israelites in 16 families who were almost exclusively peddlers and bartenders in raw products and goods . An Israelitischer Cultusverein dates from November 3, 1870. From April 1874, this established its own Jewish burial place at the Tabor cemetery .

In 1894 the Cultusverein changed to a cult community . On October 31 of the same year she bought a former inn on Bahnhofstrasse and set up a house of prayer in it. At the end of 1891, 174 Israelites lived in the city. A Jewish women's association dates from 1930. At the time of the Anschluss in 1938 there were two Israelite religious communities in Upper Austria, Linz and Steyr. In July 1938 the first arrests of Jews from Steyr began. The Kultusgemeinde was dissolved by the Gestapo on October 1, 1938 ; the prayer house in Bahnhofstrasse had already been “Aryanized” and thus escaped destruction. It is the only remaining synagogue building in Upper Austria and has been a listed building since 2008.

After the Second World War, many Jewish refugees were housed in Steyr: the camp for displaced persons (DP) in the artillery barracks then housed an average of 1,800 of them. At the beginning of 1948 it was taken over into the administration of the Commission of the International Refugee Organization (IRO). A newly founded religious community soon dissolved again due to the gradual departure - in 1959 there were only five people of Jewish faith in Steyr.

"Since November 2008 a memorial in Steyr has been commemorating the 86 local Jewish victims of the Nazi era by name."

In November 1992 the Mauthausen Komitee (MKÖ) Steyr asked the mayor to name a street after the last Steyr Jew Friedrich Uprimny (born March 11, 1921 in Steyr, 1938–1947 emigration, † March 21, 1992). Memories followed. In 1999, the Greens proposed the forecourt of the Working World Museum. At the beginning of 2000 the previous cemetery stairs (the connection from Wieserfeldplatz up to Taborweg) was renamed "Friedrich-Uprimny-Stiege" at the new suggestion of the MKÖ. On November 7, 2002, a memorial stele for Uprimny and the Jewish history in Steyr was erected at the head of the staircase.


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Municipal council

The Steyr municipal council consists of 36 members who hold the title of municipal councilor. The members are elected by all citizens with normal residence in Steyr for a term of six years. The meetings of the municipal council are public and take place every six to eight weeks in the town hall.

Allocation of seats in the 36 municipal council seats: According to the results of the last municipal council elections in 2015, the seats in the Steyr municipal council are divided between the following political parties:

SPÖ 16, FPÖ 10, ÖVP 5, GRÜNE 4 and NEOS 1.

City Senate

City Senate: The Steyr City Senate consists of the mayor, three deputy mayors and four other members who hold the title of city councilor. They are all elected from among the community council. The strength of the political parties in the city senate depends on the number of seats in the municipal council. The meetings of the city senate usually take place every fortnight and are not public. The mayor presides.

According to the results of the last municipal council election in 2015, the seats in the Steyr city senate are divided between the following political parties:

SPÖ 4, FPÖ 2, ÖVP 1 and GRÜNE 1.


Mayor of Steyr is currently Gerald Hackl ( SPÖ , in office since 2009).

From the series of mayors of the city of Steyr are represented with their own biographies in Wikipedia :


Secular structures

Town square

Steyr shows itself through its early boom and the economic development that has continued up to the present day in its cityscape in a diverse way, with ensembles ranging from Gothic to industrial architecture . The town square is one of the best preserved old town ensembles in German-speaking countries.

Steyr is a member of the Small Historical Cities Association .

  • Aichetschlössl , Renaissance building from the second half of the 16th century
  • Bummerlhaus mentioned in a document in 1450, Gothic town house and symbol of the city
  • Citizens' hospital from the 14th century including a church
  • 15th century Dunklhof . The late Gothic building with a Renaissance courtyard in the Steyrdorf district was the home of the poet Dora Dunkl
  • Innerberger Stadel 1612: Renaissance building with rich sgraffito decoration ; once served as a grain and food store for the Innerberger main trade union, today the museum of the city of Steyr
  • Lebzelterhaus , built around 1600. Up until the middle of the 19th century, gingerbread tents , wax candles and mead were made in the house
  • Meditz house Gothic with baroque facade, arcade courtyard from the Renaissance
  • Town hall : 1772, masterpiece of the Austrian Rococo, today houses the city administration, the magistrate.
  • Red fountain, 18th century. It takes its name from the former copper roof and stands at the end of Kirchengasse, in the middle of the Steyrdorf district
  • Engelseck Castle , around 1500
  • Lamberg Castle from the 10th century
  • Voglsang Castle , from 1877. The castle was built by Anton Plochberger and modeled on a Scottish castle. The client was Josef Werndl
  • City gates: Kollertor 1480, Neutor 1573 and Schnallentor 1613
  • Star house with a Gothic core and late Baroque facade (Stadtplatz 12)
  • Taborfriedhof from 1584. A Renaissance complex with an archway and arcades
  • Tabor tower from around 1480. Part of the old city fortifications
  • Water tower , built 1572–1574. In 1909 it was cut by a third for safety reasons


