McCune-Reischauer , along with the revised Romanization and the Yale Romanization, is one of the most widely used transcriptions for the Korean script . The South Korean Ministry of Education raised a slightly modified version of McCune-Reischauer 1988 to the official transcription. In 2000, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism then introduced the revised Romanization, which was also based on the McCune-Reischauer, as an official system, which has established itself in official publications and on street signs and has also ousted McCune-Reischauer from many newer, non-governmental publications, However, Koreans pay as little attention to the private life as the McCune-Reischauer Romanization before. Yet another variant of the McCune-Reischauer remains the official romanization in North Korea . The respective official ISO transcriptions of North and South Korea do not play a major role.
McCune-Reischauer was created in 1937 by the two Americans George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer . They dispensed with a true-to-original transliteration of the Hangeul characters and were more oriented towards a phonetic rendering of Korean words for English-speaking readers.
In Korean words romanized according to McCune-Reischauer, ŭ stands for the written Hangeul vowel ㅡ, regardless of its actual pronunciation. Depending on the speaker, this is more or less similar to the first “e” in German “g e giving”, but only if ㅡ is used as a vowel alone or in the initial voice. The letter ŏ stands for the sound value of the Hangeul vowel ㅓ, realized by most speakers like the “o” in “ o ffen”. In contrast to ŭ, ŏ is only written if this pronunciation is actually available, i.e. when romanizing ㅓ (= ŏ) and ㅕ (= yŏ), but not with the digraphs ㅔ (= e) and ㅖ (= ye).
With 2 (du) -beolsik , the most widely used input method for Korean, a free-hanging breve can be entered by typing the consonant ㄱ ( giyeok ) and pressing the hanja or Ctrl key. Entering vowels with a breve, on the other hand, does not support Western keyboards or input methods for the Korean language such as 2-beolsik . The Hangeul vowel ㅓ, for example, is often romanized with o , eo , ô , ǒ or er instead of ŏ due to such technical restrictions . The lack of the Breve, which is often enough decisive for the meaning of a word, or a uniform procedure for its replacement, can be considered one of the reasons why McCune-Reischauer found only moderate acceptance abroad, but especially in Korea itself, and in the late 20th century McCune-Reischauer was replaced by systems that did not use any diacritical marks: the Yale romanization in linguistics, the revised Romanization in other areas.
|ㅣ i||ㅏ a||ㅑ ya||ㅘ wa|
|ㅓ ŏ||ㅕ yŏ||ㅝ wŏ|
|ㅐ ae||ㅒ yae||ㅙ wae|
|ㅔ e¹||ㅖ ye||ㅞ we|
|ㅡ ŭ||ㅗ o||ㅛ yo|
|ㅜ u||ㅠ yu|
¹ ë after ㅏ or ㅗ
|Final consonant||Initial consonant of the next syllable|
|ㅇ||ㄱ k||ㄴ n||ㄷ t||ㄹ (r)||ㅁ m||ㅂ p||ㅅ s||ㅈ ch||ㅊ ch '||ㅋ k '||ㅌ t '||ㅍ p '||ㅎ h|
|ㅇ ng||ng||ng g||ngn||ng d||ng n||ngm||ng b||ngs||ng y||ngch '||ngk '||ngt '||ngp '||ngh|
|ㄱ k||G||kk||ng n||kt||ngn||ng m||kp||ks||kch||kch '||kk '||kt '||kp '||kh|
|ㄴ n||n||n'g||nn||n d||ll / n n||nm||n b||ns||n y||nch '||nk '||nt '||np '||nh|
|ㄹ l||r||lg||l l||according to||l l||lm||l b||ls||l||l '||lk '||lt '||lp '||r h|
|ㅁ m||m||m g||mn||m d||m n||mm||m b||ms||m j||mch '||mk '||mt '||mp '||mh|
|ㅂ p||b||pk||m n||pt||mn||m m||pp||ps||pch||pch '||pk '||pt '||pp '||ph|
In column one, an initial consonant before a vowel to indicate non-stress.
- Transcription rules (PDF; 766 kB) of the Library of Congress , which are largely based on the 1939 original, but seem to mean something different with "McCune-Reischauer rules and tables" and identify many, but not all, deviations from the 1939 rules as such
- K-Romanizer (English, Korean)