East China Sea

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East China Sea
East China Sea
Chinese name
Abbreviation 东海
Long characters 東海
Pinyin Dōng Hǎi
Alternative Chinese name
Abbreviation 中国 东海
Long characters 中國 東海
Pinyin Zhōngguó Dōng Hǎi
Abbreviation 东 中国 海
Long characters 東 中國 海
Pinyin Dōng Zhōngguó Hǎi
Japanese name
Kanji 東 シ ナ 海
Kanji 東 支那 海 obs.  1
Kana ひ が し し な か い
Hepburn Higashi Shina Kai
Korean name
Hangeul 동중국 해
Hanja 東 中國 海
Revised Dong Jungguk Hae
McCune-Reischauer Tong Jungguk Hae

The East China Sea is a marginal Pacific Sea in East Asia .


Relief map of the East China Sea

The East China Sea is located between mainland China in the west, South Korea in the north, the southwestern parts of Japan ( Kyūshū region including the Ryūkyū Islands ) in the east and Taiwan in the south. It is separated from the Sea of Japan in the north by the Korea Strait and in the south from the South China Sea by the Strait of Formosa .

The sea to the northwest between the Korean Peninsula and the People's Republic of China is no longer included, but called the Yellow Sea . Together with the East China Sea and the South China Sea, it forms the China Sea .


The total area of ​​the East China Sea is about 1.25 million km². It extends over large areas as a shallow shelf sea , which is increasingly filled by sediments from the Chinese currents. It has an average depth of around 275 meters. To the southeast, the seabed near the Ryūkyū Islands runs much deeper. The deepest point is in the Okinawa Trench at 2,719 meters .

In 1980, extensive oil deposits were discovered in this area . The neighboring states are arguing about access to the natural resources . This conflict led to a dispute over the possession of the Socotra rock , which is claimed by South Korea and the People's Republic of China and has been de facto controlled by South Korea since 2003.

On November 23, 2013, China declared an Air Defense Identification Zone over the East China Sea, including disputed areas such as Socotra Rock and Senkaku Islands .

Reclaimed Chinese Air Defense Identification Zone
1 Historical writing, obsolete today. The term "Shina" - 支那 or シナ "is a historical Lehn designation for China from the Sanskrit The use of the stand-alone concept." Shina "- 支那 " with the kanji notation is today both in China and in Japan as offensive or offensively. Due to abuse and use of the term at the time of World War II on the part of Japan this designation is for China today in Asia burden, especially in the countries concerned, historically.

See also

Web links

Commons : East China Sea  - Collection of images, videos, and audio files
Wiktionary: East China Sea  - explanations of meanings, origins of words, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. East China Sea. In: The New Knaur. 1st edition. Volume 7, Droemersche Verlagsanstalt Th. Knaur Nachf., Munich / Zurich 1975, p. 4507.
  2. a b East China Sea. In: The Brockhaus in text and pictures. electronic edition for office library. Bibliographisches Institut & FA Brockhaus, 2003.
  3. East China Sea. In: Brockhaus Encyclopedia. 19th edition. Volume 16, FA Brockhaus, Mannheim 1991, p. 310.
  4. ↑ The island dispute goes up in the air. ( Memento from November 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (Tagesschau link with map)
  5. Term shina - し な, シ ナ, 支那: (English, Japanese) [1] In: tangorin.com, accessed on May 20, 2019 - Online
  6. term shina -しな,シナ,支那: (German, Japanese) [2] In: Wadoku , accessed on May 20, 2019 - Online
  7. Term zhina - 支那: (Chinese, English) [3] In: www.zdic.net, accessed on May 20, 2019 - Online
  8. Term zhina - 支那: (Chinese) [4] In: dict.revised.moe.edu.tw, accessed on May 20, 2019 - Online