|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Leoben|
|License plate :||LE|
|Residents :||24,471 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postcodes :||8700, 8792|
|Area code :||03842|
|Community code :||6 11 08|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Kurt Wallner ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : (2020)
|Location of Leoben in the Leoben district|
Leoben city center, located in the Murschleife
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Leoben [ leˈoːbn̩ ] is a municipality in the Austrian state of Styria and with 24,471 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) it is the second largest city after the provincial capital Graz . Leoben is the seat of the district and regional court of Leoben and the district authority of the district of the same name , and the city also houses a branch of the South Mining Authority. The city has a long tradition in mining and metallurgy , has one of the most important locations of the Austrian iron and steel industry with a Voestalpine plant in the Donawitz district, is the center of Upper Styria's industrial region and is the seat of the Montan University .
Leoben is located in the middle Murtal , around eight kilometers east of Sankt Michael in Obersteiermark and 15 kilometers west of Bruck an der Mur . The old town center was founded in a loop of the river ("Murschleife") just below the mouth of the Vordernberger Brook coming from the northwest . The city thus forms the southern starting point of the Austrian iron road . Today it stretches on both sides of the river to the mountain flanks. In the north these are the foothills of the Hochschwab , in the south the slopes of the Gleinalpe and in the west the foothills of the Eisenerzer Alps .
The area of the municipality is around 108 km², 79% of which is forested. The lowest point in the city is at 515 m above sea level, the highest point is the summit of the Wetterkogel in the Hochalpe (Hochalm) at in the extreme south-east of the city area.
- Donawitz (3424 Ew. With Neuwerk and other districts)
- Göß (3801 Ew. With Schladnitzdorf, Windischberg u. A.)
- Hinterberg (1024 Ew. With Steinleitensiedlung etc.)
- Judendorf (5407 Ew. With Munzenberg, Prolebersiedlung, Seegraben, Veitsberg u. A.)
- Leitendorf (2596)
- Leoben (8219 Ew. With the districts of Maßenberg, Mühltal, Nennersdorf, Pölzgraben and others)
- Cadastral communities
The city consists of ten cadastral communities (KG area: as of December 31, 2017):
- Donawitz (810.49 ha; in the northwest of the city)
- Göß (821.77 ha; in the south)
- Gößgraben-Göß (3,133.97 ha)
- Judendorf (680.14 ha; in the north and north-east of the city; Judendorf was a Jewish settlement in another Murschleife east of the city center until 1496. The current district was created in the 19th century as a miners' settlement. Seegraben forms the northern and eastern parts of the KG Judendorf. Originally part of the Judendorf district, it is now referred to as a separate district. It is known for the disused Seegraben mining industry.)
- Leitendorf (500.34 ha; Hinterberg is the western part, Leitendorf the eastern part of the KG of the same name; Leitendorf connects the Waasenvorstadt with Göß)
- Leoben (59.43 ha; Josefee is located in the center of the city in the northern part of KG Leoben; built as planned at the end of the 19th century as "Neustadt")
- Mühlthal (1,082.28 ha; located southeast of the city center; Lerchenfeld is in the eastern part of KG Mühlthal, east of the city center)
- Prettach (755.86 ha)
- Schladnitzgraben (2,645.62 ha)
- Waasen (287.16 ha; located west of the city center as a suburb )
In the populated urban area of Leoben there are seven parks with a total area of around 6.4 hectares. The largest parks, each with an area of around 2.5 hectares, are the Stadtpark (also called Glacis ) and the Augarten (also simply Au or, due to the nearby Asia Spa, also called Asia-Spa-Park ). Other parks are the Gärnerpark with around 4,800 m², the Pestalozzipark with around 4,000 m², the park of the Eggenwald'schen Gartenhaus with around 2,000 m², the Peter-Tunner-Park with around 1,500 m² and the 1,300 m² Jakobipark. There are also numerous unnamed green areas, especially along the Mur, as well as around 20 hectares of urban forest, such as on Maßenberg or Kalvarienberg.
In the entire municipal area of the city, especially in the south, large mountainous forest areas predominate outside the settlement areas in the valleys.
