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Ānhuī Shěng
Abbreviation : ( Pinyin : Wăn)
Capital Hefei

 - Total
 - share in the

Rank 22 out of 33

139,400 km²


 - Total 2016
 - density

Rank 8 out of 33

61,960,000 inhabitants
443 inhabitants / km²

Management type province
governor Li Guoying
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About this picture
ISO-3166-2 code CN-AH
District level 16 cities
District level 52 counties, 44 city districts, 9 cities
Community level 898 large municipalities, 377 municipalities, 225 street districts, 7 nationality municipalities

Anhui ( Chinese  安徽 , Pinyin Ānhuī ) is a province of the People's Republic of China . Anhui is an inland province in southeast China, on the Yangtze River. Anhui was founded in 1667 with the division of Jiangnan Province into Anhui and Jiangsu . The name " Anhui " is derived from the city names An qing and Hui zhou (today: Huangshan ). Anhui's capital is Hefei .


Anhui is included in the East China ( Huadong ) region . Neighboring provinces are Henan , Hubei , Jiangsu , Jiangxi , Shandong and Zhejiang . The province is traversed by the Yangtze River in the south and by the Huai He in the north . The topography is changeable. The rivers and their tributaries form wide river valleys, while the rest of the country is hilly to mountainous. The highest point is the 1864 m high peak of the Huang Shan massif.


Anhui lies in the border area between temperate and subtropical climates. In addition, the warm and cold air currents from the coast and the inland meet here. The climate is therefore changeable, with floods and droughts occurring again and again, especially in the area of ​​the Huai He river .

The annual precipitation increases from around 700 mm in the north to over 2000 mm on the Huang Shan in the south.

Administrative structure

At the district level, Anhui is made up of 16 district-free cities . These are:

The following table shows the number of inhabitants and areas.

Overview map # Administrative
Chin. Hanyu Pinyin Administrative
Anhui admin.svg
- District-free city -
1 Hefei 合肥市 Héféi Shì Shushan 11,484 7,869,000
2 Wuhu 芜湖 市 Wúhú Shì Jiujiang 5,987 3,670,000
3 Bengbu 蚌埠 市 Bèngbù Shì Longzihu 5,945 3,331,000
4th Huainan 淮南 市 Huáinán Shì Tianjia'an 5,531 3,456,000
5 Ma'anshan 马鞍山 市 Mǎ'ānshān Shì Yushan 4,042 2,276,000
6th Huaibei 淮北 市 Huáiběi Shì Xiangshan 2,732 2,208,000
7th Tongling 铜陵 市 Tónglíng Shì Tongguan 2,938 1,601,000
8th Anqing 安庆 市 Ānqìng Shì Yixiu 13,525 4,612,000
9 Huangshan 黄山 市 Huangshan Shi Tunxi 9,807 1,379,000
10 Chizhou 滁州 市 Chuzhōu Shì Langya 13,398 4,044,000
11 Fuyang 阜阳 市 Fǔyáng Shì Yingzhou 9,775 7,991,000
12 Suzhou 宿州 市 Sùzhōu Shì Yongqiao 9,787 5,599,000
13 Lu'an 六安 市 Lù'ān Shì Jin'an 15,447 4,772,000
14th Bozhou 亳州 市 Bózhōu Shì Qiaocheng 8,429 5,104,000
15th Chizhou 池 州市 Chízhōu Shì Guichi 8,272 1,443,000
16 Xuancheng 宣 城市 Xuānchéng Shì Xuanzhou 12,340 2,601,000

Biggest cities

Anhui outline map

The population figures are based on the 2010 census and refer to the actual urban settlement. In 2014, 49.2% of the population lived in cities or urban areas.

rank city Residents rank city Residents
1 Hefei 3,098,727 6th Fuyang 780.522
2 Huainan 1,238,488 7th Suzhou 742,685
3 Wuhu 1,108,087 8th Lu'an 661.217
4th Huaibei 854.696 9 Ma'anshan 657.847
5 Bengbu 793.866 10 Anqing 570,538


Anhui is one of the cradles of the Chinese nation. Traces of settlement have been found since prehistory. Known since the time of the spring and autumn annals (722 to 481 BC). During the Shang Dynasty , Bozhou was temporarily the capital of Anhui . It was also of economic importance during the Three Kingdoms period .

