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Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū

Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih
Abbreviation : ( Pinyin : Guì)
Capital Nanning

 - Total
 - share in the

Rank 9 out of 33

236,700 km²


 - Total 2016
 - density

Rank 11 out of 33

48,380,000 inhabitants
204 inhabitants / km²

Management type Autonomous area
governor Chen Wu
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About this picture
ISO-3166-2 code CN-GX
District level 14 cities
District level 48 counties, 40 urban districts, 12 autonomous counties, 10 cities
Community level 707 large municipalities, 367 municipalities, 106 street districts, 50 nationality municipalities

Guangxi ( Chinese  廣西  /  广西 , Pinyin Guǎngxī  - "western expanse"; Zhuang Gvangjsih ) has been an autonomous region in the south of the People's Republic of China since 1958 . The full Chinese name is Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū 廣西壯族自治區  /  广西壮族自治区  - "Guangxi Autonomous Region of the Zhuang Nationality", the full Zhuang name is Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih .

The capital of the autonomous region is Nanning . Other major cities in Guangxi are Guilin , Liuzhou , Wuzhou and Beihai .


In the southwest, Guangxi borders on Vietnam over a length of 1,020 km , and in the west, north and east on the provinces of Yunnan , Guizhou , Hunan and Guangdong .

The climate is subtropical , humid and characterized by the monsoons .


As early as the 3rd century BC, the Chinese Qin dynasty claimed the region that had previously belonged to the empire of the non-Chinese Nan-Yue and tried to subdue it. This only succeeded effectively after the following dynasties, but the subjugated minorities in particular rose again and again in uprisings with high losses. In the 19th century, the Jintian uprising broke out in Guangxi .

After the fall of the empire and the collapse of central power, regional warlords ruled the country. The so-called Guangxi clique under Lu Rongting formed an alliance early on with the Kuomintang in the neighboring province of Guangdong . Li Zongren and several younger generals then ruled in Guangxi before submitting themselves to the Kuomintang National Government in 1936. During the Second World War in 1939 the Japanese occupied parts of the province. In 1945 the province fell back to the Kuomintang, which it lost again to the communists in 1949, who finally granted the minorities autonomy.


Guangxi is an area inhabited by twelve ethnic groups and is particularly known as the historical settlement area of ​​the Zhuang people . Furthermore, Han (with 63% the largest ethnic group in 2015) Yao , Miao , Dong , Mulam , Maonan , Hui , Gin , Yi , Sui and Gelao also live there . In addition, members of 25 other national minorities are represented here in smaller numbers. In 1958, because of the high proportion of national minorities, Guangxi received the special status of an autonomous region, see also the Autonomous Administrative Units of China .

Population development

Population growth in the province since 1954.

year population
1954 census 19,560,822
1964 census 20,845,017
1982 census 36.420.960
1990 census 42.245.765
2000 census 43,854,538
2010 census 46,023,761
Guess 2016 48,380,000


Guangxi is traditionally characterized by agriculture ( sugar cane ), therefore it is one of the poorer provinces of the People's Republic. Guangxi is the largest sugar producer in China.

Industrialization has only recently started . Thanks to the many rivers, the most important branch is the energy industry ( hydropower ). In second place comes the smelting of light metals ( aluminum ) and non-ferrous metals ( copper ), which occur as natural resources .

Investments in tourism have increased since the 1990s . The most popular travel destination is the Guilin region with the Li Jiang (Li River) and the impressive karst landscape .


The south of China is repeatedly hit by floods. Most recently in June 2007, roads, businesses and human lives were hit by floods.

Administrative structure

Guangxi is divided into 14 prefecture-level cities :

Location of cities in Guangxi # Surname chinese name Pinyin Zhuang population


Guangxi prfc map.png
- District-free city -
1 Angry 百色 市 Bǎisè Shì Bwzswz Si 3,620,200
2 Hey 河池 市 Héchí Shì Hozciz Si 3,499,000
3 Liuzhou 柳州市 Liǔzhōu Shì Liujcouh Si 3,958,700
4th Guilin 桂林市 Guìlín Shì Gveilinz Si 5,009,400
5 Hezhou 贺州市 Hezhōu Shì Hocouh Si 2,038,700
6th Chongzuo 崇左 市 Chóngzuǒ Shì Cungzcoj Si 2,069,200
7th Nanning 南宁 市 Nánníng Shì Nanzningz Si 7,062,200
8th Loaf 来宾市 Láibīn Shì Laizbinh Si 2,200,500
9 Guigang 贵港 市 Guìgǎng Shì Gveigangj Si 4,332,000
10 Wuzhou 梧州 市 Wuzhōu Shì Vuzcouh Si 3,018,400
11 Fangchenggang 防城港 市 Fángchénggǎng Shì Fangzcwngzgangj Si 929,000
12 Qinzhou 钦州 市 Qīnzhōu Shì Ginhcouh Si 3,243,000
13 Beihai 北海 市 Běihǎi Shì Bwzhaij Si 1,643,700
14th Yulin 玉林 市 Yùlín Shì Yilinz Si 5,756,000


Picture gallery

Web links

Commons : Guangxi  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. China: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather, and Web Information. Retrieved May 6, 2018 .
  2. Chinese floods leave dozens dead. In: June 10, 2007, accessed February 28, 2015 .
  3. China: Guăngxī (prefectures, cities, districts and counties) - population figures, graphics and map. Retrieved May 9, 2018 .

Coordinates: 23 ° 48 '  N , 108 ° 59'  E