Gothic parish church


Staircases and climbing aids

Due to the urban landscape characterized by ice-age gravel terraces, height differences of up to 40 m have to be overcome in a small area in the old town.

  • The Frauenstiege connects Sierninger Strasse with Fabrikstrasse. It is named after the women's chapel.
  • The Mayrstiege connects the Berggasse with the town square. It is partially covered and runs between the houses at Stadtplatz 34 and 32 (Bummerlhaus). It has been named after the former Mayrwirt in the Bummerlhaus since 1853, the previous name was Fuchsgassl.
  • The parish staircase connects the Brucknerplatz (at the Margaretenkapelle ) with the Grünmarkt. It is partially enclosed. The former name is Schmiedstiege.
  • The school stairs connect the Berggasse (at Berggasse elementary school) with the town square.
  • The Taborstiege connects the Taborhöhe (near the Tabor Tower ) with Michaelerplatz. It was opened in 1951 and has 243 steps. The lower section is enclosed.
  • The Tabor panorama lift next to the Taborstiege also connects the Taborhöhe with Michaelerplatz. It was opened on August 7, 2020 and overcomes a height difference of about 35 meters. It took three years from the start of planning to completion, and the cost was 2.7 million euros.
  • The Uprimnystiege connects the Taborhöhe with the Gleinkergasse (at Wieserfeldplatz). It has been named after the surviving Steyr Jew Friedrich Uprimny since 2002. The previous name was Friedhofsstiege.

Further stairs connect the Ennsleite with the lower district of Ennsdorf and the Tabor with the Steinwändweg that runs along the Enns.



  • Museum of the city of Steyr : the city museum is located on Grünmarkt 26, in the Innerberger Stadel. The focus of the museum is iron processing; further exhibitions are: nail forge, scythe hammer and Petermandl'sche knife collection. The building is currently being extensively renovated for the Upper Austrian State Exhibition in 2021.
  • Steyr Working World Museum : located in revitalized factory buildings from the mid-19th century in the historic Steyr moat with exhibitions, projects and events on socially relevant topics.
  • Stollen of memory : permanent exhibition in a former air raid shelter from 1938 to 1945, as well as the history of the resistance in Steyr and dealing with the Nazi past.
  • Eisenuhren Museum Schmollgruber: the museum is located on Grünmarkt 2. In the Schmollgruberhaus there is again a watchmaker's workshop based on an old craft tradition. The oldest exhibits are tower clocks (late 14th century), iron clocks from the Baroque period, etc.
  • 1. Austrian Christmas Museum: open in Advent until the New Year. The Christmas Museum is located in the former Bürgerspital , one of the oldest buildings in the city, next to the baroque church of St. Michael.

Museum train


Entrance of the old city theater
New city theater
  • The Old City Theater Steyr (Promenade 3, formerly Berggasse 10) is a former baroque monastery building. In 1796 it was converted into a theater and inaugurated on May 16 with the opera Zigeuner by Christian Gottlob Neefe . The construction of a larger theater in the industrial hall in 1958 (Neues Stadttheater, Volksstrasse 5) resulted in the closure. After renovation work, including relocating the entrance to the promenade, the house has been used again since autumn 1980. There are 233 seats and 30 standing places on the gallery.
  • The new Steyr City Theater was added to the industrial hall opened in 1898 in 1957/1958. The people's cinema had been in the hall since 1924. The building, which was built using the bulk construction method, was equipped with a state-of-the-art stage equipment for the time, the revolving stage has a diameter of over 11 meters. The opening took place on September 27, 1958 with Giacomo Puccini's La Bohème . The house offers a total of 588 people.
  • The puppet theater Steyrer Kripperl brings performances with Christmas scenes and local historical events from Advent until after Dreikönig. Today it is one of the last stick puppet theaters in the German-speaking area (Innerberger Stadel, Grünmarkt 26).


