|Abbreviation : 湘 ( Pinyin : Xiāng)|
Rank 10 out of 33
- Total 2016
Rank 7 out of 33
|District level||13 cities, 1 autonomous district|
|District level||60 counties, 36 city districts, 18 cities, 7 autonomous counties|
|Community level||1,089 large communities, 990 communities, 233 street districts, 97 nationality communities|
The name of the province comes from the fact that Hunan is located south of Dongting Lake ( 湖 , hú - "lake"; 南 , nán - "south"). It has played an important role in the country's rice supply since the Yuan and Ming dynasties , when Hunan and Hubei were combined in the province of Huguang ( 湖廣 , húgu Provinzng ). Hunan is one of the most fertile and best irrigated provinces in China. In addition to rice, the production of tea and cotton also plays an important role.
Population growth in the province since 1954.
Hunan is located on the middle reaches of the Yangtze . In the south, Hunan is the Nan Ling called Mountain of Guangdong limited. The province bears its name due to its location south of the lake region on the border with Hubei along the Yangtze River. Except in the northeast, Hunan is criss-crossed by low mountain ranges and thus breaks up into several singular basins . About in the center of the province is the Heng Shan , the southernmost of the former five sacred mountains of China .
The largest rivers all flow towards the Yangtze. The Xiang Jiang rises in Guangxi and reaches below Quanzhou to Hunan, the Luihe flows to the right of this and the Zejiang to the left. The Yuánjiāng and the Li Shui have their source in Guizhou . All three rivers flow into the Dongting Lake basin in the northeast of the province. This over 5,500 km² lake is only so big during the great floods of the Yangtze River in summer, at other times of the year it only consists of the three mentioned rivers and a few smaller rivers.
Hunan Province is made up of 13 prefecture-level cities and one autonomous district.
- Changsha City (长沙 市);
- Zhuzhou City (株洲 市);
- Xiangtan City (湘潭 市);
- Hengyang City (衡阳 市);
- City Shaoyang (邵阳市);
- Yueyang City (岳阳 市);
- Changde City (常德 市);
- Zhangjiajie City (张家界 市);
- Yiyang City (益阳 市);
- Chenzhou City (郴州 市);
- Yongzhou City (永 州市);
- Huaihua City (怀化 市);
- City of Loudi (娄底 市);
- Xiangxi Autonomous District of Tujia and Miao (湘西 土家族 苗族 自治州).
The capital of the province is Changsha .
The population figures are based on the 2010 census and refer to the actual urban settlement. In 2014, 49.3% of the population lived in cities or urban areas.
Hunan is the home of the Xiang Chinese language .
In 2015, the province had a GDP of 2.90 trillion yuan (US $ 479 billion), ranking 7th among the provinces of China. The GDP per capita was 45,931 yuan ($ 6,915 / PPP : $ 13,225) per year (ranked 16th out of 31 among Chinese provinces). The level of prosperity in the province was thus roughly on par with South Africa and was 85% of the Chinese average.
- China: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather, and Web Information. Retrieved May 6, 2018 .
- Hunan (China): Prefecture Level, Cities & Counties - Population Statistics, Maps, Graphics, Weather and Web Information. Retrieved January 22, 2018 .
- National Data. Retrieved December 4, 2017 .