The codes consist of two parts separated by a hyphen . The first part corresponds to the country code defined in ISO 3166-1 consisting of two capital letters. The second part consists of up to three digits and / or letters for the individual areas of the respective country. For example, the Federal Republic of Germany (ISO 3166-1 code:) is divided
DEinto 16 federal states , each of which is represented by two letters. For example, stands
DE-NIfor the state of Lower Saxony . The Austrian federal states are numbered from 1 to 9, for example
AT-4for Upper Austria , while there are also two-letter identifiers for the Swiss cantons . Other countries also use identifiers of different lengths, some of which consist of letters and some of numbers. In France, for example, there are letters for the regions , two letters for the overseas departments and two digits for the departments .
The partial standard was adopted in 1998 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) under the full title ISO 3166-2: 1998 Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions - Part 2: Country subdivision code with codes for every country worldwide. Changes to individual states and sub-national units, such as those resulting from administrative reform , are continuously incorporated into the standard. Since 2000, the Maintenance Agency for ISO 3166 country codes has published newsletters for this, which are freely accessible online.
In 2007 the 2nd edition of the standard appeared (ISO 3166-2: 2007), in 2013 the third edition (ISO 3166-2: 2013).
The following table gives an overview of the individual editions and newsletters.
|Edition newsletter||Release date||Changed entries|
|I.||December 20, 1998||1st edition of the standard with all codes|
|I-1 ( Memento of October 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 65 kB)||April 21, 2000||BY , CA , DO , ER , ES , IT , KR , NG , PL , RO , RU , TR , VN , YU|
|I-2 ( Memento of December 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 265 kB)||May 21, 2002||AE , AL , AO , AZ , BD , BG , BJ , CA , CD , CN , CV , CZ , ES , FR , GB , GE , GN , GT , HR , ID , IN , IR , KZ , LA , MA , MD , MW , NI , PH , TR , UZ , VN|
|I-3 ( Memento of December 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 104 kB)||August 20, 2002||AE , CZ , IN , KZ , MD , MO , PS (newly included), TP (replaced by TL ), UG|
|I-4 ( Memento of December 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 183 kB)||December 10, 2002||BI , CA , EC , ES , ET , GE , ID , IN , KG , KH , KP , KZ , LA , MD , MU , RO , SI , TJ , TM , TL , TW , UZ , VE , YE|
|I-5 ( Memento of December 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 263 kB)||September 5, 2003||BW , CH , CZ , LY , MY , SN , TN , TZ , UG , VE , YU (replaced by CS )|
|I-6 ( Memento of December 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 150 kB)||March 8, 2004||AF , AL , AU , CN , CO , ID , KP , MA , TN , ZA|
|I-7 ( Memento from March 1, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 156 kB)||September 13, 2005||AF , DJ , ID , RU , SI , VN|
|I-8 ( Memento from June 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 254 kB)||April 17, 2007||AD , AG , BB , BH , CI , DM , GB , GD , GG (newly recorded), IM (newly recorded), IR , IT , JE (newly recorded), KN , LI , ME (newly recorded), MK , NR , PW , RS (newly recorded), RU , RW , SB , SC , SM , TD , TO , TV , VC , YU (deleted)|
|I-9 ( Memento from June 24, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 294 kB)||November 28, 2007||BG , BL (newly included), CZ , FR , GB , GE , LB , MF (newly included), MK , MT , RU , SD , SG , UG , ZA|
|II||December 13, 2007||2nd edition of the standard, which includes all previous changes as well as previously unpublished changes to BA , DK , DO , EG , GN , HT , KE , KW , LC , LR , TV , YE , ZA|
|II-1 ( Memento from June 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 1.2 MB)||February 3, 2010
(corrected February 19, 2010)
|AL , BO , CZ , ES , FR , GN , GR , GW , ID , IE , IT , KN , KP , LK , MA , MH , NP , RS , UG , VE|
|II-2 ( Memento from June 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 537 kB)||June 30, 2010||AG , AR , BA , BF , BI , BS , BY , CF , CL , CV , EC , EG , GB , GL , HU , IT , KE , KM , LY , MD , MW , NG , NZ , OM , PA , PE , PH , RU , SC , SH , SI , SN , TD , TM , YE|
|II-3 (PDF; 422 kB)||December 13, 2011 (corrected December 15, 2011)||AF , AN (deleted), AW , AZ , BD , BE , BG , BQ (newly recorded), BS , CV , CW (newly recorded), DJ , DK , ER , FI , FR , GB , GQ , HN , HR , HT , ID , IE , IN , JO , KW , LS , LV , MC , ME , MK , MM , MV , NL , NO , NP , NR , PG , PK , PL , PS , QA , SA , SD , SE , SH , SS (re-recorded), SX (re-recorded), TL , TN , TR , VN|
|ISO 3166-2: 2013||19th November 2013||3rd edition of the standard. Changes are only published in the ISO online catalog, not in separate newsletters.|
- ISO 3166-1 code list where country codes can be looked up
- Category: ISO 3166-2 , Wikipedia category of coding list articles
- United States FIPS 10 Standard List
- NUTS classification of the statistical regions of the European Union ( Eurostat )
- UN / LOCODE the place name of the Economic Commission for Europe (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, UNECE)
- Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions - Part 2: Country subdivision code (ISO 3166-2: 2013), ISO, iso.org
- Subdivision Codes , UN / LOCODE of UNECE, unece.org (incomplete, March 2008)
- statoids.com by Gwillim Law - a directory of the sub-national units and dependent territories for which he invented the term "statoids"