( German Aalborg )
|Region :||North Jylland|
|Region :||North Jylland|
(since 2007) :
|Area :||139 km²|
|Population density :||844 inhabitants per km²|
|Height :||5 m ö.h.|
|Telephone code :||(+45) 9|
|Postal code :||9000 - 9220
(municipality: - 9430)
|Mayor :||Thomas Kastrup-Larsen, Social Democrat|
|Sister cities :||look here|
Nytorv , the new market in Aalborg.
Aalborg is located on the Limfjord , which narrows like a river over a distance of about 35 kilometers and connects it to the Baltic Sea. A railway bridge from 1879 and the Limfjordsbroen for car traffic cross the Limfjord ; both were designed as bascule bridges to enable larger ships to pass through. The motorway runs through the Limfjord tunnel .
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Aalborg
The first mention of Aalborg dates back to 1040: the name Alabu was struck on a coin . Around 1075 Adam von Bremen mentioned Aalborg, which was already an important trading center, as an important port for ships sailing to Norway.
In 1342 Aalborg received city rights from the king , after which the city grew rapidly. Another growth spurt began when it was granted the monopoly on trading in salted herring in 1516 . In the so-called count feud on December 18, 1534, the Danes and Holsteiners stormed under Johann Rantzau , the general of Christian III. , Aalborg occupied by farmers, with 2,000 farmers and their families being killed. In 1554 the city became the seat of the Lutheran diocese of Aalborg with St. Budolfi Cathedral as the main church . When Wallenstein devastated Jutland in the Thirty Years' War in 1627, Aalborg was sacked and on September 27th of the same year the corps of Margrave Georg Friedrich von Baden was captured by the Imperial General Schlik . The city was also ravaged by the Swedes later, in 1644 and 1657. On July 10, 1864, Prussian troops crossed the Limfjord at Aalborg, which they had occupied, and then occupied the northeastern part from Jutland to Skagen.
In the course of the Danish spelling reform of 1948 , the digraph Aa was generally replaced by the letter Å ; thus the formally correct spelling changed from Aalborg to Ålborg . However, this spelling was not able to establish itself among the city authorities and the population (cf. Aabenraa ). Since 1984 you can officially write the name Aalborg again. However, Ålborg remains the recommended choice of the Danish Language Commission ( Dansk Sprognævn ). The double-A has meanwhile become a symbol of identification for the people of Aalborg, to which the Aalborg-based rapper Niarn dedicated the title Dobbelt-A .
1988 Aalborg was awarded the European Prize awarded for their outstanding efforts to European integration thoughts.
On January 1, 2009, Aalborg had a total of 122,461 inhabitants. 101,497 of them live in the original Aalborg and 20,964 in the statistically independent Nørresundby district, which was incorporated in 1970 .
- The half-timbered palace Aalborghus was built in 1539 by King Christian III. built.
- The Holy Spirit Monastery from 1437 is considered the oldest social institution in Denmark.
- The Jens Bangs Stenhus is the Renaissance- style residential and commercial building of the merchant Jens Bang.
- The KUNSTEN Museum of Modern Art Aalborg is an important museum building of Scandinavian Modernism by Alvar Aalto . The collection focuses on Danish and international art of the 20th century.
- The Virgin Ane Gade is a picturesque old town alley with many scene-inns.
- The Musikkens Hus music stage is a highlight of modern architecture designed by the architects Coop Himmelb (l) au
- The centrally located Nordkraft cultural center in an old power station offers free art exhibitions, as well as concert stages, sports facilities, a café and a cinema.
- The adventure center Springeren - Maritimt Oplevelsescenter deals with the topics of seafaring and the navy (formerly Aalborg Søfarts- og Marinemuseum ).
- It is also known, which was founded in 1863 Historical Museum ( Historisk museum ), a local Museum of Cultural History and Archeology of Aalborg and the peninsula Himmerland with attached Library. The archaeological collection comprises around 100,000 exhibits, mainly from the Neolithic , Bronze , Viking and Middle Ages .
- The St. Budolfi Cathedral from the 15th century rises up in the city center . White -washed brick gives the building its characteristic appearance.
- The Vesterbro bridge, the conference and exhibition center Utzon Center designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon and the historic royal customs chamber ( Kongeligt Toldkammer ) are located on the promenade by the Limfjord . The modern fountain in front of it lets Handel's water music sound with bubbling fountains.
- Aalborg Zoo
- The Aalborgtårnet observation tower , built in 1933 and a symbol of the city, is 54.9 meters high and houses a tower restaurant.
- A small trendy district with individual shops and cafés has developed around Reberbansgade, which is part of the historic working-class district of Vestby, in recent years.
- Large stocks of old buildings from the late 19th century can be found in Aalborg between the old town and the train station and in the central part of Vestby. These are predominantly residential houses in the style of a simple Nordic historicism .
From 1947 to 2010 there was a small amusement park in the northern part of the city. From 1947 to 2006 it was called Tivoliland . In 2007 it was renamed " Karolinelund ", but had to be closed due to insufficient visitor numbers.
In the port city, industrialization began relatively early, which can still be observed today in the strong chemical , metal , tobacco and textile industries as well as the shipbuilding industry located there . The Aalborg Akvavit , also called Aalborger, was made in the city until April 2015, and has been made in Norway since then.
- Aalborg University : Aalborg Universitetscenter, founded in 1974, is today the scientific center of North Jutland and provides the city with a significant number of jobs in high-tech industries such as telecommunications .
