Nationality community

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Administrative division of
the People's Republic of China

National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
Provincial level
Autonomous regions
Government immediate cities
Special administrative regions
District level
Immediate provincial administrative zones
District-free cities
Autonomous counties
Administrative districts
Frets / leagues
District level
One district cities
Autonomous circles
Autonomous banners
Special areas
Community level
Street district
Large municipalities
Nationality communities
Nationalities sum
District offices
Village level
Communities of residents

Nationality communities ( Chinese  民族鄉  /  民族乡 , Pinyin Mínzúxiāng ) are administrative units at the community level in the People's Republic of China .

The municipality level is in the administrative structure of the People's Republic of China under the district level. It is made up of large municipalities , municipalities , nationality municipalities , street districts , sum , administrative area offices and a nationality sum . At this level there are currently 40,497 administrative units (as of December 31, 2013), of which 1,035 nationality communities or nationality sum (2.56%).

Just as the sum in the areas of Inner Mongolia, which is dominated by migratory livestock, is the equivalent of the communities in arable farming areas, the nationality sum is the inner Mongolian equivalent of the nationality community.

In the meantime, due to their increased population and a certain degree of urbanization in the center of the settlement, nationality communities have occasionally been converted into "nationality large communities" (民族 镇). However, these are neither recorded in a separate category nor statistically counted among the larger municipalities (镇).

According to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the Chinese "Law on National Territorial Autonomy" (民族 区域 自治法), wherever it is not possible or not useful due to the small number and dispersed distribution of ethnic minorities , Autonomous Areas , Autonomous Districts or To found autonomous circles , nationality communities to be created. Nationality communities do not belong to the autonomous administrative divisions. However, there are some special rights associated with this status. This also means that the mayor of a community of nationalities should and usually is a member of the titular nationality. The higher-level bodies have to grant national communities special economic development and to give special support in the areas of culture and education.


Nationality communities exist primarily where several nationalities live in mixed settlement areas or where a small number of one nationality lives in an area dominated by another nationality. There are (effective date: December 31, 2013):


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