Important musicians worked in Steyr, including Anton Bruckner and Franz Schubert . Anton Bruckner had close relationships with the Steyrer MGV Sängerlust , which celebrated its 170 anniversary in 2014. Originals from the pen of Anton Bruckner can be found in the archive of the Steyrer MGV Sängerlust. The Steyrer MGV Sängerlust also repeatedly supported the Steyr music festival with its participation in Beethoven's Ode to Joy in the 9th Symphony and Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Te Deum, among others .



At first there were only traveling cinemas at events and large markets. On the Grünmarkt, Austria's second permanent cinema opened in 1908 with the Steyrer Biograph (the first had been in Wels since 1900 ). The Biograph closed in 1974. From 1924 there was the Volkskino in the industrial hall (city theater), in 1951 it was rebuilt. At the end of 1948 a Colosseum cinema opened in Mitteren Gasse (connects Wieserfeldplatz with Sierningerstraße). From 1948 to 1973 the Münichholz cinema existed in the district of the same name and the central cinema in Färbergasse until 2003 . The Cityplexxx at Hermann-Leithenmayr-Platz (industrial hall) closed on January 26, 2011, and the City Kino opened on April 15, 2011 at the same location . It's the only cinema right in town.

In the meantime, the conversion to digital technology has been completed.



The old hospital building opened in 1916

The LKH Steyr is a specialty hospital at Sierninger Strasse 170. The local school for general health and nursing in Steyr offers, among other things, a degree in nursing science and training to become a qualified nurse . The oldest part is the castle-like old building opened in 1916. In 1930 the house passed from the city of Steyr to the ownership of the state. The hospital has been gradually expanded since 1935, the last steps were a new psychiatry building in 2005 and new buildings for orthopedics , ENT , trauma surgery , operating theater and administration and care in 2006. The LKH Steyr is a " teaching hospital " of the Medical University of Innsbruck , the Medical University of Graz and the Medical University of Vienna .


The state police department of Upper Austria acts as the security authority for the city through its branch office, the Steyr police station, which is located in the premises of Schloss Lamberg . The Steyr City Police Command , which has four police stations ( Stadtplatz (Steyr) , Tomitzstrasse, Ennser Strasse, Münichholz) and a police detention center , is subordinate to you as the station of the guard for the city area .

fire Department

The Steyr volunteer fire brigade is one of the oldest and largest fire brigades in Upper Austria. It was founded in 1864 after the tower of the parish church burned down. Five fire engines (Inner City, Steyrdorf, Gleink, Christkindl, Münichholz) are available every day in the city of Steyr in the event of fire, flood and in the event of a disaster. With an additional technical train, which can be alerted to the border with Styria, and the water train, two more units are on standby 24 hours a day.

In addition, four company fire departments are on duty in Steyr: BTF BMW Motoren GesmbH , BTF Landeskrankenhaus Steyr MOB, BTF MAN Truck & Bus Österreich GesmbH and BTF SKF Österreich AG.

Tax office

In Steyr there is the tax office on the promenade as well as an office of the financial police (responsible for the districts of Kirchdorf, Perg, Steyr-Land and Steyr-Stadt).



Steyr is on the Rudolfsbahn . There is regular train service to Linz (via Sankt Valentin , with a connection to the Westbahn ) and to Kleinreifling . The section from St. Valentin to Steyr was opened in 1868. The current design of the main train station with overbuilding of the track systems ( multi-storey car park , regional bus station ) and covered central platform has existed since November 1998.

The narrow-gauge Steyrtalbahn , opened in 1889 and discontinued in 1982, ran from the Steyr-Lokalbahn station on the western edge of the city to Grünburg , Molln and Klaus , with a branch line to Sierning and Bad Hall , and in the other direction to nearby Garsten with a connection to the Rudolfsbahn. The section from Steyr-Lokalbahn to Grünburg has been preserved as a museum railway. Trains run during the summer months and Advent on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays.