The first mention of the name "Liupina" can be found in a deed of gift from King Ludwig the Child to Count Aribo II , Count zu Göss-Schladnitz, in the year 904. A settlement under the name "Forum Liuben" was first mentioned in 1173 , this was located around the Jakobikirche at the foot of the Maßenburg . From 1261, under King Ottokar II, the city was moved northwards to the current location of the old town in the "Murschleife", with a square floor plan and a fortification wall, the north-western corner fortification of which the former "castle" at the site of today's town hall and the north-eastern corner of the Dominican monastery formed. The town charter was also granted at the same time as the relocation . 1314 is the first mention as iron trading place ("Raueisenverlagsort").
In 1480 the “Waasenvorstadt” in the west was set on fire during the Turkish storm, and the local church “Maria am Waasen” also fell victim to the fire.
In the turmoil of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation , the city served in 1525 as an important base for suppressing the miners' uprising in the Ennstal and around Schladming . Despite this, the city officially joined the Augsburg Confession at the Bruck State Parliament in 1572 , but this only lasted until 1613. In that year the re-Catholicization began; the Jesuit order founded a branch in Leoben. In 1620 he opened a Latin school in the former castle and built the Church of St. Xavier from 1660–1665 . In 1773 the school was closed with the abolition of the order. From 1786 to 1808, after the Admonter Stiftsgymnasium had been relocated to Leoben, there was again a grammar school, but it was housed in the former Dominican monastery.
In 1797 French and Austrian embassies met in Leoben. There Napoleon and the representatives of Austria concluded the preliminary peace of Leoben . In 1805 the city was occupied by the French passing through.
During the 19th century there was a slow but steady development. The following events, among others, testify to this:
- Relocation of the mining educational institute to Leoben in 1849. This educational institute is the predecessor of the Montan University.
- The Chamber of Commerce and Industry was founded one year later
- 1876: Relocation of the new upper middle school to the former "Burg" and gradual conversion into an eight-class grammar school
- Construction of the gas works and gas lighting in large parts of Leoben in 1884
- 1901: official permit allowing a girl to attend high school.
- 1906: Commissioning of the first electric street lighting
In the first half of the 20th century that followed, numerous companies were able to establish themselves in Leoben.
In 1939, the two previously independent communities of Göss and Donawitz were incorporated, which tripled the city's population.
The city had to survive difficult economic times in the 1960s (closure of the Seegraben coal mine) and the 1980s (restriction of iron and steel production in the Donawitz smelter). Economic reorientation led to overcoming this crisis:
- modern technology (e.g. PCB factory Hinterberg)
- Congress city (construction of the congress center)
- Culture and tourism (national exhibition 1997 and annual new ethnological exhibitions)
However, the term of office of the mayors Gottfried Heindler and Leopold Posch , who were responsible for the demolition of buildings from the 18th century that were worth preserving, also fell during this period . Most drastic was the destruction of the square complex of the former castle, which housed the Bundesrealgymnasium in three wings and the so-called museum gallery in one wing. Only this one, the north-east wing, was preserved and integrated into today's art gallery, the rest was removed and the concrete block of the new town hall built in its place. The grammar school was relocated to Moserhofgasse in 1962 and renamed "Gymnasium Leoben Alt" when the "Gymnasium Leoben Neu" was built next to it.
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church Leoben-St. Xaver with the Rector's Church of St. Jakob zu Leoben
- Catholic parish church Leoben-Göss hl. Andreas, former monastery church from the former Göß monastery
- Catholic parish church Leoben-Waasen Assumption of Mary
- Catholic parish church Leoben-Donawitz hl. Joseph
- Catholic parish church Leoben-Hinterberg hl. Guardian Angel
- Catholic parish church Leoben-Lerchenfeld Holy Spirit
- Evangelical Gustav Adolf Church
- Stadttheater Leoben : The theater, founded on July 6th, 1790, is still used today, making it the oldest continuously used theater in Austria.
- Mautturm Schwammerlturm , also called city tower: Originally built in 1280, the former defense tower was rebuilt from scratch in 1615. It was badly damaged by an earthquake in 1794. When it was repaired, it was given the mushroom-shaped hood , which replaced the original pointed roof and to which it owes its current popular name.
