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Dongxiang minority elementary school students
Dongxiang woman with typical white headgear

The Dongxiang (self-designation Sarta , Santa , Chinese  东乡族 , Pinyin Dōngxiāngzú ) are (like the Bonan ) a Muslim ethnic minority of Mongolian origin in the People's Republic of China and are one of the 56 officially recognized nationalities in the country. According to the last census in 2010, they count 621,500 people. They mainly live in Gansu , Xinjiang , Qinghai and Ningxia . Together with the Bonan, they share the Jishishan Autonomous County in the Linxia Autonomous District of Hui, Gansu Province, and there is another Dongxiang Autonomous County in the same district .

The Dongxiang live today in the west and south-west of the Mongolian settlement area. Their ancestors came under Mongolian influence in the 13th century and temporarily formed the western border of the Mongol Empire. They mixed with Mongolian warriors who opened up areas west of the Mongolian core area. The Dongxiang language is one of the Mongolian languages , but its existence is at risk due to the dominance of the Chinese language . The Dongxiang make their living for the most part from agriculture and animal husbandry. They are known for the fact that the enjoyment of tea enjoys a high social value in their culture; the elaborate tea ceremonies of the Dongxiang are known far beyond their settlement area.


  • Buhe (布 和Buhe ) et al. [Ed.]: Dungsiyang helen u uge helelge yin materiyal / 东乡 语 话语 材料Dongxiangyu huayu cailiao (language material of the Dongxiang). 内蒙古 人民出版社Nei Menggu renmin chubanshe (Inner Mongolia People's Publishing House ). 呼和浩特 Hohhot 1986/1987. 10 + 8 + 354 pages. [bilingual: Mongolian and Chinese, Dongxiang in IPA].
  • Buhe (布 和Buhe ) [Author] u. Qôijûngjabû (确 精 扎布Quejingzhabu ) [Corr.]: Dungsiyang hele be Mônggôl hele / 东乡 语 和 蒙古语Dongxiangyu he Mengguyu (Dongxiang and Mongolian). 内蒙古 人民出版社Nei Menggu renmin chubanshe (Inner Mongolia People's Publishing House ). 呼和浩特 Hohhot 1985/1986. 4 + 265 pages. [bilingual: Mongolian and Chinese, Dongxiang in IPA].
  • Dongxiangyu lunji东乡 语 论 集 (Collected Contributions to the Dongxiang Language). 甘肃 民族 出版社Gansu minzu chubanshe (Gansu nationality publisher). 兰州 Lanzhou 1988. ISBN 7-5421-0015-7 . 3 + 202 pages.
  • Dongxiangzu (Sa'erta) de wenhua xingtai东乡 (撒尔塔) 的 文化 形态 (The cultural formation of the Dongxiang [Santa]). In: Hao, Sumin 郝苏民 and Wenhua 文化 and He, Weiguang 贺卫光 [eds.], 甘 青 特有 民族文化 形态 研究Gan Qing teyou minzu wenhua xingtai yanjiu (research on the cultural formation of the nationalities that only live in Gansu and Qinghai). 民族 出版社Minzu chubanshe (nationality publisher). 北京 Beijing 1999/2000. ISBN 7-105-03420-3 . Pp. 181-263.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Klemens Ludwig: Multi-ethnic China: the national minorities in the Middle Kingdom . Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59209-6 , pp. 135 .