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The Primi people (official name in China : "Pumi"; own name in IPA : [ pʐə̃mi ]; Chinese  普米族 , Pinyin Pǔmǐzú ) is one of the ethnic groups in the Chinese province of Yunnan . In the 2010 census, 42,861 primi were counted (2000: 33,600), of which about 98.8% live in Yunnan.


Before Kublai Khan conquered the kingdom of Nánzhāo and many of its residents fled to the south, it was the homeland of many other ethnic groups. The Primi have lived there since the 13th century.


In north-west Yunnan, Primi is spoken, which is now scriptless, but is said to have once had literature in Tibetan script.


The autochthonous beliefs of the Primi, partly influenced by Tibetan Buddhism and Chinese folk religion, have developed into an independent religion, the so-called Dingba or Hangui religion.

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