- Old Town Hall: The old town hall on the main square was built in 1485 and received a five-sided corner tower in 1568. In 1607 it was expanded to include neighboring houses to the south. On the occasion of the visit of Emperor Karl VI. In 1728 the coat of arms of the Habsburg countries was added to the front of the house. Until 1973 it was the seat of the city administration. After the construction of the new town hall, a shopping and congress center will be housed in the old building.
- Main square: On the main square, which was redesigned in 1997 according to plans by architect Boris Podrecca , the following buildings are worth mentioning in addition to the old town hall:
- Hacklhaus: This house from the 16th century with a richly decorated stucco facade from 1680 is located on the main square (representation of the four seasons flanked by armed men starting from the right: winter, autumn, summer, spring in the bottom row and the Christian virtues in the top row starting from the right: strength, love, faith, justice, hope, truth). The house is named after one of its owners, Georg Hackl.
- Trinity column : As a plague column , it was designed by Johann Jacob Schoy and erected in 1718. The central column is flanked by a total of six figures of saints.
- Bergmannsbrunnen: The Bergmannsbrunnen is located at the southern end of the main square. It was built in 1799 by master stonemason Franz Pack. It is decorated with a depiction of a miner.
- Angel fountain: The angel fountain is located at the northern end of the main square. It was built in 1794 by Josef Carlone. Above his basin is the depiction of an angel holding a shield with the coat of arms of Leoben.
- Former Dominican monastery: was founded in 1280, survived the turmoil of the Reformation and the abolition of the monastery by Emperor Joseph I in 1811 due to lack of staff, 1855 to 2005 courthouse and prison, from 2007 part of the inner-city shopping center ( Leoben City Shopping - LCS)
- New town hall and exhibition center: The new town hall was built in 1973 on the Mur promenade north of the city tower as a modern office building. In 1997, on the occasion of the Styrian state exhibition, an exhibition area was added, planned by Günther Domenig . This also establishes the connection to the old museum building. The museum houses a permanent exhibition on the history of Leoben (focus: prehistory, work of the Jesuit order in Leoben and the time of the wars against France). The exhibition center offers annually changing exhibitions on ethnological topics, which take place in cooperation with the Reiss-Engelhorn-Museums in Mannheim .
- 1998: China - Hidden Treasures
- 1999: Gods of the Himalayas
- 2000: Peru - Sunken Cultures
- 2001: Egypt - In the kingdom of the pharaohs
- 2002: Genghis Khan
- 2003: Geisha and Samurai
- 2004: Fascination Vietnam
- 2005: Mensch und Kosmos - Pre-Columbian Art from Mexico
- 2006: The World of the Orient - Art and Culture of Islam
- 2007: Gold and jade - sensational finds from Chinese rulers' graves
- 2008: The Vikings
- 2009: The gold of the steppe - sensational finds from the princely graves of the Scythians and Sarmatians
- 2010: Alexander the Great
- 2011: The return of the gods
- 2012: Radkult - yesterday, today, tomorrow
- 2013: The fascination of the skull. The cult around the head
- 2014: The Shaolin Monks (May to September)
- 2014: Hit the bull's eye (October to December)
- 2015: Egypt - the last pharaohs
- 2015/16: Special exhibition toys (November to January)
- Freimannsturm: Alongside the toll tower, the Freimannsturm is the second remaining defensive tower of the city fortifications. It was built in the late 13th century as a southwestern wreckage on the city wall. The upper part of the tower with the loopholes and the pointed roof got its appearance after the Turkish invasion of 1480. In the Middle Ages it was the seat of the executioner , the so-called "Freimann", hence the name.
- Maßenburg : built as a fortification south of the old town on the Maßenberg at the end of the 13th century. The castle was expanded in the 16th century. The defense structure has been in ruins since the early 19th century. In 1998 the remains of the castle were restored and a viewing platform was built over the western defense tower.
