Sum (China)

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Administrative division of
the People's Republic of China

National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
Provincial level
Autonomous regions
Government immediate cities
Special administrative regions
District level
Immediate provincial administrative zones
District-free cities
Autonomous counties
Administrative districts
Frets / leagues
District level
One district cities
Autonomous circles
Autonomous banners
Special areas
Community level
Street district
Large municipalities
Nationality communities
Nationalities sum
District offices
Village level
Communities of residents

A sum ( Mongolian ᠰᠤᠮᠤ, Cyrillic Сум ), also called Sumu ( Chinese  chines  /  苏木 , Pinyin sūmù ) in Chinese , is an administrative unit in the People's Republic of China at the municipality level. All of the Sum are in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region .

In the late 1990s and 2000s, more and more sums were converted into municipalities and large parishes, and in 2010 there were only 96, but by 2013 the number rose again to 151 sums.

The Sum are located in the predominantly Mongolian populated and cattle-rearing areas of Inner Mongolia and correspond to the communities there . Like the municipalities, the Sum administratively stand above the village or Gaqaa and under the district or banner .

Nationalities sum

A special case is the nationality sum ( 民族 蘇木  /  民族 苏木 , Mínzú Sūmù ). It corresponds to the nationality community ( 民族鄉  /  民族乡 ). However, there is only one example, the Evenk nationality sum ( 鄂溫克 民族 蘇木  /  鄂温克 民族 苏木 ) in the old Bargu banner of the city of Hulun Buir , which increases the total number of sums to 152.

See also

Mongolian name
Mongolian script : ᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Transliteration: sumu
Official transcription of the PRCh: sum
Cyrillic script : Сум
ISO transliteration : Sum
Transcription: Sum
Chinese name
Simplified : 苏木
Pinyin : sūmù
Wade-Giles : su1-mu4