- Royal Academy of Music
- University College Nordjylland (UCN): Vocational training and technical school center
- TECHCOLLEGE Aalborg: Technical training center
- SOSU Nord: Vocational school for health and social affairs
- Aalborg Boldklub (AaB) : The city's best-known sports club is Aalborg Boldklub (AaB) , Danish football champions from 1996, 1999 and 2008, 2014, as well as its ice hockey counterpart: AaB Ishockey .
- Aalborg DH : Another well-known sports club was Aalborg DH, which made it to thesemi-finals of the Champions Leaguein the 2005/06 season .
Aalborg also has a harness racing track.
In Aalborg, as in Arhus and Odense , the construction of a new tram system was planned in the 2010s. The network should include 24 stations and a length of 12 kilometers. Completion was expected in 2021. While Aarhus and Odense were able to realize their plans, the project in Aalborg was put on hold in 2015 as the Danish government had to cancel the grants.
There is a dense city bus network. As part of the CIVITAS program of the European Union , stops have been equipped with modern displays and the range of information on the Internet has been massively expanded. As a replacement for the tram project, which was canceled in 2015, Aalborg is planning the + BUS project : extra-long buses that run on their own routes at short intervals should connect the city center with the growing districts in the east and west of the city. The planned route includes the University of Aalborg, the Gigantium multifunctional arena and the Aalborg University Hospital .
Aalborg lists the following 33 twin cities :
The city of Aalborg organizes every four years youth games (Danish: Ungdomslegere ), a sports festival to which young people from all partner cities are invited. Similar games take place in the intervening years - also every four years - in the twin cities of Rendsburg, Lancaster and Almere.
sons and daughters of the town
- Johann I (1455–1513), King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, and Duke of Schleswig and Holstein
- Ditlev Thaanum (1867–1963), American amateur malacologist and snail collector of Danish origin
- Eske Brun (1904–1987), Danish civil servant and Landsfoged from Greenland
- Børge Mogensen (1914–1972), furniture designer
- Preben Kaas (1930–1981), actor, comedian and screenwriter
- Ekkehart Eymer (* 1945), lawyer, entrepreneur and politician
- Wilfried Lieck (* 1945), German table tennis player
- Ove Flindt-Bjerg (* 1948), soccer player and coach, scout
- Irene Becker (* 1951), pianist, composer
- Dan Laustsen (* 1954), cameraman
- Britta Thomsen (* 1954), politician, MEP
- Lars Søndergaard (* 1959), soccer coach and former soccer player
- Anne van Olst (* 1962), dressage rider
- Heinz Ehlers (* 1966), ice hockey player and coach
- Jes Høgh (* 1966), football player
- Benny Nielsen (* 1966), swimmer
- Henrik Kromann Toft (* 1968), archer
- Jens Larsen (* 1969), volleyball player
- Hanne Dahl (* 1970), politician and MEP for Denmark
- Ebbe Sand (* 1972), soccer player
- Søren Kjeldsen (* 1975), professional golfer
- Peter Gade (* 1976), badminton player
- Joachim Olsen (* 1977), shot putter
- Mette Frederiksen (* 1977), politician, minister
- Thomas Klitgaard (* 1977), handball player
- Thomas Bælum (* 1978), football player
- Niarn (born 1979), rapper
- Bo Svensson (* 1979), football player
- Kasper Jensen (* 1982), football player
- Niklas Kreutzmann (* 1982), Greenland-Danish football player
- Kasper Risgård (* 1983), football player
- Christinna Pedersen (* 1986), badminton player
- Jan Ø. Jørgensen (* 1987), badminton player
- Søs Søby (* 1991), handball player
- Simon Hald Jensen (* 1994), handball player
- Nikolaj Ehlers (* 1996), ice hockey player
- Mie Østergaard Nielsen (* 1996), swimmer
- Lærke Nolsøe (* 1996), handball player
People with a relationship to the city
- Jens Munk (1579–1628), navigator and explorer, grew up in Aalborg
- Fritz Tillisch (1801–1889), Danish statesman, worked in Aalborg for a long time
- Heinrich Tønnies (1825–1903), photographer, worked in Aalborg for a long time
- Peter Adolphsen (* 1972), writer, grew up in Aalborg
- Daniel Kandi (* 1983), trance DJ and snooker player, works in Aalborg
- Aalborg Municipality website (Danish / English)
- Statistics Banks -> Befolkning og valg -> BY1: Folketal January 1st efter byområde, alder og køn (Danish)
- Person Aalborg Municipality: Thomas Kastrup-Larsen. (No longer available online.) In: http://www.aalborg.dk/ . Archived from the original on January 28, 2015 ; Retrieved January 24, 2015 (Danish).
- Spelling rules, § 3.2 ( Memento of May 13, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), sproget.dk (in Danish). In contrast to German and Dutch , in which “aa” means a long “a”, the Danish “ å ”, the former “aa”, is an open or closed o-sound.
- Entry at Rollercoaster DataBase
- Former location of "Tivoliland" or "Karolinelund"
- Racing Arena Aalborg Horse Racecourse In: visitaalborg.de , accessed on May 29, 2018.
- Aalborg Letbane. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 24, 2016 ; Retrieved April 5, 2016 (Danish).
- Page on measures in Aalborg ( Memento from September 6, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) within the framework of the CIVITAS program ( Memento from September 6, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Venskabsbyer. Retrieved August 29, 2016 .
- European youth games website of the city of Rendsburg