Gulf of Bohai

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Coordinates: 38 ° 43 '  N , 119 ° 54'  E

Position of the Gulf of Bohai
Sea routes in the Gulf of Bohai

The Gulf of Bohai ( Chinese  渤海 , Pinyin Bó Hǎi  - “Bo Sea”), also Bohai Gulf , Bohai Sea , the Bohai Sea or Bo Hai for short , formerly called the Gulf of Tschili or Gulf of Pechili , is a marginal sea of the Yellow Sea in the northeast of the People's Republic of China . Important cities on the Gulf are Tianjin and Dalian . It is the closest sea access to the capital Beijing . Its area is 78,000 km². The Yellow River flows into the Gulf of Bohai.

In the north, which is Liaodong Bay , the West, the Bohai Bay and the south, the Laizhou Bay .

Several of the largest seaports in China are located in the Gulf of Bohai: The Port of Qinhuangdao , the Port of Tianjin , the Port of Dalian and the Port of Yingkou Bayuanquan .

In 2011 there was an oil spill in Bohaisee . In 2015 , a hazardous goods warehouse exploded in the port of Tianjin.

World Heritage status of the coast of the Gulf of Bohai

In 2019, the Wadden Sea on the coast of the Bohai Gulf was included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites under the title " Migratory bird sanctuaries along the coast of the Yellow Sea - Gulf of Bohai (Phase I) " . The reason given by UNESCO is the great global importance of the Wadden Sea as a resting, gathering or breeding site for migratory birds and as a breeding site for numerous fish and crustacean species.

Individual evidence

  1. UNESCO World Heritage Center: Migratory Bird Sanctuaries along the Coast of Yellow Sea-Bohai Gulf of China (Phase I). Retrieved November 15, 2019 .