Special Administrative Region

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Administrative division of
the People's Republic of China

National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
Provincial level
Autonomous regions
Government immediate cities
Special administrative regions
District level
Immediate provincial administrative zones
District-free cities
Autonomous counties
Administrative districts
Frets / leagues
District level
One district cities
Autonomous circles
Autonomous banners
Special areas
Community level
Street district
Large municipalities
Nationality communities
Nationalities sum
District offices
Village level
Communities of residents

The Special Administrative Region ( Chinese  特別 行政區  /  特别 行政区 , Pinyin Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū ? / I , Jyutping Dak 6 bit 6 Hang 4 zing 3 keoi 1 , Yale Dak 6 bit 6 Hang 4 jing 3 keui 1 listen (Cantonese) ? / I , IPA ( Cantonese) tɐk 6 piːt 6 hɐŋ 4 tsɪŋ 3 kʰɵy 1 , English Special Administrative Region, short: SAR ; Portuguese Região administrativa especial , short: RAE ? / i ) is an administrative unit in the People's Republic of China . There are currently two special administrative areas at the national level, Hong Kong and Macau , each with a top government official of the special administrative area, the chief executive , as head of government . There is also the Wolong ( en ) Special Administrative Region in the province of Sichuan , which has a different legal status. Audio file / audio sample Audio file / audio sample Audio file / audio sample

Special administrative areas were established on the basis of Article 31 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China . This article allows the National People's Congress to establish special administrative zones and to equip them with a basic law, a high degree of internal autonomy , and their own political and economic system.

The Special Administrative and Economic Zones of the People's Republic of China

The principle of one country, two systems , on which the special administrative areas are based, was developed by Deng Xiaoping . In 1984 he explained it in a speech to Hong Kong personalities. One country means the People's Republic of China, and the Special Administrative Region is considered a local government within the People's Republic of China. In the same speech, Deng also explained the principle of Hong Kong administration by Hong Kongers . Accordingly, Beijing does not want to send any officials to the government of the special administrative zone, but only to station troops as a symbol of state sovereignty in the former crown colony .

The People's Republic of China has offered Taiwan Special Administrative Region status in the event of reunification. However, this does not accept this and polls indicate that this principle is also rejected by the majority of Taiwanese voters.

The special administrative zones, although they are not sovereign states, have their own customs administrations and their own trade policy . They are also members of the WTO for themselves .