By the highway B309 ( Steyr Street ) the city is covered since autumn 2010 A1 connected. Before that, Steyr had no connection to the high-ranking road network , but in the 1970s the never-realized pre-Alpine motorway from Sattledt via Steyr to Amstetten was planned. The federal highways running through the urban area include the Voralpen Straße (B122) to Sattledt , the Eisenstraße (B115) via Hieflau , Eisenerz and the Präbichl Pass to Leoben and Traboch , as well as the Steyrer Nordspange (B122a).

Bus routes

Post buses run to Linz , Kirchdorf an der Krems , Amstetten and Wels , among others . The Steyr city bus is responsible for local public transport within the city - around 13,700 passengers per day are transported on a total of ten lines. From the pre-Christmas period to New Year's Eve, a vintage bus route runs between the Steyr town square and the Christkindl parsonage every year . On some days, the cadastral community of Gleink ( Martinimarkt ) and the neighboring community of Garsten (Garstner Advent) are served.

Historical shipping

Raftsman Monument

Shipping , rafting and logging on the rivers Enns and Steyr were of decisive importance for the historical development of the city of Steyr. Pig iron came from the Styrian Erzberg and wood or charcoal for the operation of forge hammers to Steyr. Until 1890, one-man rafts known as “ Ladenenkarl ” rode the Steyr. Then the Steyrtalbahn delivered the wood. A towpath was built on the Enns to Hieflau for upstream shipping . In return, mainly food was transported. After the railway was built, shipping on the Enns lost its importance. Nevertheless, the railways and shipping coexisted for about 100 years until the rafting on the Enns was also completely stopped when the power plants were built around 1960. A monument erected in 1980 on the Enns Bridge near the mouth of the Steyr reminds us of the rafting. Before the construction of the power plants, the Enns was also of great importance for sport shipping.



Castle Park

From 1476, under Johannes Beckenschlager, the fled Archbishop of Gran and later Archbishop of Salzburg, a castle garden was laid out for the first time near the Styraburg (now Lamberg Castle). In March 1844, what was then the French ornamental garden was given its current design as an English landscape park . It has been open to the public since July 23, 1919 and on August 1 the municipality took it on lease. In 1938 the Reichsforstverwaltung took over the park together with the allodial property of Count Lamberg and in 1942 this property passed to the Reichsgau Oberdonau . From this the city acquired the park together with the glass houses, water tower and garden pavilion. The garden pavilion (Blumauergasse 1) remained unused for a long time and was not revitalized until 1969/72, the last renovation was in 2002. The Trinity Column at the Blumauergasse entrance dates from 1714 and used to stand on Leopold-Werndl-Straße. It received its current place in 1974.


From April 6 to May 8, 1875, the promenade, which was expanded in 1870/71, was planted. The cost of this was 2,821 fl. 88 kr. The decision of the municipal council for the naming of the park in Enrica-von-Handel-Mazzetti Promenade was made on December 29, 1931. However, the park is still mostly called the Promenade .

Outdoor and indoor swimming pools

The swimming school (Wehrgrabengasse 61) has existed on this site since 1874. It was originally intended for the workers of the Werndl works and their children. The bath replaces an older facility opened in 1863 on the Kohlanger near the weir ditch, which had to give way to the new building of Object VI (6) of the arms factory in 1873. After renovation work, the bath reopened on May 20, 1950, and extensive modernizations date from 1960/61. The pool has been gradually getting its current appearance since 2002 after the floods caused severe damage.


The Stadtbad (Haratzmüllerstraße 126) was built on the site of the former Stegmühle and opened on June 20, 1959. On December 18, 1970, an indoor pool opened. In 1977 the city pool was renewed and in 1978 an extension to the indoor pool was built. The last major renovation work (indoor swimming pool, sauna area, water treatment) dates from 2005 to 2008.