- Göss Monastery: former Benedictine monastery, founded before 1020 by Count Palatine Aribo I , is the oldest monastery in Styria . In 1782 the monastery was closed, but served as the bishopric of the diocese of Leoben from 1784 to 1800. Late Gothic nave (around 1520) above an early Romanesque crypt (around 1000), equipped with a classicist high altar in 1793. Flanked by a stand-alone early Gothic St. Michael's Chapel 1271–1283 with frescoes from this period that are well worth seeing. The oldest surviving Christian chasuble, the "Gösser Ornat", comes from the Göss monastery. It was made as silk embroidery around 1260 and can be viewed today in the Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna.
- Redemptorist College Leoben : The Redemptorist Church of St. Alfons (monastery church) was the only Redemptorist church in Leoben. The foundation stone for the construction of the church took place in 1846. The revolution of 1848 interrupted construction. The church was not completed until 1854. In 2010 the last Redemptorists left Leoben. In October 2010, a student residence with 39 places was opened in the former Redemptorist monastery in Gösserstraße in Leoben.
- Erzbergbahn : Railway line, which partly runs as a museum railway over the Präbichl to Eisenerz and Hieflau.
- Regular events
- MuseumsCenter | Kunsthalle: annually changing ethnological exhibitions in the exhibition center from April to October
- International Summer Philharmonic: series of classical concerts in July
- LE Music Night: twice a year, on Pentecost Sunday and October 25, with regional and international bands
- City-Country Festival: mostly on the third weekend in September; should unite city and country life for one day
- Gösser Kirtag : every Thursday after the first Sunday in October
- Leather jump : student custom at the Montan University, end of November / beginning of December
- Advent market: every year on the main square with handicraft stalls and daily supporting program
- Football club DSV Leoben
- Ice hockey club LE Leoben Kings
- Judo & Freizeit Leoben is the first Austrian sports club to receive the Austrian seal of approval for donations .
- The handball club Union Leoben plays in the highest Austrian division, the Handball League Austria
- ARC Leoben rugby team
- Floorball club IBC Leoben , the first club of its kind in Austria
- Police Sports Club (PSV): with the sections darts plus, football, judo, bowling, athletics running, self-confidence and sport shooting
- The north-south long-distance hiking trail leads through Leoben.
Economy and Infrastructure
In the census of workplaces by Statistics Austria with the reference date May 15, 2001, 1203 workplaces (including nine with more than 100 and eight with more than 200 employees) with a total of 15,114 employees were counted in Leoben.
- Göss Brewery : The brewery, first mentioned in 1459, was acquired and expanded by the Galician master brewer Max Kober in 1860 , so that it soon became the third largest brewery in the country (1929: 420,000 hl output). Today she is a member of Brau Union Österreich AG and produces more than a million hectoliters of beer every year.
- Donawitz iron and steel works of Voestalpine AG: around 2300 employees, production of railroad tracks and wire rod . The Donawitz plant is a modern LD compact steel plant. The Linz-Donawitz process (LD process for short), which was developed by Voestalpine in Linz and Donawitz, is used to produce 80 percent of steel worldwide. At the Donawitz plant, 1.8 million tons of steel are produced from pig iron and scrap every year. Railway rails are made from this steel in the rolling mill , among other things . The Donawitz plant is the largest rail factory in Europe, which also produces the longest rails in the world, up to 120 meters. The factory halls for steel wire production are located in the neighboring town of Sankt Peter-Freienstein .
- Austrian Novopan wood industry: chipboard plant in Leoben-Göss, founded in 1951 by Franz Mayr-Melnhof . This plant was closed in February 2010 due to the economic crisis.
- AT&S (Austria Technologie und Systemtechnik AG): The worldwide operating circuit board factory founded in 1984 has its headquarters in Leoben-Hinterberg.
- Mayr-Melnhof Holz GmbH : sawmill and timber wholesaler
- Knapp Systemintegration GmbH : Logistics software and integration solutions
- RHI Technology Center Leoben
- Leoben City Shopping : Shopping center in downtown Leoben
The Leoben Justice Center and the District and Regional Court of Leoben are located in Leoben.
The State Police Directorate (LPD) Styria acts as the security authority for the city through its branch office, the Leoben Police Commissioner . Leoben is, besides Schwechat , the only non- statutory town whose security administration is taken care of by the state police department. The Leoben City and District Police Command, which has two police stations and one traffic inspection in the city, is attached to the LPD as the station of the guard for the city and district area . Since the security administration is not provided by the district administration, Leoben has the license plate abbreviation LE, which differs from the rest of the district .
