Yellow Sea

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Yellow Sea
Geographical location 35 °  N , 123 °  E Coordinates: 35 °  N , 123 °  E
Chinese name
Abbreviation 黄海
Long characters 黃海
Pinyin Huánghǎi
Korean name
Hangeul 황해
Hanja 黃海
Rev. Romanization Hwanghae
McCune-Reischauer Hwanghae
Yellow Sea map

The Yellow Sea is part of the China Sea and a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean surrounded by the People's Republic of China and the Korean Peninsula . The Gulf of Bohai and Korea Bay in the north are part of the Yellow Sea. The East China Sea joins in the south .

The Yellow Sea measures 960 kilometers from north to south and is 700 kilometers wide. The surface area is 380,000 km². It is an average of 44 meters and a maximum of 152 meters deep. This results in a water volume of 16,720 km³. The Yellow Sea is a shallow sea, comparable to the North Sea at the other end of the Eurasian continent. Its mud flats are an important resting area for waders .

It gets its characteristic color, which led to its name, from the nutrient-rich yellow alluvial sand, the loess , which the Yellow River and other rivers carry and deposit at their mouths into the Yellow Sea.

World Heritage status of the Yellow Sea coast

In 2019, the Wadden Sea on the coast of the Yellow Sea and in particular the Bohai Gulf was included in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO under the title “ Migratory bird sanctuaries along the coast of the Yellow Sea - Gulf of Bohai (Phase I) ” . The reason given by UNESCO is the great global importance of the Wadden Sea as a resting, gathering or breeding site for migratory birds and as a breeding site for numerous fish and crustacean species.

Web links

Commons : Yellow Sea  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Yellow Sea  - Explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. UNESCO World Heritage Center: Migratory Bird Sanctuaries along the Coast of Yellow Sea-Bohai Gulf of China (Phase I). Retrieved November 15, 2019 .