  • University of Applied Sciences Steyr
  • State Hospital Steyr
  • Higher technical college in Steyr (HTL for electronics-technical computer science, mechanical engineering, vehicle technology, mechatronics) with
    • Fachschule Steyr (electronics, cars, art and goldsmiths, engravers)
  • Federal Trade Academy Steyr with
    • Federal trade academy for employed people
    • Federal Commercial School Steyr
  • Higher educational institution for economic professions in Steyr with
    • Technical school for business professions
    • Higher educational institution for culture and congress management
    • Technical school for geriatric care and care services
  • Federal Institute for Kindergarten Education, Steyr
  • Vocational school Steyr 1 (technical vocational school)
  • Vocational school Steyr 2 (commercial vocational school)
  • Polytechnic School of Steyr
  • Bundesrealgymnasium Steyr
  • Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium Steyr-Werndlpark
  • Distance Learning Center Steyr (closed in 2013)


Exterior view of the Steyr biomass cogeneration plant

Since 2012, Steyr has been supplied with biogenic heat from the Steyr biomass thermal power station through a district heating network . All major consumers in the city such as BMW, SKF, the municipal companies, the residential buildings in Münichholz, Ennsleite, Resthof and Tabor are connected to the biogenic district heating network.

Established businesses

BMW engine plant and SKF rolling bearing plant

The following companies are based in Steyr:

  • AVL List Transmission Competence Center
  • BMD Systemhaus GmbH
  • BMW Motoren GmbH
  • CGM Clinical Austria GmbH
  • Eckelt Glas GmbH
  • Ennskraftwerke AG
  • GFM GmbH
  • Hartlauer GmbH, photo retail chain
  • MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Österreich AG, trucks
  • Meritor GmbH, development and production of drive train components for commercial vehicles
  • NKE AUSTRIA GmbH, rolling bearings
  • Profactor Produktionsforschungs GmbH
  • SKF Österreich AG, rolling bearings
  • Steyr Motors GmbH, production of marine and special motors
  • Sommerhuber , Hafner and former purveyor to the Imperial and Royal Court
  • WEBA Werkzeugtechnik Betriebs GmbH
  • ZF Steyr


Johann Michael Vogl
Josef Werndl
Leopold Gruber

sons and daughters of the town

Honorary citizen

  • Hermann Leithenmayr († 2010), 1991 to 2001 mayor of the city of Steyr
  • Heinrich Schwarz, († 2018), 1984 to 1991 mayor of the city of Steyr
  • Franz Weiss, mayor of the city of Steyr from 1974 to 1984
  • Leopold Steinbrecher (1886–1964), Mayor of the City of Steyr

People related to the city

Town twinning



Related Links

File category Files: Steyr  - local collection of images and media files

Web links

Commons : Steyr  - album with pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Steyr  - travel guide

Individual evidence

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  3. The center *) of the city of Steyr. (PDF; 1.1 MB) In:, Office of Upper Austria. State government, Geoinformation and Property Department, 1984, accessed on June 14, 2020.
  4. Robert Steinwendtner: The flora of Steyr with the Damberg . In: Biology Center of the Upper Austrian State Museum, Linz / Austria (Ed.): Contributions to Upper Austria's natural history . tape 3 , August 11, 1995, ISSN  1025-3262 , p. 3–146 ( PDF on ZOBODAT [accessed on July 2, 2018] here: p. 4, section Climate).
  5., accessed on May 23, 2010.
  6. / Documents Original documents from Chunrat von Volkenstorf / Otto der Milchtopf / Gut in der Garsten - Upper Austrian Provincial Archive AT-OOeLA / GarstenOSB> 1304
  7. City Atlas / Steyr ( Memento from February 22, 2009 in the Internet Archive ). In: .
  8. ^ Andreas Kleineberg, Christian Marx, Eberhard Knobloch, Dieter Lelgemann : Germania and the island of Thule. The decoding of Ptolemy's "Atlas of the Oikumene". Darmstadt 2010, ISBN 978-3-534-23757-9 , p. 101.
  9. Entry on archeology in the Austria Forum  (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
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  14. Martin Windischhofe: The Waldensians in Austria. Awakening, persecution and change in the early movement up to 1315. University publication . Vienna 2006.
  15. Valentin Preuenhueber: Annales Styrenses. Johann Adam Schmidt, Nuremberg 1740, pp. 226-229.
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  22. ^ Josef Werndl and the weapons factory in Steyr. P. 116.
  23. New history of Steyr. P. 281.
  24. New history of Steyr, p. 74.
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  64. ^ Members of the city senate.
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  66. Street names: M. In:, accessed on July 29, 2012.
  67. Street names: P. In:, accessed on July 29, 2012.
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