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Húnán Shěng
Abbreviation : ( Pinyin : Xiāng)
Capital Changsha

 - Total
 - share in the

Rank 10 out of 33

210,800 km²


 - Total 2016
 - density

Rank 7 out of 33

68,220,000 inhabitants
324 inhabitants / km²

Management type province
governor Xu Dazhe
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About this picture
ISO-3166-2 code CN-HN
District level 13 cities, 1 autonomous district
District level 60 counties, 36 city districts, 18 cities, 7 autonomous counties
Community level 1,089 large communities, 990 communities, 233 street districts, 97 nationality communities

Hunan ( Chinese  湖南省 , Pinyin Hunan , dt. "South of the lake") is a since the empire existing Province in the People's Republic of China .

The name of the province comes from the fact that Hunan is located south of Dongting Lake ( ,  - "lake"; , nán  - "south"). It has played an important role in the country's rice supply since the Yuan and Ming dynasties , when Hunan and Hubei were combined in the province of Huguang ( 湖廣 , húgu Provinzng ). Hunan is one of the most fertile and best irrigated provinces in China. In addition to rice, the production of tea and cotton also plays an important role.

Population development

Population growth in the province since 1954.

year population
1954 census 33.226.954
1964 census 37.182.286
1982 census 54.008.851
1990 census 60,659,754
2000 census 63.274.173
2010 census 65,700,762
Guess 2016 68,220,000

Geographical location

Hunan is located on the middle reaches of the Yangtze . In the south, Hunan is the Nan Ling called Mountain of Guangdong limited. The province bears its name due to its location south of the lake region on the border with Hubei along the Yangtze River. Except in the northeast, Hunan is criss-crossed by low mountain ranges and thus breaks up into several singular basins . About in the center of the province is the Heng Shan , the southernmost of the former five sacred mountains of China .

Neighboring provinces are Guangdong , Guangxi (autonomous region), Guizhou , Chongqing , Hubei and Jiangxi (clockwise).


The largest rivers all flow towards the Yangtze. The Xiang Jiang rises in Guangxi and reaches below Quanzhou to Hunan, the Luihe flows to the right of this and the Zejiang to the left. The Yuánjiāng and the Li Shui have their source in Guizhou . All three rivers flow into the Dongting Lake basin in the northeast of the province. This over 5,500 km² lake is only so big during the great floods of the Yangtze River in summer, at other times of the year it only consists of the three mentioned rivers and a few smaller rivers.

Administrative structure

Hunan Province is made up of 13 prefecture-level cities and one autonomous district.

The capital of the province is Changsha .

Biggest cities

The population figures are based on the 2010 census and refer to the actual urban settlement. In 2014, 49.3% of the population lived in cities or urban areas.

rank city Residents rank city Residents
1 Changsha 3,193,354 6th Changde 846.308
2 Hengyang 1,115,645 7th Yiyang 697,607
3 Zhuzhou 999,404 8th Liuyang 588.081
4th Yueyang 924.099 9 Chenzhou 582,971
5 Xiangtan 903.287 10 Shaoyang 574,527


Hunan is the home of the Xiang Chinese language .


In 2015, the province had a GDP of 2.90 trillion yuan (US $ 479 billion), ranking 7th among the provinces of China. The GDP per capita was 45,931 yuan ($ 6,915 / PPP : $ 13,225) per year (ranked 16th out of 31 among Chinese provinces). The level of prosperity in the province was thus roughly on par with South Africa and was 85% of the Chinese average.

Web links

Commons : Hunan  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Hunan  Travel Guide

Individual evidence

  1. China: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather, and Web Information. Retrieved May 6, 2018 .
  2. Hunan (China): Prefecture Level, Cities & Counties - Population Statistics, Maps, Graphics, Weather and Web Information. Retrieved January 22, 2018 .
  3. ^ National Data. Retrieved December 4, 2017 .

Coordinates: 27 ° 36 '  N , 111 ° 48'  E