Population development

Population growth in the province since 1954.

year population
1954 census 30,343,637
1964 census 31.241.657
1982 census 49,665,724
1990 census 56.180.813
2000 census 58,999,948
2010 census 59,500,468
Guess 2016 61,960,000


Due to the predominantly agricultural economy, Anhui was considered the most backward province of Eastern China until 1949 , but has since developed into a center of heavy industry , especially the automotive industry around the manufacturer Chery in Wuhu .

In 2015, Anhui's economy was the 14th largest in China with a GDP of 2.20 trillion yuan ($ 353 billion). The GDP per capita was 39,092 yuan (US $ 5,886 / PPP : US $ 11,256) per year (25th place among Chinese provinces). The level of prosperity in the province was thus roughly on par with Namibia and was 72% of the Chinese average.


A number of modern writers come from Anhui, including Hu Shi and Chen Duxiu . Chen Guidi and Wu Chuntao received international attention for their report on the situation of Chinese farmers .

In the region was in Chaohu the cartorhynchus a related with ancestors of the ichthyosaurs, extinct reptile found.


  • Anhui University
  • Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Chinese: 安徽 中 醫藥 大學; Pinyin: Ānhuī Zhōngyīyào Dàxué)
  • Anhui University of Science and Technology (Chinese: 安徽 理工 大學; Pinyin: Ānhuī Lǐgōng Dàxué)
  • Anhui Medical University (Chinese: 安徽 医科大学; Pinyin: Ānhuī Yīkē Dàxué)
  • Anhui University of Finance and Economics (Chinese: 安徽 财经 大学, Pinyin: Ānhuī Cáijīng Dàxué)


The province's greatest attraction is the 1841 meter high Huang Shan . The Huang Shan has played a major role in Chinese art and literature since the Tang Dynasty . It is so valued by the Chinese that Xie Xiake can say without contradiction: Anyone who has been to Huang Shan no longer looks at any other mountain. In the eyes of the Chinese, the extraordinary beauty of Huang Shan is expressed in the perfect harmony of bold rock formations, ancient gnarled pines and hot springs. A weather event that is widely celebrated is the so-called sea of ​​clouds, in which the mountain peaks, viewed from the summit, rise from an ocean of clouds. The Huang Shan is the tourist center of gravity of the province and is easier to reach from Shanghai and Hangzhou (from the east) or from Wuhan (from the west) than from the provincial capital Hefei . Hefei itself is a rapidly growing industrial city. The Huang Shan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In addition to the tourist magnet Huang Shan, there is also the 1,342 meter high Jiuhua Shan , one of the four sacred mountains of Chinese Buddhism, and the Tianzhushan , which is located in the middle of a nature reserve.

Web links

Commons : Anhui  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Anhui  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. 趣味 文字 : 中国 各省 及 自治区 名称 历史 由来 和 变化 (Interesting information: origin and changes in the names of the Chinese provinces and autonomous regions)., accessed August 5, 2019 (Chinese (simplified)).
  2. Anhui (China): Province, Cities & Counties - Population Statistics, Maps, Graphics, Weather and Web Information. Retrieved December 12, 2017 .
  3. China City and Province Information - Anhui Province China City and Province Information ( en ) Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  4. China: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather, and Web Information. Retrieved May 6, 2018 .
  5. ^ National Data. Retrieved December 4, 2017 .
  6. a b Huangshan

Coordinates: 31 ° 50 '  N , 117 ° 23'  E