From 1854 until its dissolution in 1999, Leoben was the seat of the Leoben Mining Authority. Their agendas are now being carried out by the South Mining Authority in the Federal Ministry for Sustainability and Tourism , which also has a branch in Leoben.
The local radio station Grün Weiß (company name Radio - TV Grün Weiß BetriebsGmbH Nfg. KG ) is based in Leoben . The online news magazine leobennews.at brings news from the district. It is run by a private person and is based in the nearby municipality of Traboch .
- University of Leoben : Leoben is home to the University of Mining one of the main training centers of Europe of Metallurgical Industry ( metallurgy ) and other Montanistic studies such as mining , Mining and Metallurgical Machinery , Materials Science and Petroleum Engineering. In addition,well-known research companies in the field of materials and plasticshave settled on the campus of the Montan University Leoben with the PCCL - Polymer Competence Center Leoben and the Materials Center Leoben .
- HTL -Leoben: In addition to the university, there is also the Higher Technical College (HTL) -Leoben, which lays the foundation for prospective metallurgists. With its training courses in mechanical engineering-metallurgy, industrial engineering-logistics and, since autumn 2013, raw materials engineering, it is unique in Austria.
- NMS Leoben-Stadt (formerly BIHS) : With over 300 female students, the largest NMS in the region. Due to its school development work, for which the state of Styria awarded the school the Pedagogical Panther , the NMS Leoben-Stadt is considered very innovative. Many concepts that are now core areas of NMS school development are and have been developed, tested and implemented here. For years we have been working here in a network with regional companies and national educational institutions. A science focus (additional experimentation hours in BU, PH, CH) that concludes with the “Junior Master of Science” exam has been developed here. French is offered as a second living foreign language. Known throughout Austria for “the book of the good”, which focuses exclusively on the positive sides of the students and makes them public.
- Europa Hauptschule Leoben : The focus of the Europa Hauptschule in the Donawitz district is IT and technology. A project funded by the European Union enables the partnership with the Swedish Karlbergsskolan in Karlskoga , with the Danish “Vester Mariendal Skole” in Aalborg and with the Norwegian “Kråkerøy Ungdomsskole” in Fredrikstad . Since October 2007, the Europa Hauptschule Leoben has been the best secondary school in Austria and came second in a nationwide ranking of secondary schools.
- BG / BRG Leoben Alt (BG / BRG Leoben 1): The BG / BRG Leoben Alt is located in the Waasen district and has existed since the 19th century. There is a realistic focus, an artistic focus, and in the first four grades there is also one without a focus. After the 4th grade you can choose between Latin, Spanish and Italian, or with or without ICT . The school has a day home school with afternoon care. Students doing research in 2018/2019 supported the laying of stumbling blocks .
- BG / BRG Leoben Neu: The BG / BRG Leoben Neu, located directly next to the old grammar school, is an Austrian UNESCO project school and has existed since 1977. From the 3rd grade onwards, students choose a scientific or a linguistic orientation, whereby a final decision has to be made takes place in upper school. After approval by the State School Board for Styria, the New Gymnasium is the first secondary school in the city, for whose pupils the special qualifications acquired through autonomy also appear in the certificates. In the natural sciences, the school became physics world champion ( AYPT ) in the team. In the field of cultural education, the painter and sculptor Herbert Lerchegger (visual arts) and the writer Günther Freitag (literature) teach two winners of the culture prize of the city of Leoben. There is also the option of afternoon care here.
- BORG Leoben: Since the school year 2011/12 there has been a federal upper secondary high school with two branches (as a spin-off from BORG Eisenerz ) in Leoben in close cooperation with the BG / BRG Leoben with two branches: sports branch and creative branch with an artistic focus.
- HLW (Höhere Bundeslehranstalt) and HASCH ( commercial school ) : In Donawitz there is a HLW for commercial professions with the training branch IKW (international communication in business) and a commercial school until 2011. The latter has been closed since the 2011/12 school year.
