|Abbreviation : 辽 ( Pinyin : Liáo)|
Rank 21 out of 33
- Total 2016
Rank 13 out of 33
|District level||14 cities|
|District level||59 city districts, 18 districts, 16 cities, 8 autonomous districts|
|Community level||585 large communities, 526 street districts, 313 communities, 78 nationality communities|
Liaoning is located in Manchuria , the southern part of northeast China. The province is bounded in the south by the Yellow Sea , in the southeast by North Korea , in the northeast by Jilin Province , in the west by Hebei and in the northwest by Inner Mongolia .
Administratively, Liaoning is divided into 14 prefecture-level cities:
- Shenyang City (沈 阳 市),
- Dalian City (大连 市),
- Anshan City (鞍山 市),
- Fushun City (抚顺 市),
- City of Benxi (本溪 市),
- Dandong City (丹东 市),
- Jinzhou City (锦州 市),
- Yingkou City (营口 市),
- City of Fuxin (阜新 市),
- Liaoyang City (辽阳 市),
- Panjin City (盘锦 市),
- City of Tieling (铁岭 市),
- Chaoyang City (朝阳 市),
- Huludao City (葫芦岛 市).
The ten largest cities in the province with the actual urban settlement population as of the 2010 census are as follows:
Today's Liaoning Province, which was called Fengtian until 1929, was the Manchu heartland with Shenyang (Manchurian: Mukden ) as the capital of the Manchu Empire . After the establishment of the Qing Dynasty , the Manchu moved their capital from Shenyang to Beijing . After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, the province was occupied by Japan and Russia , who also industrialized the region . The ports of Dalian and Lüshunkou (formerly known as "Port Arthur") were an important strategic point for the Russian Far East Fleet during the Russian occupation because they were ice-free.
Demography and Autonomy
Around 84% of the population are Han Chinese. Although the Manchu make up only 13% and that of the Mongols only 2% of the province's population, the six Manchu autonomous counties cover over 17% and the two Mongolian autonomous counties almost 6% of the area of the province.
In 2013, the average life expectancy was 76.4 years, which is above the Chinese average. According to the 2010 census, the province's fertility rate is just 0.7 children per woman, making it one of the lowest in China and worldwide.
Population growth in the province since 1954.
With an economic growth of over 13 percent, Liaoning occupied first place among the globally comparable regions from 2008 to around 2012. The growth rates of the eight economically strongest regions in the eight economically strongest countries, the so-called "G8x8", are compared.
Liaoning is a traditional heavy industrial region. Due to significant coal and iron ore deposits, large steelworks were built as early as the first half of the 20th century, in the vicinity of which metal processing , mechanical engineering , shipbuilding and vehicle construction later settled.
The centers of the Chinese coal mining and steel industry are in the northeast of the provincial capital Shenyang near the city of Fushun , in the southwest with the city of Anshan , and in the east in Benxi . China's largest shipyard is located in Dalian . The automotive industry focuses on Shenyang with BMW Brilliance Automotive and Dandong with the bus manufacturer Huanghai . Liaoning also plays an important role in agricultural production.
Since 2013, in the course of the restructuring of Chinese industry, there have been many company closings and mass layoffs, especially in state-owned companies. In 2015 the region is in a deep recession.
The most important point for tourism is Dalian. There are sandy beaches and a few places to relax in and around the city.
- Han Ying (* 1983), German table tennis player of Chinese descent
- Ma Long (* 1988 ), Chinese table tennis player
- Zhang Beiwen (* 1990), badminton player
- China: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather, and Web Information. Retrieved May 6, 2018 .
- 中国 统计 年鉴 -2013. Retrieved May 6, 2018 .
- China Liaoning Business Guide ( Memento of the original from June 9, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.