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The Daur (also: Dauren, Daguren, Daghuren, Dachuren u. A .; own name: Daor ; Chinese  達斡爾 族  /  达斡尔 族 , Pinyin Dáwò'ěrzú ; until the beginning of the 1950s, parts of them were among the "Solons" Chinese  索倫 , Pinyin Suòlún ), are one of the 56 officially recognized nationalities of the People's Republic of China . They speak Daur (also Dagur ), a language from the Mongolian language family . According to the last census in 2010, they counted 131,992 people. They live in Inner Mongolia ( Hulun Buir , especially Morin Dawa ), in Heilongjiang ( Qiqihar , especially Meilisi , Youyi and Taha ) and in Xinjiang ( Tacheng ).

They are considered descendants of the Kitan and lived on the Schilka River until the 17th century . The Daurien region is named after them.


  • Hu, He 胡 和 [ed.], Dagur-Niakn Duaillml Usgsul 达斡尔 语 汉语 对照 词汇Dawo'eryu Hanyu duizhao cihui (Daurian-Chinese dictionary). 黑龙江 省 民族 研究所Heilongjiang sheng minzu yanjiusuo ( Heilongjiang Province Nationality Research Institute) u. 黑龙江 省 达斡尔 族 学会Heilongjiang sheng Dawo'erzu xuehui ( Heilongjiang Provincial Society for the Study of the Daur). 哈尔滨 Harbin 1988. 2 + 7 + 385 p .; [Daurian-Chinese].
  • Namcarai 拿 木 四 来 [Author], Mônggôl Dagûr Hitad torul sadûn û dagûdalga yin tôli (Mongolian-Daurian-Chinese Lexicon of Relationships). 内蒙古 人民出版社Nei Menggu renmin chubanshe (Inner Mongolia People's Publishing House ). 呼和浩特 Hohhot 1988/1992. ISBN 7-204-00304-7 . 12. + 2,618 pp.
  • Bruno J. Richtsfeld: The shamanism of the Tungus and Daghurs in China excluding the Manchu. (Ethnological works, Volume 5) Bonn 1996.

Web links


  1. Linda Benson, Ingvar Svanberg: China's last Nomads. The History and Culture of China's Kazaks . ME Sharpe, Armonk 1998, p 25 members of the small peoples Hulun Buirs - mainly Evenki , to a small part of Daur and an even smaller portion Oroqen - were called "Solonen" a manjurische administrative designation in the banner system of the Qing Integrated dynasty . The present-day autonomous banner of the Evenks was still called "Solonen-Banner" until 1958.