Parish church of Leoben-Göss
The parish church of Leoben-Göss is located in the district of Göss in the municipality of Leoben in the district of Leoben in Styria . The former collegiate church Göss hl. Mary and St. Margaretha von Stift Göss was after the demolition of the former parish church of St. Andreas to the parish church of St. Andreas belongs to the dean's office in Leoben in the diocese of Graz-Seckau . The church is a listed building ( list entry ).
The original church was an early Romanesque three-aisled basilica with a choir square flanked by two towers. There is a crypt under the semicircular apse. The church suffered fires in the 12th century and in 1336. In 1338 a Gothic choir was under construction. Around 1510 to 1522, under the abbess Margaretha von Mindorf (1514–1523), the existing nave was renovated and redesigned in the late Gothic style, and Christoph Leubmer, registered in 1516 in the Admonter Hüttenbuch, was accepted as the master builder.
The church building shows stepped buttresses and pointed arch windows without tracery. In the corners of the choir, the two towers on the lower floors are Romanesque and 1868 Neo-Gothic raised with eight-sided pointed helmets.
The nave is a three-aisled, six-bay stepped hall with a greatly elevated, wide central nave, narrow aisles with only half vaults rising to the central nave. The vault in the central nave is characterized by rich configurations of loop ribs, the side aisles show net ribs. The vaults rest on strong pillars with a star-shaped floor plan (eight-pointed star), with the eastern pair of pillars being rotated in opposite directions, creating a dynamic spatial impression. The capitals partly show a foliage ornament and stylized animal figures. In the aisles, the vault rests on circular services on fluted wall templates. The remarkable south portal is placed in a round arch in a large, richly cross-linked rectangular area and shows a proximity to the portal of the parish church of Aflenz . Inside the east yoke of the nave there are two more rectangular portals, the simply barbed portal in the north originally led to the staircase to the rood screen and today to the stair tower, the moving, roughened and twisted openwork portal in the south is bricked up. The two-bay west gallery over all three aisles, two-axled in the central nave, rests on a rich looped rib vault, in the east bay on three pillars, the west bay contains the rest of the former cloister as the late Gothic nave was extended by one bay to the west. The parapets of the gallery are baroque, swinging forward in the central nave, with rich stucco named Carolo Formentiona Stucator fecit 1715. The wooden gallery grille is from the end of the 18th century. In the vaults of the nave there are tendril paintings, around the Heiliggeistloch in the central nave there are angels and heraldic shields of the Styrian panther , monastery coats of arms and the coat of arms of Abbess Margaretha von Mindorf, and a funerary inscription relating to them with 1523 on the south rotated pillar. On the eastern end wall of the south aisle, there is the wall painting Schutzmantelmadonna und Arma Christi around 1520.
The transition to the choir is formed by the ogival front arch , profiled in the upper part , while the rood screen , which was broken off after 1615, was placed in the lower area . The year information 1522, 1708, 1885, 1967 can be found on the front arch. The information 1521 can be found on the outside of the south wall of the nave.
The high Gothic two-bay choir with a five-eighth end is seven steps higher than the nave and has a ribbed vault with round keystones. The transition from the yoke to the end of the choir is emphasized by bundled services; in the end of the choir, slim round services are blocked by blind arcades with four-pass tracery partly from the high altar. There are wall paintings in the choir, on the north wall there were originally twelve depictions of the life of Mary from the middle of the 14th century, some of which have been preserved, uncovered in 1914 and restored in 1917. On the outside of the choir head there are wall paintings, partly destroyed, at the same time, the protective mantle Madonna, Anna selbdritt , mercy seat , Annunciation , influenced by Northern Italian art, restored in 1957.
In the nave and choir there are baroque oratorios from the second half of the 17th century.
Under the choir there is a three-aisled crypt , where the two western bays contain the initial three - bay crypt built around 1000 when the monastery was founded. The crypt has a gratiges cross vaults on two columns and two pillars, one pillar is probably a Roman spoils with spiral kannelur , the yokes are separated by Grutbögen. In the Gothic period, the crypt was extended by three bays to the east; this Gothic area was structurally changed in the 17th century, the pillars were reinforced and a barrel vault was installed. The crypt was restored in 1961/1962.
The sacristy north of the choir has a portal with a blown gable with the year 1641, there is a baroque group of figures Baptism of Christ. After another door around 1641, there is a two-bay room under a needle cap barrel with pearl and egg stucco strips. In the stucco fields, wall paintings show the lives of the Virgin Mary, evangelists, church fathers, saints, around 1655, attributed to the painter Johann Linck. A marble lavabo is from the construction period. The parament chamber is located above the sacristy. At about the same time as the sacristy, a corridor to the west gallery was built on the south wall of the nave, under the corridor there are barrel-vaulted niches.
The two-storey St. Michael's Chapel stands south of the church, structurally connected to the church and the early baroque monastery building, only protruding from the outside with the end of the choir. At first almost free-standing, it was the chapel of the women's cemetery.
- The art monuments of Austria. Dehio Steiermark (excluding Graz) 1982 . Leoben-Göss, Former Benedictine nunnery, former Collegiate Church of St. Mary and St. Margaretha, since 1782 parish church of St. Andreas, Michaelskapelle, south of the church, pp. 263–266.