Li (people)

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The Li ( Chinese  黎族 , Pinyin Lízú , also Hlai ) are one of the 55 officially recognized minorities of the People's Republic of China . According to the last census in 2010, they count 1,463,064 people. They mainly live in the island province of Hainan .

Language and writing

The individual Li groups speak one of the Li languages, which belong to the family of the Tai Kadai languages . For the Li languages, linguists created a font based on the Latin alphabet based on the Chinese pinyin transcription in 1957. The dialect of the Ledong Autonomous County of Li nationality des 东 黎族 was used as the basis, and the dialect of Baoding village 保定 was used as the pronunciation standard. Tones are expressed by consonants after each syllable.

See also


  • Ōuyáng Jiàoyà 欧阳 觉 亚, Zhèng Yíqīng 郑 贻 青: Líyǔ jiǎnzhì黎 语 简 志 ( Introduction to the Li language ; Beijing, Mínzú chūbǎnshè 民族 出版社 1980).
  • Ōuyáng Jiàoyà 欧阳 觉 亚, Zhèng Yíqīng 郑 贻 青: Lí-Hàn cídiǎn黎 汉 词典 ( Li-Chinese dictionary ; Beijing, Mínzú chūbǎnshè 民族 出版社 1993).

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