|North Korean name|
|translation||East Korean Sea|
|South Korean name|
It is bounded south and east by the Japanese Islands, north by Sakhalin Island, and west by mainland Russia , North Korea, and South Korea . The Sea of Japan is connected to the Pacific by the Korea Strait in the south, the Tsugaru Strait between the Japanese islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō and the La Pérouse Strait between the islands of Hokkaidō and Sakhalin, and with the Sea of Okhotsk by the Tatar Sound in the north.
The Sea of Japan has an area of around 978,000 km² with an average depth of 1752 meters and a maximum depth of 4049 meters. It can be divided into three basins: The northern Japan Basin forms the deepest area, the Yamato Basin is in the southeast and the Tsushima Basin in the southwest. The water is shallowest in the Yamato Basin. There the ground is only about 285 meters below sea level. The coasts of the eastern islands are wide and relatively flat, but the mainland coasts, especially in the west along the coast of Korea, are steep, rough and rocky.
The Sea of Japan, although colder than the Pacific on the other side of the islands, contributes significantly to the mild climate in Japan . The fishing is an important economic factor for the neighboring states ; Among other things, a resulting conflict affecting the fishing areas led to a dispute over ownership of the Liancourt Rocks , which are claimed by Japan and South Korea and controlled by South Korea since 1950.
The Sea of Japan also has deposits of minerals that are mined, but most of all the sea is an important shipping route. Here are the islands of Liancourt Rocks, Oki Islands , Okushiri , Rebun , Rishiri , Sado , Tsushima and Ulleungdo , among others .
Name and name dispute
Main article: Name dispute over the Sea of Japan
In the local languages of the countries bordering the sea is Japan and Russia Sea of Japan , in North Korea Korean East Sea and in South Korea East Sea called. The international name of the body of water is controversial between countries. The governments of North and South Korea in particular are committed to ensuring that the name "East Korean Sea" or "East Sea" is used instead of the name "Sea of Japan" or at least treated as equivalent. This proposal has so far been rejected by Japan. Other states and international institutions have not yet taken a position, but continue to use the term "Sea of Japan". In some western atlases and other, unofficial publications, the term "Ostmeer" is used in parallel.
- Donald G. Groves and Lee M. Hunt: The Ocean World Encyclopedia. McGraw-Hill 1980, page 187: Article "Japan Sea"
- Meyer lexicon -SW-, electronic edition of Office library, Meyers Lexicon publisher, keyword: "Sea of Japan", looked up 16th September, 2008.
- Christoph Neidhart: The Japanese M. Tokyo advertises in the dispute with Korea for allies in Germany. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . March 24, 2019, accessed March 25, 2019 .