The Achang (also Ngac'ang or Maingtha ; Chinese 阿昌族 , Pinyin Āchāngzú ) are one of the smallest of the 55 officially recognized ethnic minorities of the People's Republic of China . According to the last census in 2010, they count 39,583 people. Most of them live in Yunnan , especially in Dehong Autonomous District .
The Achang speak their own language, which however does not have its own script. Chinese characters are often used instead .
The Husa Achang (戶 撒) from Longchuan County in Dehong speak a slightly different dialect. They see themselves as independent, but their attempt in the 1950s to gain recognition as an independent nationality was unsuccessful. The Husa are a little more "Chinese" than other Achang. For example, Confucian pedigree charts are often found in their homes. Most traditional husa believe in a mixture of Theravada - Buddhism and Daoism .
Distribution of the Achang at the provincial level according to the data of the 2010 census (reference date November 1, 2010)
|People's Republic of China||39,583||100.00%|
- Bruno J. Richtsfeld. Creation and primeval times of the world in the narrative tradition of the Achang (Southwest China). In: Munich contributions to ethnology. Yearbook of the State Museum of Ethnology in Munich. Volume 5, 1998, pp. 161-207.
- Bruno J. Richtsfeld. Another variation on the Achang creation myth? In: Munich contributions to ethnology. Yearbook of the State Museum of Ethnology in Munich. Volume 6, 2000, pp. 303-311.
- The Achang ethnic minority (Chinese government side)
- Yuan Yan: An Interpretation of Religious Influences of the Dai Nationality on the Atsang Language and Culture: A Case Study ( Memento of March 3, 2004 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 155 kB)