Health and social
- Hospital: The State Hospital Leoben offers departments for anesthesia, surgery, gynecology and obstetrics, ear, nose and throat diseases, internal medicine, paediatrics, child and adolescent psychiatry, lung diseases, pathology and urology.
- Doctors: In addition to general practitioners, Leoben has specialists in urology, dentistry, pulmonary medicine and ENT, surgery and orthopedics, ophthalmology and dermatology, radiology, internal medicine, neurology and psychiatry, gynecology and veterinary medicine.
- Care: For the care of the elderly, there is the Caritas Steiermark senior and nursing home , the Volkshilfe senior citizen center Pestalozzistraße as well as the Kaiser senior nursing home and the Steinkellner senior citizens' residence under private management.
- Located on the Bruck an der Mur – Leoben railway line , the Leoben Hauptbahnhof station is an important hub for rail traffic . Here the Erzbergbahn branches off to Hieflau , but it no longer runs regularly in passenger traffic.
- Leoben main station is the system stop of the Railjet lines Vienna – Villach, the Eurocity and Euronight lines Graz – Zurich and the Intercity line Graz – Bischofshofen – Salzburg / Innsbruck and Graz – Linz. However, from 2026 the long-distance trains Vienna – Villach are to be run via the Koralmbahn and thus no longer come to Leoben.
- Leoben is located on the Semmering expressway S 6 and on the Leobener Straße B 116 and is connected to the Eisenstraße B 115 via the few kilometers long B115a .
- Local transport
- Between 1949 and 1973 the trolleybus Leoben covered the main lines of inner-city traffic; it was replaced by omnibuses .
As an industrial city, Leoben is traditionally dominated by social democrats . Even after the municipal council election on March 22, 2015, the SPÖ has the strongest parliamentary group ( absolute majority ) in the municipal council and, with Kurt Wallner, the mayor. Even after the 2020 municipal council election, the SPÖ became the strongest party despite a slight loss of votes and retained an absolute majority in the municipal council with 16 of 31 mandates.
Vice-mayors are Maximilian Jäger (SPÖ) and Reinhard Lerchbammer (ÖVP). In addition to the mayor and the deputy mayors, Heinz Ahrer (SPÖ), Birgit Sandler (SPÖ), Willibald Mautner (SPÖ) and Werner Murgg (KPÖ) belong to the seven-member city council.
In the council six factions are represented:
- Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ): 16
- Austrian People's Party (ÖVP): 5
- Communist Party of Austria (KPÖ): 5
- Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ): 2
- GREEN : 2
- Non-party citizen list Reiter Walter: 1
- 1935 to 1938: Anton Kolmayr
- 1938 to 1939: Josef Gogg
- 1939 to 1945: Anton Wolfbauer , mayor
- 1946 to 1965: Gottfried Heindler
- 1965 to 1985: Leopold Posch
- 1985 to 1994: Reinhold Benedek
- 1994 to 2014: Matthias Konrad
- 2014 to date: Kurt Wallner
badges and flags
The coat of arms of Leoben has been in use since the Middle Ages and goes back to legends of the "iron-eating ostrich". It was thought that the ostrich was an iron-eating animal. Since Leoben was known for iron and steel at that time, it was included in the coat of arms. The oldest depiction of the city's coat of arms can be found on the seal of a document from 1298.
The municipal coat of arms was re-awarded with an announcement by the Styrian state government on May 24, 2018, with effect from June 10, 2018.
The new blazon (description of the coat of arms) reads:
- "In a red shield a silver bouquet , in the beak and in the angled right stand each holding a silver horseshoe ."
The city flag has two stripes in the colors white and red with the coat of arms.
In 1994 Leoben signed a partnership with the Chinese city of Xuzhou . The Chinese archway in Augarten is a gift from the twin city. The cooperation extends to areas such as student exchanges , mutual visits by delegations and a joint appearance at the Expo 2010 in Shanghai . The Ambassador of the People's Republic of China to Austria, Zhao Bin , visited Leoben in 2016. Xuzhou provided many exhibits for the ethnological exhibition “China - Hidden Treasures” (1998) in the Kunsthalle Leoben.
