The Sui ( Shui , Chinese 水族 , Pinyin Shuǐzú ) are one of the 55 officially recognized ethnic minorities of the People's Republic of China with 411,847 members (according to the 2010 census). They mainly live in Guizhou Province and in the Guangxi Autonomous Region of the Zhuang Nationality in southwest China.
Language and writing
The Sui script (Sui: Lel Sai3, Modern Chinese: 水 书, Traditional Chinese: 水 書, Pinyin : Shuǐshū) is a pictographic or pictogram-based font for the Sui. Like the Yi script , the Sui script also adopted numerous characters from Chinese. Other characters are reminiscent of archaic early forms of Chinese characters. In 2006 the Sui script was recognized as a world cultural heritage ( intangible heritage ).
The Sui script is critically endangered and the Chinese government is making efforts to preserve it.
Spread of the Sui in China
The 2000 census counted 406,902 Sui in China.
- Distribution of the Sui population in China
|Administrative division||Number of sui||% Share of all of China's Sui|
|Autonomous Region Guangxi Zhuang||15,476||3.80%|
|Rest of China||3,026||0.74%|
- Distribution areas of the Sui at the district level (2000)
Only values from 0.5% were taken into account here. AG = Autonomous Area, AB = Autonomous District, AK = Autonomous District, RB = Administrative Region.
|superior provincial level||superior district level||District, city, municipality||Number of sui||% of all of China's Sui|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiannan 's Bouyei and Miao||AK Sandu the Sui||189,128||46.48%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiannan 's Bouyei and Miao||Libo district||35,407||8.70%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiandongnan the Miao and Dong||district Rongjiang||33,678||8.28%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiannan 's Bouyei and Miao||City of Duyun||32,702||8.04%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiannan 's Bouyei and Miao||circle Dushan||26,299||6.46%|
|Yunnan Province||Qujing City||Fuyuan County||10,567||2.6%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiandongnan the Miao and Dong||circle Danzhai||10,501||2.58%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiandongnan the Miao and Dong||circle Leishan||5,227||1.28%|
|Guizhou Province||city Liupanshui||Circle Pan||5,164||1.27%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiandongnan the Miao and Dong||Liping County||4,710||1.16%|
|Guizhou Province||city Liupanshui||Shuicheng County||3,875||0.95%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiandongnan the Miao and Dong||circle Congjiang||3,300||0.81%|
|Guizhou Province||AB Qiandongnan the Miao and Dong||district Jianhe||3,293||0.81%|
|AG Guangxi of Zhuang||Liuzhou city||AK Rongshui the Miao||3,183||0.78%|
|AG Guangxi of Zhuang||City of Hechi||Nandan County||3,083||0.76%|
|AG Guangxi of Zhuang||City of Hechi||Yizhou City||2,160||0.53%|
|Guizhou Province||RB Bijie||Qianxi County||2,102||0.52%|
|Rest of China||32,523||7.99%|
- The Shui ethnic minority (government side)
- Ethnic Groups . Chinese government website. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
- “水 书” 及其 造字 方法 研究, 黔南 民族 师范 学院 学报, 2005 年 25 卷 1 期
- Multilingualism in China. Minglang Zhou, Minglang Zhou, Joshua A. Fishman, pp. 132-135
- Shui included in China's intangible cultural heritage list . National Working Group for IPR Protection, Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China. August 8, 2006. Retrieved on August 28, 2008. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Books in rare ancient characters of Shui group retrieved . People's Daily . April 1, 2004. Retrieved September 1, 2008.