Daughters and sons of the city
- Karl Acham (* 1939), sociologist , philosopher and science historian
- Andreas Aigner (* 1984), rally driver
- Heribert Aigner (1943–2015), ancient historian
- Eva K. Anderson (* 1977), singer-songwriter
- Dieter Angerer (* 1952), horn player, composer and arranger
- Adolf Antrich (* 1940), football player
- Hannes Arch (1967–2016), aerobatic pilot
- Helga Bansch (* 1957), illustrator and author of picture books
- Karl Berger (* 1953), cartoonist, comic artist and graphic artist
- Friedrich Böck (1876–1958), chemist and university professor
- Artur R. Boelderl (* 1971), philosopher
- Michael Bünker (* 1954), Protestant theologian and Bishop of the Evangelical Church AB in Austria
- Detlev Dormeyer (* 1942), Roman Catholic theologian
- Lisa Eckhart (* 1992), artist
- Josef Egger (1889–1966), actor
- Maximilian Thaddäus von Egger (1734–1805), iron industrialist and tradesman
- Ralf Egger (1938–2018), painter
- Martin Ehrenreich (* 1983), soccer player
- Peter H. Fürst (1933–2018), photographer
- Harald Gordon (* 1952), writer
- Johann Götschl (* 1939), philosopher and scientific theorist
- Christian Gratzei (* 1981), national soccer player
- Udo Grollitsch (* 1940), politician (FPÖ)
- Walter Grond (* 1957), writer
- Helmuth Grössing (* 1940), historian, lives in Vienna
- Gustav Hackl (1892–1962), writer and primary physician
- Roswitha Hartl (* 1962), judoka (Olympic bronze medal 1988)
- Erik Hoffmann (* 1952), painter of realism
- Egon Kapellari (* 1936), Roman Catholic bishop
- Wolfgang Klapf (* 1978), soccer player
- Fritz Knaus (1888–1945), Nazi politician (district captain, Lord Mayor of Marburg)
- Ronald Kodritsch (* 1970), artist
- René Kramer (* 1969), handball player and coach
- Günther Kräuter (* 1956), federal manager of the SPÖ
- Norbert Krebs (1876-1947), geographer
- Adam von Lebenwaldt (1624–1696), doctor
- Andreas Leitner (* 1994), soccer goalkeeper
- Wilhelm Letonja (1915–1942), deserter and Nazi victim
- Roland Linz (* 1981), national soccer player
- Rudolf List (1901–1979), writer and journalist
- Egmont Lüftner (1931–2009), music manager
- Alois Maier-Kaibitsch (1891–1958), NSDAP functionary in Carinthia, war criminal
- Franz Mayr (1779–1847), industrialist
- Franz Freiherr Mayr von Melnhof (1810–1889), industrial pioneer
- Franz Freiherr Mayr von Melnhof (1854–1893), industrialist
- Nikolaus Mayr-Melnhof (* 1978), racing car driver
- Andreas Mölzer (* 1952), politician (FPÖ) and publicist
- Wilfried Morawetz (1951–2007), botanist and university professor
- Josef Oberegger (1896–1969), metallurgical engineer and politician
- Michael Ostrowski (* 1973), actor
- Alois Pisnik (1911–2004), GDR politician from Austria
- Leopoldine Pohl (1924–1996), politician (SPÖ)
- Gernot Plassnegger (* 1978), soccer player
- Chris Raaber (* 1981), multiple catch-wrestling world champion
- Reinhard Rack (* 1945), university professor and politician (ÖVP)
- Bernd Reiter (* 1982), jazz musician
- Walter Schachner (* 1957), national soccer player and soccer coach
- René Schicker (* 1984), soccer player
- Martin Schöffmann (* 1987), racing cyclist
- David Sencar (* 1984), football player
- Franz Josef Schnitzer (1928–2006), mathematician
- Rüdiger Seitz (1927–1991), composer and music teacher
- Jürgen Spanuth (1907–1998), classical philologist, Protestant pastor in North Friesland and Atlantis researcher
- Joachim Standfest (* 1980), soccer player
- Thomas Stipsits (* 1983), cabaret artist and actor
- Siegfried Tittmann (1954–2017), German politician (DVU until July 2007, since then non-party)
- Martin Weinek (* 1964), theater and film actor
- Bernd Windisch (* 1980), soccer player
- Günther Tschif Windisch (1943–2017), mechanical engineer and writer
- Robert Zeppel-Sperl (1944–2005), painter
People with a relationship to the city
- Mario Fraiss (* 1978), radio presenter and journalist, moved to Leoben in 2002
- Günther Freitag (* 1952), writer, has lived in Leoben since 1975
- Robert Kautsky (1895–1963), Austrian theater painter, stage and costume designer, died in Leoben
- Johann Max Tendler (1811–1870), painter, died in Leoben
- Peter Tunner (1809–1897), mining pioneer, lived and worked in Leoben
- Koloman Wallisch (1889–1934), social democratic workers leader, executed in Leoben in 1934
- Günther Jontes: Leoben, the old mountain town. History, art, present. Podmenik, Fohnsdorf 1989, ISBN 3-900662-20-7 .
- Günther Jontes: Leoben - Stories from History, Leoben 2016, online
- Alfred Joham: Leoben - street names with a history. Self-published by the city of Leoben, Leoben 2015. ISBN 978-3-9504139-0-8 .
- Alfred Joham: Leoben. Building development and city fortification. An urban morphological study of the Leoben city center. Series of publications of the Institute for History of the Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Volume 17, ISBN 978-3-9502834-0-2 . . Self-published by the Institute for History of the Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Graz 2009,
- Alfred Joham / Wolfram Hoyer (eds.): From the monastery to the shopping center. The history of the Dominican monastery in Leoben. Self-published by the city of Leoben, Leoben 2011, ISBN 978-3-9500840-4-7 .
- Elfriede Maria Huber-Reismann: Medical care in the city of Leoben from the 13th to the 20th century. A socio-historical source study as a contribution to the history of medicine and Styrian urban history research. Dissertation. University of Graz, Graz 2009. - Full text online (PDF).
- Ingrid Schubert: Leoben. In: Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon . Online edition, Vienna 2002 ff., ISBN 3-7001-3077-5 ; Print edition: Volume 3, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-7001-3045-7 .
- 61108 - Leoben. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Website of the municipality of Leoben
- Population development Leoben 1869–2018 (PDF; 35 kB)
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Regionalinformation.zip (Excel file, 1,210 kB); accessed on January 4, 2018
- History of the "Old High School Leoben". In: gym-leoben.net. Retrieved April 11, 2018 .
- Alfred Joham / Wolfram Hoyer (eds.), From the monastery to the shopping center. The history of the Dominican monastery in Leoben. Leoben 2011.
- Alfred Joham: Leoben - street names with a history. Self-published by the city of Leoben, Leoben 2015, ISBN 978-3-9504139-0-8 , pp. 153–155.
- 1. Donation seal of approval. In: asvoe-steiermark.at. Retrieved December 2, 2019 .
- The Association. In: polsv-leoben.at. Archived from the original on October 7, 2018 ; Retrieved on October 7, 2018 (The original page is continuously updated. The information in the article is based on the archived version.).
- Astrid Höbenreich-Mitteregger: Stolperstein relocation in Leoben - “If she were here today, she would be very happy” . In: mein district.at , September 19, 2019, accessed on September 24, 2019.
- Welcome to the Leoben nursing home. In: caritas-pflege.at. Retrieved January 17, 2020 .
- Health, Social & Safety. In: leoben.at. Retrieved March 3, 2020 .
- Municipal council elections Styria 2020. In: orf.at. Retrieved July 2, 2020 .
- 1st and 2nd Vice Mayor. Retrieved on August 15, 2020 (German).
- Local council election on March 22, 2015: election announcement. (PDF; 200 kB) In: leoben.at. 2015, accessed October 24, 2017 .
- F. Kirnbauer: Coat of arms of the city of Leoben. Leobener Green Hefts, No. 38. Vienna, 1959.
- 50th Announcement: Granting the right to use a municipal coat of arms to the municipality of Leoben (political district of Leoben) . In: Landesgesetzblatt . State of Styria, May 29, 2018 ( ris.bka.gv.at [accessed June 2, 2018]).
- Entry on Leoben on the website kommunalflaggen.eu
- Town twinning. In: leoben.at. Retrieved August 10, 2018 .